Garland, TX

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Population

235,965

0.492% growth

Median Age

34.5


Median Household Income

$55,637

4.54% growth

Poverty Rate

15.7%


Number of Employees

114,112

0.916% growth

Median Property Value

$132,600

9.23% growth

About

In 2017, Garland, TX had a population of 236k people with a median age of 34.5 and a median household income of $55,637. Between 2016 and 2017 the population of Garland, TX grew from 234,810 to 235,965, a 0.492% increase and its median household income grew from $53,220 to $55,637, a 4.54% increase.

The population of Garland, TX is 41.3% Hispanic or Latino, 31.3% White Alone, and 13.4% Black or African American Alone. N/A% of the people in Garland, TX speak a non-English language, and 82.8% are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Garland, TX are Remington College-Dallas Campus (477 degrees awarded in 2016), Amberton University (410 degrees), and International Beauty College (23 degrees).

The median property value in Garland, TX is $132,600, and the homeownership rate is 61.9%. Most people in Garland, TX commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 27.6 minutes. The average car ownership in Garland, TX is 2 cars per household.

About the photo: White Rock Lake, a reservoir located in north-east Dallas, Texas

Economy

The economy of Garland, TX employs 114k people. The largest industries in Garland, TX are Retail Trade (14,162 people), Manufacturing (12,778 people), and Health Care & Social Assistance (12,663 people), and the highest paying industries are Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($53,963), Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services ($52,212), and Information ($51,183).

Median household income in Garland, TX is $55,637. Males in Garland, TX have an average income that is 1.41 times higher than the average income of females, which is $45,959. The income inequality in Garland, TX (measured using the Gini index) is 0.482, which is higher than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$55,637

2017 value

± $1,407

4.54%

1 Year Growth

± 3.19%

Households in Garland, TX have a median annual income of $55,637, which is less than the median annual income of $60,336 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $53,220 in 2016, which represents a 4.54% annual growth.

Look at the chart to see how the median household income in Garland, TX compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the Place level, so we are showing data for Texas.

$64,953

Average Male Salary

± $716

$45,959

Average Female Salary

± $514

In 2017, full-time male employees in Texas made 1.41 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Texas by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the Place level, so we are showing data for Texas.

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. Asian

    $64,947 ± $2,196

  2. White

    $52,072 ± $505

  3. American Indian

    $45,538 ± $7,571

In 2017 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Texas workers was Asian. These workers were paid 1.25 times more than White workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Texas by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Garland, TX is from Texas.

0.482

2017 Wage GINI

0.482

2016 Wage GINI

In 2017, the income inequality in Texas was 0.482 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.139% growth from 2016 to 2017, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat less even.

The 2017 the GINI for Texas was higher than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed less evenly in Texas in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Texas across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Highest Median Household Income (Total)

  1. Census Tract 401.02

  2. Census Tract 181.24

  3. Census Tract 181.22

In 2017, the place with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Garland, TX was Census Tract 401.02 with a value of $97,424, followed by Census Tract 181.24 and Census Tract 181.22, with respective values of $91,623 and $89,119.

The following map shows all of the places in Garland, TX colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 25 - 34

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

15.7% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Garland, TX (36.8k out of 235k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 13.4%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 25 - 34, followed by Females 6 - 11 and then Males 6 - 11.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. Hispanic

    20,967 ± 1,249

  2. White

    18,774 ± 1,133

  3. Other

    6,649 ± 729

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Garland, TX is Hispanic, followed by White and Other.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

114k

2017 Value

± 2,618

0.916%

1 Year growth

± 3.19%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Garland, TX grew at a rate of 0.916%, from 113k employees to 114k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Garland, TX, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (16,392 people), Sales & Related Occupations (12,516 people), and Construction & Extraction Occupations (9,704 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Garland, TX.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Garland, TX, by number of employees, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (16,392 people), Sales & Related Occupations (12,516 people), and Construction & Extraction Occupations (9,704 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other places, Garland, TX has an unusually high number of residents working as Construction & Extraction Occupations (1.71 times higher than expected), Production Occupations (1.44 times), and Installation, Maintenance, & Repair Occupations (1.35 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Garland, TX, by median earnings, are Computer & Mathematical Occupations ($73,528), Architecture & Engineering Occupations ($71,111), and Computer, Engineering, & Science Occupations ($69,862).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

