Leon County, TX

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Population

16,966

0.254% growth

Median Age

44.7


Median Household Income

$44,875

5.41% decline

Poverty Rate

16.3%


Number of Employees

6,574

1.98% decline

Median Property Value

$102,300

2.71% growth

About

In 2017, Leon County, TX had a population of 17k people with a median age of 44.7 and a median household income of $44,875. Between 2016 and 2017 the population of Leon County, TX grew from 16,923 to 16,966, a 0.254% increase and its median household income declined from $47,441 to $44,875, a -5.41% decrease.

The population of Leon County, TX is 76.5% White Alone, 14.2% Hispanic or Latino, and 7.18% Black or African American Alone. 11.4% of the people in Leon County, TX speak a non-English language, and 95.4% are U.S. citizens.

The median property value in Leon County, TX is $102,300, and the homeownership rate is 78.4%. Most people in Leon County, TX commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 26.9 minutes. The average car ownership in Leon County, TX is 2 cars per household.

About the photo: Austin at Sunset

Economy

The economy of Leon County, TX employs 6.57k people. The largest industries in Leon County, TX are Construction (1,003 people), Retail Trade (806 people), and Manufacturing (681 people), and the highest paying industries are Utilities ($95,614), Transportation & Warehousing, & Utilities ($76,389), and Transportation & Warehousing ($73,250).

Median household income in Leon County, TX is $44,875. Males in Leon County, TX have an average income that is 1.41 times higher than the average income of females, which is $45,959. The income inequality in Leon County, TX (measured using the Gini index) is 0.482, which is higher than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$44,875

2017 value

± $4,612

-5.41%

1 Year Growth

± 16.2%

Households in Leon County, TX have a median annual income of $44,875, which is less than the median annual income of $60,336 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $47,441 in 2016, which represents a -5.41% annual growth.

Look at the chart to see how the median household income in Leon County, TX compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the county level, so we are showing data for the Texas.

$64,953

Average Male Salary

± $716

$45,959

Average Female Salary

± $514

In 2017, full-time male employees in Leon County, TX made 1.41 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Leon County, TX by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the county level, so we are showing data for the Texas.

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. Asian

    $64,947 ± $2,196

  2. White

    $52,072 ± $505

  3. American Indian

    $45,538 ± $7,571

In 2017 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Leon County, TX workers was Asian. These workers were paid 1.25 times more than White workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Leon County, TX by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Leon County, TX is from Texas.

0.482

2017 Wage GINI

0.482

2016 Wage GINI

In 2017, the income inequality in Texas was 0.482 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.139% growth from 2016 to 2017, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat less even.

The 2017 the GINI for Texas was higher than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed less evenly in Texas in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Texas across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Highest Median Household Income (Total)

  1. Census Tract 9503

  2. Census Tract 9502

  3. Census Tract 9501

In 2017, the tract with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Leon County, TX was Census Tract 9503 with a value of $52,219, followed by Census Tract 9502 and Census Tract 9501, with respective values of $49,316 and $45,750.

The following map shows all of the tracts in Leon County, TX colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 25 - 34

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

16.3% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Leon County, TX (2.74k out of 16.9k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 13.4%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 25 - 34, followed by Females 18 - 24 and then Females 45 - 54.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. White

    2,453 ± 331

  2. Hispanic

    791 ± 152

  3. Black

    244 ± 96

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Leon County, TX is White, followed by Hispanic and Black.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

6.57k

2017 Value

± 652

-1.98%

1 Year decline

± 13.7%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Leon County, TX declined at a rate of -1.98%, from 6.71k employees to 6.57k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Leon County, TX, are Construction & Extraction Occupations (773 people), Production Occupations (678 people), and Sales & Related Occupations (654 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Leon County, TX.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Leon County, TX, by number of employees, are Construction & Extraction Occupations (773 people), Production Occupations (678 people), and Sales & Related Occupations (654 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Leon County, TX has an unusually high number of residents working as Farming, Fishing, & Forestry Occupations (3.4 times higher than expected), Law Enforcement Workers Including Supervisors (2.87 times), and Fire Fighting & Prevention, & Other Protective Service Workers Including Supervisors (2.85 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Leon County, TX, by median earnings, are Fire Fighting & Prevention, & Other Protective Service Workers Including Supervisors ($135,468), Installation, Maintenance, & Repair Occupations ($88,060), and Architecture & Engineering Occupations ($74,821).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

