Harlan County, KY

County

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2019 Population
26,699
1.6% 1-year decline
US Senator
Mitch McConnell
Republican Party
US Senator
Rand Paul
Republican Party
2019 Median Age
41.3
0.243% 1-year increase
2019 Poverty Rate
36%
0.695% 1-year decrease
2019 Median Household Income
$26,478
0.585% 1-year growth
2019 Median Property Value
$60,300
3.08% 1-year growth
2019 Employed Population
7,174
4.21% 1-year decline

About

In 2019, Harlan County, KY had a population of 26.7k people with a median age of 41.3 and a median household income of $26,478. Between 2018 and 2019 the population of Harlan County, KY declined from 27,134 to 26,699, a −1.6% decrease and its median household income grew from $26,324 to $26,478, a 0.585% increase.

The 5 largest ethnic groups in Harlan County, KY are White (Non-Hispanic) (95%), Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) (2.2%), Two+ (Non-Hispanic) (1.42%), White (Hispanic) (0.502%), and Asian (Non-Hispanic) (0.292%). 0% of the households in Harlan County, KY speak a non-English language at home as their primary language.

99.7% of the residents in Harlan County, KY are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Harlan County, KY are Southeast Kentucky Community and Technical College (1,047 degrees awarded in 2019).

In 2019, the median property value in Harlan County, KY was $60,300, and the homeownership rate was 68.8%. Most people in Harlan County, KY drove alone to work, and the average commute time was 22.8 minutes. The average car ownership in Harlan County, KY was 2 cars per household.

Diversity

Harlan County, KY is home to a population of 26.7k people, from which 99.7% are citizens. As of 2019, 0.562% of Harlan County, KY residents were born outside of the country (150 people).

In 2019, there were 43.2 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (25.4k people) in Harlan County, KY than any other race or ethnicity. There were 587 Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) and 378 Two+ (Non-Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

Race and Ethnicity

Race and Ethnicity

The 3 largest ethnic groups in Harlan County, KY
  1. White (Non-Hispanic)
    25.4k ± 23
  2. Black or African American (Non-Hispanic)
    587 ± 73
  3. Two+ (Non-Hispanic)
    378 ± 80.4
0.974%
Hispanic Population
260 people

In 2019, there were 43.2 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (25.4k people) in Harlan County, KY than any other race or ethnicity. There were 587 Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) and 378 Two+ (Non-Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

0.974% of the people in Harlan County, KY are hispanic (260 people).

The following chart shows the 7 races represented in Harlan County, KY as a share of the total population.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

0.562%
2019 Foreign-Born Population
150 people
0.667%
2018 Foreign-Born Population
181 people

As of 2019, 0.562% of Harlan County, KY residents (150 people) were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.7%. In 2018, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Harlan County, KY was 0.667%, meaning that the rate has been decreasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Harlan County, KY compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Age by Nativity

41
Median Native-Born Age
± 0.4
43
Median Foreign-Born Age
± 18.4

In 2019, the median age of all people in Harlan County, KY was 41.3. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 41, were generally younger than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 43. But people in Harlan County, KY are getting getting older. In 2018, the average age of all Harlan County, KY residents was 41.

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Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Kentucky.
Most Common Origin
  1. Mexico
    31,769 ± 4,360 people
  2. India
    12,409 ± 2,731 people
  3. Cuba
    11,319 ± 2,609 people

In 2019, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Kentucky was Mexico, the natal country of 31,769 Kentucky residents, followed by India with 12,409 and Cuba with 11,319.

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Citizenship

99.7%
2019 Citizenship
99.7%
2018 Citizenship

As of 2019, 99.7% of Harlan County, KY residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.4%. In 2018, the percentage of US citizens in Harlan County, KY was 99.7%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been decreasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Harlan County, KY compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period
  1. Vietnam
    643 ± 133
  2. Gulf War (2001-)
    155 ± 83
  3. Gulf War (1990s)
    149 ± 57

Harlan County, KY has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 4.15 times greater than any other conflict.

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COVID-19

Daily New Cases by Date

Showing data at the state level for Kentucky. Hospitalization data for some states may be delayed or not reported.
Y-Axis

This chart shows the number of COVID-19 daily new cases by date in Kentucky, as a 7-day rolling average, compared with the four states with the most similar number of confirmed cases.

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Unemployment Insurance Claims

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Kentucky.

This chart shows weekly unemployment insurance claims in Kentucky (not-seasonally adjusted) compared with the four states with the most similar impact.

