Lehigh County, PA

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Population

368,100

0.438% growth

Poverty Rate

13.3%


Median Age

38.5


Median Household Income

$62,278

2.31% growth

Number of Employees

178,305

0.152% growth

Median Property Value

$213,400

0.994% growth

About

In 2018, Lehigh County, PA had a population of 368k people with a median age of 38.5 and a median household income of $62,278. Between 2017 and 2018 the population of Lehigh County, PA grew from 366,494 to 368,100, a 0.438% increase and its median household income grew from $60,871 to $62,278, a 2.31% increase.

The 5 largest ethnic groups in Lehigh County, PA are White (Non-Hispanic) (63.4%), White (Hispanic) (15.1%), Some Other Race (Hispanic) (6.06%), Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) (5.19%), and Asian (Non-Hispanic) (3.47%). N/A% of the people in Lehigh County, PA speak a non-English language, and 94.4% are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Lehigh County, PA are DeSales University (881 degrees awarded in 2017), Lehigh Carbon Community College (837 degrees), and Muhlenberg College (755 degrees).

The median property value in Lehigh County, PA is $213,400, and the homeownership rate is 64.8%. Most people in Lehigh County, PA commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 23.1 minutes. The average car ownership in Lehigh County, PA is 2 cars per household.

About the photo: Lehigh river

COVID-19

Total Confirmed Cases by Date

Showing data at the state level for Pennsylvania. Hospitalization data for some states may be delayed or not reported.

This chart shows the number of COVID-19 daily new cases by date in Pennsylvania, as a 7-day rolling average, compared with the four states with the most similar number of confirmed cases.

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Impact on Employment

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Pennsylvania.

This chart shows weekly unemployment insurance claims in Pennsylvania (not-seasonally adjusted) compared with the four states with the most similar impact.

The most recent data point uses Advance State Claims data, which can be revised in subsequent weeks.

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Community Mobility

Showing data at the state level for Pennsylvania. Hospitalization data for some states may be delayed or not reported.

This chart presents movement trends over time in the state of Pennsylvania across different categories of places such as retail and recreation, groceries and pharmacies, parks, transit stations, workplaces, and residential.

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Economy

The economy of Lehigh County, PA employs 178k people. The largest industries in Lehigh County, PA are Health Care & Social Assistance (28,916 people), Manufacturing (23,114 people), and Retail Trade (21,581 people), and the highest paying industries are Utilities ($96,647), Public Administration ($63,189), and Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services ($61,362).

Median household income in Lehigh County, PA is $62,278. Males in Lehigh County, PA have an average income that is 1.34 times higher than the average income of females, which is $52,119. The income inequality in Lehigh County, PA (measured using the Gini index) is 0.469, which is lower than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$62,278

2018 value

± $2,680

2.31%

1 Year Growth

± 5.5%

Households in Lehigh County, PA have a median annual income of $62,278, which is more than the median annual income of $61,937 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $60,871 in 2017, which represents a 2.31% annual growth.

The following chart shows how the median household income in Lehigh County, PA compares to that of its neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Pennsylvania.

$69,779

Average Male Salary

± $1,106

$52,119

Average Female Salary

± $786

In 2018, full-time male employees in Pennsylvania made 1.34 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Pennsylvania by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Pennsylvania.

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. Asian

    $67,044 ± $4,236

  2. White

    $54,569 ± $688

  3. Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander

    $45,677 ± $16,041

In 2018 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Pennsylvania workers was Asian. These workers were paid 1.23 times more than White workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Pennsylvania by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Lehigh County, PA is from Pennsylvania.

0.469

2018 Wage GINI

0.472

2017 Wage GINI

In 2018, the income inequality in Pennsylvania was 0.469 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.472% decline from 2017 to 2018, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat more even.

The 2018 the GINI for Pennsylvania was lower than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Pennsylvania in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Pennsylvania across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Highest Median Household Income (Total)

  1. Census Tract 62.04

  2. Census Tract 69.05

  3. Census Tract 55.03

In 2017, the tract with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Lehigh County, PA was Census Tract 62.04 with a value of $122,585, followed by Census Tract 69.05 and Census Tract 55.03, with respective values of $116,189 and $103,403.

