Houghton, MI

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Population

7,882

0.53% decline

Median Age

22.3


Median Household Income

$28,418

0.647% decline

Poverty Rate

38%


Number of Employees

3,245

3.34% growth

Median Property Value

$141,900

2.45% growth

About

In 2017, Houghton, MI had a population of 7.88k people with a median age of 22.3 and a median household income of $28,418. Between 2016 and 2017 the population of Houghton, MI declined from 7,924 to 7,882, a -0.53% decrease and its median household income declined from $28,603 to $28,418, a -0.647% decrease.

The population of Houghton, MI is 82.5% White Alone, 9.43% Asian Alone, and 2.75% Two or More Races. 14% of the people in Houghton, MI speak a non-English language, and 90.4% are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Houghton, MI are Michigan Technological University (1,749 degrees awarded in 2016).

The median property value in Houghton, MI is $141,900, and the homeownership rate is 41%. Most people in Houghton, MI commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 10.4 minutes. The average car ownership in Houghton, MI is 2 cars per household.

About the photo: Sunset over Lake Superior east of Marquette near Chocolay, MI.

Economy

The economy of Houghton, MI employs 3.25k people. The largest industries in Houghton, MI are Educational Services (1,203 people), Accommodation & Food Services (408 people), and Health Care & Social Assistance (242 people), and the highest paying industries are Transportation & Warehousing, & Utilities ($91,563), Transportation & Warehousing ($71,000), and Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting, & Mining ($53,636).

Median household income in Houghton, MI is $28,418. Males in Houghton, MI have an average income that is 1.37 times higher than the average income of females, which is $46,762. The income inequality in Houghton, MI (measured using the Gini index) is 0.476, which is lower than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$28,418

2017 value

± $5,507

-0.647%

1 Year Growth

± 25.3%

Households in Houghton, MI have a median annual income of $28,418, which is less than the median annual income of $60,336 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $28,603 in 2016, which represents a -0.647% annual growth.

Look at the chart to see how the median household income in Houghton, MI compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the Place level, so we are showing data for Michigan.

$63,869

Average Male Salary

± $1,109

$46,762

Average Female Salary

± $850

In 2017, full-time male employees in Houghton, MI made 1.37 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Houghton, MI by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the Place level, so we are showing data for Michigan.

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. Asian

    $62,263 ± $4,415

  2. Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander

    $48,644 ± $58,127

  3. White

    $48,289 ± $702

In 2017 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Houghton, MI workers was Asian. These workers were paid 1.28 times more than Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Houghton, MI by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Houghton, MI is from Michigan.

0.476

2017 Wage GINI

0.477

2016 Wage GINI

In 2017, the income inequality in Michigan was 0.476 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.107% decline from 2016 to 2017, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat more even.

The 2017 the GINI for Michigan was lower than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Michigan in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Michigan across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Highest Median Household Income (Total)

  1. Census Tract 7

  2. Census Tract 9

  3. Census Tract 8

In 2017, the place with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Houghton, MI was Census Tract 7 with a value of $54,779, followed by Census Tract 9 and Census Tract 8, with respective values of $40,096 and $28,393.

The following map shows all of the places in Houghton, MI colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Males 18 - 24

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

38% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Houghton, MI (2.35k out of 6.18k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 13.4%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Males 18 - 24, followed by Females 18 - 24 and then Males 25 - 34.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. White

    1,759 ± 346

  2. Asian

    389 ± 131

  3. Black

    72 ± 86

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Houghton, MI is White, followed by Asian and Black.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

3.25k

2017 Value

± 343

3.34%

1 Year growth

± 14.8%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Houghton, MI grew at a rate of 3.34%, from 3.14k employees to 3.25k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Houghton, MI, are Education, Training, & Library Occupations (780 people), Food Preparation & Serving Related Occupations (308 people), and Management Occupations (296 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Houghton, MI.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Houghton, MI, by number of employees, are Education, Training, & Library Occupations (780 people), Food Preparation & Serving Related Occupations (308 people), and Management Occupations (296 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other places, Houghton, MI has an unusually high number of residents working as Education, Training, & Library Occupations (3.97 times higher than expected), Architecture & Engineering Occupations (3.52 times), and Life, Physical, & Social Science Occupations (2.58 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Houghton, MI, by median earnings, are Health Diagnosing & Treating Practitioners & Other Technical Occupations ($59,318), Healthcare Practitioners & Technical Occupations ($49,130), and Business & Financial Operations Occupations ($40,707).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

