Gloucester County, VA

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Population

37,035

0.0378% growth

Median Age

44.6


Median Household Income

$63,881

1.6% growth

Poverty Rate

8.69%


Number of Employees

17,770

0.282% growth

Median Property Value

$224,100

0.444% decline

About

In 2017, Gloucester County, VA had a population of 37k people with a median age of 44.6 and a median household income of $63,881. Between 2016 and 2017 the population of Gloucester County, VA grew from 37,021 to 37,035, a 0.0378% increase and its median household income grew from $62,878 to $63,881, a 1.6% increase.

The population of Gloucester County, VA is 85.1% White Alone, 8.15% Black or African American Alone, and 3.28% Hispanic or Latino. N/A% of the people in Gloucester County, VA speak a non-English language, and 99.4% are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Gloucester County, VA are Rappahannock Community College (659 degrees awarded in 2016) and Dominion School of Hair Design (15 degrees).

The median property value in Gloucester County, VA is $224,100, and the homeownership rate is 77.2%. Most people in Gloucester County, VA commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 31.7 minutes. The average car ownership in Gloucester County, VA is 2 cars per household.

Economy

The economy of Gloucester County, VA employs 17.8k people. The largest industries in Gloucester County, VA are Retail Trade (2,495 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (2,165 people), and Manufacturing (2,127 people), and the highest paying industries are Public Administration ($61,157), Manufacturing ($57,485), and Utilities ($51,392).

Median household income in Gloucester County, VA is $63,881. Males in Gloucester County, VA have an average income that is 1.34 times higher than the average income of females, which is $55,180. The income inequality in Gloucester County, VA (measured using the Gini index) is 0.478, which is lower than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$63,881

2017 value

± $2,572

1.6%

1 Year Growth

± 6.36%

Households in Gloucester County, VA have a median annual income of $63,881, which is more than the median annual income of $60,336 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $62,878 in 2016, which represents a 1.6% annual growth.

Look at the chart to see how the median household income in Gloucester County, VA compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Virginia.

$74,183

Average Male Salary

± $1,323

$55,180

Average Female Salary

± $1,030

In 2017, full-time male employees in Virginia made 1.34 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Virginia by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Virginia.

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. Asian

    $68,169 ± $3,324

  2. White

    $60,529 ± $977

  3. Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander

    $56,661 ± $29,375

In 2017 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Virginia workers was Asian. These workers were paid 1.13 times more than White workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Virginia by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Gloucester County, VA is from Virginia.

0.478

2017 Wage GINI

0.477

2016 Wage GINI

In 2017, the income inequality in Virginia was 0.478 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.0649% growth from 2016 to 2017, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat less even.

The 2017 the GINI for Virginia was lower than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Virginia in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Virginia across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Highest Median Household Income (Total)

  1. Census Tract 1002.03

  2. Census Tract 1002.02

  3. Census Tract 1002.01

In 2017, the tract with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Gloucester County, VA was Census Tract 1002.03 with a value of $72,143, followed by Census Tract 1002.02 and Census Tract 1002.01, with respective values of $71,705 and $71,516.

The following map shows all of the tracts in Gloucester County, VA colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 35 - 44

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

8.69% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Gloucester County, VA (3.19k out of 36.8k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is lower than the national average of 13.4%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 35 - 44, followed by Males 18 - 24 and then Females 18 - 24.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. White

    2,629 ± 391

  2. Black

    467 ± 188

  3. Hispanic

    211 ± 166

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Gloucester County, VA is White, followed by Black and Hispanic.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

17.8k

2017 Value

± 972

0.282%

1 Year growth

± 7.58%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Gloucester County, VA grew at a rate of 0.282%, from 17.7k employees to 17.8k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Gloucester County, VA, are Sales & Related Occupations (2,106 people), Office & Administrative Support Occupations (1,926 people), and Management Occupations (1,615 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Gloucester County, VA.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Gloucester County, VA, by number of employees, are Sales & Related Occupations (2,106 people), Office & Administrative Support Occupations (1,926 people), and Management Occupations (1,615 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Gloucester County, VA has an unusually high number of residents working as Installation, Maintenance, & Repair Occupations (1.99 times higher than expected), Life, Physical, & Social Science Occupations (1.61 times), and Law Enforcement Workers Including Supervisors (1.57 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Gloucester County, VA, by median earnings, are Legal Occupations ($127,679), Computer & Mathematical Occupations ($84,621), and Law Enforcement Workers Including Supervisors ($64,286).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

