Norfolk, VA

Census Place

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2020 Population
244,300
0.123% 1-year decline
US Senator
Mark Warner
Democratic Party
US Senator
Tim Kaine
Democratic Party
2018 Median Age
30.5
0.329% 1-year increase
2020 Poverty Rate
17.8%
5.2% 1-year decrease
2020 Median Household Income
$53,026
2.78% 1-year growth
2020 Median Property Value
$215,800
4.4% 1-year growth
2020 Employed Population
104,180
0.729% 1-year decline

About

In 2020, Norfolk, VA had a population of 244k people with a median age of 30.5 and a median household income of $53,026. Between 2019 and 2020 the population of Norfolk, VA declined from 244,601 to 244,300, a −0.123% decrease and its median household income grew from $51,590 to $53,026, a 2.78% increase.

The 5 largest ethnic groups in Norfolk, VA are White (Non-Hispanic) (43.1%), Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) (40.1%), Two+ (Non-Hispanic) (4.32%), Asian (Non-Hispanic) (3.57%), and White (Hispanic) (3.24%).

None of the households in Norfolk, VA reported speaking a non-English language at home as their primary shared language. This does not consider the potential multi-lingual nature of households, but only the primary self-reported language spoken by all members of the household.

96.5% of the residents in Norfolk, VA are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Norfolk, VA are Old Dominion University (5,532 degrees awarded in 2020), Tidewater Community College (3,644 degrees), and Norfolk State University (867 degrees).

In 2020, the median property value in Norfolk, VA was $215,800, and the homeownership rate was 43.5%.

Most people in Norfolk, VA drove alone to work, and the average commute time was 21.4 minutes. The average car ownership in Norfolk, VA was 2 cars per household.

geosearchPopulation & Diversity

Norfolk, VA is home to a population of 244k people, from which 96.5% are citizens. As of 2020, 7.3% of Norfolk, VA residents were born outside of the country (17.8k people).

In 2020, there were 1.08 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (105k people) in Norfolk, VA than any other race or ethnicity. There were 97.9k Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) and 10.6k Two+ (Non-Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

Citizenship

96.5%
2020 Citizenship
96.6%
2019 Citizenship

As of 2020, 96.5% of Norfolk, VA residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.4%. In 2019, the percentage of US citizens in Norfolk, VA was 96.6%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been decreasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Norfolk, VA compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

The 3 largest ethnic groups in Norfolk, VA
  1. White (Non-Hispanic)
    105k ± 256
  2. Black or African American (Non-Hispanic)
    97.9k ± 1.09k
  3. Two+ (Non-Hispanic)
    10.6k ± 1.05k
8.37%
Hispanic Population
20.5k people

In 2020, there were 1.08 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (105k people) in Norfolk, VA than any other race or ethnicity. There were 97.9k Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) and 10.6k Two+ (Non-Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

8.37% of the people in Norfolk, VA are hispanic (20.5k people).

The following chart shows the 7 races represented in Norfolk, VA as a share of the total population.

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Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the Place level, so we are showing data for Virginia.
Most Common Origin
  1. El Salvador
    109,267 ± 8,063 people
  2. India
    94,596 ± 7,509 people
  3. Mexico
    56,409 ± 5,812 people

In 2020, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Virginia was El Salvador, the natal country of 109,267 Virginia residents, followed by India with 94,596 and Mexico with 56,409.

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Foreign-Born Population

7.3%
2020 Foreign-Born Population
17.8k people
7.24%
2019 Foreign-Born Population
17.7k people

As of 2020, 7.3% of Norfolk, VA residents (17.8k people) were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.5%. In 2019, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Norfolk, VA was 7.24%, meaning that the rate has been increasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Norfolk, VA compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Veterans

Most Common Service Period
  1. Gulf War (2001-)
    13,598 ± 1,016
  2. Vietnam
    4,848 ± 285
  3. Gulf War (1990s)
    4,598 ± 403

Norfolk, VA has a large population of military personnel who served in Gulf War (2001-), 2.8 times greater than any other conflict.

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briefcaseEconomy

The economy of Norfolk, VA employs 104k people. The largest industries in Norfolk, VA are Health Care & Social Assistance (14,943 people), Retail Trade (11,733 people), and Educational Services (10,735 people), and the highest paying industries are Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services ($58,333), Management of Companies & Enterprises ($55,402), and Public Administration ($52,994).

