Oklahoma

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Population

3.94M

0.311% growth

Median Age

36.7


Median Household Income

$51,924

3.74% growth

Poverty Rate

16.2%


Number of Employees

1.72M

2.75% growth

Median Property Value

$140,000

1.89% growth

About

In 2018, Oklahoma had a population of 3.94M people with a median age of 36.7 and a median household income of $51,924. Between 2017 and 2018 the population of Oklahoma grew from 3.93M to 3.94M, a 0.311% increase and its median household income grew from $50,051 to $51,924, a 3.74% increase.

The population of Oklahoma is 65.2% White Alone, 10.9% Hispanic or Latino, and 7.44% American Indian & Alaska Native Alone. 10.7% of the people in Oklahoma speak a non-English language, and 96.2% are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Oklahoma are University of Oklahoma-Norman Campus (6,535 degrees awarded in 2017), Oklahoma State University-Main Campus (5,933 degrees), and Tulsa Technology Center (3,541 degrees).

The median property value in Oklahoma is $140,000, and the homeownership rate is 65.4%. Most people in Oklahoma commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 21.2 minutes. The average car ownership in Oklahoma is 2 cars per household.

Oklahoma borders Texas, Missouri, Colorado, Arkansas, Kansas, and New Mexico.

Economy

The economy of Oklahoma employs 1.72M people. The largest industries in Oklahoma are Restaurants & Food Services (116,348 people), Elementary & secondary schools (106,969 people), and Construction (103,274 people), and the highest paying industries are Natural gas distribution ($126,571), Furniture & home furnishing merchant wholesalers ($122,151), and Medical equipment & supplies manufacturing ($118,338).

Median household income in Oklahoma is $51,924. Males in Oklahoma have an average income that is 1.43 times higher than the average income of females, which is $41,789. The income inequality in Oklahoma (measured using the Gini index) is 0.465, which is lower than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$51,924

2018 value

± $450

3.74%

1 Year Growth

± 1.39%

Households in Oklahoma have a median annual income of $51,924, which is less than the median annual income of $61,937 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $50,051 in 2017, which represents a 3.74% annual growth.

Look at the chart to see how the median household income in Oklahoma compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

$59,946

Average Male Salary

± $1,709

$41,789

Average Female Salary

± $1,268

In 2018, full-time male employees in Oklahoma made 1.43 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Oklahoma by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. Asian

    $51,581 ± $8,095

  2. White

    $47,988 ± $1,215

  3. American Indian and Alaska Native tribes specified; or American Indian or Alaska Native, not specified and no other races

    $39,924 ± $10,479

In 2018 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Oklahoma workers was Asian. These workers were paid 1.07 times more than White workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Oklahoma by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

0.465

2018 Wage GINI

0.449

2017 Wage GINI

In 2018, the income inequality in Oklahoma was 0.465 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 3.65% growth from 2017 to 2018, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat less even.

The 2018 the GINI for Oklahoma was lower than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Oklahoma in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Oklahoma across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

Use the dropdown to filter by race/ethnicity.

Highest Median Household Income (Total)

In 2018, the county with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Oklahoma was Canadian County, OK with a value of $70,204, followed by Wagoner County, OK and Cleveland County, OK, with respective values of $62,421 and $62,096.

The following map shows all of the counties in Oklahoma colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 25 - 34

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

16.2% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Oklahoma (613k out of 3.78M people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 13.1%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 25 - 34, followed by Females 18 - 24 and then Males 18 - 24.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. White

    373,541 ± 3,514

  2. Hispanic

    95,550 ± 1,745

  3. Black

    76,622 ± 1,720

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Oklahoma is White, followed by Hispanic and Black.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

1.72M

2018 Value

2.75%

1 Year growth

± 2.75%

From 2017 to 2018, employment in Oklahoma grew at a rate of 2.75%, from 1.67M employees to 1.72M employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Oklahoma, are Driver/sales workers & truck drivers (48,410 people), Elementary & middle school teachers (47,580 people), and Cashiers (47,420 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Oklahoma.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Oklahoma, by number of employees, are Driver/sales workers & truck drivers (48,410 people), Elementary & middle school teachers (47,580 people), and Cashiers (47,420 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other states, Oklahoma has an unusually high number of residents working as Derrick, rotary drill, & service unit operators, & roustabouts, oil, gas, & mining (9.89 times higher than expected), Pumping station operators (9.8 times), and Tire builders (7.17 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Oklahoma, by average salary, are Physicians ($244,892), Architectural & engineering managers ($210,595), and Dentists ($166,843).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

