Houghton, MI

Metropolitan Statistical Area (MSA)

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2022 Population
39,502
0.0885% 1-year decline
US Senator
Debbie Stabenow
Democratic Party
US Senator
Gary Peters
Democratic Party
2022 Median Age
33.3
2.35% 1-year decrease
2022 Poverty Rate
16.7%
0.242% 1-year decrease
2022 Median Household Income
$52,857
8.08% 1-year growth
2022 Median Property Value
$131,600
13.4% 1-year growth
2022 Employed Population
17,589
1.92% 1-year growth

About

In 2022, Houghton, MI had a population of 39.5k people with a median age of 33.3 and a median household income of $52,857. Between 2021 and 2022 the population of Houghton, MI declined from 39,537 to 39,502, a −0.0885% decrease and its median household income grew from $48,906 to $52,857, a 8.08% increase.

The 5 largest ethnic groups in Houghton, MI are White (Non-Hispanic) (91.3%), Asian (Non-Hispanic) (2.65%), Two+ (Non-Hispanic) (1.94%), Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) (1.05%), and Two+ (Hispanic) (0.871%).

None of the households in Houghton, MI reported speaking a non-English language at home as their primary shared language. This does not consider the potential multi-lingual nature of households, but only the primary self-reported language spoken by all members of the household.

96% of the residents in Houghton, MI are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Houghton, MI are Michigan Technological University (1,754 degrees awarded in 2022) and Finlandia University (85 degrees).

In 2022, the median property value in Houghton, MI was $131,600, and the homeownership rate was 70.7%.

Most people in Houghton, MI drove alone to work, and the average commute time was 16.1 minutes. The average car ownership in Houghton, MI was 2 cars per household.

Houghton, MI borders Marquette, MI.

Population & Diversity

Houghton, MI is home to a population of 39.5k people, from which 96% are citizens. As of 2022, 5.53% of Houghton, MI residents were born outside of the country (2.19k people).

In 2022, there were 34.5 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (36.1k people) in Houghton, MI than any other race or ethnicity. There were 1.05k Asian (Non-Hispanic) and 767 Two+ (Non-Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

Citizenship

96%
2022 Citizenship
96.8%
2021 Citizenship

As of 2022, 96% of Houghton, MI residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.5%. In 2021, the percentage of US citizens in Houghton, MI was 96.8%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been decreasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Houghton, MI compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

The 3 largest ethnic groups in Houghton, MI
  1. White (Non-Hispanic)
    36.1k ± 327
  2. Asian (Non-Hispanic)
    1.05k ± 91
  3. Two+ (Non-Hispanic)
    767 ± 161
1.78%
Hispanic Population
703 people

In 2022, there were 34.5 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (36.1k people) in Houghton, MI than any other race or ethnicity. There were 1.05k Asian (Non-Hispanic) and 767 Two+ (Non-Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

1.78% of the people in Houghton, MI are hispanic (703 people).

The following chart shows the 7 races represented in Houghton, MI as a share of the total population.

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Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the MSA level, so we are showing data for Michigan.
Most Common Origin
  1. Mexico
    79,402 ± 6,891 people
  2. India
    76,527 ± 6,766 people
  3. Iraq
    57,451 ± 5,868 people

In 2022, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Michigan was Mexico, the natal country of 79,402 Michigan residents, followed by India with 76,527 and Iraq with 57,451.

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Foreign-Born Population

5.53%
2022 Foreign-Born Population
2.19k people
4.9%
2021 Foreign-Born Population
1.94k people

As of 2022, 5.53% of Houghton, MI residents (2.19k people) were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.6%. In 2021, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Houghton, MI was 4.9%, meaning that the rate has been increasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Houghton, MI compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Veterans

Most Common Service Period
  1. Vietnam
    894 ± 110
  2. Gulf War (1990s)
    373 ± 152
  3. Gulf War (2001-)
    363 ± 101

Houghton, MI has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 2.4 times greater than any other conflict.

