Mercer County, PA

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Population

113,623

0.851% decline

Median Age

44.4


Median Household Income

$47,340

3.29% growth

Poverty Rate

13.7%


Number of Employees

50,193

0.138% growth

Median Property Value

$114,100

2.79% growth

About

In 2017, Mercer County, PA had a population of 114k people with a median age of 44.4 and a median household income of $47,340. Between 2016 and 2017 the population of Mercer County, PA declined from 114,598 to 113,623, a -0.851% decrease and its median household income grew from $45,831 to $47,340, a 3.29% increase.

The population of Mercer County, PA is 90.3% White Alone, 5.72% Black or African American Alone, and 1.68% Two or More Races. N/A% of the people in Mercer County, PA speak a non-English language, and 99.3% are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Mercer County, PA are Grove City College (652 degrees awarded in 2016), Thiel College (247 degrees), and Pennsylvania State University-Penn State Shenango (143 degrees).

The median property value in Mercer County, PA is $114,100, and the homeownership rate is 73.2%. Most people in Mercer County, PA commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 19.8 minutes. The average car ownership in Mercer County, PA is 2 cars per household.

About the photo: George B. Stevenson Reservoir, a dam-widened portion of Sinnemahoning Creek.

Economy

The economy of Mercer County, PA employs 50.2k people. The largest industries in Mercer County, PA are Health Care & Social Assistance (9,334 people), Manufacturing (7,904 people), and Retail Trade (6,331 people), and the highest paying industries are Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($64,844), Utilities ($52,569), and Public Administration ($47,471).

Median household income in Mercer County, PA is $47,340. Males in Mercer County, PA have an average income that is 1.35 times higher than the average income of females, which is $49,502. The income inequality in Mercer County, PA (measured using the Gini index) is 0.469, which is lower than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$47,340

2017 value

± $1,186

3.29%

1 Year Growth

± 3.67%

Households in Mercer County, PA have a median annual income of $47,340, which is less than the median annual income of $60,336 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $45,831 in 2016, which represents a 3.29% annual growth.

Look at the chart to see how the median household income in Mercer County, PA compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Pennsylvania.

$67,039

Average Male Salary

± $1,040

$49,502

Average Female Salary

± $757

In 2017, full-time male employees in Pennsylvania made 1.35 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Pennsylvania by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Pennsylvania.

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. Asian

    $61,450 ± $4,076

  2. White

    $51,412 ± $642

  3. Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander

    $38,644 ± $21,965

In 2017 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Pennsylvania workers was Asian. These workers were paid 1.2 times more than White workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Pennsylvania by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Mercer County, PA is from Pennsylvania.

0.469

2017 Wage GINI

0.469

2016 Wage GINI

In 2017, the income inequality in Pennsylvania was 0.469 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.19% growth from 2016 to 2017, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat less even.

The 2017 the GINI for Pennsylvania was lower than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Pennsylvania in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Pennsylvania across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Highest Median Household Income (Total)

  1. Census Tract 313

  2. Census Tract 312

  3. Census Tract 323

In 2017, the tract with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Mercer County, PA was Census Tract 313 with a value of $67,950, followed by Census Tract 312 and Census Tract 323, with respective values of $65,179 and $55,027.

The following map shows all of the tracts in Mercer County, PA colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 25 - 34

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

13.7% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Mercer County, PA (14.5k out of 106k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 13.4%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 25 - 34, followed by Females 35 - 44 and then Females 55 - 64.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. White

    11,623 ± 629

  2. Black

    2,139 ± 317

  3. Two Or More

    464 ± 191

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Mercer County, PA is White, followed by Black and Two Or More.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

50.2k

2017 Value

± 1,207

0.138%

1 Year growth

± 3.34%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Mercer County, PA grew at a rate of 0.138%, from 50.1k employees to 50.2k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Mercer County, PA, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (6,247 people), Sales & Related Occupations (5,177 people), and Production Occupations (4,360 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Mercer County, PA.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Mercer County, PA, by number of employees, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (6,247 people), Sales & Related Occupations (5,177 people), and Production Occupations (4,360 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Mercer County, PA has an unusually high number of residents working as Law Enforcement Workers Including Supervisors (1.76 times higher than expected), Healthcare Support Occupations (1.7 times), and Community & Social Service Occupations (1.58 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Mercer County, PA, by median earnings, are Architecture & Engineering Occupations ($61,507), Health Diagnosing & Treating Practitioners & Other Technical Occupations ($58,948), and Computer & Mathematical Occupations ($58,309).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

