Medford, MA

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Population

57,700

0.909% growth

Median Age

35.8


Median Household Income

$86,204

8.29% growth

Poverty Rate

10.3%


Number of Employees

33,149

2.35% growth

Median Property Value

$443,100

5.2% growth

About

In 2017, Medford, MA had a population of 57.7k people with a median age of 35.8 and a median household income of $86,204. Between 2016 and 2017 the population of Medford, MA grew from 57,180 to 57,700, a 0.909% increase and its median household income grew from $79,607 to $86,204, a 8.29% increase.

The population of Medford, MA is 73.1% White Alone, 9.68% Asian Alone, and 8.56% Black or African American Alone. 29.3% of the people in Medford, MA speak a non-English language, and 89% are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Medford, MA are Tufts University (3,880 degrees awarded in 2016), Elizabeth Grady School of Esthetics and Massage Therapy (132 degrees), and Lawrence Memorial Hospital School of Nursing (107 degrees).

The median property value in Medford, MA is $443,100, and the homeownership rate is 57.5%. Most people in Medford, MA commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 30.8 minutes. The average car ownership in Medford, MA is 2 cars per household.

Economy

The economy of Medford, MA employs 33.1k people. The largest industries in Medford, MA are Health Care & Social Assistance (5,233 people), Educational Services (4,915 people), and Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services (4,493 people), and the highest paying industries are Information ($81,889), Manufacturing ($72,942), and Utilities ($72,768).

Median household income in Medford, MA is $86,204. Males in Medford, MA have an average income that is 1.34 times higher than the average income of females, which is $62,850. The income inequality in Medford, MA (measured using the Gini index) is 0.485, which is higher than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$86,204

2017 value

± $4,992

8.29%

1 Year Growth

± 6.41%

Households in Medford, MA have a median annual income of $86,204, which is more than the median annual income of $60,336 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $79,607 in 2016, which represents a 8.29% annual growth.

Look at the chart to see how the median household income in Medford, MA compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the place level, so we are showing data for the Massachusetts.

$84,043

Average Male Salary

± $1,786

$62,850

Average Female Salary

± $1,306

In 2017, full-time male employees in Medford, MA made 1.34 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Medford, MA by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the place level, so we are showing data for the Massachusetts.

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. Asian

    $68,516 ± $4,051

  2. White

    $64,668 ± $1,113

  3. Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander

    $49,586 ± $39,015

In 2017 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Medford, MA workers was Asian. These workers were paid 1.06 times more than White workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Medford, MA by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Medford, MA is from Massachusetts.

0.485

2017 Wage GINI

0.485

2016 Wage GINI

In 2017, the income inequality in Massachusetts was 0.485 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.0457% growth from 2016 to 2017, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat less even.

The 2017 the GINI for Massachusetts was higher than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed less evenly in Massachusetts in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Massachusetts across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Highest Median Household Income (Total)

  1. Census Tract 3392

  2. Census Tract 3401

  3. Census Tract 3396

In 2017, the place with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Medford, MA was Census Tract 3392 with a value of $101,759, followed by Census Tract 3401 and Census Tract 3396, with respective values of $90,110 and $79,605.

The following map shows all of the places in Medford, MA colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Males 18 - 24

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

10.3% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Medford, MA (5.73k out of 55.4k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is lower than the national average of 13.4%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Males 18 - 24, followed by Females 18 - 24 and then Females 25 - 34.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. White

    4,059 ± 636

  2. Asian

    701 ± 462

  3. Black

    652 ± 221

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Medford, MA is White, followed by Asian and Black.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

33.1k

2017 Value

± 1,301

2.35%

1 Year growth

± 5.47%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Medford, MA grew at a rate of 2.35%, from 32.4k employees to 33.1k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Medford, MA, are Management Occupations (4,159 people), Office & Administrative Support Occupations (4,051 people), and Sales & Related Occupations (2,684 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Medford, MA.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Medford, MA, by number of employees, are Management Occupations (4,159 people), Office & Administrative Support Occupations (4,051 people), and Sales & Related Occupations (2,684 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other places, Medford, MA has an unusually high number of residents working as Life, Physical, & Social Science Occupations (5.16 times higher than expected), Computer & Mathematical Occupations (2.26 times), and Architecture & Engineering Occupations (1.92 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Medford, MA, by median earnings, are Architecture & Engineering Occupations ($82,128), Computer & Mathematical Occupations ($81,887), and Law Enforcement Workers Including Supervisors ($80,391).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

33.1k

2017 Value

± 1,301

2.35%

1 Year growth

± 5.47%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Medford, MA grew at a rate of 2.35%, from 32.4k employees to 33.1k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Medford, MA, are Health Care & Social Assistance (5,233 people), Educational Services (4,915 people), and Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services (4,493 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Medford, MA, though some of these residents may live in Medford, MA and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Medford, MA, by number of employees, are Health Care & Social Assistance (5,233 people), Educational Services (4,915 people), and Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services (4,493 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other places, Medford, MA has an unusually high number of Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services (1.94 times higher than expected), Information (1.68 times), and Educational Services (1.6 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Medford, MA, by median earnings, are Information ($81,889), Manufacturing ($72,942), and Utilities ($72,768).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Massachusetts to other states, or from other states to Massachusetts.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $31.5B

  2. $27.2B

  3. $24.1B

In 2015, the top outbound Massachusetts product (by dollars) was Gasoline with $31.5B, followed by Mixed freight with $27.2B and Electronics and $24.1B.

