Hamilton County, OH

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Population

813,822

0.584% growth

Median Age

36.7


Median Household Income

$55,048

3.42% growth

Poverty Rate

17%


Number of Employees

412,313

2.73% growth

Median Property Value

$151,600

0.999% growth

About

In 2017, Hamilton County, OH had a population of 814k people with a median age of 36.7 and a median household income of $55,048. Between 2016 and 2017 the population of Hamilton County, OH grew from 809,099 to 813,822, a 0.584% increase and its median household income grew from $53,229 to $55,048, a 3.42% increase.

The population of Hamilton County, OH is 65.2% White Alone, 25.3% Black or African American Alone, and 3.27% Hispanic or Latino. N/A% of the people in Hamilton County, OH speak a non-English language, and 96.7% are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Hamilton County, OH are University of Cincinnati-Main Campus (10,382 degrees awarded in 2016), Xavier University (1,668 degrees), and Cincinnati State Technical and Community College (1,414 degrees).

The median property value in Hamilton County, OH is $151,600, and the homeownership rate is 58.1%. Most people in Hamilton County, OH commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 22.5 minutes. The average car ownership in Hamilton County, OH is 2 cars per household.

Economy

The economy of Hamilton County, OH employs 412k people. The largest industries in Hamilton County, OH are Health Care & Social Assistance (63,916 people), Manufacturing (47,174 people), and Retail Trade (45,309 people), and the highest paying industries are Management of Companies & Enterprises ($76,956), Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services ($58,567), and Public Administration ($58,424).

Median household income in Hamilton County, OH is $55,048. Males in Hamilton County, OH have an average income that is 1.33 times higher than the average income of females, which is $46,904. The income inequality in Hamilton County, OH (measured using the Gini index) is 0.457, which is lower than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$55,048

2017 value

± $1,943

3.42%

1 Year Growth

± 5%

Households in Hamilton County, OH have a median annual income of $55,048, which is less than the median annual income of $60,336 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $53,229 in 2016, which represents a 3.42% annual growth.

Look at the chart to see how the median household income in Hamilton County, OH compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the county level, so we are showing data for the Ohio.

$62,297

Average Male Salary

± $959

$46,904

Average Female Salary

± $740

In 2017, full-time male employees in Hamilton County, OH made 1.33 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Hamilton County, OH by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the county level, so we are showing data for the Ohio.

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander

    $73,640 ± $48,775

  2. Asian

    $63,304 ± $4,969

  3. American Indian

    $53,849 ± $24,595

In 2017 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Hamilton County, OH workers was Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander. These workers were paid 1.16 times more than Asian workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Hamilton County, OH by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Hamilton County, OH is from Ohio.

0.457

2017 Wage GINI

0.462

2016 Wage GINI

In 2017, the income inequality in Ohio was 0.457 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 1.19% decline from 2016 to 2017, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat more even.

The 2017 the GINI for Ohio was lower than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Ohio in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Ohio across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Highest Median Household Income (Total)

  1. Census Tract 244

  2. Census Tract 251.04

  3. Census Tract 251.01

In 2017, the tract with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Hamilton County, OH was Census Tract 244 with a value of $167,500, followed by Census Tract 251.04 and Census Tract 251.01, with respective values of $147,250 and $128,077.

The following map shows all of the tracts in Hamilton County, OH colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 25 - 34

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

17% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Hamilton County, OH (134k out of 791k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 13.4%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 25 - 34, followed by Females 18 - 24 and then Males 18 - 24.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. Black

    66,509 ± 1,850

  2. White

    57,025 ± 1,732

  3. Hispanic

    6,579 ± 676

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Hamilton County, OH is Black, followed by White and Hispanic.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

412k

2017 Value

± 10,261

2.73%

1 Year growth

± 3.47%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Hamilton County, OH grew at a rate of 2.73%, from 401k employees to 412k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Hamilton County, OH, are Other Management Occupations Except Farmers, Ranchers, & Other Agricultural Managers (24,372 people), Building Cleaning & Pest Control Workers (11,802 people), and Other Business Operations Specialists (11,112 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Hamilton County, OH.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Hamilton County, OH, by number of employees, are Other Management Occupations Except Farmers, Ranchers, & Other Agricultural Managers (24,372 people), Building Cleaning & Pest Control Workers (11,802 people), and Other Business Operations Specialists (11,112 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Hamilton County, OH has an unusually high number of residents working as Judges, Magistrates, & Other Judicial Workers (2.66 times higher than expected), First-Line Supervisors of Law Enforcement Workers (2.12 times), and Preschool & Kinder (1.81 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Hamilton County, OH, by median earnings, are Management Occupations ($73,947), Architecture & Engineering Occupations ($72,350), and Legal Occupations ($66,911).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