The following map shows all of the tracts in Lehigh County, PA colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 25 - 34

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

13.3% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Lehigh County, PA (46.6k out of 351k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 13.1%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 25 - 34, followed by Females 35 - 44 and then Males 6 - 11.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. White

    28,215 ± 1,240

  2. Hispanic

    24,049 ± 1,114

  3. Other

    8,517 ± 738

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Lehigh County, PA is White, followed by Hispanic and Other.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

178k

2018 Value

± 6,951

0.152%

1 Year growth

± 5.43%

From 2017 to 2018, employment in Lehigh County, PA grew at a rate of 0.152%, from 178k employees to 178k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Lehigh County, PA, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (20,192 people), Sales & Related Occupations (17,501 people), and Management Occupations (15,575 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Lehigh County, PA.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Lehigh County, PA, by number of employees, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (20,192 people), Sales & Related Occupations (17,501 people), and Management Occupations (15,575 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Lehigh County, PA has an unusually high number of residents working as Material Moving Occupations (2.03 times higher than expected), Production Occupations (1.42 times), and Transportation Occupations (1.3 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Lehigh County, PA, by median earnings, are Legal Occupations ($84,225), Architecture & Engineering Occupations ($74,303), and Management Occupations ($72,267).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

178k

2018 Value

± 6,951

0.152%

1 Year growth

± 5.43%

From 2017 to 2018, employment in Lehigh County, PA grew at a rate of 0.152%, from 178k employees to 178k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Lehigh County, PA, are Health Care & Social Assistance (28,916 people), Manufacturing (23,114 people), and Retail Trade (21,581 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Lehigh County, PA, though some of these residents may live in Lehigh County, PA and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Lehigh County, PA, by number of employees, are Health Care & Social Assistance (28,916 people), Manufacturing (23,114 people), and Retail Trade (21,581 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Lehigh County, PA has an unusually high number of Transportation & Warehousing (1.52 times higher than expected), Wholesale Trade (1.43 times), and Manufacturing (1.33 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Lehigh County, PA, by median earnings, are Utilities ($96,647), Public Administration ($63,189), and Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services ($61,362).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Pennsylvania to other states, or from other states to Pennsylvania.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $88.5B

  2. $57.4B

  3. $55.2B

In 2015, the top outbound Pennsylvania product (by dollars) was Mixed freight with $88.5B, followed by Coal-n.e.c. ($57.4B) and Pharmaceuticals ($55.2B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Pennsylvania products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for Pennsylvania state.

$671B

2020 Value

$954B

Projected 2045 Value

42.2% growth

In 2020, total outbound Pennsylvania trade was $671B. This is expected to increase 42.2% to $954B by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Pennsylvania trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Pennsylvania to other states, or from other states to Pennsylvania.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $65.4B

  2. $62.6B

  3. $35.6B

In 2015, the top outbound Pennsylvania domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was New York with $65.4B, followed by New Jersey with $62.6B and Ohio and $35.6B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Pennsylvania shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

93.2% of the population of Lehigh County, PA has health coverage, with 51.9% on employee plans, 19.1% on Medicaid, 12.8% on Medicare, 8.7% on non-group plans, and 0.666% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the county of Lehigh County, PA was $9,258 in 2014. This is a 4.29% increase from the previous year ($8,877).

Primary care physicians in Lehigh County, PA see 1039 patients per year on average, which represents a 1.24% decrease from the previous year (1052 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1183 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 604 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Fayette County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (16%). Additionally, Clearfield County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (39.3%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

1,039 to 1

Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio

Primary care physicians in Lehigh County, PA see an average of 1,039 patients per year. This represents a 1.24% decrease from the previous year (1,052 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Lehigh County, PA in comparison to its neighboring geographies.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Pennsylvania.

$9,258

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$4,634

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$9,407

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$11,243

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in Pennsylvania (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 4.29%, from $8,877 to $9,258.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

6.77%

Uninsured

51.9%

Employer Coverage

19.1%

Medicaid

12.8%

Medicare

8.7%

Non-Group

0.666%

Military or VA

Between 2016 and 2017, the percent of uninsured citizens in Lehigh County, PA grew by 19.1% from 5.69% to 6.77%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Lehigh County, PA changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 16% prevalence

  2. 13.4% prevalence

  3. 13.2% prevalence

Fayette County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in Pennsylvania, at 16%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in Pennsylvania by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

Lehigh County, PA is home to a population of 368k people, from which 94.4% are citizens. As of 2017, 10.6% of Lehigh County, PA residents were born outside of the country (39k people).

In 2018, there were 4.19 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (233k people) in Lehigh County, PA than any other race or ethnicity. There were 55.7k White (Hispanic) and 22.3k Some Other Race (Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

Age

Age by Nativity

38

Median Native-Born Age

± 0.5

39

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 2.4

In 2018, the median age of all people in Lehigh County, PA was 38.5. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 38, were generally younger than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 39. But people in Lehigh County, PA are getting getting younger. In 2017, the average age of all Lehigh County, PA residents was 40.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

10.6%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

39k people

10.5%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

38k people

As of 2017, 10.6% of Lehigh County, PA residents (39k people) were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Lehigh County, PA was 10.5%, meaning that the rate has been increasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Lehigh County, PA compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Pennsylvania.

Most Common Origin

  1. India

    94,480 ± 7,519 people

  2. Dominican Republic

    85,267 ± 7,145 people

  3. China

    68,580 ± 6,412 people

In 2018, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Pennsylvania was India, the natal country of 94,480 Pennsylvania residents, followed by Dominican Republic with 85,267 and China with 68,580.