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Massachusetts products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for Massachusetts state.

$240B

2015 Value

$364B

Projected 2045 Value

51.4% growth

In 2015, total outbound Massachusetts trade was $240B. This is expected to increase 51.4% to $364B by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Massachusetts trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Massachusetts to other states, or from other states to Massachusetts.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $13.2B

  2. $13.2B

  3. $12.7B

In 2015, the top outbound Massachusetts domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was New Hampshire with $13.2B, followed by New York with $13.2B and Connecticut and $12.7B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Massachusetts shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

96.8% of the population of Medford, MA has health coverage, with 61.4% on employee plans, 12.8% on Medicaid, 10.2% on Medicare, 11.9% on non-group plans, and 0.484% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the place of Medford, MA was $10,559 in 2014. This is a 2.78% increase from the previous year ($10,273).

Primary care physicians in Medford, MA see 954 patients per year on average, which represents a 0.421% increase from the previous year (950 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1010 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 185 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Bristol County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (11.4%). Additionally, Bristol County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (29.1%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Massachusetts.

954 to 1

Primary Care Physicians

Primary care physicians in Massachusetts see an average of 954 patients per year. This represents a 0.421% increase from the previous year (950 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Massachusetts in comparison to neighboring states.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Massachusetts.

$10,559

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$5,302

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$8,922

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$11,899

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in Massachusetts (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 2.78%, from $10,273 to $10,559.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

3.15%

Uninsured

61.4%

Employer Coverage

12.8%

Medicaid

10.2%

Medicare

11.9%

Non-Group

0.484%

Military or VA

Between 2016 and 2017, the percent of uninsured citizens in Medford, MA grew by 11.7% from 2.82% to 3.15%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Medford, MA changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 11.4% prevalence

  2. 11.1% prevalence

  3. 10.8% prevalence

Bristol County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in Massachusetts, at 11.4%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in Massachusetts by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

Medford, MA is home to a population of 57.7k people, from which 89% are citizens. As of 2017, 21.8% of Medford, MA residents were born outside of the country.

The ethnic composition of the population of Medford, MA is composed of 42.2k White Alone residents (73.1%), 5.59k Asian Alone residents (9.68%), 4.94k Black or African American Alone residents (8.56%), 3.05k Hispanic or Latino residents (5.29%), 1.57k Two or More Races residents (2.73%), 302 Some Other Race Alone residents (0.523%), 40 American Indian & Alaska Native Alone residents (0.0693%), and 0 Native Hawaiian & Other Pacific Islander Alone residents (0%).

The most common foreign languages spoken in Medford, MA are Spanish or Spanish Creole (2,413 speakers), French Creole (2,316 speakers), and Portuguese or Portuguese Creole (2,273 speakers).

Age

Age by Nativity

34

Median Native-Born Age

± 0.9

42

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 2.4

In 2017, the median age of all people in Medford, MA was 35.8. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 34, were generally younger than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 42. But people in Medford, MA are getting getting younger. In 2016, the average age of all Medford, MA residents was 36.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

21.8%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

21.6%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

As of 2017, 21.8% of Medford, MA residents were born outside of the United States, which is higher than the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Medford, MA was 21.6%, meaning that the rate has been increasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Medford, MA compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

Most Common Origin

  1. China

    88,014 ± 7,236 people

  2. Dominican Republic

    84,884 ± 7,108 people

  3. Brazil

    66,506 ± 6,300 people

In 2017, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Medford, MA was China, the natal country of 88,014 Medford, MA residents, followed by Dominican Republic with 84,884 and Brazil with 66,506.

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Citizenship

89%

2017 Citizenship

89%

2016 Citizenship

As of 2017, 89% of Medford, MA residents were US citizens, which is lower than the national average of 93.1%. In 2016, the percentage of US citizens in Medford, MA was 89%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been increasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Medford, MA compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

Most Common

  1. White Alone

    42.2k ± 1.17k

  2. Asian Alone

    5.59k ± 969

  3. Black or African American Alone

    4.94k ± 683

In 2017, there were 7.56 times more White Alone residents (42.2k people) in Medford, MA than any other race or ethnicity. There were 5.59k Asian Alone and 4.94k Black or African American Alone residents, the second and third most common racial or ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 8 races and ethnicities represented in Medford, MA as a share of the total population.