412k

2017 Value

± 10,261

2.73%

1 Year growth

± 3.47%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Hamilton County, OH grew at a rate of 2.73%, from 401k employees to 412k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Hamilton County, OH, are Health Care & Social Assistance (63,916 people), Manufacturing (47,174 people), and Retail Trade (45,309 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Hamilton County, OH, though some of these residents may live in Hamilton County, OH and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Hamilton County, OH, by number of employees, are Health Care & Social Assistance (63,916 people), Manufacturing (47,174 people), and Retail Trade (45,309 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Hamilton County, OH has an unusually high number of Management of Companies & Enterprises (2.09 times higher than expected), Finance & Insurance (1.22 times), and Manufacturing (1.18 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Hamilton County, OH, by median earnings, are Management of Companies & Enterprises ($76,956), Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services ($58,567), and Public Administration ($58,424).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Ohio to other states, or from other states to Ohio.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $65.2B

  2. $64.2B

  3. $45.1B

In 2015, the top outbound Ohio product (by dollars) was Mixed freight with $65.2B, followed by Motorized vehicles with $64.2B and Machinery and $45.1B.

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Ohio products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for Ohio state.

$614B

2015 Value

$952B

Projected 2045 Value

55% growth

In 2015, total outbound Ohio trade was $614B. This is expected to increase 55% to $952B by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Ohio trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Ohio to other states, or from other states to Ohio.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $44.3B

  2. $34.5B

  3. $31.7B

In 2015, the top outbound Ohio domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Michigan with $44.3B, followed by Indiana with $34.5B and Pennsylvania and $31.7B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Ohio shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

94.6% of the population of Hamilton County, OH has health coverage, with 52.8% on employee plans, 18.4% on Medicaid, 12.7% on Medicare, 9.47% on non-group plans, and 1.17% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the county of Hamilton County, OH was $8,712 in 2014. This is a 5.14% increase from the previous year ($8,286).

Primary care physicians in Hamilton County, OH see 924 patients per year on average, which represents a 3.04% decrease from the previous year (953 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1383 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 357 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Scioto County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (16.8%). Additionally, Hocking County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (40.3%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

924 to 1

Primary Care Physicians

Primary care physicians in Hamilton County, OH see an average of 924 patients per year. This represents a 3.04% decrease from the previous year (953 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Hamilton County, OH in comparison to neighboring states.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Ohio.

$8,712

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$4,371

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$7,007

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$11,038

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in Ohio (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 5.14%, from $8,286 to $8,712.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

5.37%

Uninsured

52.8%

Employer Coverage

18.4%

Medicaid

12.7%

Medicare

9.47%

Non-Group

1.17%

Military or VA

Between 2016 and 2017, the percent of uninsured citizens in Hamilton County, OH grew by 4.73% from 5.13% to 5.37%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Hamilton County, OH changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 16.8% prevalence

  2. 15.9% prevalence

  3. 15.3% prevalence

Scioto County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in Ohio, at 16.8%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in Ohio by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

Hamilton County, OH is home to a population of 814k people, from which 96.7% are citizens. As of 2017, 5.29% of Hamilton County, OH residents were born outside of the country.

The ethnic composition of the population of Hamilton County, OH is composed of 531k White Alone residents (65.2%), 206k Black or African American Alone residents (25.3%), 26.6k Hispanic or Latino residents (3.27%), 25.5k Two or More Races residents (3.13%), 21.5k Asian Alone residents (2.64%), 1.58k Some Other Race Alone residents (0.194%), 1.08k American Indian & Alaska Native Alone residents (0.133%), and 531 Native Hawaiian & Other Pacific Islander Alone residents (0.0652%).

The most common foreign languages spoken in Hamilton County, OH are N/A.

Age

Age by Nativity

37

Median Native-Born Age

± 0.3

37

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 1.9

In 2017, the median age of all people in Hamilton County, OH was 36.7. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 37, were generally younger than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 37. But people in Hamilton County, OH are getting getting younger. In 2016, the average age of all Hamilton County, OH residents was 37.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

5.29%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

5.07%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

As of 2017, 5.29% of Hamilton County, OH residents were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Hamilton County, OH was 5.07%, meaning that the rate has been increasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Hamilton County, OH compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

Most Common Origin

  1. India

    63,926 ± 6,190 people

  2. Mexico

    49,870 ± 5,471 people

  3. China

    31,441 ± 4,347 people

In 2017, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Hamilton County, OH was India, the natal country of 63,926 Hamilton County, OH residents, followed by Mexico with 49,870 and China with 31,441.

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Citizenship

96.7%

2017 Citizenship

97.2%

2016 Citizenship

As of 2017, 96.7% of Hamilton County, OH residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.1%. In 2016, the percentage of US citizens in Hamilton County, OH was 97.2%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been decreasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Hamilton County, OH compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

Most Common

  1. White Alone

    531k ± 924

  2. Black or African American Alone

    206k ± 3.96k

  3. Hispanic or Latino

    26.6k ± 3.44k

In 2017, there were 2.57 times more White Alone residents (531k people) in Hamilton County, OH than any other race or ethnicity. There were 206k Black or African American Alone and 26.6k Hispanic or Latino residents, the second and third most common racial or ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 8 races and ethnicities represented in Hamilton County, OH as a share of the total population.