The most recent data point uses Advance State Claims data, which can be revised in subsequent weeks.

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Employment by Industry Sector

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Kentucky.
Y-Axis
8.45%
Year-over-year growth
Employment change between May 2020 and May 2021

As of May 2021, there are 145M people employed in Kentucky. This represents a 8.45% increase in employment when compared to May 2020.

The following chart shows monthly employment numbers for each industry sector in Kentucky.

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Community Mobility

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Kentucky.

This chart presents movement trends over time in the state of Kentucky across different categories of places such as retail and recreation, groceries and pharmacies, parks, transit stations, workplaces, and residential.

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Economy

Median household income in Harlan County, KY is $26,478. In 2019, the tract with the highest median household income in Harlan County, KY was Census Tract 9706 with a value of $41,641, followed by Census Tract 9701 and Census Tract 9703, with respective values of $37,788 and $32,784.

Males in Kentucky have an average income that is 1.35 times higher than the average income of females, which is $44,437. The income inequality in Kentucky (measured using the Gini index) is 0.456, which is lower than than the national average.

The economy of Harlan County, KY employs 7.17k people. The largest industries in Harlan County, KY are Health Care & Social Assistance (1,453 people), Retail Trade (916 people), and Educational Services (899 people), and the highest paying industries are Information ($65,853), Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($59,545), and Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting, & Mining ($53,250).

Wages

Median Household Income

$26,478
2019 value
± $2,113
0.585%
1 Year Growth
± 10.8%

Households in Harlan County, KY have a median annual income of $26,478, which is less than the median annual income of $65,712 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $26,324 in 2018, which represents a 0.585% annual growth.

The following chart shows how the median household income in Harlan County, KY compares to that of its neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Kentucky.
$59,994
Average Male Salary in Kentucky
± $1,633
$44,437
Average Female Salary in Kentucky
± $1,156

In 2019, full-time male employees in Kentucky made 1.35 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Kentucky by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Kentucky.
Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity in Kentucky
  1. Asian
    $58,983 ± $10,861
  2. White
    $46,691 ± $986
  3. American Indian
    $38,377 ± $15,879

In 2019 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Kentucky workers was Asian. These workers were paid 1.26 times more than White workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity in Kentucky.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Kentucky by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Harlan County, KY is from Kentucky.
0.456
2019 Wage GINI in Kentucky
0.456
2018 Wage GINI in Kentucky

In 2019, the income inequality in Kentucky was 0.456 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.114% decline from 2018 to 2019, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat more even. The GINI for Kentucky was lower than than the national average of 0.478. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Kentucky in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Kentucky across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Race/Ethnicity
Highest Median Household Income (Total)
  1. Census Tract 9706
  2. Census Tract 9701
  3. Census Tract 9703

In 2019, the tract with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Harlan County, KY was Census Tract 9706 with a value of $41,641, followed by Census Tract 9701 and Census Tract 9703, with respective values of $37,788 and $32,784.

The following map shows all of the tracts in Harlan County, KY colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 25 - 34
Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

36% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Harlan County, KY (9.34k out of 25.9k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 12.3%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 25 - 34, followed by Females 35 - 44 and then Males 45 - 54.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty
  1. White
    8,849 ± 470
  2. Black
    275 ± 102
  3. Two Or More
    190 ± 96

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Harlan County, KY is White, followed by Black and Two Or More.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

7.17k
2019 Value
± 484
−4.21%
1 Year decline
± 9.91%

From 2018 to 2019, employment in Harlan County, KY declined at a rate of −4.21%, from 7.49k employees to 7.17k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Harlan County, KY, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (860 people), Construction & Extraction Occupations (817 people), and Sales & Related Occupations (652 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Harlan County, KY.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Harlan County, KY, by number of employees, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (860 people), Construction & Extraction Occupations (817 people), and Sales & Related Occupations (652 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Harlan County, KY has an unusually high number of residents working as Health Technologists & Technicians (2.48 times higher than expected), Construction & Extraction Occupations (2.26 times), and Law Enforcement Workers Including Supervisors (1.87 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Harlan County, KY, by median earnings, are Health Diagnosing & Treating Practitioners & Other Technical Occupations ($60,625), Installation, Maintenance, & Repair Occupations ($59,821), and Management Occupations ($55,625).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