114k

2017 Value

± 2,618

0.916%

1 Year growth

± 3.19%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Garland, TX grew at a rate of 0.916%, from 113k employees to 114k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Garland, TX, are Retail Trade (14,162 people), Manufacturing (12,778 people), and Health Care & Social Assistance (12,663 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Garland, TX, though some of these residents may live in Garland, TX and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Garland, TX, by number of employees, are Retail Trade (14,162 people), Manufacturing (12,778 people), and Health Care & Social Assistance (12,663 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other places, Garland, TX has an unusually high number of Construction (1.6 times higher than expected), Other Services, Except Public Administration (1.5 times), and Administrative & Support & Waste Management Services (1.46 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Garland, TX, by median earnings, are Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($53,963), Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services ($52,212), and Information ($51,183).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Texas to other states, or from other states to Texas.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $282B

  2. $216B

  3. $159B

In 2015, the top outbound Texas product (by dollars) was Fuel oils with $282B, followed by Gasoline ($216B) and Mixed freight ($159B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Texas products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for Texas state.

$1.97T

2015 Value

$2.8T

Projected 2045 Value

42.1% growth

In 2015, total outbound Texas trade was $1.97T. This is expected to increase 42.1% to $2.8T by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Texas trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Texas to other states, or from other states to Texas.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $85.7B

  2. $53.4B

  3. $34.5B

In 2015, the top outbound Texas domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Louisiana with $85.7B, followed by Oklahoma with $53.4B and California and $34.5B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Texas shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

76.5% of the population of Garland, TX has health coverage, with 38.2% on employee plans, 18.8% on Medicaid, 8.09% on Medicare, 10.6% on non-group plans, and 0.818% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the place of Garland, TX was $6,998 in 2014. This is a 5.06% increase from the previous year ($6,661).

Primary care physicians in Garland, TX see 1670 patients per year on average, which represents a 0.12% decrease from the previous year (1672 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1790 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 1012 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Cass County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (14.5%). Additionally, Angelina County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (39.6%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Texas.

1,670 to 1

Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio

Primary care physicians in Texas see an average of 1,670 patients per year. This represents a 0.12% decrease from the previous year (1,672 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Texas in comparison to neighboring states.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Texas.

$6,998

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$4,696

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$7,273

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$11,895

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in Texas (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 5.06%, from $6,661 to $6,998.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

23.5%

Uninsured

38.2%

Employer Coverage

18.8%

Medicaid

8.09%

Medicare

10.6%

Non-Group

0.818%

Military or VA

Between 2016 and 2017, the percent of uninsured citizens in Garland, TX declined by 5.18% from 24.8% to 23.5%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Garland, TX changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 14.5% prevalence

  2. 14.4% prevalence

  3. 14.3% prevalence

Cass County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in Texas, at 14.5%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in Texas by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

Garland, TX is home to a population of 236k people, from which 82.8% are citizens. As of 2017, 28.2% of Garland, TX residents were born outside of the country (66.6k people).

The ethnic composition of the population of Garland, TX is composed of 97.4k Hispanic or Latino residents (41.3%), 73.8k White Alone residents (31.3%), 31.7k Black or African American Alone residents (13.4%), 25.4k Asian Alone residents (10.8%), 6.35k Two or More Races residents (2.69%), 731 American Indian & Alaska Native Alone residents (0.31%), 471 Some Other Race Alone residents (0.2%), and 61 Native Hawaiian & Other Pacific Islander Alone residents (0.0259%).

The most common foreign languages spoken in Garland, TX are N/A.

Age

Age by Nativity

28

Median Native-Born Age

± 0.7

43

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 0.7

In 2017, the median age of all people in Garland, TX was 34.5. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 28, were generally younger than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 43. But people in Garland, TX are getting getting older. In 2016, the average age of all Garland, TX residents was 34.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

28.2%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

66.6k people

28.1%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

66.1k people

As of 2017, 28.2% of Garland, TX residents (66.6k people) were born outside of the United States, which is higher than the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Garland, TX was 28.1%, meaning that the rate has been increasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Garland, TX compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the Place level, so we are showing data for Texas.

Most Common Origin

  1. Mexico

    2,547,886 ± 37,324 people

  2. India

    231,271 ± 11,757 people

  3. El Salvador

    200,904 ± 10,964 people

In 2017, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Texas was Mexico, the natal country of 2,547,886 Texas residents, followed by India with 231,271 and El Salvador with 200,904.

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Citizenship

82.8%

2017 Citizenship

82.5%

2016 Citizenship

As of 2017, 82.8% of Garland, TX residents were US citizens, which is lower than the national average of 93.1%. In 2016, the percentage of US citizens in Garland, TX was 82.5%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been increasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Garland, TX compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

Most Common

  1. Hispanic or Latino

    97.4k ± 4.24k

  2. White Alone

    73.8k ± 2.32k

  3. Black or African American Alone

    31.7k ± 1.83k

In 2017, there were 1.32 times more Hispanic or Latino residents (97.4k people) in Garland, TX than any other race or ethnicity. There were 73.8k White Alone and 31.7k Black or African American Alone residents, the second and third most common racial or ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 8 races and ethnicities represented in Garland, TX as a share of the total population.