Males in Virginia have an average income that is 1.33 times higher than the average income of females, which is $60,365. The income inequality in Virginia (measured using the Gini index) is 0.478, which is lower than than the national average.

Occupations

104k
2020 Value
± 2,556
−0.729%
1 Year decline
± 3.29%

From 2019 to 2020, employment in Norfolk, VA declined at a rate of −0.729%, from 105k employees to 104k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Norfolk, VA, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (12,087 people), Sales & Related Occupations (10,507 people), and Management Occupations (8,025 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Norfolk, VA.

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Unemployment Insurance Claims

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Virginia.

This chart shows weekly unemployment insurance claims in Virginia (not-seasonally adjusted) compared with the four states with the most similar impact.

The most recent data point uses Advance State Claims data, which can be revised in subsequent weeks.

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Employment by Industries

104k
2020 Value
± 2,556
−0.729%
1 Year decline
± 3.29%

From 2019 to 2020, employment in Norfolk, VA declined at a rate of −0.729%, from 105k employees to 104k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Norfolk, VA, are Health Care & Social Assistance (14,943 people), Retail Trade (11,733 people), and Educational Services (10,735 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Norfolk, VA, though some of these residents may live in Norfolk, VA and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Median Earnings by Industry

$36,987
Median earning men ± $1,386
$28,417
Median earning women ± $1,643

The industries with the best median earnings for men in 2020 are Public Administration ($53,733), Finance & Insurance, & Real Estate & Rental & Leasing ($47,356), and Manufacturing ($44,970).

The industries with the best median earnings for women in 2020 are Public Administration ($48,985), Construction ($44,920), and Finance & Insurance, & Real Estate & Rental & Leasing ($38,675).

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Employment by Industry Sector

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Virginia.
Y-Axis
8.45%
Year-over-year growth
Employment change between May 2020 and May 2021

As of May 2021, there are 145M people employed in Virginia. This represents a 8.45% increase in employment when compared to May 2020.

The following chart shows monthly employment numbers for each industry sector in Virginia.

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Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Virginia to other states, or from other states to Virginia.
Top Domestic Production in Dollars
  1. $37.3B
  2. $28.7B
  3. $25.6B

In 2020, the top outbound Virginia product (by dollars) was Mixed freight with $37.3B, followed by Electronics ($28.7B) and Machinery ($25.6B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Virginia products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for Virginia.
$325B
2020 Value in Virginia
$612B
Projected 2050 Value in Virginia
88.1% growth

In 2020, total outbound Virginia trade was $325B. This is expected to increase 88.1% to $612B by 2050.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Virginia trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Virginia to other states, or from other states to Virginia.
Most Common Trade Partners
  1. $25B
  2. $18.9B
  3. $13.2B

In 2020, the top outbound Virginia domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was North Carolina with $25B, followed by Maryland with $18.9B and Pennsylvania and $13.2B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Virginia shares with each state (excluding itself).

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flagCivics

Mark Warner and Tim Kaine are the senators currently representing the state of Virginia. In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

Virginia is currently represented by 11 members in the U.S. house, and members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms.

US Senators from Virginia

Senatorial voting results are only available at the state level. Showing data for Virginia.
Mark Warner
Senator from Virginia2
Assumed office on January 3, 2009
Tim Kaine
Senator from Virginia1
Assumed office on January 3, 2013

Mark Warner and Tim Kaine are the senators currently representing Virginia.

In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

The following chart shows elected senators in Virginia over time, excluding special elections, colored by their political party.

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US Representatives from Virginia

Virginia is currently represented by 11 members in the U.S. house.

Members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms, and the following chart shows the how the members for Virginia have changed over time starting in 2008.

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learningEducation

In 2020, universities in Norfolk, VA awarded 11,159 degrees. The student population of Norfolk, VA in 2020 is skewed towards women, with 19,771 male students and 29,161 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Norfolk, VA are White (5,213 and 47.7%), followed by Black or African American (3,334 and 30.5%), Hispanic or Latino (840 and 7.68%), and Two or More Races (636 and 5.82%).

