Lehigh County, PA

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Population

366,494

0.922% growth

Median Age

39.5


Median Household Income

$60,871

0.617% growth

Poverty Rate

13.3%


Number of Employees

178,035

0.29% growth

Median Property Value

$211,300

6.29% growth

About

In 2017, Lehigh County, PA had a population of 366k people with a median age of 39.5 and a median household income of $60,871. Between 2016 and 2017 the population of Lehigh County, PA grew from 363,147 to 366,494, a 0.922% increase and its median household income grew from $60,498 to $60,871, a 0.617% increase.

The population of Lehigh County, PA is 64.2% White Alone, 24.6% Hispanic or Latino, and 5.54% Black or African American Alone. N/A% of the people in Lehigh County, PA speak a non-English language, and 93.8% are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Lehigh County, PA are DeSales University (908 degrees awarded in 2016), Lehigh Carbon Community College (813 degrees), and Muhlenberg College (697 degrees).

The median property value in Lehigh County, PA is $211,300, and the homeownership rate is 64.5%. Most people in Lehigh County, PA commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 23.1 minutes. The average car ownership in Lehigh County, PA is 2 cars per household.

About the photo: Lehigh river

Economy

The economy of Lehigh County, PA employs 178k people. The largest industries in Lehigh County, PA are Health Care & Social Assistance (26,957 people), Manufacturing (25,482 people), and Retail Trade (21,541 people), and the highest paying industries are Utilities ($70,697), Finance & Insurance ($56,734), and Construction ($54,709).

Median household income in Lehigh County, PA is $60,871. Males in Lehigh County, PA have an average income that is 1.34 times higher than the average income of females, which is $51,375. The income inequality in Lehigh County, PA (measured using the Gini index) is 0.472, which is lower than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$60,871

2017 value

± $2,209

0.617%

1 Year Growth

± 4.85%

Households in Lehigh County, PA have a median annual income of $60,871, which is more than the median annual income of $60,336 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $60,498 in 2016, which represents a 0.617% annual growth.

Look at the chart to see how the median household income in Lehigh County, PA compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Pennsylvania.

$68,603

Average Male Salary

± $1,096

$51,375

Average Female Salary

± $811

In 2017, full-time male employees in Pennsylvania made 1.34 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Pennsylvania by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Pennsylvania.

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. Asian

    $62,810 ± $3,954

  2. White

    $53,208 ± $684

  3. American Indian

    $47,436 ± $11,968

In 2017 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Pennsylvania workers was Asian. These workers were paid 1.18 times more than White workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Pennsylvania by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Lehigh County, PA is from Pennsylvania.

0.472

2017 Wage GINI

0.468

2016 Wage GINI

In 2017, the income inequality in Pennsylvania was 0.472 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.833% growth from 2016 to 2017, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat less even.

The 2017 the GINI for Pennsylvania was lower than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Pennsylvania in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Pennsylvania across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Highest Median Household Income (Total)

  1. Census Tract 62.04

  2. Census Tract 69.05

  3. Census Tract 55.03

In 2017, the tract with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Lehigh County, PA was Census Tract 62.04 with a value of $123,977, followed by Census Tract 69.05 and Census Tract 55.03, with respective values of $110,422 and $102,625.

The following map shows all of the tracts in Lehigh County, PA colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 25 - 34

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

13.3% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Lehigh County, PA (46.6k out of 351k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is lower than the national average of 13.4%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 25 - 34, followed by Females 35 - 44 and then Males 6 - 11.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. White

    28,215 ± 1,240

  2. Hispanic

    24,049 ± 1,114

  3. Other

    8,517 ± 738

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Lehigh County, PA is White, followed by Hispanic and Other.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

178k

2017 Value

± 6,740

0.29%

1 Year growth

± 5.37%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Lehigh County, PA grew at a rate of 0.29%, from 178k employees to 178k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Lehigh County, PA, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (24,325 people), Sales & Related Occupations (18,077 people), and Management Occupations (17,734 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Lehigh County, PA.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Lehigh County, PA, by number of employees, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (24,325 people), Sales & Related Occupations (18,077 people), and Management Occupations (17,734 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Lehigh County, PA has an unusually high number of residents working as Material Moving Occupations (2.29 times higher than expected), Life, Physical, & Social Science Occupations (1.44 times), and Transportation Occupations (1.44 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Lehigh County, PA, by median earnings, are Computer & Mathematical Occupations ($81,180), Management Occupations ($76,985), and Architecture & Engineering Occupations ($76,643).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