50.2k

2017 Value

± 1,207

0.138%

1 Year growth

± 3.34%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Mercer County, PA grew at a rate of 0.138%, from 50.1k employees to 50.2k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Mercer County, PA, are Health Care & Social Assistance (9,334 people), Manufacturing (7,904 people), and Retail Trade (6,331 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Mercer County, PA, though some of these residents may live in Mercer County, PA and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Mercer County, PA, by number of employees, are Health Care & Social Assistance (9,334 people), Manufacturing (7,904 people), and Retail Trade (6,331 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Mercer County, PA has an unusually high number of Manufacturing (1.56 times higher than expected), Health Care & Social Assistance (1.34 times), and Retail Trade (1.1 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Mercer County, PA, by median earnings, are Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($64,844), Utilities ($52,569), and Public Administration ($47,471).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Pennsylvania to other states, or from other states to Pennsylvania.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $83B

  2. $50.6B

  3. $49.7B

In 2015, the top outbound Pennsylvania product (by dollars) was Mixed freight with $83B, followed by Coal-n.e.c. ($50.6B) and Pharmaceuticals ($49.7B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Pennsylvania products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for Pennsylvania state.

$618B

2015 Value

$954B

Projected 2045 Value

54.4% growth

In 2015, total outbound Pennsylvania trade was $618B. This is expected to increase 54.4% to $954B by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Pennsylvania trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Pennsylvania to other states, or from other states to Pennsylvania.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $61B

  2. $57.7B

  3. $33.1B

In 2015, the top outbound Pennsylvania domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was New York with $61B, followed by New Jersey with $57.7B and Ohio and $33.1B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Pennsylvania shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

92.6% of the population of Mercer County, PA has health coverage, with 46.3% on employee plans, 15.7% on Medicaid, 16.1% on Medicare, 13.2% on non-group plans, and 1.38% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the county of Mercer County, PA was $9,258 in 2014. This is a 4.29% increase from the previous year ($8,877).

Primary care physicians in Mercer County, PA see 1465 patients per year on average, which represents a 0.543% decrease from the previous year (1473 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1792 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 660 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Fayette County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (16%). Additionally, Clearfield County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (39.3%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

1,465 to 1

Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio

Primary care physicians in Mercer County, PA see an average of 1,465 patients per year. This represents a 0.543% decrease from the previous year (1,473 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Mercer County, PA in comparison to neighboring states.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Pennsylvania.

$9,258

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$4,634

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$9,407

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$11,243

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in Pennsylvania (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 4.29%, from $8,877 to $9,258.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

7.4%

Uninsured

46.3%

Employer Coverage

15.7%

Medicaid

16.1%

Medicare

13.2%

Non-Group

1.38%

Military or VA

Between 2016 and 2017, the percent of uninsured citizens in Mercer County, PA declined by 5.85% from 7.85% to 7.4%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Mercer County, PA changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 16% prevalence

  2. 13.4% prevalence

  3. 13.2% prevalence

Fayette County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in Pennsylvania, at 16%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in Pennsylvania by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

Mercer County, PA is home to a population of 114k people, from which 99.3% are citizens. As of 2017, 1.59% of Mercer County, PA residents were born outside of the country (1.81k people).

The ethnic composition of the population of Mercer County, PA is composed of 103k White Alone residents (90.3%), 6.49k Black or African American Alone residents (5.72%), 1.91k Two or More Races residents (1.68%), 1.58k Hispanic or Latino residents (1.39%), 749 Asian Alone residents (0.659%), 164 Some Other Race Alone residents (0.144%), 103 American Indian & Alaska Native Alone residents (0.0907%), and 3 Native Hawaiian & Other Pacific Islander Alone residents (0.00264%).

The most common foreign languages spoken in Mercer County, PA are N/A.

Age

Age by Nativity

44

Median Native-Born Age

± 0.2

51

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 2.3

In 2017, the median age of all people in Mercer County, PA was 44.4. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 44, were generally younger than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 51. But people in Mercer County, PA are getting getting older. In 2016, the average age of all Mercer County, PA residents was 44.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

1.59%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

1.81k people

1.39%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

1.59k people

As of 2017, 1.59% of Mercer County, PA residents (1.81k people) were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Mercer County, PA was 1.39%, meaning that the rate has been increasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Mercer County, PA compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Pennsylvania.

Most Common Origin

  1. India

    81,562 ± 6,989 people

  2. China

    63,036 ± 6,149 people

  3. Mexico

    54,918 ± 5,741 people

In 2017, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Pennsylvania was India, the natal country of 81,562 Pennsylvania residents, followed by China with 63,036 and Mexico with 54,918.

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Citizenship

99.3%

2017 Citizenship

99.4%

2016 Citizenship

As of 2017, 99.3% of Mercer County, PA residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.1%. In 2016, the percentage of US citizens in Mercer County, PA was 99.4%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been decreasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Mercer County, PA compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

Most Common

  1. White Alone

    103k ± 115

  2. Black or African American Alone

    6.49k ± 313

  3. Two or More Races

    1.91k ± 344

In 2017, there were 15.8 times more White Alone residents (103k people) in Mercer County, PA than any other race or ethnicity. There were 6.49k Black or African American Alone and 1.91k Two or More Races residents, the second and third most common racial or ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 8 races and ethnicities represented in Mercer County, PA as a share of the total population.