The largest universities in Norfolk, VA by number of degrees awarded are Old Dominion University (5,532 and 49.6%), Tidewater Community College (3,644 and 32.7%), and Norfolk State University (867 and 7.77%).

The most popular majors in Norfolk, VA are General Studies (517 and 4.63%), General Business Administration & Management (464 and 4.16%), and Registered Nursing (438 and 3.93%).

The median tuition cost in Norfolk, VA for a public four year colleges is $6,391 for in-state students and $21,792 for out-of-state students.

Applicants, Admissions & Enrolled

University
Measure

In 2020 in Norfolk, VA, the percentage of applicants admitted was 93.9%, while the percentage of admitted who enrolled was 21.8%. The number of students enrolled in 2020 was 48,932 (40.4% men and 59.6% women).

The line chart  shows the evolution of the percentage of applicants admitted, admitted who enrolled or the number of students enrolled according to the option selected in the upper button.

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Enrollments by Gender and Races

Universities

In 2020 there were 48,932 students enrolled in Norfolk, VA, 40.4% men and 59.6% women.

By race, the largest number of students enrolled was concentrated in White with 20,381 records, of which 56.1% were women and 43.9% men.

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Concentrations

Most Common
  1. 360 degree-majors awarded
  2. 291 degree-majors awarded
  3. 252 degree-majors awarded

In 2020, the most common concentation for Bachelors Degree recipients in Norfolk, VA was General Psychology with 360 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Bachelors Degree from schools in Norfolk, VA according to their major.

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Universities

Gender
Race
Largest Universities by degrees awarded
  1. 5,532 degrees awarded
  2. 3,644 degrees awarded
  3. 867 degrees awarded

In 2020, the institution with the largest number of graduating students was Old Dominion University with 5,532 degrees awarded.

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Student Diversity

University

In 2020, 4,618 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Norfolk, VA, which is 0.706 times less than the 6,541 female students who received degrees in the same year.

In 2020 the most common race/ethnicity group awarded degrees at institutions was White students. These 5,213 degrees mean that there were 1.56 times more degrees awarded to White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Black or African American, with 3,334 degrees awarded.

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Awarded Degrees over Time

The graph shows the evolution of awarded degrees by degrees. Under the paragraphs, the average number of awarded degrees by university in each degree is shown.

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Average Net Price by Sector

Universities

Private for-profit, less-than 2-year ($16,200) is the sector with the highest median state tuition in 2020.

Public, 4-year or above ($3,821) is the sector with the highest median state fee in 2020.

Private for-profit, 2-year ($2,588) is the sector with the highest average net price of books and supplies.

The graph shows the average net price by sector and year.

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Educational Pyramid

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Virginia.
Measure

In 2020, 0.823% of men over 25 years of age had not completed any academic degree (no schooling), while 0.842% of women were in the same situation.

This visualization shows the gender distribution of the population according to the academic level reached.

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Educational Attainment

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Virginia.
Race

The most common educational levels obtained by the working population in 2020 were High School or Equivalent (1.66M), Some college (1.42M), and Bachelors Degree (1.41M).

This visualization illustrates the percentage distribution of the population according to the highest educational level reached. You can filter the data by race by using the selector above.

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homeHousing & Living

The median property value in Norfolk, VA was $215,800 in 2020, which is 0.939 times smaller than the national average of $229,800. Between 2019 and 2020 the median property value increased from $206,700 to $215,800, a 4.4% increase. The homeownership rate in Norfolk, VA is 43.5%, which is approximately the same as the national average of 64.4%.

People in Norfolk, VA have an average commute time of 21.4 minutes, and they drove alone to work. Car ownership in Norfolk, VA is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Median household income in Norfolk, VA is $53,026. In 2020, the place with the highest median household income in Norfolk, VA was Census Tract 23 with a value of $115,250, followed by Census Tract 24 and Census Tract 22, with respective values of $110,735 and $106,852.

Property

$215,800
Median Property Value 2020
±$3,465
$38,853
Median Property Taxes
±$1,363

The following chart display owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Norfolk, VA the largest share of households pay taxes in the $2k - $3k range.

The chart underneath the paragraph shows the property taxes in Norfolk, VA compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies.