1.72M

2018 Value

2.75%

1 Year growth

± 2.75%

From 2017 to 2018, employment in Oklahoma grew at a rate of 2.75%, from 1.67M employees to 1.72M employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Oklahoma, are Restaurants & Food Services (116,348 people), Elementary & secondary schools (106,969 people), and Construction (103,274 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Oklahoma, though some of these residents may live in Oklahoma and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Oklahoma, by number of employees, are Restaurants & Food Services (116,348 people), Elementary & secondary schools (106,969 people), and Construction (103,274 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other states, Oklahoma has an unusually high number of Oil & gas extraction (7.68 times higher than expected), Support activities for mining (7.53 times), and Pipeline transportation (6.24 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Oklahoma, by average salary, are Natural gas distribution ($126,571), Furniture & home furnishing merchant wholesalers ($122,151), and Medical equipment & supplies manufacturing ($118,338).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Oklahoma to other states, or from other states to Oklahoma.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $60.6B

  2. $20.5B

  3. $18.3B

In 2015, the top outbound Oklahoma product (by dollars) was Coal-n.e.c. with $60.6B, followed by Fuel oils ($20.5B) and Gasoline ($18.3B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Oklahoma products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

$237B

2020 Value

$309B

Projected 2045 Value

30.4% growth

In 2020, total outbound Oklahoma trade was $237B. This is expected to increase 30.4% to $309B by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Oklahoma trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Oklahoma to other states, or from other states to Oklahoma.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $43.1B

  2. $21.9B

  3. $8.38B

In 2015, the top outbound Oklahoma domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Texas with $43.1B, followed by Kansas with $21.9B and Arkansas and $8.38B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Oklahoma shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

85.8% of the population of Oklahoma has health coverage, with 43.2% on employee plans, 15.2% on Medicaid, 12% on Medicare, 13% on non-group plans, and 2.52% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the state of Oklahoma was $7,627 in 2014. This is a 4.58% increase from the previous year ($7,293).

Primary care physicians in Oklahoma see 1587 patients per year on average, which represents a 1.8% increase from the previous year (1559 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1704 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 264 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Pushmataha County and Ottawa County have the highest prevalence of diabetes (16.2%). Additionally, Adair County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (41.9%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

1,587 to 1

Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio

Primary care physicians in Oklahoma see an average of 1,587 patients per year. This represents a 1.8% increase from the previous year (1,559 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Oklahoma in comparison to neighboring states.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

$7,627

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$3,878

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$6,529

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$10,429

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in Oklahoma (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 4.58%, from $7,293 to $7,627.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

14.2%

Uninsured

43.2%

Employer Coverage

15.2%

Medicaid

12%

Medicare

13%

Non-Group

2.52%

Military or VA

Between 2016 and 2017, the percent of uninsured citizens in Oklahoma grew by 2.84% from 13.8% to 14.2%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Oklahoma changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 16.2% prevalence

  2. 16.2% prevalence

  3. 15.9% prevalence

Pushmataha County and Ottawa County have the highest prevalence of diabetes in Oklahoma, at 16.2%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in Oklahoma by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

Oklahoma is home to a population of 3.94M people, from which 96.2% are citizens. As of 2017, 5.84% of Oklahoma residents were born outside of the country (230k people).

The ethnic composition of the population of Oklahoma is composed of 2.57M White Alone residents (65.2%), 429k Hispanic or Latino residents (10.9%), 294k American Indian & Alaska Native Alone residents (7.44%), 283k Black or African American Alone residents (7.17%), 272k Two or More Races residents (6.91%), 83.9k Asian Alone residents (2.13%), 7.65k Some Other Race Alone residents (0.194%), and 3.51k Native Hawaiian & Other Pacific Islander Alone residents (0.0891%).

The most common foreign languages spoken in Oklahoma are Spanish (271,407 speakers), Vietnamese (16,599 speakers), and Other Native Languages of North America (13,490 speakers).

Age

Age by Nativity

36

Median Native-Born Age

± 0.1

41

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 0.6

In 2018, the median age of all people in Oklahoma was 36.7. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 36, were generally younger than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 41. But people in Oklahoma are getting getting older. In 2017, the average age of all Oklahoma residents was 37.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

5.84%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

230k people

5.75%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

226k people

As of 2017, 5.84% of Oklahoma residents (230k people) were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Oklahoma was 5.75%, meaning that the rate has been increasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Oklahoma compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

Most Common Origin

  1. Mexico

    104,808 ± 7,842 people

  2. Vietnam

    11,165 ± 2,591 people

  3. India

    10,597 ± 2,524 people

In 2018, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Oklahoma was Mexico, the natal country of 104,808 Oklahoma residents, followed by Vietnam with 11,165 and India with 10,597.

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Citizenship

96.2%

2018 Citizenship

96.3%

2017 Citizenship

As of 2018, 96.2% of Oklahoma residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.2%. In 2017, the percentage of US citizens in Oklahoma was 96.3%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been decreasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Oklahoma compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

Most Common

  1. White Alone

    2.57M ± 2.08k

  2. Hispanic or Latino

    429k ± 12.5k

  3. American Indian & Alaska Native Alone

    294k ± 5.61k

In 2018, there were 5.99 times more White Alone residents (2.57M people) in Oklahoma than any other race or ethnicity. There were 429k Hispanic or Latino and 294k American Indian & Alaska Native Alone residents, the second and third most common racial or ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 8 races and ethnicities represented in Oklahoma as a share of the total population.