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Economy

The economy of Houghton, MI employs 17.6k people. The largest industries in Houghton, MI are Educational Services (3,862 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (2,363 people), and Retail Trade (2,168 people), and the highest paying industries are Utilities ($80,313), Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services ($53,698), and Public Administration ($53,400).

Males in Michigan have an average income that is 1.34 times higher than the average income of females, which is $58,244. The income inequality in Michigan (measured using the Gini index) is 0.466, which is lower than than the national average.

Occupations

17.6k
2022 Value
± 790
1.92%
1 Year growth
± 6.17%

From 2021 to 2022, employment in Houghton, MI grew at a rate of 1.92%, from 17.3k employees to 17.6k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Houghton, MI, are Education Instruction, & Library Occupations (2,072 people), Sales & Related Occupations (1,858 people), and Office & Administrative Support Occupations (1,596 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Houghton, MI.

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Unemployment Insurance Claims

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for false.

This chart shows weekly unemployment insurance claims in Michigan (not-seasonally adjusted) compared with the four states with the most similar impact.

The most recent data point uses Advance State Claims data, which can be revised in subsequent weeks.

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Employment by Industries

17.6k
2022 Value
± 790
1.92%
1 Year growth
± 6.17%

From 2021 to 2022, employment in Houghton, MI grew at a rate of 1.92%, from 17.3k employees to 17.6k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Houghton, MI, are Educational Services (3,862 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (2,363 people), and Retail Trade (2,168 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Houghton, MI, though some of these residents may live in Houghton, MI and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Median Earnings by Industry

$34,905
Median earning men ± $2,736
$25,577
Median earning women ± $1,943

The industries with the best median earnings for men in 2022 are Transportation & Warehousing, & Utilities ($61,023), Public Administration ($57,708), and Professional, Scientific, & Management, & Administrative & Waste Management Services ($56,700).

The industries with the best median earnings for women in 2022 are Wholesale Trade ($60,063), Public Administration ($50,819), and Finance & Insurance, & Real Estate & Rental & Leasing ($36,086).

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Employment by Industry Sector

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Michigan.
Y-Axis
2.16%
Year-over-year growth
Employment change between February 2022 and February 2023

As of February 2023, there are 4.37M people employed in Michigan. This represents a 2.16% increase in employment when compared to February 2022.

Right after the beginning of the COVID-19 pandemic, during April 2020, a general dip can be seen across industry sectors, resulting in an overall decline in employment by 23.6%.

The following chart shows monthly employment numbers for each industry sector in Michigan.

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Establishments by Size

The industries with the most establishments
  1. 358
    Educational Services, Health Care & Social Assistance
  2. 206
    Finance & Insurance, and Real Estate, Rental & Leasing
  3. 192
    Retail Trade

The visualization shows the distribution of establishments by industry and by size according to the number of employees.

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Civics

In the 2020 presidential election, the popular vote in Michigan went to Joseph R Biden Jr. with 50.6% of the vote. The runner-up was Donald J. Trump (47.8%), followed by Jo Jorgensen (1.09%).

Debbie Stabenow and Gary Peters are the senators currently representing the state of Michigan. In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

Michigan is currently represented by 13 members in the U.S. house, and members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms.

US Senators from Michigan

Senatorial voting results are only available at the state level. Showing data for Michigan.
Debbie Stabenow
Senator from Michigan1
Assumed office on January 3, 2001
Gary Peters
Senator from Michigan2
Assumed office on January 3, 2015

Debbie Stabenow and Gary Peters are the senators currently representing Michigan.

In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

The following chart shows elected senators in Michigan over time, excluding special elections, colored by their political party.

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US Representatives from Michigan

Michigan is currently represented by 13 members in the U.S. house.

Members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms, and the following chart shows the how the members for Michigan have changed over time starting in 2008.