3.25k

2017 Value

± 343

3.34%

1 Year growth

± 14.8%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Houghton, MI grew at a rate of 3.34%, from 3.14k employees to 3.25k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Houghton, MI, are Educational Services (1,203 people), Accommodation & Food Services (408 people), and Health Care & Social Assistance (242 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Houghton, MI, though some of these residents may live in Houghton, MI and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Houghton, MI, by number of employees, are Educational Services (1,203 people), Accommodation & Food Services (408 people), and Health Care & Social Assistance (242 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other places, Houghton, MI has an unusually high number of Educational Services (4 times higher than expected), Information (2.54 times), and Arts, Entertainment, & Recreation (1.7 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Houghton, MI, by median earnings, are Transportation & Warehousing, & Utilities ($91,563), Transportation & Warehousing ($71,000), and Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting, & Mining ($53,636).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Michigan to other states, or from other states to Michigan.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $135B

  2. $35.4B

  3. $31.3B

In 2015, the top outbound Michigan product (by dollars) was Motorized vehicles with $135B, followed by Mixed freight with $35.4B and Machinery and $31.3B.

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Michigan products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for Michigan state.

$448B

2015 Value

$623B

Projected 2045 Value

39.1% growth

In 2015, total outbound Michigan trade was $448B. This is expected to increase 39.1% to $623B by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Michigan trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Michigan to other states, or from other states to Michigan.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $35.1B

  2. $25.1B

  3. $20.4B

In 2015, the top outbound Michigan domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Ohio with $35.1B, followed by Indiana with $25.1B and Illinois and $20.4B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Michigan shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

93% of the population of Houghton, MI has health coverage, with 59.8% on employee plans, 7.71% on Medicaid, 6.64% on Medicare, 18.3% on non-group plans, and 0.485% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the place of Houghton, MI was $8,055 in 2014. This is a 4% increase from the previous year ($7,745).

Primary care physicians in Houghton, MI see 1254 patients per year on average, which represents a 0.804% increase from the previous year (1244 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1385 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 431 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Gladwin County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (14.5%). Additionally, Saginaw County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (39.8%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Michigan.

1,254 to 1

Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio

Primary care physicians in Michigan see an average of 1,254 patients per year. This represents a 0.804% increase from the previous year (1,244 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Michigan in comparison to neighboring states.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Michigan.

$8,055

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$3,950

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$5,915

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$11,318

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in Michigan (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 4%, from $7,745 to $8,055.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

7%

Uninsured

59.8%

Employer Coverage

7.71%

Medicaid

6.64%

Medicare

18.3%

Non-Group

0.485%

Military or VA

Between 2016 and 2017, the percent of uninsured citizens in Houghton, MI declined by 12.4% from 7.99% to 7%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Houghton, MI changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 14.5% prevalence

  2. 14.1% prevalence

  3. 14.1% prevalence

Gladwin County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in Michigan, at 14.5%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in Michigan by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

Houghton, MI is home to a population of 7.88k people, from which 90.4% are citizens. As of 2017, 11.5% of Houghton, MI residents were born outside of the country.

The ethnic composition of the population of Houghton, MI is composed of 6.5k White Alone residents (82.5%), 743 Asian Alone residents (9.43%), 217 Two or More Races residents (2.75%), 183 Hispanic or Latino residents (2.32%), 156 Black or African American Alone residents (1.98%), 49 Some Other Race Alone residents (0.622%), 33 American Indian & Alaska Native Alone residents (0.419%), and 0 Native Hawaiian & Other Pacific Islander Alone residents (0%).

The most common foreign languages spoken in Houghton, MI are Chinese (352 speakers), Hindi (216 speakers), and Spanish or Spanish Creole (105 speakers).

Age

Age by Nativity

22

Median Native-Born Age

± 0.4

27

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 2.1

In 2017, the median age of all people in Houghton, MI was 22.3. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 22, were generally younger than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 27. But people in Houghton, MI are getting getting younger. In 2016, the average age of all Houghton, MI residents was 23.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

11.5%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

14.6%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

As of 2017, 11.5% of Houghton, MI residents were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Houghton, MI was 14.6%, meaning that the rate has been decreasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Houghton, MI compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

Most Common Origin

  1. Mexico

    76,763 ± 6,776 people

  2. India

    66,881 ± 6,328 people

  3. Iraq

    54,355 ± 5,708 people

In 2017, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Houghton, MI was Mexico, the natal country of 76,763 Houghton, MI residents, followed by India with 66,881 and Iraq with 54,355.

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Citizenship

90.4%

2017 Citizenship

86.9%

2016 Citizenship

As of 2017, 90.4% of Houghton, MI residents were US citizens, which is lower than the national average of 93.1%. In 2016, the percentage of US citizens in Houghton, MI was 86.9%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been increasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Houghton, MI compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

Most Common

  1. White Alone

    6.5k ± 199

  2. Asian Alone

    743 ± 146

  3. Two or More Races

    217 ± 116

In 2017, there were 8.75 times more White Alone residents (6.5k people) in Houghton, MI than any other race or ethnicity. There were 743 Asian Alone and 217 Two or More Races residents, the second and third most common racial or ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 8 races and ethnicities represented in Houghton, MI as a share of the total population.

