Jackson County PUMA, MI

Public Use Microdata Area (PUMA)

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2022 Population
160,637
0.0796% 1-year decline
US Senator
Debbie Stabenow
Democratic Party
US Senator
Gary Peters
Democratic Party
2022 Median Age
41.1
0.964% 1-year decrease
2022 Poverty Rate
12.1%
1.07% 1-year increase
2022 Median Household Income
$62,581
8.37% 1-year growth
2022 Median Property Value
$166,700
12.3% 1-year growth
2022 Employed Population
66,467
0.96% 1-year growth

About

In 2022, Jackson County PUMA, MI had a population of 161k people with a median age of 41.1 and a median household income of $62,581. Between 2021 and 2022 the population of Jackson County PUMA, MI declined from 160,765 to 160,637, a −0.0796% decrease and its median household income grew from $57,746 to $62,581, a 8.37% increase.

The 5 largest ethnic groups in Jackson County PUMA, MI are White (Non-Hispanic) (83%), Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) (7.78%), Two+ (Non-Hispanic) (4.21%), White (Hispanic) (1.68%), and Two+ (Hispanic) (1.44%).

3.21% of the households in Jackson County PUMA, MI reported speaking a non-English language at home as their primary shared language. This does not consider the potential multi-lingual nature of households, but only the primary self-reported language spoken by all members of the household.

99% of the residents in Jackson County PUMA, MI are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Jackson County PUMA, MI are Spring Arbor University (987 degrees awarded in 2022) and Jackson College (889 degrees).

In 2022, the median property value in Jackson County PUMA, MI was $166,700, and the homeownership rate was 74.4%.

Most people in Jackson County PUMA, MI drove alone to work, and the average commute time was 22.7 minutes. The average car ownership in Jackson County PUMA, MI was 2 cars per household.

Population & Diversity

Jackson County PUMA, MI is home to a population of 161k people, from which 99% are citizens. As of 2022, 1.97% of Jackson County PUMA, MI residents were born outside of the country (3.16k people).

In 2022, there were 10.7 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (133k people) in Jackson County PUMA, MI than any other race or ethnicity. There were 12.5k Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) and 6.76k Two+ (Non-Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

The most common non-English languages spoken as the primary langauge in households in Jackson County PUMA, MI are Spanish (2,337 households), Other Indo-European Languages (441 households), and Arabic (252 households).

Residents by Gender and Age

RACE/ETHNICITY
77,781
Women
48.5%
82,573
Men
51.5%

The resident population of United States in 2022 was 160,354 inhabitants, with 51.5% men, and 48.5% women.

The visualization shows the distribution of the residents by gender and age in the United States.

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Citizenship

99%
2022 Citizenship
99%
2021 Citizenship

As of 2022, 99% of Jackson County PUMA, MI residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.5%. In 2021, the percentage of US citizens in Jackson County PUMA, MI was 99%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been increasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Jackson County PUMA, MI compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

The 3 largest ethnic groups in Jackson County PUMA, MI
  1. White (Non-Hispanic)
    133k ± 451
  2. Black or African American (Non-Hispanic)
    12.5k ± 559
  3. Two+ (Non-Hispanic)
    6.76k ± 784
3.81%
Hispanic Population
6.12k people

In 2022, there were 10.7 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (133k people) in Jackson County PUMA, MI than any other race or ethnicity. There were 12.5k Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) and 6.76k Two+ (Non-Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

3.81% of the people in Jackson County PUMA, MI are hispanic (6.12k people).

The following chart shows the 7 races represented in Jackson County PUMA, MI as a share of the total population.

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Global Diversity

Most Common Origin
  1. Mexico
    643 ± 621 people
  2. Canada
    344 ± 455 people
  3. India
    342 ± 454 people

In 2022, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Jackson County PUMA, MI was Mexico, the natal country of 643 Jackson County PUMA, MI residents, followed by Canada with 344 and India with 342.

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Foreign-Born Population

1.97%
2022 Foreign-Born Population
3.16k people
1.98%
2021 Foreign-Born Population
3.18k people

As of 2022, 1.97% of Jackson County PUMA, MI residents (3.16k people) were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.6%. In 2021, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Jackson County PUMA, MI was 1.98%, meaning that the rate has been decreasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Jackson County PUMA, MI compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Non-English Households

Most Common Non-English Languages
  1. Spanish
    2,337 households (1.54%)
  2. Other Indo-European Languages
    441 households (0.29%)
  3. Arabic
    252 households (0.166%)

3.21% of the households in Jackson County PUMA, MI reported speaking a non-English language at home as their primary shared language, which is lower than the national average of 21.7%. This does not consider the potential multi-lingual nature of households, but only the primary self-reported language spoken by all members of the household.