17.8k

2017 Value

± 972

0.282%

1 Year growth

± 7.58%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Gloucester County, VA grew at a rate of 0.282%, from 17.7k employees to 17.8k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Gloucester County, VA, are Retail Trade (2,495 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (2,165 people), and Manufacturing (2,127 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Gloucester County, VA, though some of these residents may live in Gloucester County, VA and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Gloucester County, VA, by number of employees, are Retail Trade (2,495 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (2,165 people), and Manufacturing (2,127 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Gloucester County, VA has an unusually high number of Public Administration (1.67 times higher than expected), Utilities (1.66 times), and Construction (1.41 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Gloucester County, VA, by median earnings, are Public Administration ($61,157), Manufacturing ($57,485), and Utilities ($51,392).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Virginia to other states, or from other states to Virginia.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $27.5B

  2. $26B

  3. $22.4B

In 2015, the top outbound Virginia product (by dollars) was Mixed freight with $27.5B, followed by Motorized vehicles ($26B) and Electronics ($22.4B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Virginia products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for Virginia state.

$254B

2015 Value

$373B

Projected 2045 Value

46.7% growth

In 2015, total outbound Virginia trade was $254B. This is expected to increase 46.7% to $373B by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Virginia trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Virginia to other states, or from other states to Virginia.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $23.4B

  2. $12.9B

  3. $11.1B

In 2015, the top outbound Virginia domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Maryland with $23.4B, followed by North Carolina with $12.9B and Pennsylvania and $11.1B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Virginia shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

90.5% of the population of Gloucester County, VA has health coverage, with 43.2% on employee plans, 8.91% on Medicaid, 12.7% on Medicare, 16% on non-group plans, and 9.62% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the county of Gloucester County, VA was $7,556 in 2014. This is a 3.42% increase from the previous year ($7,306).

Primary care physicians in Gloucester County, VA see 1688 patients per year on average, which represents a 4.58% decrease from the previous year (1769 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 2863 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 775 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Mecklenburg County and Halifax County have the highest prevalence of diabetes (15.6%). Additionally, Petersburg city has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (45.3%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

1,688 to 1

Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio

Primary care physicians in Gloucester County, VA see an average of 1,688 patients per year. This represents a 4.58% decrease from the previous year (1,769 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Gloucester County, VA in comparison to neighboring states.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Virginia.

$7,556

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$4,218

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$7,361

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$9,677

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in Virginia (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 3.42%, from $7,306 to $7,556.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

9.49%

Uninsured

43.2%

Employer Coverage

8.91%

Medicaid

12.7%

Medicare

16%

Non-Group

9.62%

Military or VA

Between 2016 and 2017, the percent of uninsured citizens in Gloucester County, VA declined by 11.6% from 10.7% to 9.49%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Gloucester County, VA changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 15.6% prevalence

  2. 15.6% prevalence

  3. 15.4% prevalence

Mecklenburg County and Halifax County have the highest prevalence of diabetes in Virginia, at 15.6%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in Virginia by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

Gloucester County, VA is home to a population of 37k people, from which 99.4% are citizens. As of 2017, 2.45% of Gloucester County, VA residents were born outside of the country (906 people).

The ethnic composition of the population of Gloucester County, VA is composed of 31.5k White Alone residents (85.1%), 3.02k Black or African American Alone residents (8.15%), 1.22k Hispanic or Latino residents (3.28%), 979 Two or More Races residents (2.64%), 195 Asian Alone residents (0.527%), 87 American Indian & Alaska Native Alone residents (0.235%), 31 Some Other Race Alone residents (0.0837%), and 0 Native Hawaiian & Other Pacific Islander Alone residents (0%).

The most common foreign languages spoken in Gloucester County, VA are N/A.

Age

Age by Nativity

44

Median Native-Born Age

± 0.3

52

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 5.3

In 2017, the median age of all people in Gloucester County, VA was 44.6. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 44, were generally younger than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 52. But people in Gloucester County, VA are getting getting older. In 2016, the average age of all Gloucester County, VA residents was 44.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

2.45%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

906 people

2.21%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

819 people

As of 2017, 2.45% of Gloucester County, VA residents (906 people) were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Gloucester County, VA was 2.21%, meaning that the rate has been increasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Gloucester County, VA compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Virginia.

Most Common Origin

  1. El Salvador

    103,545 ± 7,851 people

  2. India

    82,876 ± 7,033 people

  3. Mexico

    56,021 ± 5,792 people

In 2017, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Virginia was El Salvador, the natal country of 103,545 Virginia residents, followed by India with 82,876 and Mexico with 56,021.

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Citizenship

99.4%

2017 Citizenship

99.3%

2016 Citizenship

As of 2017, 99.4% of Gloucester County, VA residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.1%. In 2016, the percentage of US citizens in Gloucester County, VA was 99.3%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been increasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Gloucester County, VA compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

Most Common

  1. White Alone

    31.5k ± 46

  2. Black or African American Alone

    3.02k ± 197

  3. Hispanic or Latino

    1.22k ± 182

In 2017, there were 10.4 times more White Alone residents (31.5k people) in Gloucester County, VA than any other race or ethnicity. There were 3.02k Black or African American Alone and 1.22k Hispanic or Latino residents, the second and third most common racial or ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 8 races and ethnicities represented in Gloucester County, VA as a share of the total population.