7.17k
2019 Value
± 484
−4.21%
1 Year decline
± 9.91%

From 2018 to 2019, employment in Harlan County, KY declined at a rate of −4.21%, from 7.49k employees to 7.17k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Harlan County, KY, are Health Care & Social Assistance (1,453 people), Retail Trade (916 people), and Educational Services (899 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Harlan County, KY, though some of these residents may live in Harlan County, KY and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Harlan County, KY, by number of employees, are Health Care & Social Assistance (1,453 people), Retail Trade (916 people), and Educational Services (899 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Harlan County, KY has an unusually high number of Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction (16.9 times higher than expected), Management of Companies & Enterprises (3.26 times), and Utilities (2.27 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Harlan County, KY, by median earnings, are Information ($65,853), Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($59,545), and Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting, & Mining ($53,250).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Kentucky to other states, or from other states to Kentucky.
Top Domestic Production in Dollars
  1. $85.2B
  2. $36.6B
  3. $29.3B

In 2018, the top outbound Kentucky product (by dollars) was Motorized vehicles with $85.2B, followed by Electronics ($36.6B) and Machinery ($29.3B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Kentucky products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for Kentucky.
$373B
2018 Value in Kentucky
$703B
Projected 2045 Value in Kentucky
88.6% growth

In 2018, total outbound Kentucky trade was $373B. This is expected to increase 88.6% to $703B by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Kentucky trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Kentucky to other states, or from other states to Kentucky.
Most Common Trade Partners
  1. $27.8B
  2. $22.6B
  3. $21.2B

In 2018, the top outbound Kentucky domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Ohio with $27.8B, followed by Indiana with $22.6B and California and $21.2B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Kentucky shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Civics

In the 2016 presidential election, the popular vote in Harlan County, KY went to Donald J. Trump with 84.9% of the vote. The runner-up was Hillary Rodham Clinton (12.8%), followed by Other (2.38%). The most partisan county was Leslie County, KY with 89.4% of the vote going to Donald J. Trump running for the Republican Party.

Mitch McConnell and Rand Paul are the senators currently representing the state of Kentucky. In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

Kentucky is currently represented by 6 members in the U.S. house, and members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms.

Presidential Popular Vote by County

Presidential voting results are only available at the county level. Showing data for the counties inside of Kentucky.
Showing data up to the 2016 election. Updated election results are currently being processed, and will be released in the coming months.
Donald J. Trump
Popular Vote for Harlan County, KY
84.9% for the Republican Party
Most Partisan Counties in Kentucky
  1. 89.4% for Donald J. Trump (Republican Party)
  2. 88.9% for Donald J. Trump (Republican Party)
  3. 88.6% for Donald J. Trump (Republican Party)

In the 2016 presidential election, the most partisan county in Kentucky was Leslie County, KY with 89.4% of the vote going to Donald J. Trump running for the Republican Party.

The following map shows the counties in Kentucky colored by their party leaning.

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US Senators from Kentucky

Senatorial voting results are only available at the state level. Showing data for Kentucky.
Mitch McConnell
Senator from Kentucky2
Assumed office on January 3, 1985
Rand Paul
Senator from Kentucky3
Assumed office on January 3, 2011

Mitch McConnell and Rand Paul are the senators currently representing Kentucky.

In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

The following chart shows elected senators in Kentucky over time, excluding special elections, colored by their political party.

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US Representatives from Kentucky

Kentucky is currently represented by 6 members in the U.S. house.

Members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms, and the following chart shows the how the members for Kentucky have changed over time starting in 2008.

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Education

In 2019, universities in Harlan County, KY awarded 1,047 degrees. The student population of Harlan County, KY is skewed towards men, with 1,754 male students and 1,749 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Harlan County, KY are White (971 and 92.7%), followed by Black or African American (40 and 3.82%), Unknown (11 and 1.05%), and Hispanic or Latino (10 and 0.955%).

The largest universities in Harlan County, KY by number of degrees awarded are Southeast Kentucky Community and Technical College (1,047 and 100%).

The most popular majors in Harlan County, KY are Liberal Arts & Sciences (273 and 26.1%), Licensed Practical & Vocational Nurse Training (152 and 14.5%), and Medical Assistant (63 and 6.02%).

Concentrations

Most Common
  1. 46 degree-majorss awarded
  2. 140 degree-majorss awarded
  3. 47 degree-majorss awarded

In 2019, the most common concentation for < 1 Year Postsecondary Certificate recipients in Harlan County, KY was General Computer & Information Sciences with 46 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a < 1 Year Postsecondary Certificate from schools in Harlan County, KY according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded
1,047 degrees awarded

In 2019, the Harlan County, KY institution with the largest number of graduating students was Southeast Kentucky Community and Technical College with 1,047 degrees awarded.

