Harrisburg, PA

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Population

49,278

0.24% growth

Median Age

31.1


Median Household Income

$35,300

7.99% growth

Poverty Rate

29.9%


Number of Employees

21,021

4.69% growth

Median Property Value

$82,100

2.03% decline

About

In 2017, Harrisburg, PA had a population of 49.3k people with a median age of 31.1 and a median household income of $35,300. Between 2016 and 2017 the population of Harrisburg, PA grew from 49,160 to 49,278, a 0.24% increase and its median household income grew from $32,688 to $35,300, a 7.99% increase.

The population of Harrisburg, PA is 48.3% Black or African American Alone, 23.4% White Alone, and 20.3% Hispanic or Latino. 20.2% of the people in Harrisburg, PA speak a non-English language, and 92.5% are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Harrisburg, PA are Harrisburg Area Community College-Harrisburg (2,076 degrees awarded in 2016) and Harrisburg University of Science and Technology (201 degrees).

The median property value in Harrisburg, PA is $82,100, and the homeownership rate is 35.9%. Most people in Harrisburg, PA commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 19.5 minutes. The average car ownership in Harrisburg, PA is 1 car per household.

About the photo: Pennsylvania State Capitol

Economy

The economy of Harrisburg, PA employs 21k people. The largest industries in Harrisburg, PA are Health Care & Social Assistance (3,649 people), Accommodation & Food Services (2,168 people), and Public Administration (2,143 people), and the highest paying industries are Utilities ($59,091), Public Administration ($46,906), and Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services ($42,188).

Median household income in Harrisburg, PA is $35,300. Males in Harrisburg, PA have an average income that is 1.35 times higher than the average income of females, which is $49,502. The income inequality in Harrisburg, PA (measured using the Gini index) is 0.469, which is lower than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$35,300

2017 value

± $1,768

7.99%

1 Year Growth

± 6.93%

Households in Harrisburg, PA have a median annual income of $35,300, which is less than the median annual income of $60,336 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $32,688 in 2016, which represents a 7.99% annual growth.

Look at the chart to see how the median household income in Harrisburg, PA compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the Place level, so we are showing data for Pennsylvania.

$67,039

Average Male Salary

± $1,040

$49,502

Average Female Salary

± $757

In 2017, full-time male employees in Harrisburg, PA made 1.35 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Harrisburg, PA by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the Place level, so we are showing data for Pennsylvania.

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. Asian

    $61,450 ± $4,076

  2. White

    $51,412 ± $642

  3. Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander

    $38,644 ± $21,965

In 2017 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Harrisburg, PA workers was Asian. These workers were paid 1.2 times more than White workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Harrisburg, PA by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Harrisburg, PA is from Pennsylvania.

0.469

2017 Wage GINI

0.469

2016 Wage GINI

In 2017, the income inequality in Pennsylvania was 0.469 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.19% growth from 2016 to 2017, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat less even.

The 2017 the GINI for Pennsylvania was lower than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Pennsylvania in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Pennsylvania across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Highest Median Household Income (Total)

  1. Census Tract 205

  2. Census Tract 217

  3. Census Tract 209

In 2017, the place with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Harrisburg, PA was Census Tract 205 with a value of $46,667, followed by Census Tract 217 and Census Tract 209, with respective values of $43,363 and $42,389.

The following map shows all of the places in Harrisburg, PA colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 25 - 34

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

29.9% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Harrisburg, PA (14.6k out of 48.7k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 13.4%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 25 - 34, followed by Females < 5 and then Females 18 - 24.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. Black

    8,161 ± 725

  2. White

    4,295 ± 527

  3. Hispanic

    4,254 ± 494

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Harrisburg, PA is Black, followed by White and Hispanic.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

21k

2017 Value

± 1,055

4.69%

1 Year growth

± 6.6%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Harrisburg, PA grew at a rate of 4.69%, from 20.1k employees to 21k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Harrisburg, PA, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (3,646 people), Sales & Related Occupations (1,933 people), and Food Preparation & Serving Related Occupations (1,669 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Harrisburg, PA.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Harrisburg, PA, by number of employees, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (3,646 people), Sales & Related Occupations (1,933 people), and Food Preparation & Serving Related Occupations (1,669 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other places, Harrisburg, PA has an unusually high number of residents working as Material Moving Occupations (2.38 times higher than expected), Building & Grounds Cleaning & Maintenance Occupations (1.92 times), and Community & Social Service Occupations (1.89 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Harrisburg, PA, by median earnings, are Architecture & Engineering Occupations ($70,625), Health Diagnosing & Treating Practitioners & Other Technical Occupations ($58,693), and Management Occupations ($57,691).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