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Non-English Speakers

Most Common Languages

  1. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

  2. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

  3. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

N/A% of Gloucester County, VA citizens are speakers of a non-English language, which is approximately the same as the national average of 21.8%. In N/A, the most common non-English language spoken in Gloucester County, VA was N/A. N/A% of the overall population of Gloucester County, VA are native N/A speakers. N/A% speak N/A and N/A% speak N/A, the next two most common languages.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Vietnam

    1,358 ± 214

  2. Gulf War (2001-)

    1,191 ± 250

  3. Gulf War (1990s)

    912 ± 219

Gloucester County, VA has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 1.14 times greater than any other conflict.

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Education

In 2016, universities in Gloucester County, VA awarded 674 degrees. The student population of Gloucester County, VA is skewed towards women, with 1,331 male students and 2,173 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Gloucester County, VA are White (465 and 69.1%), followed by Black or African American (107 and 15.9%), Hispanic or Latino (36 and 5.35%), and Two or More Races (32 and 4.75%).

The largest universities in Gloucester County, VA by number of degrees awarded are Rappahannock Community College (659 and 97.8%) and Dominion School of Hair Design (15 and 2.23%).

The most popular majors in Gloucester County, VA are Other Liberal Arts & Sciences, General Studies, & Humanities (204 and 30.3%), Liberal Arts & Sciences (190 and 28.2%), and Licensed Practical & Vocational Nurse Training (101 and 15%).

The median tuition costs in Gloucester County, VA are $N/A for private four year colleges, and $N/A and $N/A respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

In 2015, the most common concentation for 1 to 2 Year Postsecondary Certificate recipients in Gloucester County, VA was Other Liberal Arts & Sciences, General Studies, & Humanities with 204 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a 1 to 2 Year Postsecondary Certificate from schools in Gloucester County, VA according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded

  1. 659 degrees awarded

  2. 15 degrees awarded

$N/A

Median In-State Public

$N/A

Median Private

In 2016, the Gloucester County, VA institution with the largest number of graduating students was Rappahannock Community College with 659 degrees awarded.

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Student Gender for Common Institutions

218

Degrees Awarded to Men

456

Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2016, 218 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Gloucester County, VA, which is 0.478 times less than the 456 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the institutions in Gloucester County, VA by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity

  1. White

    465 degrees awarded

  2. Black or African American

    107 degrees awarded

  3. Hispanic or Latino

    36 degrees awarded

In 2016 the majority of degrees awarded at institutions in Gloucester County, VA were to White students. These 465 degrees mean that there were 4.35 times more White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Black or African American, with 107 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Gloucester County, VA was $224,100 in 2017, which is 1.03 times larger than the national average of $217,600. Between 2016 and 2017 the median property value increased from $225,100 to $224,100, a 0.444% decrease. The homeownership rate in Gloucester County, VA is 77.2%, which is higher than the national average of 63.9%. People in Gloucester County, VA have an average commute time of 31.7 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Gloucester County, VA is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Income

Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$63,881

Median Household Income

± $2,572

14.7k

Number of Households

± 826

In 2017, the median household income of the 14.7k households in Gloucester County, VA grew to $63,881 from the previous year's value of $62,878.

The following chart displays the households in Gloucester County, VA distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Housing

Property Value

$224,100

2017 Median

± $6,568

$225,100

2016 Median

± $7,272

In 2017, the median property value in Gloucester County, VA declined from to $224,100 from the previous year's value of $225,100.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Gloucester County, VA compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Gloucester County, VA the largest share of households have a property value in the $200k - $250k range.

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Property Taxes

$800 - $1,499

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Gloucester County, VA distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Gloucester County, VA the largest share of households pay taxes in the $800 - $1,499 range.

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Rent vs Own

77.2%

2017 Homeownership

76.7%

2016 Homeownership

In 2017, 77.2% of the housing units in Gloucester County, VA were occupied by their owner. This percentage grew from the previous year's rate of 76.7%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is higher than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Gloucester County, VA compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Gloucester County, VA distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Gloucester County, VA have 2 cars, followed by 3 cars.

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Commute Time

31.7 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Gloucester County, VA have a longer commute time (31.7 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.1 minutes). Additionally, 3.56% of the workforce in Gloucester County, VA have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Gloucester County, VA compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    83.8%

  2. Carpooled

    9.43%

  3. Worked At Home

    3.81%

In 2017, the most common method of travel for workers in Gloucester County, VA was Drove Alone, followed by those who Carpooled and those who Worked At Home.

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