Kern County, CA

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Population

896,764

0.408% growth

Median Age

32


Median Household Income

$51,579

3.46% growth

Poverty Rate

22.6%


Number of Employees

348,493

1.96% growth

Median Property Value

$226,400

10.1% growth

About

In 2018, Kern County, CA had a population of 897k people with a median age of 32 and a median household income of $51,579. Between 2017 and 2018 the population of Kern County, CA grew from 893,119 to 896,764, a 0.408% increase and its median household income grew from $49,854 to $51,579, a 3.46% increase.

The population of Kern County, CA is 54% Hispanic or Latino, 33.4% White Alone, and 5.26% Black or African American Alone. N/A% of the people in Kern County, CA speak a non-English language, and 87.1% are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Kern County, CA are Bakersfield College (2,456 degrees awarded in 2017), California State University-Bakersfield (1,935 degrees), and Taft College (614 degrees).

The median property value in Kern County, CA is $226,400, and the homeownership rate is 57.4%. Most people in Kern County, CA commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 22.6 minutes. The average car ownership in Kern County, CA is 2 cars per household.

About the photo: Tejon Pass - Tehachapi Mountains in Grapevine, CA

Economy

The economy of Kern County, CA employs 348k people. The largest industries in Kern County, CA are Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting (47,811 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (42,052 people), and Retail Trade (35,529 people), and the highest paying industries are Public Administration ($72,263), Utilities ($64,246), and Finance & Insurance ($55,788).

Median household income in Kern County, CA is $51,579. Males in Kern County, CA have an average income that is 1.26 times higher than the average income of females, which is $62,298. The income inequality in Kern County, CA (measured using the Gini index) is 0.499, which is higher than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$51,579

2018 value

± $1,968

3.46%

1 Year Growth

± 5.44%

Households in Kern County, CA have a median annual income of $51,579, which is less than the median annual income of $61,937 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $49,854 in 2017, which represents a 3.46% annual growth.

Look at the chart to see how the median household income in Kern County, CA compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for California.

$78,575

Average Male Salary

± $755

$62,298

Average Female Salary

± $633

In 2018, full-time male employees in California made 1.26 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in California by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for California.

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. Asian

    $73,860 ± $1,174

  2. White

    $65,115 ± $611

  3. Two or More Races

    $54,912 ± $1,843

In 2018 the highest paid race/ethnicity of California workers was Asian. These workers were paid 1.13 times more than White workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in California by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Kern County, CA is from California.

0.499

2018 Wage GINI

0.497

2017 Wage GINI

In 2018, the income inequality in California was 0.499 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.324% growth from 2017 to 2018, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat less even.

The 2018 the GINI for California was higher than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed less evenly in California in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in California across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Highest Median Household Income (Total)

  1. Census Tract 38.10

  2. Census Tract 28.11

  3. Census Tract 32.04

In 2017, the tract with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Kern County, CA was Census Tract 38.10 with a value of $132,875, followed by Census Tract 28.11 and Census Tract 32.04, with respective values of $119,079 and $112,195.

The following map shows all of the tracts in Kern County, CA colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 25 - 34

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

22.6% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Kern County, CA (191k out of 847k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 13.1%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 25 - 34, followed by Females 6 - 11 and then Males 6 - 11.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. White

    140,608 ± 3,070

  2. Hispanic

    122,567 ± 2,693

  3. Other

    20,973 ± 1,173

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Kern County, CA is White, followed by Hispanic and Other.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

348k

2018 Value

± 11,663

1.96%

1 Year growth

± 4.49%

From 2017 to 2018, employment in Kern County, CA grew at a rate of 1.96%, from 342k employees to 348k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Kern County, CA, are Farming, Fishing, & Forestry Occupations (37,044 people), Office & Administrative Support Occupations (34,521 people), and Sales & Related Occupations (30,408 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Kern County, CA.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Kern County, CA, by number of employees, are Farming, Fishing, & Forestry Occupations (37,044 people), Office & Administrative Support Occupations (34,521 people), and Sales & Related Occupations (30,408 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Kern County, CA has an unusually high number of residents working as Farming, Fishing, & Forestry Occupations (17.3 times higher than expected), Law Enforcement Workers Including Supervisors (1.53 times), and Construction & Extraction Occupations (1.38 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Kern County, CA, by median earnings, are Law Enforcement Workers Including Supervisors ($90,739), Health Diagnosing & Treating Practitioners & Other Technical Occupations ($87,310), and Architecture & Engineering Occupations ($78,955).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