21k

2017 Value

± 1,055

4.69%

1 Year growth

± 6.6%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Harrisburg, PA grew at a rate of 4.69%, from 20.1k employees to 21k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Harrisburg, PA, are Health Care & Social Assistance (3,649 people), Accommodation & Food Services (2,168 people), and Public Administration (2,143 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Harrisburg, PA, though some of these residents may live in Harrisburg, PA and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Harrisburg, PA, by number of employees, are Health Care & Social Assistance (3,649 people), Accommodation & Food Services (2,168 people), and Public Administration (2,143 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other places, Harrisburg, PA has an unusually high number of Public Administration (2.18 times higher than expected), Administrative & Support & Waste Management Services (1.93 times), and Transportation & Warehousing (1.41 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Harrisburg, PA, by median earnings, are Utilities ($59,091), Public Administration ($46,906), and Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services ($42,188).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Pennsylvania to other states, or from other states to Pennsylvania.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $83B

  2. $50.6B

  3. $49.7B

In 2015, the top outbound Pennsylvania product (by dollars) was Mixed freight with $83B, followed by Coal-n.e.c. with $50.6B and Pharmaceuticals and $49.7B.

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Pennsylvania products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for Pennsylvania state.

$618B

2015 Value

$954B

Projected 2045 Value

54.4% growth

In 2015, total outbound Pennsylvania trade was $618B. This is expected to increase 54.4% to $954B by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Pennsylvania trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Pennsylvania to other states, or from other states to Pennsylvania.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $61B

  2. $57.7B

  3. $33.1B

In 2015, the top outbound Pennsylvania domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was New York with $61B, followed by New Jersey with $57.7B and Ohio and $33.1B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Pennsylvania shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

86.6% of the population of Harrisburg, PA has health coverage, with 32.7% on employee plans, 37.7% on Medicaid, 6.55% on Medicare, 9.05% on non-group plans, and 0.672% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the place of Harrisburg, PA was $9,258 in 2014. This is a 4.29% increase from the previous year ($8,877).

Primary care physicians in Harrisburg, PA see 1232 patients per year on average, which represents a 0.326% increase from the previous year (1228 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1481 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 559 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Fayette County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (16%). Additionally, Clearfield County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (39.3%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Pennsylvania.

1,232 to 1

Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio

Primary care physicians in Pennsylvania see an average of 1,232 patients per year. This represents a 0.326% increase from the previous year (1,228 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Pennsylvania in comparison to neighboring states.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Pennsylvania.

$9,258

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$4,634

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$9,407

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$11,243

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in Pennsylvania (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 4.29%, from $8,877 to $9,258.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

13.4%

Uninsured

32.7%

Employer Coverage

37.7%

Medicaid

6.55%

Medicare

9.05%

Non-Group

0.672%

Military or VA

Between 2016 and 2017, the percent of uninsured citizens in Harrisburg, PA declined by 13.5% from 15.5% to 13.4%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Harrisburg, PA changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 16% prevalence

  2. 13.4% prevalence

  3. 13.2% prevalence

Fayette County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in Pennsylvania, at 16%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in Pennsylvania by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

Harrisburg, PA is home to a population of 49.3k people, from which 92.5% are citizens. As of 2017, 11.5% of Harrisburg, PA residents were born outside of the country.

The ethnic composition of the population of Harrisburg, PA is composed of 23.8k Black or African American Alone residents (48.3%), 11.5k White Alone residents (23.4%), 10k Hispanic or Latino residents (20.3%), 2.47k Asian Alone residents (5.02%), 1.34k Two or More Races residents (2.73%), 55 Some Other Race Alone residents (0.112%), 36 American Indian & Alaska Native Alone residents (0.0731%), and 22 Native Hawaiian & Other Pacific Islander Alone residents (0.0446%).

The most common foreign languages spoken in Harrisburg, PA are Spanish or Spanish Creole (5,767 speakers), Vietnamese (712 speakers), and Other Indic Languages (684 speakers).

Age

Age by Nativity

31

Median Native-Born Age

± 1

35

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 5.4

In 2017, the median age of all people in Harrisburg, PA was 31.1. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 31, were generally younger than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 35. But people in Harrisburg, PA are getting getting younger. In 2016, the average age of all Harrisburg, PA residents was 32.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

11.5%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

11.4%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

As of 2017, 11.5% of Harrisburg, PA residents were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Harrisburg, PA was 11.4%, meaning that the rate has been increasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Harrisburg, PA compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

Most Common Origin

  1. India

    81,562 ± 6,989 people

  2. China

    63,036 ± 6,149 people

  3. Mexico

    54,918 ± 5,741 people

In 2017, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Harrisburg, PA was India, the natal country of 81,562 Harrisburg, PA residents, followed by China with 63,036 and Mexico with 54,918.

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Citizenship

92.5%

2017 Citizenship

92.8%

2016 Citizenship

As of 2017, 92.5% of Harrisburg, PA residents were US citizens, which is lower than the national average of 93.1%. In 2016, the percentage of US citizens in Harrisburg, PA was 92.8%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been decreasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Harrisburg, PA compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

Most Common

  1. Black or African American Alone

    23.8k ± 978

  2. White Alone

    11.5k ± 817

  3. Hispanic or Latino

    10k ± 1.27k

In 2017, there were 2.06 times more Black or African American Alone residents (23.8k people) in Harrisburg, PA than any other race or ethnicity. There were 11.5k White Alone and 10k Hispanic or Latino residents, the second and third most common racial or ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 8 races and ethnicities represented in Harrisburg, PA as a share of the total population.

