Houghton, MI

Metropolitan Statistical Area (MSA)

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2020 Population
37,992
0.495% 1-year decline
US Senator
Debbie Stabenow
Democratic Party
US Senator
Gary Peters
Democratic Party
2020 Median Age
34.5
0.291% 1-year increase
2020 Poverty Rate
18.5%
5.59% 1-year decrease
2020 Median Household Income
$45,386
2.69% 1-year growth
2020 Median Property Value
$115,800
5.46% 1-year growth
2020 Employed Population
16,029
0.422% 1-year decline

About

In 2020, Houghton, MI had a population of 38k people with a median age of 34.5 and a median household income of $45,386. Between 2019 and 2020 the population of Houghton, MI declined from 38,181 to 37,992, a −0.495% decrease and its median household income grew from $44,198 to $45,386, a 2.69% increase.

The 5 largest ethnic groups in Houghton, MI are White (Non-Hispanic) (92.3%), Asian (Non-Hispanic) (2.77%), Two+ (Non-Hispanic) (1.55%), White (Hispanic) (0.982%), and Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) (0.884%).

None of the households in Houghton, MI reported speaking a non-English language at home as their primary shared language. This does not consider the potential multi-lingual nature of households, but only the primary self-reported language spoken by all members of the household.

96.6% of the residents in Houghton, MI are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Houghton, MI are Michigan Technological University (1,697 degrees awarded in 2020) and Finlandia University (81 degrees).

In 2020, the median property value in Houghton, MI was $115,800, and the homeownership rate was 68.3%.

Most people in Houghton, MI drove alone to work, and the average commute time was 17 minutes. The average car ownership in Houghton, MI was 2 cars per household.

Houghton, MI borders Marquette, MI.

geosearchPopulation & Diversity

Houghton, MI is home to a population of 38k people, from which 96.6% are citizens. As of 2020, 4.97% of Houghton, MI residents were born outside of the country (1.89k people).

In 2020, there were 33.3 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (35.1k people) in Houghton, MI than any other race or ethnicity. There were 1.05k Asian (Non-Hispanic) and 589 Two+ (Non-Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

Citizenship

96.6%
2020 Citizenship
97%
2019 Citizenship

As of 2020, 96.6% of Houghton, MI residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.4%. In 2019, the percentage of US citizens in Houghton, MI was 97%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been decreasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Houghton, MI compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

The 3 largest ethnic groups in Houghton, MI
  1. White (Non-Hispanic)
    35.1k ± 63
  2. Asian (Non-Hispanic)
    1.05k ± 83
  3. Two+ (Non-Hispanic)
    589 ± 120
1.66%
Hispanic Population
631 people

In 2020, there were 33.3 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (35.1k people) in Houghton, MI than any other race or ethnicity. There were 1.05k Asian (Non-Hispanic) and 589 Two+ (Non-Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

1.66% of the people in Houghton, MI are hispanic (631 people).

The following chart shows the 7 races represented in Houghton, MI as a share of the total population.

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Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the MSA level, so we are showing data for Michigan.
Most Common Origin
  1. Mexico
    78,782 ± 6,864 people
  2. India
    74,611 ± 6,681 people
  3. Iraq
    57,515 ± 5,871 people

In 2020, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Michigan was Mexico, the natal country of 78,782 Michigan residents, followed by India with 74,611 and Iraq with 57,515.

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Foreign-Born Population

4.97%
2020 Foreign-Born Population
1.89k people
4.32%
2019 Foreign-Born Population
1.65k people

As of 2020, 4.97% of Houghton, MI residents (1.89k people) were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.5%. In 2019, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Houghton, MI was 4.32%, meaning that the rate has been increasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Houghton, MI compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Veterans

Most Common Service Period
  1. Vietnam
    954 ± 111
  2. Gulf War (2001-)
    362 ± 125
  3. Gulf War (1990s)
    298 ± 75

Houghton, MI has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 2.64 times greater than any other conflict.

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briefcaseEconomy

The economy of Houghton, MI employs 16k people. The largest industries in Houghton, MI are Educational Services (3,145 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (2,622 people), and Retail Trade (1,957 people), and the highest paying industries are Utilities ($69,931), Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($53,214), and Wholesale Trade ($52,888).