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Rent vs Own

43.5%
Homeownership
2020
66.9%
Homeowners with Mortgage
2020

In 2020, 43.5% of the housing units in Norfolk, VA were occupied by their owner. This percentage grew from the previous year's rate of 43.4%.

This chart shows the percentage of owner in Norfolk, VA compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Income by Location

Use the dropdown to filter by race/ethnicity.
Race/Ethnicity
Highest Median Household Income (Total)
  1. Census Tract 23
  2. Census Tract 24
  3. Census Tract 22

In 2020, the place with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Norfolk, VA was Census Tract 23 with a value of $115,250, followed by Census Tract 24 and Census Tract 22, with respective values of $110,735 and $106,852.

The following map shows all of the places in Norfolk, VA colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.
$53,026
Median Household Income
± $1,033
89.4k
Number of Households
± 2,135

In 2020, the median household income of the 89.4k households in Norfolk, VA grew to $53,026 from the previous year's value of $51,590.

The following chart displays the households in Norfolk, VA distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Norfolk, VA is from Virginia.
0.478
2020 Wage GINI in Virginia
0.479
2019 Wage GINI in Virginia

In 2020, the income inequality in Virginia was 0.478 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.181% decline from 2019 to 2020, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat more even. The GINI for Virginia was lower than than the national average of 0.478. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Virginia in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Virginia across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Commute in 2020
  1. Drove Alone (71.8%)
  2. Walked (9.89%)
  3. Carpooled (8.14%)

In 2020, 71.8% of workers in Norfolk, VA drove alone to work, followed by those who walked to work (9.89%) and those who carpooled to work (8.14%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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Commute Time

21.4 minutes
Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Norfolk, VA have a shorter commute time (21.4 minutes) than the normal US worker (26.9 minutes). Additionally, 1.68% of the workforce in Norfolk, VA have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Norfolk, VA compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Car Ownership

2 cars
Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Norfolk, VA distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Norfolk, VA have 2 cars.

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Poverty & Diversity

17.8% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Norfolk, VA (38.7k out of 218k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 12.8%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 25 - 34, followed by Males 18 - 24 and then Females 18 - 24.

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Norfolk, VA is Black, followed by White and Hispanic.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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pulseHealth

88.6% of the population of Norfolk, VA has health coverage, with 36.4% on employee plans, 17.6% on Medicaid, 8.11% on Medicare, 15.2% on non-group plans, and 11.2% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in Virginia was $7,556 in 2014. This is a 3.42% increase from the previous year ($7,306).

Primary care physicians in Norfolk city, VA see 988 patients per year on average, which represents a 3.89% decrease from the previous year (1028 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1103 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 453 patients per year.

Daily New Cases by Date

Showing data at the state level for Virginia. Hospitalization data for some states may be delayed or not reported.
Y-Axis

This chart shows the number of COVID-19 daily new cases by date in Virginia, as a 7-day rolling average, compared with the four states with the most similar number of confirmed cases.

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Patient to Clinician Ratios

Data is only available at the country level. Showing data for Norfolk city, VA.
988 to 1
Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio in Norfolk city, VA

Primary care physicians in Norfolk city, VA see an average of 988 patients per year. This represents a 3.89% decrease from the previous year (1,028 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Norfolk city, VA in comparison to its neighboring geographies.

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Community Mobility

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Virginia.

This chart presents movement trends over time in the state of Virginia across different categories of places such as retail and recreation, groceries and pharmacies, parks, transit stations, workplaces, and residential.

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Health Care Diversity

In 2020, insured persons according to age ranges were distributed in 24.2% under 18 years, 28.5% between 18 and 34 years, 34.7% between 35 and 64 years, and 12.6% over 64 years.

By gender, of the total number of insured persons, 46.6% were men and 53.4% were women.

The following chart shows the number of people with health coverage by gender.

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Uninsured People

11.4%
Uninsured
36.4%
Employer Coverage
17.6%
Medicaid
8.11%
Medicare
15.2%
Non-Group
11.2%
Military or VA

Between 2019 and 2020, the percent of uninsured citizens in Norfolk, VA declined by 4.08% from 11.9% to 11.4%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Norfolk, VA changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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