348k

2018 Value

± 11,663

1.96%

1 Year growth

± 4.49%

From 2017 to 2018, employment in Kern County, CA grew at a rate of 1.96%, from 342k employees to 348k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Kern County, CA, are Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting (47,811 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (42,052 people), and Retail Trade (35,529 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Kern County, CA, though some of these residents may live in Kern County, CA and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Kern County, CA, by number of employees, are Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting (47,811 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (42,052 people), and Retail Trade (35,529 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Kern County, CA has an unusually high number of Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting (12.3 times higher than expected), Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction (7.97 times), and Public Administration (1.41 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Kern County, CA, by median earnings, are Public Administration ($72,263), Utilities ($64,246), and Finance & Insurance ($55,788).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from California to other states, or from other states to California.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $232B

  2. $172B

  3. $136B

In 2015, the top outbound California product (by dollars) was Electronics with $232B, followed by Mixed freight ($172B) and Gasoline ($136B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound California products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for California state.

$1.7T

2020 Value

$2.48T

Projected 2045 Value

46.3% growth

In 2020, total outbound California trade was $1.7T. This is expected to increase 46.3% to $2.48T by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound California trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from California to other states, or from other states to California.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $71.8B

  2. $46.9B

  3. $34B

In 2015, the top outbound California domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Texas with $71.8B, followed by Arizona with $46.9B and Washington and $34B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that California shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

92.2% of the population of Kern County, CA has health coverage, with 37.4% on employee plans, 37.3% on Medicaid, 7.2% on Medicare, 9.15% on non-group plans, and 1.23% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the county of Kern County, CA was $7,549 in 2014. This is a 4.04% increase from the previous year ($7,256).

Primary care physicians in Kern County, CA see 2037 patients per year on average, which represents a 0.294% decrease from the previous year (2043 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 2117 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 614 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Tehama County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (10.6%). Additionally, Tulare County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (33.4%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

2,037 to 1

Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio

Primary care physicians in Kern County, CA see an average of 2,037 patients per year. This represents a 0.294% decrease from the previous year (2,043 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Kern County, CA in comparison to neighboring states.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for California.

$7,549

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$4,735

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$5,368

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$11,833

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in California (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 4.04%, from $7,256 to $7,549.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

7.76%

Uninsured

37.4%

Employer Coverage

37.3%

Medicaid

7.2%

Medicare

9.15%

Non-Group

1.23%

Military or VA

Between 2016 and 2017, the percent of uninsured citizens in Kern County, CA grew by 8.69% from 7.14% to 7.76%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Kern County, CA changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 10.6% prevalence

  2. 10.5% prevalence

  3. 10.3% prevalence

Tehama County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in California, at 10.6%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in California by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

Kern County, CA is home to a population of 897k people, from which 87.1% are citizens. As of 2017, 19.6% of Kern County, CA residents were born outside of the country (175k people).

The ethnic composition of the population of Kern County, CA is composed of 484k Hispanic or Latino residents (54%), 300k White Alone residents (33.4%), 47.2k Black or African American Alone residents (5.26%), 42.2k Asian Alone residents (4.7%), 16.5k Two or More Races residents (1.84%), 5.18k American Indian & Alaska Native Alone residents (0.578%), 1.26k Native Hawaiian & Other Pacific Islander Alone residents (0.14%), and 1.03k Some Other Race Alone residents (0.114%).

Age

Age by Nativity

27

Median Native-Born Age

± 0.3

44

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 0.9

In 2018, the median age of all people in Kern County, CA was 32. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 27, were generally younger than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 44. But people in Kern County, CA are getting getting older. In 2017, the average age of all Kern County, CA residents was 32.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

19.6%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

175k people

20%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

177k people

As of 2017, 19.6% of Kern County, CA residents (175k people) were born outside of the United States, which is higher than the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Kern County, CA was 20%, meaning that the rate has been decreasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Kern County, CA compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for California.

Most Common Origin

  1. Mexico

    4,032,642 ± 46,722 people

  2. Philippines

    840,765 ± 22,271 people

  3. China

    696,409 ± 20,307 people

In 2018, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of California was Mexico, the natal country of 4,032,642 California residents, followed by Philippines with 840,765 and China with 696,409.