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Non-English Speakers

Most Common Languages

  1. Chinese

    352 speakers (4.56%)

  2. Hindi

    216 speakers (2.8%)

  3. Spanish or Spanish Creole

    105 speakers (1.36%)

14% of Houghton, MI citizens are speakers of a non-English language, which is lower than the national average of 21.5%. In 2015, the most common non-English language spoken in Houghton, MI was Chinese. 4.56% of the overall population of Houghton, MI are native Chinese speakers. 2.8% speak Hindi and 1.36% speak Chinese, the next two most common languages.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Vietnam

    96 ± 50

  2. Gulf War (1990s)

    49 ± 44

  3. Gulf War (2001-)

    45 ± 39

Houghton, MI has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 1.96 times greater than any other conflict.

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Education

In 2016, universities in Houghton, MI awarded 1,749 degrees. The student population of Houghton, MI is skewed towards men, with 5,300 male students and 1,952 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Houghton, MI are White (1,165 and 88.4%), followed by Unknown (43 and 3.26%), Two or More Races (36 and 2.73%), and Hispanic or Latino (30 and 2.28%).

The largest universities in Houghton, MI by number of degrees awarded are Michigan Technological University (1,749 and 100%).

The most popular majors in Houghton, MI are Mechanical Engineering (363 and 20.8%), Electrical & Electronics Engineering (255 and 14.6%), and General Civil Engineering (116 and 6.63%).

The median tuition costs in Houghton, MI are $N/A for private four year colleges, and $15,302 and $32,237 respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

Most Common

  1. 251 degrees awarded

  2. 102 degrees awarded

  3. 82 degrees awarded

In 2015, the most common concentation for Bachelors Degree recipients in Houghton, MI was Mechanical Engineering with 251 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Bachelors Degree from schools in Houghton, MI according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded

1,749 degrees awarded

$15,302

Median In-State Public

$N/A

Median Private

In 2016, the Houghton, MI institution with the largest number of graduating students was Michigan Technological University with 1,749 degrees awarded.

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Student Gender for Common Institutions

1,258

Degrees Awarded to Men

491

Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2016, 1,258 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Houghton, MI, which is 2.56 times more than the 491 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the institutions in Houghton, MI by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity

  1. White

    1,165 degrees awarded

  2. Unknown

    43 degrees awarded

  3. Two or More Races

    36 degrees awarded

In 2016 the majority of degrees awarded at institutions in Houghton, MI were to White students. These 1,165 degrees mean that there were 27.1 times more White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Unknown, with 43 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Houghton, MI was $141,900 in 2017, which is 0.652 times smaller than the national average of $217,600. Between 2016 and 2017 the median property value increased from $138,500 to $141,900, a 2.45% increase. The homeownership rate in Houghton, MI is 41%, which is lower than the national average of 63.9%. People in Houghton, MI have an average commute time of 10.4 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Houghton, MI is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Income

Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$28,418

Median Household Income

± $5,507

2.52k

Number of Households

± 313

In 2017, the median household income of the 2.52k households in Houghton, MI declined from $28,418 from the previous year's value of $28,603.

The following chart displays the households in Houghton, MI distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the < $10k range.

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Housing

Property Value

$141,900

2017 Median

± $14,288

$138,500

2016 Median

± $18,911

In 2017, the median property value in Houghton, MI grew to to $141,900 from the previous year's value of $138,500.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Houghton, MI compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Houghton, MI the largest share of households have a property value in the $125k - $150k range.

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Property Taxes

$3k+

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Houghton, MI distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Houghton, MI the largest share of households pay taxes in the $3k+ range.

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Rent vs Own

41%

2017 Homeownership

41.8%

2016 Homeownership

In 2017, 41% of the housing units in Houghton, MI were occupied by their owner. This percentage declined from the previous year's rate of 41.8%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is lower than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Houghton, MI compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Houghton, MI distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Houghton, MI have 2 cars, followed by 1 car.

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Commute Time

10.4 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Houghton, MI have a shorter commute time (10.4 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.1 minutes). Additionally, 1.06% of the workforce in Houghton, MI have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Houghton, MI compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    52.9%

  2. Walked

    32.9%

  3. Carpooled

    8.39%

In 2017, the most common method of travel for workers in Houghton, MI was Drove Alone, followed by those who Walked and those who Carpooled.

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