178k

2017 Value

± 6,740

0.29%

1 Year growth

± 5.37%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Lehigh County, PA grew at a rate of 0.29%, from 178k employees to 178k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Lehigh County, PA, are Health Care & Social Assistance (26,957 people), Manufacturing (25,482 people), and Retail Trade (21,541 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Lehigh County, PA, though some of these residents may live in Lehigh County, PA and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Lehigh County, PA, by number of employees, are Health Care & Social Assistance (26,957 people), Manufacturing (25,482 people), and Retail Trade (21,541 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Lehigh County, PA has an unusually high number of Management of Companies & Enterprises (2.51 times higher than expected), Transportation & Warehousing (1.81 times), and Utilities (1.63 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Lehigh County, PA, by median earnings, are Utilities ($70,697), Finance & Insurance ($56,734), and Construction ($54,709).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Pennsylvania to other states, or from other states to Pennsylvania.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $83B

  2. $50.6B

  3. $49.7B

In 2015, the top outbound Pennsylvania product (by dollars) was Mixed freight with $83B, followed by Coal-n.e.c. ($50.6B) and Pharmaceuticals ($49.7B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Pennsylvania products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for Pennsylvania state.

$618B

2015 Value

$954B

Projected 2045 Value

54.4% growth

In 2015, total outbound Pennsylvania trade was $618B. This is expected to increase 54.4% to $954B by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Pennsylvania trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Pennsylvania to other states, or from other states to Pennsylvania.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $61B

  2. $57.7B

  3. $33.1B

In 2015, the top outbound Pennsylvania domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was New York with $61B, followed by New Jersey with $57.7B and Ohio and $33.1B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Pennsylvania shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

93.2% of the population of Lehigh County, PA has health coverage, with 51.9% on employee plans, 19.1% on Medicaid, 12.8% on Medicare, 8.7% on non-group plans, and 0.666% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the county of Lehigh County, PA was $9,258 in 2014. This is a 4.29% increase from the previous year ($8,877).

Primary care physicians in Lehigh County, PA see 1039 patients per year on average, which represents a 1.24% decrease from the previous year (1052 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1183 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 604 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Fayette County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (16%). Additionally, Clearfield County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (39.3%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

1,039 to 1

Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio

Primary care physicians in Lehigh County, PA see an average of 1,039 patients per year. This represents a 1.24% decrease from the previous year (1,052 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Lehigh County, PA in comparison to neighboring states.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Pennsylvania.

$9,258

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$4,634

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$9,407

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$11,243

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in Pennsylvania (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 4.29%, from $8,877 to $9,258.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

6.77%

Uninsured

51.9%

Employer Coverage

19.1%

Medicaid

12.8%

Medicare

8.7%

Non-Group

0.666%

Military or VA

Between 2016 and 2017, the percent of uninsured citizens in Lehigh County, PA grew by 19.1% from 5.69% to 6.77%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Lehigh County, PA changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 16% prevalence

  2. 13.4% prevalence

  3. 13.2% prevalence

Fayette County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in Pennsylvania, at 16%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in Pennsylvania by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

Lehigh County, PA is home to a population of 366k people, from which 93.8% are citizens. As of 2017, 10.6% of Lehigh County, PA residents were born outside of the country (39k people).

The ethnic composition of the population of Lehigh County, PA is composed of 235k White Alone residents (64.2%), 90k Hispanic or Latino residents (24.6%), 20.3k Black or African American Alone residents (5.54%), 12.8k Asian Alone residents (3.5%), 6.82k Two or More Races residents (1.86%), 770 Some Other Race Alone residents (0.21%), 326 American Indian & Alaska Native Alone residents (0.089%), and 0 Native Hawaiian & Other Pacific Islander Alone residents (0%).

The most common foreign languages spoken in Lehigh County, PA are N/A.

Age

Age by Nativity

38

Median Native-Born Age

± 0.7

44

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 1.6

In 2017, the median age of all people in Lehigh County, PA was 39.5. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 38, were generally younger than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 44. But people in Lehigh County, PA are getting getting older. In 2016, the average age of all Lehigh County, PA residents was 39.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

10.6%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

39k people

10.5%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

38k people

As of 2017, 10.6% of Lehigh County, PA residents (39k people) were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Lehigh County, PA was 10.5%, meaning that the rate has been increasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Lehigh County, PA compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Pennsylvania.

Most Common Origin

  1. India

    87,349 ± 7,231 people

  2. Dominican Republic

    68,083 ± 6,389 people

  3. China

    58,224 ± 5,911 people

In 2017, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Pennsylvania was India, the natal country of 87,349 Pennsylvania residents, followed by Dominican Republic with 68,083 and China with 58,224.

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Citizenship

93.8%

2017 Citizenship

96.2%

2016 Citizenship

As of 2017, 93.8% of Lehigh County, PA residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.1%. In 2016, the percentage of US citizens in Lehigh County, PA was 96.2%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been decreasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Lehigh County, PA compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

Most Common

  1. White Alone

    235k ± 515

  2. Hispanic or Latino

    90k ± 7.2k

  3. Black or African American Alone

    20.3k ± 2.03k

In 2017, there were 2.62 times more White Alone residents (235k people) in Lehigh County, PA than any other race or ethnicity. There were 90k Hispanic or Latino and 20.3k Black or African American Alone residents, the second and third most common racial or ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 8 races and ethnicities represented in Lehigh County, PA as a share of the total population.