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Non-English Speakers

Most Common Languages

  1. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

  2. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

  3. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

N/A% of Hamilton County, OH citizens are speakers of a non-English language, which is approximately the same as the national average of 21.5%. In N/A, the most common non-English language spoken in Hamilton County, OH was N/A. N/A% of the overall population of Hamilton County, OH are native N/A speakers. N/A% speak N/A and N/A% speak N/A, the next two most common languages.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Vietnam

    15,125 ± 1,466

  2. Gulf War (2001-)

    6,521 ± 1,513

  3. Gulf War (1990s)

    3,909 ± 972

Hamilton County, OH has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 2.32 times greater than any other conflict.

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Education

In 2016, universities in Hamilton County, OH awarded 18,512 degrees. The student population of Hamilton County, OH is skewed towards women, with 29,247 male students and 36,730 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Hamilton County, OH are White (12,741 and 73.5%), followed by Black or African American (2,073 and 12%), Unknown (908 and 5.24%), and Hispanic or Latino (691 and 3.99%).

The largest universities in Hamilton County, OH by number of degrees awarded are University of Cincinnati-Main Campus (10,382 and 56.1%), Xavier University (1,668 and 9.01%), and Cincinnati State Technical and Community College (1,414 and 7.64%).

The most popular majors in Hamilton County, OH are Registered Nursing (1,427 and 7.71%), General Business Administration & Management (838 and 4.53%), and Criminal Justice - Safety Studies (625 and 3.38%).

The median tuition costs in Hamilton County, OH are $15,966 for private four year colleges, and $7,298 and $19,364 respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

In 2015, the most common concentation for Bachelors Degree recipients in Hamilton County, OH was Registered Nursing with 826 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Bachelors Degree from schools in Hamilton County, OH according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded

  1. 10,382 degrees awarded

  2. 1,668 degrees awarded

  3. 1,414 degrees awarded

$7,298

Median In-State Public

$15,966

Median Private

In 2016, the Hamilton County, OH institution with the largest number of graduating students was University of Cincinnati-Main Campus with 10,382 degrees awarded.

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Student Gender for Common Institutions

7,511

Degrees Awarded to Men

11,001

Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2016, 7,511 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Hamilton County, OH, which is 0.683 times less than the 11,001 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the top 5 institutions in Hamilton County, OH by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity

  1. White

    12,741 degrees awarded

  2. Black or African American

    2,073 degrees awarded

  3. Unknown

    908 degrees awarded

In 2016 the majority of degrees awarded at institutions in Hamilton County, OH were to White students. These 12,741 degrees mean that there were 6.15 times more White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Black or African American, with 2,073 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Hamilton County, OH was $151,600 in 2017, which is 0.697 times smaller than the national average of $217,600. Between 2016 and 2017 the median property value increased from $150,100 to $151,600, a 0.999% increase. The homeownership rate in Hamilton County, OH is 58.1%, which is lower than the national average of 63.9%. People in Hamilton County, OH have an average commute time of 22.5 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Hamilton County, OH is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Income

Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$55,048

Median Household Income

± $1,943

343k

Number of Households

± 9,265

In 2017, the median household income of the 343k households in Hamilton County, OH grew to $55,048 from the previous year's value of $53,229.

The following chart displays the households in Hamilton County, OH distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Housing

Property Value

$151,600

2017 Median

± $4,461

$150,100

2016 Median

± $3,353

In 2017, the median property value in Hamilton County, OH grew to to $151,600 from the previous year's value of $150,100.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Hamilton County, OH compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Hamilton County, OH the largest share of households have a property value in the $100k - $125k range.

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Property Taxes

$3k+

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Hamilton County, OH distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Hamilton County, OH the largest share of households pay taxes in the $3k+ range.

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Rent vs Own

58.1%

2017 Homeownership

56.8%

2016 Homeownership

In 2017, 58.1% of the housing units in Hamilton County, OH were occupied by their owner. This percentage grew from the previous year's rate of 56.8%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is lower than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Hamilton County, OH compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Hamilton County, OH distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Hamilton County, OH have 2 cars, followed by 1 car.

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Commute Time

22.5 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Hamilton County, OH have a shorter commute time (22.5 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.5 minutes). Additionally, 1.34% of the workforce in Hamilton County, OH have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Hamilton County, OH compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    79.1%

  2. Carpooled

    8.55%

  3. Worked At Home

    4.21%

In 2017, the most common method of travel for workers in Hamilton County, OH was Drove Alone, followed by those who Carpooled and those who Worked At Home.

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