Males in Michigan have an average income that is 1.36 times higher than the average income of females, which is $50,905. The income inequality in Michigan (measured using the Gini index) is 0.471, which is lower than than the national average.

Occupations

16k
2020 Value
± 731
−0.422%
1 Year decline
± 6.17%

From 2019 to 2020, employment in Houghton, MI declined at a rate of −0.422%, from 16.1k employees to 16k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Houghton, MI, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (1,705 people), Education Instruction, & Library Occupations (1,642 people), and Sales & Related Occupations (1,457 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Houghton, MI.

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Unemployment Insurance Claims

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Michigan.

This chart shows weekly unemployment insurance claims in Michigan (not-seasonally adjusted) compared with the four states with the most similar impact.

The most recent data point uses Advance State Claims data, which can be revised in subsequent weeks.

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Employment by Industries

16k
2020 Value
± 731
−0.422%
1 Year decline
± 6.17%

From 2019 to 2020, employment in Houghton, MI declined at a rate of −0.422%, from 16.1k employees to 16k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Houghton, MI, are Educational Services (3,145 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (2,622 people), and Retail Trade (1,957 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Houghton, MI, though some of these residents may live in Houghton, MI and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Median Earnings by Industry

$32,683
Median earning men ± $3,612
$22,306
Median earning women ± $1,628

The industries with the best median earnings for men in 2020 are Wholesale Trade ($65,769), Transportation & Warehousing, & Utilities ($54,375), and Professional, Scientific, & Management, & Administrative & Waste Management Services ($52,159).

The industries with the best median earnings for women in 2020 are Public Administration ($42,500), Educational Services, & Health Care & Social Assistance ($29,304), and Finance & Insurance, & Real Estate & Rental & Leasing ($27,500).

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Employment by Industry Sector

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Michigan.
Y-Axis
8.45%
Year-over-year growth
Employment change between May 2020 and May 2021

As of May 2021, there are 145M people employed in Michigan. This represents a 8.45% increase in employment when compared to May 2020.

The following chart shows monthly employment numbers for each industry sector in Michigan.

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Establishments by Size

The industries with the most establishments
  1. 358
    Educational Services, Health Care & Social Assistance
  2. 206
    Finance & Insurance, and Real Estate, Rental & Leasing
  3. 192
    Retail Trade

The visualization shows the distribution of establishments by industry and by size according to the number of employees.

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Payroll by Industry Sector

The industries with the highest total annual payroll
  1. $177k
    Educational Services, Health Care & Social Assistance
  2. $124k
    Manufacturing
  3. $67k
    Finance & Insurance, and Real Estate, Rental & Leasing

The chart shows the total annual payroll and the average annual payroll by industry.

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Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Michigan to other states, or from other states to Michigan.
Top Domestic Production in Dollars
  1. $193B
  2. $56.5B
  3. $49.6B

In 2020, the top outbound Michigan product (by dollars) was Motorized vehicles with $193B, followed by Machinery ($56.5B) and Mixed freight ($49.6B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Michigan products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for Michigan.
$638B
2020 Value in Michigan
$1.16T
Projected 2050 Value in Michigan
81.2% growth

In 2020, total outbound Michigan trade was $638B. This is expected to increase 81.2% to $1.16T by 2050.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Michigan trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Michigan to other states, or from other states to Michigan.
Most Common Trade Partners
  1. $35.1B
  2. $34.4B
  3. $29.5B

In 2020, the top outbound Michigan domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Ohio with $35.1B, followed by Texas with $34.4B and Indiana and $29.5B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Michigan shares with each state (excluding itself).

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flagCivics

Debbie Stabenow and Gary Peters are the senators currently representing the state of Michigan. In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

Michigan is currently represented by 14 members in the U.S. house, and members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms.

US Senators from Michigan

Senatorial voting results are only available at the state level. Showing data for Michigan.
Debbie Stabenow
Senator from Michigan1
Assumed office on January 3, 2001
Gary Peters
Senator from Michigan2
Assumed office on January 3, 2015

Debbie Stabenow and Gary Peters are the senators currently representing Michigan.

In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

The following chart shows elected senators in Michigan over time, excluding special elections, colored by their political party.

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US Representatives from Michigan

Michigan is currently represented by 14 members in the U.S. house.