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Non-English Speakers

Most Common Languages

  1. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

  2. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

  3. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

N/A% of Lehigh County, PA citizens are speakers of a non-English language, which is approximately the same as the national average of 21.8%. In N/A, the most common non-English language spoken in Lehigh County, PA was N/A. N/A% of the overall population of Lehigh County, PA are native N/A speakers. N/A% speak N/A and N/A% speak N/A, the next two most common languages.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Vietnam

    6,679 ± 974

  2. Gulf War (1990s)

    2,088 ± 666

  3. Gulf War (2001-)

    2,084 ± 788

Lehigh County, PA has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 3.2 times greater than any other conflict.

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Education

In 2016, universities in Lehigh County, PA awarded 4,124 degrees. The student population of Lehigh County, PA is skewed towards women, with 6,057 male students and 10,429 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Lehigh County, PA are White (2,858 and 69.6%), followed by Hispanic or Latino (592 and 14.4%), Black or African American (258 and 6.28%), and Unknown (220 and 5.36%).

The largest universities in Lehigh County, PA by number of degrees awarded are DeSales University (908 and 22%), Lehigh Carbon Community College (813 and 19.7%), and Muhlenberg College (697 and 16.9%).

The most popular majors in Lehigh County, PA are General Business Administration & Management (393 and 9.53%), Medical Assistant (259 and 6.28%), and Registered Nursing (259 and 6.28%).

The median tuition costs in Lehigh County, PA are $36,225 for private four year colleges, and $13,174 and $20,608 respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

Most Common

  1. 193 degrees awarded

  2. 150 degrees awarded

  3. 197 degrees awarded

In 2015, the most common concentation for Bachelors Degree recipients in Lehigh County, PA was Registered Nursing with 193 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Bachelors Degree from schools in Lehigh County, PA according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded

  1. 908 degrees awarded

  2. 813 degrees awarded

  3. 697 degrees awarded

$13,174

Median In-State Public

$36,225

Median Private

In 2016, the Lehigh County, PA institution with the largest number of graduating students was DeSales University with 908 degrees awarded.

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Student Gender for Common Institutions

1,300

Degrees Awarded to Men

2,824

Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2016, 1,300 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Lehigh County, PA, which is 0.46 times less than the 2,824 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the top 5 institutions in Lehigh County, PA by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity

  1. White

    2,858 degrees awarded

  2. Hispanic or Latino

    592 degrees awarded

  3. Black or African American

    258 degrees awarded

In 2016 the majority of degrees awarded at institutions in Lehigh County, PA were to White students. These 2,858 degrees mean that there were 4.83 times more White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Hispanic or Latino, with 592 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Lehigh County, PA was $211,300 in 2017, which is 0.971 times smaller than the national average of $217,600. Between 2016 and 2017 the median property value increased from $198,800 to $211,300, a 6.29% increase. The homeownership rate in Lehigh County, PA is 64.5%, which is higher than the national average of 63.9%. People in Lehigh County, PA have an average commute time of 23.1 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Lehigh County, PA is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Income

Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$60,871

Median Household Income

± $2,209

139k

Number of Households

± 5,779

In 2017, the median household income of the 139k households in Lehigh County, PA grew to $60,871 from the previous year's value of $60,498.

The following chart displays the households in Lehigh County, PA distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Housing

Property Value

$211,300

2017 Median

± $6,588

$198,800

2016 Median

± $5,386

In 2017, the median property value in Lehigh County, PA grew to to $211,300 from the previous year's value of $198,800.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Lehigh County, PA compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Lehigh County, PA the largest share of households have a property value in the $200k - $250k range.

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Property Taxes

$3k+

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Lehigh County, PA distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Lehigh County, PA the largest share of households pay taxes in the $3k+ range.

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Rent vs Own

64.5%

2017 Homeownership

64.1%

2016 Homeownership

In 2017, 64.5% of the housing units in Lehigh County, PA were occupied by their owner. This percentage grew from the previous year's rate of 64.1%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is higher than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Lehigh County, PA compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Lehigh County, PA distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Lehigh County, PA have 2 cars, followed by 3 cars.

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Commute Time

23.1 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Lehigh County, PA have a shorter commute time (23.1 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.5 minutes). Additionally, 2.58% of the workforce in Lehigh County, PA have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Lehigh County, PA compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    80.8%

  2. Carpooled

    10.4%

  3. Worked At Home

    5.04%

In 2017, the most common method of travel for workers in Lehigh County, PA was Drove Alone, followed by those who Carpooled and those who Worked At Home.

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