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Non-English Speakers

Most Common Languages

  1. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

  2. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

  3. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

N/A% of Garland, TX citizens are speakers of a non-English language, which is approximately the same as the national average of 21.8%. In N/A, the most common non-English language spoken in Garland, TX was N/A. N/A% of the overall population of Garland, TX are native N/A speakers. N/A% speak N/A and N/A% speak N/A, the next two most common languages.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Vietnam

    3,496 ± 440

  2. Gulf War (2001-)

    1,521 ± 323

  3. Gulf War (1990s)

    1,204 ± 243

Garland, TX has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 2.3 times greater than any other conflict.

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Education

In 2016, universities in Garland, TX awarded 910 degrees. The student population of Garland, TX is skewed towards women, with 746 male students and 1,592 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Garland, TX are White (286 and 32.6%), followed by Hispanic or Latino (276 and 31.5%), Black or African American (245 and 28%), and Asian (51 and 5.82%).

The largest universities in Garland, TX by number of degrees awarded are Remington College-Dallas Campus (477 and 52.4%), Amberton University (410 and 45.1%), and International Beauty College (23 and 2.53%).

The most popular majors in Garland, TX are Medical Assistant (212 and 23.3%), General Business Administration & Management (147 and 16.2%), and Counseling Psychology (129 and 14.2%).

The median tuition costs in Garland, TX are $11,681 for private four year colleges, and $N/A and $N/A respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

Most Common

  1. 129 degrees awarded

  2. 105 degrees awarded

  3. 74 degrees awarded

In 2015, the most common concentation for Masters Degree recipients in Garland, TX was Counseling Psychology with 129 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Masters Degree from schools in Garland, TX according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded

  1. 477 degrees awarded

  2. 410 degrees awarded

  3. 23 degrees awarded

$N/A

Median In-State Public

$11,681

Median Private

In 2016, the Garland, TX institution with the largest number of graduating students was Remington College-Dallas Campus with 477 degrees awarded.

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Student Gender for Common Institutions

254

Degrees Awarded to Men

656

Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2016, 254 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Garland, TX, which is 0.387 times less than the 656 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the institutions in Garland, TX by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity

  1. White

    286 degrees awarded

  2. Hispanic or Latino

    276 degrees awarded

  3. Black or African American

    245 degrees awarded

In 2016 the majority of degrees awarded at institutions in Garland, TX were to White students. These 286 degrees mean that there were 1.04 times more White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Hispanic or Latino, with 276 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Garland, TX was $132,600 in 2017, which is 0.609 times smaller than the national average of $217,600. Between 2016 and 2017 the median property value increased from $121,400 to $132,600, a 9.23% increase. The homeownership rate in Garland, TX is 61.9%, which is lower than the national average of 63.9%. People in Garland, TX have an average commute time of 27.6 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Garland, TX is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Income

Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$55,637

Median Household Income

± $1,407

75.8k

Number of Households

± 1,936

In 2017, the median household income of the 75.8k households in Garland, TX grew to $55,637 from the previous year's value of $53,220.

The following chart displays the households in Garland, TX distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Housing

Property Value

$132,600

2017 Median

± $2,069

$121,400

2016 Median

± $1,449

In 2017, the median property value in Garland, TX grew to to $132,600 from the previous year's value of $121,400.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Garland, TX compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Garland, TX the largest share of households have a property value in the $100k - $125k range.

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Property Taxes

$3k+

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Garland, TX distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Garland, TX the largest share of households pay taxes in the $3k+ range.

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Rent vs Own

61.9%

2017 Homeownership

61.9%

2016 Homeownership

In 2017, 61.9% of the housing units in Garland, TX were occupied by their owner. This percentage declined from the previous year's rate of 61.9%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is lower than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Garland, TX compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Garland, TX distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Garland, TX have 2 cars, followed by 3 cars.

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Commute Time

27.6 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Garland, TX have a longer commute time (27.6 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.1 minutes). Additionally, 1.72% of the workforce in Garland, TX have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Garland, TX compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    79%

  2. Carpooled

    12.5%

  3. Worked At Home

    3.73%

In 2017, the most common method of travel for workers in Garland, TX was Drove Alone, followed by those who Carpooled and those who Worked At Home.

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