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Student Gender for Common Institutions

515
Degrees Awarded to Men
532
Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2019, 515 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Harlan County, KY, which is 0.968 times less than the 532 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the institutions in Harlan County, KY by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity
  1. White
    971 degrees awarded
  2. Black or African American
    40 degrees awarded
  3. Unknown
    11 degrees awarded

In 2019 the most common race/ethnicity group awarded degrees at institutions in Harlan County, KY was White students. These 971 degrees mean that there were 24.3 times more degrees awarded to White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Black or African American, with 40 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Harlan County, KY was $60,300 in 2019, which is 0.251 times smaller than the national average of $240,500. Between 2018 and 2019 the median property value increased from $58,500 to $60,300, a 3.08% increase. The homeownership rate in Harlan County, KY is 68.8%, which is higher than the national average of 64.1%. People in Harlan County, KY have an average commute time of 22.8 minutes, and they drove alone to work. Car ownership in Harlan County, KY is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Housing

Property Value

$60,300
2019 Median
± $3,570
$58,500
2018 Median
± $4,016

In 2019, the median property value in Harlan County, KY grew to to $60,300 from the previous year's value of $58,500.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Harlan County, KY compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Harlan County, KY the largest share of households have a property value in the $70k - $80k range.

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Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.
$26,478
Median Household Income
± $2,113
11.1k
Number of Households
± 576

In 2019, the median household income of the 11.1k households in Harlan County, KY grew to $26,478 from the previous year's value of $26,324.

The following chart displays the households in Harlan County, KY distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the < $10k range.

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Property Taxes

< $800
Average Range

This chart shows the households in Harlan County, KY distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Harlan County, KY the largest share of households pay taxes in the < $800 range.

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Rent vs Own

68.8%
2019 Homeownership
68.2%
2018 Homeownership

In 2019, 68.8% of the housing units in Harlan County, KY were occupied by their owner. This percentage grew from the previous year's rate of 68.2%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is higher than the national average of 64.1%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Harlan County, KY compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Commute Time

22.8 minutes
Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Harlan County, KY have a shorter commute time (22.8 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.5 minutes). Additionally, 2.77% of the workforce in Harlan County, KY have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Harlan County, KY compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Commute in 2019
  1. Drove Alone (79.2%)
  2. Carpooled (14.9%)
  3. Worked At Home (3%)

In 2019, 79.2% of workers in Harlan County, KY drove alone to work, followed by those who carpooled to work (14.9%) and those who worked at home (3%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars
Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Harlan County, KY distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Harlan County, KY have 2 cars, followed by false.

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Health

94.2% of the population of Harlan County, KY has health coverage, with 26.1% on employee plans, 41% on Medicaid, 16.5% on Medicare, 8.33% on non-group plans, and 2.32% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in Kentucky was $8,004 in 2014. This is a 6.11% increase from the previous year ($7,543).

Primary care physicians in Harlan County, KY see 3773 patients per year on average, which represents a 13% increase from the previous year (3339 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 3251 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 2601 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Knott County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (21%). Additionally, Owsley County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (46.7%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

3,773 to 1
Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio in Harlan County, KY

Primary care physicians in Harlan County, KY see an average of 3,773 patients per year. This represents a 13% increase from the previous year (3,339 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Harlan County, KY in comparison to its neighboring geographies.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.
State with the Highest Prevalence
  1. 8.26% of the population affected
  2. 8.13% of the population affected
  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.
Most prevalent states
  1. 19.2% of adults
  2. 17.9% of adults
  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Kentucky.
$8,004
Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care in Kentucky
$4,551
Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care
$7,016
Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care
$10,368
Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in Kentucky (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 6.11%, from $7,543 to $8,004.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

5.82%
Uninsured
26.1%
Employer Coverage
41%
Medicaid
16.5%
Medicare
8.33%
Non-Group
2.32%
Military or VA

Between 2018 and 2019, the percent of uninsured citizens in Harlan County, KY declined by 9.63% from 6.44% to 5.82%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Harlan County, KY changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.
Most at risk counties
  1. 21% prevalence
  2. 20.3% prevalence
  3. 20.2% prevalence

Knott County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in Kentucky, at 21%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in Kentucky by county over multiple years.

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