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Non-English Speakers

Most Common Languages

  1. Spanish or Spanish Creole

    2,413 speakers (4.48%)

  2. French Creole

    2,316 speakers (4.3%)

  3. Portuguese or Portuguese Creole

    2,273 speakers (4.22%)

29.3% of Medford, MA citizens are speakers of a non-English language, which is higher than the national average of 21.5%. In 2015, the most common non-English language spoken in Medford, MA was Spanish or Spanish Creole. 4.48% of the overall population of Medford, MA are native Spanish or Spanish Creole speakers. 4.3% speak French Creole and 4.22% speak Spanish or Spanish Creole, the next two most common languages.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Vietnam

    600 ± 162

  2. Korea

    353 ± 122

  3. Gulf War (2001-)

    288 ± 159

Medford, MA has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 1.7 times greater than any other conflict.

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Education

In 2016, universities in Medford, MA awarded 4,119 degrees. The student population of Medford, MA is skewed towards women, with 5,156 male students and 6,838 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Medford, MA are White (2,256 and 62.3%), followed by Asian (472 and 13%), Unknown (396 and 10.9%), and Hispanic or Latino (210 and 5.8%).

The largest universities in Medford, MA by number of degrees awarded are Tufts University (3,880 and 94.2%), Elizabeth Grady School of Esthetics and Massage Therapy (132 and 3.2%), and Lawrence Memorial Hospital School of Nursing (107 and 2.6%).

The most popular majors in Medford, MA are International Relations & Affairs (462 and 11.2%), Dentistry (196 and 4.76%), and Medicine (193 and 4.69%).

The median tuition costs in Medford, MA are $51,304 for private four year colleges, and $N/A and $N/A respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

Most Common

  1. 172 degrees awarded

  2. 144 degrees awarded

  3. 116 degrees awarded

In 2015, the most common concentation for Bachelors Degree recipients in Medford, MA was International Relations & Affairs with 172 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Bachelors Degree from schools in Medford, MA according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded

  1. 3,880 degrees awarded

  2. 132 degrees awarded

  3. 107 degrees awarded

$N/A

Median In-State Public

$51,304

Median Private

In 2016, the Medford, MA institution with the largest number of graduating students was Tufts University with 3,880 degrees awarded.

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Student Gender for Common Institutions

1,642

Degrees Awarded to Men

2,477

Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2016, 1,642 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Medford, MA, which is 0.663 times less than the 2,477 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the institutions in Medford, MA by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity

  1. White

    2,256 degrees awarded

  2. Asian

    472 degrees awarded

  3. Unknown

    396 degrees awarded

In 2016 the majority of degrees awarded at institutions in Medford, MA were to White students. These 2,256 degrees mean that there were 4.78 times more White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Asian, with 472 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Medford, MA was $443,100 in 2017, which is 2.04 times larger than the national average of $217,600. Between 2016 and 2017 the median property value increased from $421,200 to $443,100, a 5.2% increase. The homeownership rate in Medford, MA is 57.5%, which is lower than the national average of 63.9%. People in Medford, MA have an average commute time of 30.8 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Medford, MA is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Income

Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$86,204

Median Household Income

± $4,992

22.5k

Number of Households

± 1,027

In 2017, the median household income of the 22.5k households in Medford, MA grew to $86,204 from the previous year's value of $79,607.

The following chart displays the households in Medford, MA distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $150k - $200k range.

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Housing

Property Value

$443,100

2017 Median

± $8,151

$421,200

2016 Median

± $9,433

In 2017, the median property value in Medford, MA grew to to $443,100 from the previous year's value of $421,200.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Medford, MA compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Medford, MA the largest share of households have a property value in the $400k - $500k range.

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Property Taxes

$3k+

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Medford, MA distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Medford, MA the largest share of households pay taxes in the $3k+ range.

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Rent vs Own

57.5%

2017 Homeownership

56.3%

2016 Homeownership

In 2017, 57.5% of the housing units in Medford, MA were occupied by their owner. This percentage grew from the previous year's rate of 56.3%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is lower than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Medford, MA compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Medford, MA distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Medford, MA have 2 cars, followed by 1 car.

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Commute Time

30.8 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Medford, MA have a longer commute time (30.8 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.1 minutes). Additionally, 2.08% of the workforce in Medford, MA have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Medford, MA compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    60%

  2. Public Transit

    20.1%

  3. Carpooled

    8.25%

In 2017, the most common method of travel for workers in Medford, MA was Drove Alone, followed by those who Public Transit and those who Carpooled.

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