In 2022, the most common non-English language spoken in households in Jackson County PUMA, MI was Spanish. 1.54% of the households in Jackson County PUMA, MI reported speaking Spanish at home as the primary shared language between all members living in the household.

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Veterans

Most Common Service Period
  1. Vietnam
    3,151 ± 403
  2. Gulf War (2001-)
    1,560 ± 352
  3. Gulf War (1990s)
    1,145 ± 232

Jackson County PUMA, MI has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 2.02 times greater than any other conflict.

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Economy

The economy of Jackson County PUMA, MI employs 66.5k people. The largest industries in Jackson County PUMA, MI are Restaurants & Food Services (4,228 people), General medical and surgical hospitals, and specialty (except psychiatric and substance abuse) hospitals (4,217 people), and Motor vehicles & motor vehicle equipment manufacturing (4,063 people), and the highest paying industries are Industrial & miscellaneous chemicals ($216,976), Pharmaceutical & medicine manufacturing ($149,829), and Offices of other health practitioners ($149,214).

Males in Jackson County PUMA, MI have an average income that is 1.33 times higher than the average income of females, which is $53,345. The income inequality in Jackson County PUMA, MI (measured using the Gini index) is 0.434, which is lower than than the national average.

Workforce Diversity

Measure
RACE/ETHNICITY
32,263
Women
49.8%
32,567
Men
50.2%

The workforce of Jackson County PUMA, MI in 2020 was 64,830 people, with 49.8% woman, and 50.2% men.

The visualization shows the distribution of the workforce by gender and age in Jackson County PUMA, MI.

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Occupations

66.5k
2022 Value
0.96%
1 Year growth
± 0.96%

From 2021 to 2022, employment in Jackson County PUMA, MI grew at a rate of 0.96%, from 65.8k employees to 66.5k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Jackson County PUMA, MI, are Other managers (1,822 people), Driver/sales workers & truck drivers (1,710 people), and Secretaries and administrative assistants, except legal, medical, and executive (1,689 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Jackson County PUMA, MI.

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Unemployment Insurance Claims

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for false.

This chart shows weekly unemployment insurance claims in Michigan (not-seasonally adjusted) compared with the four states with the most similar impact.

The most recent data point uses Advance State Claims data, which can be revised in subsequent weeks.

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Employment by Industries

66.5k
2022 Value
0.96%
1 Year growth
± 0.96%

From 2021 to 2022, employment in Jackson County PUMA, MI grew at a rate of 0.96%, from 65.8k employees to 66.5k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Jackson County PUMA, MI, are Restaurants & Food Services (4,228 people), General medical and surgical hospitals, and specialty (except psychiatric and substance abuse) hospitals (4,217 people), and Motor vehicles & motor vehicle equipment manufacturing (4,063 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Jackson County PUMA, MI, though some of these residents may live in Jackson County PUMA, MI and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Median Earnings by Industry

$50,584
Median earning men ± $1,756
$34,493
Median earning women ± $1,441

The industries with the best median earnings for men in 2022 are Transportation & Warehousing, & Utilities ($72,929), Public Administration ($70,101), and Educational Services, & Health Care & Social Assistance ($57,633).

The industries with the best median earnings for women in 2022 are Public Administration ($52,670), Transportation & Warehousing, & Utilities ($43,824), and Manufacturing ($42,315).

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Employment by Industry Sector

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Michigan.
Y-Axis
2.16%
Year-over-year growth
Employment change between February 2022 and February 2023

As of February 2023, there are 4.37M people employed in Michigan. This represents a 2.16% increase in employment when compared to February 2022.

Right after the beginning of the COVID-19 pandemic, during April 2020, a general dip can be seen across industry sectors, resulting in an overall decline in employment by 23.6%.

The following chart shows monthly employment numbers for each industry sector in Michigan.

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Civics

In the 2020 presidential election, the popular vote in Michigan went to Joseph R Biden Jr. with 50.6% of the vote. The runner-up was Donald J. Trump (47.8%), followed by Jo Jorgensen (1.09%).

Debbie Stabenow and Gary Peters are the senators currently representing the state of Michigan. In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

Michigan is currently represented by 13 members in the U.S. house, and members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms.