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Citizenship

87.1%

2018 Citizenship

87.3%

2017 Citizenship

As of 2018, 87.1% of Kern County, CA residents were US citizens, which is lower than the national average of 93.2%. In 2017, the percentage of US citizens in Kern County, CA was 87.3%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been decreasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Kern County, CA compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

Most Common

  1. Hispanic or Latino

    484k ± 15.2k

  2. White Alone

    300k ± 642

  3. Black or African American Alone

    47.2k ± 2.16k

In 2018, there were 1.62 times more Hispanic or Latino residents (484k people) in Kern County, CA than any other race or ethnicity. There were 300k White Alone and 47.2k Black or African American Alone residents, the second and third most common racial or ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 8 races and ethnicities represented in Kern County, CA as a share of the total population.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Vietnam

    11,738 ± 1,599

  2. Gulf War (2001-)

    8,261 ± 1,914

  3. Gulf War (1990s)

    6,104 ± 1,339

Kern County, CA has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 1.42 times greater than any other conflict.

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Education

In 2017, universities in Kern County, CA awarded 6,785 degrees. The student population of Kern County, CA is skewed towards women, with 21,152 male students and 25,956 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Kern County, CA are Hispanic or Latino (3,706 and 55.5%), followed by White (1,893 and 28.4%), Black or African American (329 and 4.93%), and Asian (308 and 4.61%).

The largest universities in Kern County, CA by number of degrees awarded are Bakersfield College (2,456 and 36.2%), California State University-Bakersfield (1,935 and 28.5%), and Taft College (614 and 9.05%).

The most popular majors in Kern County, CA are General Business Administration & Management (516 and 7.61%), Liberal Arts & Sciences (490 and 7.22%), and Medical Assistant (414 and 6.1%).

The median tuition costs in Kern County, CA are $N/A for private four year colleges, and $3,515 and $12,423 respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

Most Common

  1. 309 degrees awarded

  2. 142 degrees awarded

  3. 141 degrees awarded

In 2015, the most common concentation for Associates Degree recipients in Kern County, CA was Liberal Arts & Sciences with 309 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Associates Degree from schools in Kern County, CA according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded

  1. 2,456 degrees awarded

  2. 1,935 degrees awarded

  3. 614 degrees awarded

$3,515

Median In-State Public

$N/A

Median Private

In 2017, the Kern County, CA institution with the largest number of graduating students was Bakersfield College with 2,456 degrees awarded.

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Student Gender for Common Institutions

2,338

Degrees Awarded to Men

4,447

Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2017, 2,338 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Kern County, CA, which is 0.526 times less than the 4,447 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the top 5 institutions in Kern County, CA by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity

  1. Hispanic or Latino

    3,706 degrees awarded

  2. White

    1,893 degrees awarded

  3. Black or African American

    329 degrees awarded

In 2017 the majority of degrees awarded at institutions in Kern County, CA were to Hispanic or Latino students. These 3,706 degrees mean that there were 1.96 times more Hispanic or Latino students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, White, with 1,893 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Kern County, CA was $226,400 in 2018, which is 0.986 times smaller than the national average of $229,700. Between 2017 and 2018 the median property value increased from $205,700 to $226,400, a 10.1% increase. The homeownership rate in Kern County, CA is 57.4%, which is lower than the national average of 63.9%. People in Kern County, CA have an average commute time of 22.6 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Kern County, CA is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Housing

Property Value

$226,400

2018 Median

± $4,799

$205,700

2017 Median

± $5,314

In 2018, the median property value in Kern County, CA grew to to $226,400 from the previous year's value of $205,700.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Kern County, CA compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Kern County, CA the largest share of households have a property value in the $200k - $250k range.

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Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$51,579

Median Household Income

± $1,968

273k

Number of Households

± 9,287

In 2018, the median household income of the 273k households in Kern County, CA grew to $51,579 from the previous year's value of $49,854.

The following chart displays the households in Kern County, CA distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Property Taxes

$3k+

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Kern County, CA distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Kern County, CA the largest share of households pay taxes in the $3k+ range.

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Rent vs Own

57.4%

2018 Homeownership

57.9%

2017 Homeownership

In 2018, 57.4% of the housing units in Kern County, CA were occupied by their owner. This percentage declined from the previous year's rate of 57.9%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is lower than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Kern County, CA compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Commute Time

22.6 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Kern County, CA have a shorter commute time (22.6 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.7 minutes). Additionally, 2.87% of the workforce in Kern County, CA have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Kern County, CA compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    80.1%

  2. Carpooled

    12.8%

  3. Worked At Home

    3.91%

In 2018, the most common method of travel for workers in Kern County, CA was Drove Alone (80.1%), followed by those who Carpooled (12.8%) and those who Worked At Home (3.91%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Kern County, CA distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Kern County, CA have 2 cars, followed by 3 cars.

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