Members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms, and the following chart shows the how the members for Michigan have changed over time starting in 2008.

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learningEducation

In 2020, universities in Houghton, MI awarded 1,778 degrees. The student population of Houghton, MI in 2020 is skewed towards men, with 5,084 male students and 2,191 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Houghton, MI are White (1,313 and 89.3%), followed by Two or More Races (44 and 2.99%), Unknown (42 and 2.86%), and Black or African American (28 and 1.9%).

The largest universities in Houghton, MI by number of degrees awarded are Michigan Technological University (1,697 and 95.4%) and Finlandia University (81 and 4.56%).

The most popular majors in Houghton, MI are Mechanical Engineering (425 and 23.9%), Electrical & Electronics Engineering (129 and 7.26%), and Chemical Engineering (98 and 5.51%).

The median tuition costs in Houghton, MI are $23,390 for private four year colleges, and $17,339 and $38,082 respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Applicants, Admissions & Enrolled

University
Measure

In 2020 in Houghton, MI, the percentage of applicants admitted was 72.2%, while the percentage of admitted who enrolled was 20.8%. The number of students enrolled in 2020 was 7,275 (69.9% men and 30.1% women).

The line chart  shows the evolution of the percentage of applicants admitted, admitted who enrolled or the number of students enrolled according to the option selected in the upper button.

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Enrollments by Gender and Races

Universities

In 2020 there were 7,275 students enrolled in Houghton, MI, 69.9% men and 30.1% women.

By race, the largest number of students enrolled was concentrated in White with 5,709 records, of which 29.6% were women and 70.4% men.

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Concentrations

Most Common
  1. 283 degree-majors awarded
  2. 90 degree-majors awarded
  3. 77 degree-majors awarded

In 2020, the most common concentation for Bachelors Degree recipients in Houghton, MI was Mechanical Engineering with 283 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Bachelors Degree from schools in Houghton, MI according to their major.

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Universities

Gender
Race
Largest Universities by degrees awarded
  1. 1,697 degrees awarded
  2. 81 degrees awarded

In 2020, the institution with the largest number of graduating students was Michigan Technological University with 1,697 degrees awarded.

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Student Diversity

University

In 2020, 1,210 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Houghton, MI, which is 2.13 times more than the 568 female students who received degrees in the same year.

In 2020 the most common race/ethnicity group awarded degrees at institutions was White students. These 1,313 degrees mean that there were 29.8 times more degrees awarded to White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Two or More Races, with 44 degrees awarded.

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Awarded Degrees over Time

The graph shows the evolution of awarded degrees by degrees. Under the paragraphs, the average number of awarded degrees by university in each degree is shown.

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Average Net Price by Sector

Universities

Private not-for-profit, 4-year or above ($23,390) is the sector with the highest median state tuition in 2020.

Private not-for-profit, 4-year or above ($600) is the sector with the highest median state fee in 2020.

Private not-for-profit, 4-year or above ($1,500) is the sector with the highest average net price of books and supplies.

The graph shows the average net price by sector and year.

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Educational Pyramid

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Michigan.
Measure

In 2020, 0.713% of men over 25 years of age had not completed any academic degree (no schooling), while 0.711% of women were in the same situation.

This visualization shows the gender distribution of the population according to the academic level reached.

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Educational Attainment

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Michigan.
Race

The most common educational levels obtained by the working population in 2020 were High School or Equivalent (2.28M), Some college (1.97M), and Bachelors Degree (1.34M).

This visualization illustrates the percentage distribution of the population according to the highest educational level reached. You can filter the data by race by using the selector above.

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homeHousing & Living

The median property value in Houghton, MI was $115,800 in 2020, which is 0.504 times smaller than the national average of $229,800. Between 2019 and 2020 the median property value increased from $109,800 to $115,800, a 5.46% increase. The homeownership rate in Houghton, MI is 68.3%, which is approximately the same as the national average of 64.4%.

People in Houghton, MI have an average commute time of 17 minutes, and they drove alone to work. Car ownership in Houghton, MI is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Median household income in Houghton, MI is $45,386. In 2020, the county with the highest Median Household Income in Houghton, MI was Livingston County, MI with a value of $84,274, followed by Oakland County, MI and Washtenaw County, MI, with respective values of $81,587 and $75,730.