US Senators from Michigan

Senatorial voting results are only available at the state level. Showing data for Michigan.
Debbie Stabenow
Senator from Michigan1
Assumed office on January 3, 2001
Gary Peters
Senator from Michigan2
Assumed office on January 3, 2015

Debbie Stabenow and Gary Peters are the senators currently representing Michigan.

In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

The following chart shows elected senators in Michigan over time, excluding special elections, colored by their political party.

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US Representatives from Michigan

Michigan is currently represented by 13 members in the U.S. house.

Members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms, and the following chart shows the how the members for Michigan have changed over time starting in 2008.

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Education

In 2022, universities in Jackson County PUMA, MI awarded 1,876 degrees. The student population of Jackson County PUMA, MI in 2022 is skewed towards women, with 2,029 male students and 4,611 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Jackson County PUMA, MI are White (1,323 and 70.8%), followed by Unknown (236 and 12.6%), Black or African American (174 and 9.31%), and Hispanic or Latino (57 and 3.05%).

The largest universities in Jackson County PUMA, MI by number of degrees awarded are Spring Arbor University (987 and 52.6%) and Jackson College (889 and 47.4%).

The most popular majors in Jackson County PUMA, MI are Nursing Administration (427 and 22.8%), General Business Administration & Management (207 and 11%), and Social Work (177 and 9.43%).

The median tuition costs in Jackson County PUMA, MI are $31,020 for private four year colleges, and $5,970 and $7,920 respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Applicants, Admissions & Enrolled

University
Measure

In 2022 in Jackson County PUMA, MI, the percentage of applicants admitted was 47.3%, while the percentage of admitted who enrolled was 20.8%. The number of students enrolled in 2022 was 6,640 (30.6% men and 69.4% women).

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Enrollments by Gender and Races

Universities

In 2022 there were 6,640 students enrolled in Jackson County PUMA, MI, 30.6% men and 69.4% women.

By race, the largest number of students enrolled was concentrated in White with 4,637 records, of which 70.3% were women and 29.7% men.

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Concentrations

Most Common
  1. 128 degrees awarded
  2. 120 degrees awarded
  3. 112 degrees awarded

In 2022, the most common concentation for Associates Degree recipients in Jackson County PUMA, MI was Liberal Arts & Sciences with 128 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Associates Degree from schools in Jackson County PUMA, MI according to their major.

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Universities

Gender
Race
Largest Universities by degrees awarded
  1. 987 degrees awarded
  2. 889 degrees awarded

In 2022, the institution with the largest number of graduating students was Spring Arbor University with 987 degrees awarded.

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Student Diversity

University

In 2022, 474 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Jackson County PUMA, MI, which is 0.338 times less than the 1,402 female students who received degrees in the same year.

In 2022 the most common race/ethnicity group awarded degrees at institutions was White students. These 1,323 degrees mean that there were 5.61 times more degrees awarded to White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Unknown, with 236 degrees awarded.

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Awarded Degrees over Time

The graph shows the evolution of awarded degrees by degrees. Under the paragraphs, the average number of awarded degrees by university in each degree is shown.

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Average Net Price by Sector

Universities

Private not-for-profit, 4-year or above ($31,020) is the sector with the highest median state tuition in 2022.

Public, 4-year or above ($1,455) is the sector with the highest median state fee in 2022.

Private not-for-profit, 4-year or above ($800) is the sector with the highest average net price of books and supplies.

The graph shows the average net price by sector and year.

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Educational Pyramid

Measure

In 2022, 0.65% of men over 25 years of age had not completed any academic degree (no schooling), while 0.422% of women were in the same situation.

This visualization shows the gender distribution of the population according to the academic level reached.

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Educational Attainment

Race

The most common educational levels obtained by the working population of Jackson County PUMA, MI in 2022 were High School or Equivalent (47k), Some college (30.5k), and Bachelors Degree (17.3k).

This visualization illustrates the percentage distribution of the population according to the highest educational level reached. You can filter the data by race by using the selector above.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Jackson County PUMA, MI was $166,700 in 2022, which is 0.591 times smaller than the national average of $281,900. Between 2021 and 2022 the median property value increased from $148,500 to $166,700, a 12.3% increase. The homeownership rate in Jackson County PUMA, MI is 74.4%, which is approximately the same as the national average of 64.8%.