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Non-English Speakers

Most Common Languages

  1. Spanish

    271,407 speakers (7.37%)

  2. Vietnamese

    16,599 speakers (0.45%)

  3. Other Native Languages of North America

    13,490 speakers (0.366%)

10.7% of Oklahoma citizens are speakers of a non-English language, which is lower than the national average of 21.9%. In 2018, the most common non-English language spoken in Oklahoma was Spanish. 7.37% of the overall population of Oklahoma are native Spanish speakers. 0.45% speak Vietnamese and 0.366% speak Spanish, the next two most common languages.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Vietnam

    93,749 ± 3,298

  2. Gulf War (2001-)

    63,647 ± 3,429

  3. Gulf War (1990s)

    38,228 ± 2,388

Oklahoma has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 1.47 times greater than any other conflict.

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Education

In 2017, universities in Oklahoma awarded 58,240 degrees. The student population of Oklahoma is skewed towards women, with 100,563 male students and 125,739 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Oklahoma are White (34,263 and 61.7%), followed by Hispanic or Latino (4,837 and 8.71%), American Indian or Alaska Native (4,670 and 8.41%), and Black or African American (4,534 and 8.17%).

The largest universities in Oklahoma by number of degrees awarded are University of Oklahoma-Norman Campus (6,535 and 11.2%), Oklahoma State University-Main Campus (5,933 and 10.2%), and Tulsa Technology Center (3,541 and 6.08%).

The most popular majors in Oklahoma are General Business Administration & Management (3,162 and 5.43%), Registered Nursing (2,672 and 4.59%), and General Studies (2,479 and 4.26%).

The median tuition costs in Oklahoma are $22,050 for private four year colleges, and $5,059 and $13,485 respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

Most Common

  1. 1,459 degrees awarded

  2. 1,379 degrees awarded

  3. 866 degrees awarded

In 2015, the most common concentation for Bachelors Degree recipients in Oklahoma was General Business Administration & Management with 1,459 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Bachelors Degree from schools in Oklahoma according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded

  1. 6,535 degrees awarded

  2. 5,933 degrees awarded

  3. 3,541 degrees awarded

$5,059

Median In-State Public

$22,050

Median Private

In 2017, the Oklahoma institution with the largest number of graduating students was University of Oklahoma-Norman Campus with 6,535 degrees awarded.

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Student Gender for Common Institutions

25,789

Degrees Awarded to Men

32,451

Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2017, 25,789 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Oklahoma, which is 0.795 times less than the 32,451 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the top 5 institutions in Oklahoma by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity

  1. White

    34,263 degrees awarded

  2. Hispanic or Latino

    4,837 degrees awarded

  3. American Indian or Alaska Native

    4,670 degrees awarded

In 2017 the majority of degrees awarded at institutions in Oklahoma were to White students. These 34,263 degrees mean that there were 7.08 times more White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Hispanic or Latino, with 4,837 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Oklahoma was $140,000 in 2018, which is 0.609 times smaller than the national average of $229,700. Between 2017 and 2018 the median property value increased from $137,400 to $140,000, a 1.89% increase. The homeownership rate in Oklahoma is 65.4%, which is higher than the national average of 63.9%. People in Oklahoma have an average commute time of 21.2 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Oklahoma is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Housing

Property Value

$140,000

2018 Median

± $1,621

$137,400

2017 Median

± $1,523

In 2018, the median property value in Oklahoma grew to to $140,000 from the previous year's value of $137,400.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Oklahoma compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Oklahoma the largest share of households have a property value in the $100k - $125k range.

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Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$51,924

Median Household Income

± $450

1.49M

Number of Households

± 15,871

In 2018, the median household income of the 1.49M households in Oklahoma grew to $51,924 from the previous year's value of $50,051.

The following chart displays the households in Oklahoma distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Property Taxes

< $800

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Oklahoma distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Oklahoma the largest share of households pay taxes in the < $800 range.

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Rent vs Own

65.4%

2018 Homeownership

65.5%

2017 Homeownership

In 2018, 65.4% of the housing units in Oklahoma were occupied by their owner. This percentage declined from the previous year's rate of 65.5%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is higher than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Oklahoma compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Commute Time

21.2 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Oklahoma have a shorter commute time (21.2 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.7 minutes). Additionally, 1.88% of the workforce in Oklahoma have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Oklahoma compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    82.5%

  2. Carpooled

    9.53%

  3. Worked At Home

    4.14%

In 2018, the most common method of travel for workers in Oklahoma was Drove Alone (82.5%), followed by those who Carpooled (9.53%) and those who Worked At Home (4.14%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Oklahoma distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Oklahoma have 2 cars, followed by 3 cars.

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