Property

$115,800
Median Property Value 2020
±$6,442
$10,165
Median Property Taxes
±$474

The following chart display owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Houghton, MI the largest share of households pay taxes in the $800 - $1,499 range.

The chart underneath the paragraph shows the property taxes in Houghton, MI compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies.

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Rent vs Own

68.3%
Homeownership
2020
63%
Homeowners with Mortgage
2020

In 2020, 68.3% of the housing units in Houghton, MI were occupied by their owner. This percentage declined from the previous year's rate of 68.5%.

This chart shows the percentage of owner in Houghton, MI compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Income by Location

Use the dropdown to filter by race/ethnicity.
Race/Ethnicity

In 2020, the county with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Houghton, MI was Livingston County, MI with a value of $84,274, followed by Oakland County, MI and Washtenaw County, MI, with respective values of $81,587 and $75,730.

The following map shows all of the counties in Houghton, MI colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.
$45,386
Median Household Income
± $2,095
14.9k
Number of Households
± 632

In 2020, the median household income of the 14.9k households in Houghton, MI grew to $45,386 from the previous year's value of $44,198.

The following chart displays the households in Houghton, MI distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Houghton, MI is from Michigan.
0.471
2020 Wage GINI in Michigan
0.475
2019 Wage GINI in Michigan

In 2020, the income inequality in Michigan was 0.471 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.801% decline from 2019 to 2020, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat more even. The GINI for Michigan was lower than than the national average of 0.478. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Michigan in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Michigan across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Commute in 2020
  1. Drove Alone (71.5%)
  2. Walked (10.4%)
  3. Carpooled (8.59%)

In 2020, 71.5% of workers in Houghton, MI drove alone to work, followed by those who walked to work (10.4%) and those who carpooled to work (8.59%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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Commute Time

17 minutes
Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Houghton, MI have a shorter commute time (17 minutes) than the normal US worker (26.9 minutes). Additionally, 2.15% of the workforce in Houghton, MI have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Houghton, MI compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Car Ownership

2 cars
Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Houghton, MI distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Houghton, MI have 2 cars.

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Poverty & Diversity

18.5% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Houghton, MI (6.51k out of 35.2k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 12.8%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Males 18 - 24, followed by Females 18 - 24 and then Males 25 - 34.

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Houghton, MI is White, followed by Asian and Two Or More.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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pulseHealth

92.9% of the population of Houghton, MI has health coverage, with 43.9% on employee plans, 18.1% on Medicaid, 12.8% on Medicare, 16.2% on non-group plans, and 1.86% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in Michigan was $8,055 in 2014. This is a 4% increase from the previous year ($7,745).

Primary care physicians in Michigan see 1266 patients per year on average, which represents a 0.861% decrease from the previous year (1277 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1308 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 355 patients per year.

Daily New Cases by Date

Showing data at the state level for Michigan. Hospitalization data for some states may be delayed or not reported.
Y-Axis

This chart shows the number of COVID-19 daily new cases by date in Michigan, as a 7-day rolling average, compared with the four states with the most similar number of confirmed cases.

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Patient to Clinician Ratios

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Michigan.
1,266 to 1
Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio in Michigan

Primary care physicians in Michigan see an average of 1,266 patients per year. This represents a 0.861% decrease from the previous year (1,277 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Michigan in comparison to its neighboring geographies.

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Community Mobility

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Michigan.

This chart presents movement trends over time in the state of Michigan across different categories of places such as retail and recreation, groceries and pharmacies, parks, transit stations, workplaces, and residential.

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Health Care Diversity

In 2020, insured persons according to age ranges were distributed in 22.6% under 18 years, 28.4% between 18 and 34 years, 31.4% between 35 and 64 years, and 17.6% over 64 years.

By gender, of the total number of insured persons, 52.8% were men and 47.2% were women.

The following chart shows the number of people with health coverage by gender.

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Uninsured People

7.09%
Uninsured
43.9%
Employer Coverage
18.1%
Medicaid
12.8%
Medicare
16.2%
Non-Group
1.86%
Military or VA

Between 2019 and 2020, the percent of uninsured citizens in Houghton, MI grew by 0.396% from 7.06% to 7.09%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Houghton, MI changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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