6.57k

2017 Value

± 652

-1.98%

1 Year decline

± 13.7%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Leon County, TX declined at a rate of -1.98%, from 6.71k employees to 6.57k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Leon County, TX, are Construction (1,003 people), Retail Trade (806 people), and Manufacturing (681 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Leon County, TX, though some of these residents may live in Leon County, TX and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Leon County, TX, by number of employees, are Construction (1,003 people), Retail Trade (806 people), and Manufacturing (681 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Leon County, TX has an unusually high number of Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction (11.1 times higher than expected), Utilities (4.08 times), and Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting (3.25 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Leon County, TX, by median earnings, are Utilities ($95,614), Transportation & Warehousing, & Utilities ($76,389), and Transportation & Warehousing ($73,250).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Texas to other states, or from other states to Texas.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $282B

  2. $216B

  3. $159B

In 2015, the top outbound Texas product (by dollars) was Fuel oils with $282B, followed by Gasoline with $216B and Mixed freight and $159B.

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Texas products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for Texas state.

$1.97T

2015 Value

$2.8T

Projected 2045 Value

42.1% growth

In 2015, total outbound Texas trade was $1.97T. This is expected to increase 42.1% to $2.8T by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Texas trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Texas to other states, or from other states to Texas.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $85.7B

  2. $53.4B

  3. $34.5B

In 2015, the top outbound Texas domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Louisiana with $85.7B, followed by Oklahoma with $53.4B and California and $34.5B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Texas shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

80.6% of the population of Leon County, TX has health coverage, with 26.7% on employee plans, 18.9% on Medicaid, 19.9% on Medicare, 13.3% on non-group plans, and 1.67% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the county of Leon County, TX was $6,998 in 2014. This is a 5.06% increase from the previous year ($6,661).

Primary care physicians in Leon County, TX see 17086 patients per year on average, which represents a 1.33% increase from the previous year (16861 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 5766 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 8650 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Cass County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (14.5%). Additionally, Angelina County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (39.6%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

17086 to 1

Primary Care Physicians

Primary care physicians in Leon County, TX see an average of 17086 patients per year. This represents a 1.33% increase from the previous year (16861 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Leon County, TX in comparison to neighboring states.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Texas.

$6,998

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$4,696

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$7,273

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$11,895

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in Texas (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 5.06%, from $6,661 to $6,998.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

19.4%

Uninsured

26.7%

Employer Coverage

18.9%

Medicaid

19.9%

Medicare

13.3%

Non-Group

1.67%

Military or VA

Between 2016 and 2017, the percent of uninsured citizens in Leon County, TX grew by 6.88% from 18.2% to 19.4%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Leon County, TX changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 14.5% prevalence

  2. 14.4% prevalence

  3. 14.3% prevalence

Cass County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in Texas, at 14.5%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in Texas by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

Leon County, TX is home to a population of 17k people, from which 95.4% are citizens. As of 2017, 7.03% of Leon County, TX residents were born outside of the country.

The ethnic composition of the population of Leon County, TX is composed of 13k White Alone residents (76.5%), 2.41k Hispanic or Latino residents (14.2%), 1.22k Black or African American Alone residents (7.18%), 126 Asian Alone residents (0.743%), 99 American Indian & Alaska Native Alone residents (0.584%), 95 Two or More Races residents (0.56%), 31 Native Hawaiian & Other Pacific Islander Alone residents (0.183%), and 6 Some Other Race Alone residents (0.0354%).

The most common foreign languages spoken in Leon County, TX are Spanish or Spanish Creole (1,696 speakers), German (55 speakers), and Vietnamese (19 speakers).