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Citizenship

94.4%

2018 Citizenship

93.8%

2017 Citizenship

As of 2018, 94.4% of Lehigh County, PA residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.2%. In 2017, the percentage of US citizens in Lehigh County, PA was 93.8%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been increasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Lehigh County, PA compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

The 3 largest ethnic groups in Lehigh County, PA

  1. White (Non-Hispanic)

    233k ± 116

  2. White (Hispanic)

    55.7k ± 5.05k

  3. Some Other Race (Hispanic)

    22.3k ± 5.5k

In 2018, there were 4.19 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (233k people) in Lehigh County, PA than any other race or ethnicity. There were 55.7k White (Hispanic) and 22.3k Some Other Race (Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 7 races represented in Lehigh County, PA as a share of the total population.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Vietnam

    6,853 ± 878

  2. Gulf War (2001-)

    1,896 ± 706

  3. Korea

    1,680 ± 528

Lehigh County, PA has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 3.61 times greater than any other conflict.

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Education

In 2017, universities in Lehigh County, PA awarded 4,240 degrees. The student population of Lehigh County, PA is skewed towards women, with 6,176 male students and 10,797 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Lehigh County, PA are White (2,860 and 67.8%), followed by Hispanic or Latino (633 and 15%), Black or African American (273 and 6.47%), and Unknown (245 and 5.81%).

The largest universities in Lehigh County, PA by number of degrees awarded are DeSales University (881 and 20.8%), Lehigh Carbon Community College (837 and 19.7%), and Muhlenberg College (755 and 17.8%).

The most popular majors in Lehigh County, PA are General Business Administration & Management (392 and 9.25%), Registered Nursing (257 and 6.06%), and Medical Assistant (235 and 5.54%).

The median tuition costs in Lehigh County, PA are $37,492 for private four year colleges, and $13,484 and $21,402 respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

Most Common

  1. 182 degrees awarded

  2. 155 degrees awarded

  3. 191 degrees awarded

In 2015, the most common concentation for Bachelors Degree recipients in Lehigh County, PA was General Business Administration & Management with 182 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Bachelors Degree from schools in Lehigh County, PA according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded

  1. 881 degrees awarded

  2. 837 degrees awarded

  3. 755 degrees awarded

$13,484

Median In-State Public

$37,492

Median Private

In 2017, the Lehigh County, PA institution with the largest number of graduating students was DeSales University with 881 degrees awarded.

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Student Gender for Common Institutions

1,415

Degrees Awarded to Men

2,825

Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2017, 1,415 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Lehigh County, PA, which is 0.501 times less than the 2,825 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the top 5 institutions in Lehigh County, PA by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity

  1. White

    2,860 degrees awarded

  2. Hispanic or Latino

    633 degrees awarded

  3. Black or African American

    273 degrees awarded

In 2017 the majority of degrees awarded at institutions in Lehigh County, PA were to White students. These 2,860 degrees mean that there were 4.52 times more White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Hispanic or Latino, with 633 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Lehigh County, PA was $213,400 in 2018, which is 0.929 times smaller than the national average of $229,700. Between 2017 and 2018 the median property value increased from $211,300 to $213,400, a 0.994% increase. The homeownership rate in Lehigh County, PA is 64.8%, which is higher than the national average of 63.9%. People in Lehigh County, PA have an average commute time of 23.1 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Lehigh County, PA is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Housing

Property Value

$213,400

2018 Median

± $8,160

$211,300

2017 Median

± $6,588

In 2018, the median property value in Lehigh County, PA grew to to $213,400 from the previous year's value of $211,300.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Lehigh County, PA compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Lehigh County, PA the largest share of households have a property value in the $300k - $400k range.

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Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$62,278

Median Household Income

± $2,680

139k

Number of Households

± 5,940

In 2018, the median household income of the 139k households in Lehigh County, PA grew to $62,278 from the previous year's value of $60,871.

The following chart displays the households in Lehigh County, PA distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Property Taxes

$3k+

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Lehigh County, PA distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Lehigh County, PA the largest share of households pay taxes in the $3k+ range.

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Rent vs Own

64.8%

2018 Homeownership

64.5%

2017 Homeownership

In 2018, 64.8% of the housing units in Lehigh County, PA were occupied by their owner. This percentage grew from the previous year's rate of 64.5%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is higher than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Lehigh County, PA compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Commute Time

23.1 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Lehigh County, PA have a shorter commute time (23.1 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.7 minutes). Additionally, 2.52% of the workforce in Lehigh County, PA have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Lehigh County, PA compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    78%

  2. Carpooled

    11.9%

  3. Worked At Home

    4.27%

In 2018, the most common method of travel for workers in Lehigh County, PA was Drove Alone (78%), followed by those who Carpooled (11.9%) and those who Worked At Home (4.27%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Lehigh County, PA distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Lehigh County, PA have 2 cars, followed by 1 car.

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