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Education

In 2022, universities in Houghton, MI awarded 1,839 degrees. The student population of Houghton, MI in 2022 is skewed towards men, with 5,187 male students and 2,326 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Houghton, MI are White (1,440 and 88.9%), followed by Unknown (52 and 3.21%), Two or More Races (51 and 3.15%), and Asian (29 and 1.79%).

The largest universities in Houghton, MI by number of degrees awarded are Michigan Technological University (1,754 and 95.4%) and Finlandia University (85 and 4.62%).

The most popular majors in Houghton, MI are Mechanical Engineering (378 and 20.6%), Electrical & Electronics Engineering (118 and 6.42%), and General Civil Engineering (99 and 5.38%).

The median tuition costs in Houghton, MI are $25,436 for private four year colleges, and $18,592 and $40,929 respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Applicants, Admissions & Enrolled

University
Measure

In 2022 in Houghton, MI, the percentage of applicants admitted was 89.6%, while the percentage of admitted who enrolled was 18.1%. The number of students enrolled in 2022 was 7,513 (69% men and 31% women).

The line chart  shows the evolution of the percentage of applicants admitted, admitted who enrolled or the number of students enrolled according to the option selected in the upper button.

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Enrollments by Gender and Races

Universities

In 2022 there were 7,513 students enrolled in Houghton, MI, 69% men and 31% women.

By race, the largest number of students enrolled was concentrated in White with 5,637 records, of which 31% were women and 69% men.

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Concentrations

Most Common
  1. 266 degrees awarded
  2. 102 degrees awarded
  3. 88 degrees awarded

In 2022, the most common concentation for Bachelors Degree recipients in Houghton, MI was Mechanical Engineering with 266 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Bachelors Degree from schools in Houghton, MI according to their major.

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Universities

Gender
Race
Largest Universities by degrees awarded
  1. 1,754 degrees awarded
  2. 85 degrees awarded

In 2022, the institution with the largest number of graduating students was Michigan Technological University with 1,754 degrees awarded.

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Student Diversity

University

In 2022, 1,256 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Houghton, MI, which is 2.15 times more than the 583 female students who received degrees in the same year.

In 2022 the most common race/ethnicity group awarded degrees at institutions was White students. These 1,440 degrees mean that there were 27.7 times more degrees awarded to White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Unknown, with 52 degrees awarded.

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Awarded Degrees over Time

The graph shows the evolution of awarded degrees by degrees. Under the paragraphs, the average number of awarded degrees by university in each degree is shown.

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Average Net Price by Sector

Universities

Private not-for-profit, 4-year or above ($25,436) is the sector with the highest median state tuition in 2022.

Private not-for-profit, 4-year or above ($600) is the sector with the highest median state fee in 2022.

Private not-for-profit, 4-year or above ($1,500) is the sector with the highest average net price of books and supplies.

The graph shows the average net price by sector and year.

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Educational Pyramid

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Michigan.
Measure

In 2022, 0.784% of men over 25 years of age had not completed any academic degree (no schooling), while 0.801% of women were in the same situation.

This visualization shows the gender distribution of the population according to the academic level reached.

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Educational Attainment

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Michigan.
Race

The most common educational levels obtained by the working population in 2022 were High School or Equivalent (2.31M), Some college (1.92M), and Bachelors Degree (1.42M).

This visualization illustrates the percentage distribution of the population according to the highest educational level reached. You can filter the data by race by using the selector above.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Houghton, MI was $131,600 in 2022, which is 0.467 times smaller than the national average of $281,900. Between 2021 and 2022 the median property value increased from $116,000 to $131,600, a 13.4% increase. The homeownership rate in Houghton, MI is 70.7%, which is approximately the same as the national average of 64.8%.