Age

Age by Nativity

45

Median Native-Born Age

± 1

44

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 3.5

In 2017, the median age of all people in Leon County, TX was 44.7. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 45, were generally older than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 44. But people in Leon County, TX are getting getting younger. In 2016, the average age of all Leon County, TX residents was 45.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

7.03%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

6.94%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

As of 2017, 7.03% of Leon County, TX residents were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Leon County, TX was 6.94%, meaning that the rate has been increasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Leon County, TX compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

Most Common Origin

  1. Mexico

    2,547,886 ± 37,324 people

  2. India

    231,271 ± 11,757 people

  3. El Salvador

    200,904 ± 10,964 people

In 2017, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Leon County, TX was Mexico, the natal country of 2,547,886 Leon County, TX residents, followed by India with 231,271 and El Salvador with 200,904.

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Citizenship

95.4%

2017 Citizenship

95.3%

2016 Citizenship

As of 2017, 95.4% of Leon County, TX residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.1%. In 2016, the percentage of US citizens in Leon County, TX was 95.3%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been increasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Leon County, TX compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

Most Common

  1. White Alone

    13k ± 11

  2. Hispanic or Latino

    2.41k ± 176

  3. Black or African American Alone

    1.22k ± 58

In 2017, there were 5.4 times more White Alone residents (13k people) in Leon County, TX than any other race or ethnicity. There were 2.41k Hispanic or Latino and 1.22k Black or African American Alone residents, the second and third most common racial or ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 8 races and ethnicities represented in Leon County, TX as a share of the total population.

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Non-English Speakers

Most Common Languages

  1. Spanish or Spanish Creole

    1,696 speakers (10.8%)

  2. German

    55 speakers (0.35%)

  3. Vietnamese

    19 speakers (0.121%)

11.4% of Leon County, TX citizens are speakers of a non-English language, which is lower than the national average of 21.5%. In 2015, the most common non-English language spoken in Leon County, TX was Spanish or Spanish Creole. 10.8% of the overall population of Leon County, TX are native Spanish or Spanish Creole speakers. 0.35% speak German and 0.121% speak Spanish or Spanish Creole, the next two most common languages.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Vietnam

    751 ± 170

  2. Korea

    135 ± 83

  3. World War II

    129 ± 66

Leon County, TX has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 5.56 times greater than any other conflict.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Leon County, TX was $102,300 in 2017, which is 0.47 times smaller than the national average of $217,600. Between 2016 and 2017 the median property value increased from $99,600 to $102,300, a 2.71% increase. The homeownership rate in Leon County, TX is 78.4%, which is higher than the national average of 63.9%. People in Leon County, TX have an average commute time of 26.9 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Leon County, TX is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Income

Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$44,875

Median Household Income

± $4,612

6.25k

Number of Households

± 518

In 2017, the median household income of the 6.25k households in Leon County, TX declined from $44,875 from the previous year's value of $47,441.

The following chart displays the households in Leon County, TX distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Housing

Property Value

$102,300

2017 Median

± $10,260

$99,600

2016 Median

± $13,271

In 2017, the median property value in Leon County, TX grew to to $102,300 from the previous year's value of $99,600.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Leon County, TX compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Leon County, TX the largest share of households have a property value in the $100k - $125k range.

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Property Taxes

< $800

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Leon County, TX distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Leon County, TX the largest share of households pay taxes in the < $800 range.

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Rent vs Own

78.4%

2017 Homeownership

80%

2016 Homeownership

In 2017, 78.4% of the housing units in Leon County, TX were occupied by their owner. This percentage declined from the previous year's rate of 80%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is higher than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Leon County, TX compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Leon County, TX distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Leon County, TX have 2 cars, followed by 3 cars.

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Commute Time

26.9 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Leon County, TX have a longer commute time (26.9 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.1 minutes). Additionally, 4.84% of the workforce in Leon County, TX have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Leon County, TX compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    76.3%

  2. Carpooled

    9.79%

  3. Worked At Home

    4.99%

In 2017, the most common method of travel for workers in Leon County, TX was Drove Alone, followed by those who Carpooled and those who Worked At Home.

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