People in Jackson County PUMA, MI have an average commute time of 22.7 minutes, and they drove alone to work. Car ownership in Jackson County PUMA, MI is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Median household income in Jackson County PUMA, MI is $62,581. In 2022, the PUMA with the highest Median Household Income in Jackson County PUMA, MI was Oakland County (Central)--Birmingham & Bloomfield Area PUMA, MI with a value of $138,062, followed by Oakland County (East Central)--Troy & Rochester Area PUMA, MI and Oakland County (Northeast) PUMA, MI, with respective values of $115,047 and $111,400.

Property

$166,700
Median Property Value 2022
±$4,478
$46,194
Median Property Taxes
±$1,497

The following chart display owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Jackson County PUMA, MI the largest share of households pay taxes in the $3k+ range.

The chart underneath the paragraph shows the property taxes in Jackson County PUMA, MI compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies.

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Rent vs Own

74.4%
Homeownership
2022
62.7%
Homeowners with Mortgage
2022

In 2022, 74.4% of the housing units in Jackson County PUMA, MI were occupied by their owner. This percentage declined from the previous year's rate of 74.5%.

This chart shows the percentage of owner in Jackson County PUMA, MI compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Income by Location

Use the dropdown to filter by race/ethnicity.
Race/Ethnicity

In 2022, the PUMA with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Jackson County PUMA, MI was Oakland County (Central)--Birmingham & Bloomfield Area PUMA, MI with a value of $138,062, followed by Oakland County (East Central)--Troy & Rochester Area PUMA, MI and Oakland County (Northeast) PUMA, MI, with respective values of $115,047 and $111,400.

The following map shows all of the PUMAs in Jackson County PUMA, MI colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.
$62,581
Median Household Income
± $1,580
62.1k
Number of Households
± 1,721

In 2022, the median household income of the 62.1k households in Jackson County PUMA, MI grew to $62,581 from the previous year's value of $57,746.

The following chart displays the households in Jackson County PUMA, MI distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Wage Distribution

0.434
2022 Wage GINI in Jackson County PUMA, MI
0.433
2021 Wage GINI in Jackson County PUMA, MI

In 2022, the income inequality in Jackson County PUMA, MI was 0.434 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.142% growth from 2021 to 2022, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat less even. The GINI for Jackson County PUMA, MI was lower than than the national average of 0.478. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Jackson County PUMA, MI in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Jackson County PUMA, MI across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Commute in 2022
  1. Drove Alone (81%)
  2. Worked At Home (8.09%)
  3. Carpooled (7.68%)

In 2022, 81% of workers in Jackson County PUMA, MI drove alone to work, followed by those who worked at home (8.09%) and those who carpooled to work (7.68%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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Commute Time

22.7 minutes
Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Jackson County PUMA, MI have a shorter commute time (22.7 minutes) than the normal US worker (26.7 minutes). Additionally, 1.79% of the workforce in Jackson County PUMA, MI have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Jackson County PUMA, MI compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Car Ownership

2 cars
Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Jackson County PUMA, MI distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Jackson County PUMA, MI have 2 cars.

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Poverty & Diversity

12.1% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Jackson County PUMA, MI (18.3k out of 151k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is lower than the national average of 12.5%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 25 - 34, followed by Females 55 - 64 and then Females 35 - 44.

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Jackson County PUMA, MI is White, followed by Black and Two Or More.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Health

94.3% of the population of Jackson County PUMA, MI has health coverage, with 46.1% on employee plans, 20.5% on Medicaid, 14.4% on Medicare, 11.9% on non-group plans, and 1.21% on military or VA plans.

Primary care physicians in Michigan see 1246 patients per year on average, which represents a 1.58% decrease from the previous year (1266 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1294 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 332 patients per year.

Patient to Clinician Ratios

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Michigan.
1,246 to 1
Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio in Michigan

Primary care physicians in Michigan see an average of 1,246 patients per year. This represents a 1.58% decrease from the previous year (1,266 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Michigan in comparison to its neighboring geographies.

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Health Care Diversity

In 2022, insured persons according to age ranges were distributed in 23.7% under 18 years, 19.8% between 18 and 34 years, 37.9% between 35 and 64 years, and 18.6% over 64 years.

By gender, of the total number of insured persons, 48.7% were men and 51.3% were women.

The following chart shows the number of people with health coverage by gender.

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Uninsured People

5.74%
Uninsured
46.1%
Employer Coverage
20.5%
Medicaid
14.4%
Medicare
11.9%
Non-Group
1.21%
Military or VA

Between 2021 and 2022, the percent of uninsured citizens in Jackson County PUMA, MI grew by 1.68% from 5.65% to 5.74%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Jackson County PUMA, MI changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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