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Non-English Speakers

Most Common Languages

  1. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

  2. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

  3. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

N/A% of Mercer County, PA citizens are speakers of a non-English language, which is approximately the same as the national average of 21.8%. In N/A, the most common non-English language spoken in Mercer County, PA was N/A. N/A% of the overall population of Mercer County, PA are native N/A speakers. N/A% speak N/A and N/A% speak N/A, the next two most common languages.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Vietnam

    3,359 ± 268

  2. Gulf War (1990s)

    999 ± 178

  3. Gulf War (2001-)

    976 ± 161

Mercer County, PA has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 3.36 times greater than any other conflict.

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Education

In 2016, universities in Mercer County, PA awarded 1,216 degrees. The student population of Mercer County, PA is skewed towards women, with 1,880 male students and 2,031 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Mercer County, PA are White (1,088 and 89.8%), followed by Black or African American (44 and 3.63%), Unknown (27 and 2.23%), and Two or More Races (25 and 2.06%).

The largest universities in Mercer County, PA by number of degrees awarded are Grove City College (652 and 53.6%), Thiel College (247 and 20.3%), and Pennsylvania State University-Penn State Shenango (143 and 11.8%).

The most popular majors in Mercer County, PA are General Business Administration & Management (96 and 7.89%), General Biological Sciences (65 and 5.35%), and General Psychology (65 and 5.35%).

The median tuition costs in Mercer County, PA are $22,270 for private four year colleges, and $12,474 and $19,220 respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

Most Common

  1. 88 degrees awarded

  2. 65 degrees awarded

  3. 65 degrees awarded

In 2015, the most common concentation for Bachelors Degree recipients in Mercer County, PA was General Business Administration & Management with 88 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Bachelors Degree from schools in Mercer County, PA according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded

  1. 652 degrees awarded

  2. 247 degrees awarded

  3. 143 degrees awarded

$12,474

Median In-State Public

$22,270

Median Private

In 2016, the Mercer County, PA institution with the largest number of graduating students was Grove City College with 652 degrees awarded.

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Student Gender for Common Institutions

480

Degrees Awarded to Men

736

Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2016, 480 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Mercer County, PA, which is 0.652 times less than the 736 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the top 5 institutions in Mercer County, PA by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity

  1. White

    1,088 degrees awarded

  2. Black or African American

    44 degrees awarded

  3. Unknown

    27 degrees awarded

In 2016 the majority of degrees awarded at institutions in Mercer County, PA were to White students. These 1,088 degrees mean that there were 24.7 times more White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Black or African American, with 44 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Mercer County, PA was $114,100 in 2017, which is 0.524 times smaller than the national average of $217,600. Between 2016 and 2017 the median property value increased from $111,000 to $114,100, a 2.79% increase. The homeownership rate in Mercer County, PA is 73.2%, which is higher than the national average of 63.9%. People in Mercer County, PA have an average commute time of 19.8 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Mercer County, PA is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Income

Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$47,340

Median Household Income

± $1,186

45.8k

Number of Households

± 1,137

In 2017, the median household income of the 45.8k households in Mercer County, PA grew to $47,340 from the previous year's value of $45,831.

The following chart displays the households in Mercer County, PA distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Housing

Property Value

$114,100

2017 Median

± $2,803

$111,000

2016 Median

± $2,187

In 2017, the median property value in Mercer County, PA grew to to $114,100 from the previous year's value of $111,000.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Mercer County, PA compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Mercer County, PA the largest share of households have a property value in the $100k - $125k range.

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Property Taxes

$800 - $1,499

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Mercer County, PA distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Mercer County, PA the largest share of households pay taxes in the $800 - $1,499 range.

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Rent vs Own

73.2%

2017 Homeownership

73.4%

2016 Homeownership

In 2017, 73.2% of the housing units in Mercer County, PA were occupied by their owner. This percentage declined from the previous year's rate of 73.4%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is higher than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Mercer County, PA compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Mercer County, PA distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Mercer County, PA have 2 cars, followed by 3 cars.

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Commute Time

19.8 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Mercer County, PA have a shorter commute time (19.8 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.1 minutes). Additionally, 2% of the workforce in Mercer County, PA have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Mercer County, PA compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    81.9%

  2. Carpooled

    8.39%

  3. Worked At Home

    4.91%

In 2017, the most common method of travel for workers in Mercer County, PA was Drove Alone, followed by those who Carpooled and those who Worked At Home.

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