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Non-English Speakers

Most Common Languages

  1. Spanish or Spanish Creole

    5,767 speakers (12.8%)

  2. Vietnamese

    712 speakers (1.58%)

  3. Other Indic Languages

    684 speakers (1.51%)

20.2% of Harrisburg, PA citizens are speakers of a non-English language, which is lower than the national average of 21.5%. In 2015, the most common non-English language spoken in Harrisburg, PA was Spanish or Spanish Creole. 12.8% of the overall population of Harrisburg, PA are native Spanish or Spanish Creole speakers. 1.58% speak Vietnamese and 1.51% speak Spanish or Spanish Creole, the next two most common languages.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Vietnam

    699 ± 160

  2. Gulf War (2001-)

    367 ± 139

  3. Gulf War (1990s)

    281 ± 153

Harrisburg, PA has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 1.9 times greater than any other conflict.

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Education

In 2016, universities in Harrisburg, PA awarded 2,277 degrees. The student population of Harrisburg, PA is skewed towards women, with 8,620 male students and 13,209 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Harrisburg, PA are White (1,598 and 76%), followed by Hispanic or Latino (170 and 8.09%), Black or African American (169 and 8.04%), and Asian (73 and 3.47%).

The largest universities in Harrisburg, PA by number of degrees awarded are Harrisburg Area Community College-Harrisburg (2,076 and 91.2%) and Harrisburg University of Science and Technology (201 and 8.83%).

The most popular majors in Harrisburg, PA are Registered Nursing (330 and 14.5%), General Studies (222 and 9.75%), and General Business Administration & Management (179 and 7.86%).

The median tuition costs in Harrisburg, PA are $23,900 for private four year colleges, and $N/A and $N/A respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

Most Common

  1. 330 degrees awarded

  2. 222 degrees awarded

  3. 179 degrees awarded

In 2015, the most common concentation for Associates Degree recipients in Harrisburg, PA was Registered Nursing with 330 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Associates Degree from schools in Harrisburg, PA according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded

  1. 2,076 degrees awarded

  2. 201 degrees awarded

$N/A

Median In-State Public

$23,900

Median Private

In 2016, the Harrisburg, PA institution with the largest number of graduating students was Harrisburg Area Community College-Harrisburg with 2,076 degrees awarded.

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Student Gender for Common Institutions

866

Degrees Awarded to Men

1,411

Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2016, 866 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Harrisburg, PA, which is 0.614 times less than the 1,411 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the institutions in Harrisburg, PA by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity

  1. White

    1,598 degrees awarded

  2. Hispanic or Latino

    170 degrees awarded

  3. Black or African American

    169 degrees awarded

In 2016 the majority of degrees awarded at institutions in Harrisburg, PA were to White students. These 1,598 degrees mean that there were 9.4 times more White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Hispanic or Latino, with 170 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Harrisburg, PA was $82,100 in 2017, which is 0.377 times smaller than the national average of $217,600. Between 2016 and 2017 the median property value increased from $83,800 to $82,100, a 2.03% decrease. The homeownership rate in Harrisburg, PA is 35.9%, which is lower than the national average of 63.9%. People in Harrisburg, PA have an average commute time of 19.5 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Harrisburg, PA is lower than the national average, with an average of 1 car per household.

Income

Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$35,300

Median Household Income

± $1,768

20.2k

Number of Households

± 955

In 2017, the median household income of the 20.2k households in Harrisburg, PA grew to $35,300 from the previous year's value of $32,688.

The following chart displays the households in Harrisburg, PA distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the < $10k range.

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Housing

Property Value

$82,100

2017 Median

± $3,191

$83,800

2016 Median

± $3,129

In 2017, the median property value in Harrisburg, PA declined from to $82,100 from the previous year's value of $83,800.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Harrisburg, PA compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Harrisburg, PA the largest share of households have a property value in the $70k - $80k range.

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Property Taxes

$2k - $3k

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Harrisburg, PA distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Harrisburg, PA the largest share of households pay taxes in the $2k - $3k range.

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Rent vs Own

35.9%

2017 Homeownership

36.2%

2016 Homeownership

In 2017, 35.9% of the housing units in Harrisburg, PA were occupied by their owner. This percentage declined from the previous year's rate of 36.2%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is lower than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Harrisburg, PA compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

1 car

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Harrisburg, PA distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Harrisburg, PA have 1 car, followed by 2 cars.

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Commute Time

19.5 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Harrisburg, PA have a shorter commute time (19.5 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.1 minutes). Additionally, 1.52% of the workforce in Harrisburg, PA have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Harrisburg, PA compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    62.9%

  2. Carpooled

    11.1%

  3. Public Transit

    9.52%

In 2017, the most common method of travel for workers in Harrisburg, PA was Drove Alone, followed by those who Carpooled and those who Public Transit.

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