People in Houghton, MI have an average commute time of 16.1 minutes, and they drove alone to work. Car ownership in Houghton, MI is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Median household income in Houghton, MI is $52,857. In 2022, the county with the highest Median Household Income in Houghton, MI was Livingston County, MI with a value of $96,135, followed by Oakland County, MI and Washtenaw County, MI, with respective values of $92,620 and $84,245.

Property

$131,600
Median Property Value 2022
±$8,620
$10,772
Median Property Taxes
±$449

The following chart display owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Houghton, MI the largest share of households pay taxes in the $800 - $1,499 range.

The chart underneath the paragraph shows the property taxes in Houghton, MI compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies.

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Rent vs Own

70.7%
Homeownership
2022
62.4%
Homeowners with Mortgage
2022

In 2022, 70.7% of the housing units in Houghton, MI were occupied by their owner. This percentage grew from the previous year's rate of 70.2%.

This chart shows the percentage of owner in Houghton, MI compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Income by Location

Use the dropdown to filter by race/ethnicity.
Race/Ethnicity

In 2022, the county with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Houghton, MI was Livingston County, MI with a value of $96,135, followed by Oakland County, MI and Washtenaw County, MI, with respective values of $92,620 and $84,245.

The following map shows all of the counties in Houghton, MI colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.
$52,857
Median Household Income
± $2,226
15.2k
Number of Households
± 662

In 2022, the median household income of the 15.2k households in Houghton, MI grew to $52,857 from the previous year's value of $48,906.

The following chart displays the households in Houghton, MI distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Houghton, MI is from Michigan.
0.466
2022 Wage GINI in Michigan
0.468
2021 Wage GINI in Michigan

In 2022, the income inequality in Michigan was 0.466 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.473% decline from 2021 to 2022, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat more even. The GINI for Michigan was lower than than the national average of 0.478. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Michigan in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Michigan across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Commute in 2022
  1. Drove Alone (65.6%)
  2. Walked (10.4%)
  3. Carpooled (9.99%)

In 2022, 65.6% of workers in Houghton, MI drove alone to work, followed by those who walked to work (10.4%) and those who carpooled to work (9.99%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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Commute Time

16.1 minutes
Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Houghton, MI have a shorter commute time (16.1 minutes) than the normal US worker (26.7 minutes). Additionally, 1.72% of the workforce in Houghton, MI have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Houghton, MI compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Car Ownership

2 cars
Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Houghton, MI distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Houghton, MI have 2 cars.

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Poverty & Diversity

16.7% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Houghton, MI (6k out of 35.9k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 12.5%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Males 18 - 24, followed by Females 18 - 24 and then Males 25 - 34.

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Houghton, MI is White, followed by Two Or More and Asian.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Health

93.7% of the population of Houghton, MI has health coverage, with 45.4% on employee plans, 17.1% on Medicaid, 12.5% on Medicare, 16.7% on non-group plans, and 1.87% on military or VA plans.

Primary care physicians in Michigan see 1246 patients per year on average, which represents a 1.58% decrease from the previous year (1266 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1294 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 332 patients per year.

Patient to Clinician Ratios

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Michigan.
1,246 to 1
Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio in Michigan

Primary care physicians in Michigan see an average of 1,246 patients per year. This represents a 1.58% decrease from the previous year (1,266 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Michigan in comparison to its neighboring geographies.

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Health Care Diversity

In 2022, insured persons according to age ranges were distributed in 22.4% under 18 years, 29.7% between 18 and 34 years, 30.2% between 35 and 64 years, and 17.7% over 64 years.

By gender, of the total number of insured persons, 53.8% were men and 46.2% were women.

The following chart shows the number of people with health coverage by gender.

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Uninsured People

6.33%
Uninsured
45.4%
Employer Coverage
17.1%
Medicaid
12.5%
Medicare
16.7%
Non-Group
1.87%
Military or VA

Between 2021 and 2022, the percent of uninsured citizens in Houghton, MI declined by 16.9% from 7.62% to 6.33%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Houghton, MI changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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