Fayette County, KY

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Population

323,780

0.566% growth

Median Age

34.9


Median Household Income

$54,896

2.21% decline

Poverty Rate

18.6%


Number of Employees

172,255

1.5% growth

Median Property Value

$193,300

0.104% growth

About

In 2018, Fayette County, KY had a population of 324k people with a median age of 34.9 and a median household income of $54,896. Between 2017 and 2018 the population of Fayette County, KY grew from 321,959 to 323,780, a 0.566% increase and its median household income declined from $56,137 to $54,896, a -2.21% decrease.

The population of Fayette County, KY is 70.6% White Alone, 14.5% Black or African American Alone, and 7.42% Hispanic or Latino. N/A% of the people in Fayette County, KY speak a non-English language, and 93.2% are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Fayette County, KY are University of Kentucky (7,232 degrees awarded in 2017), Bluegrass Community and Technical College (3,527 degrees), and Transylvania University (254 degrees).

The median property value in Fayette County, KY is $193,300, and the homeownership rate is 55.8%. Most people in Fayette County, KY commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 20 minutes. The average car ownership in Fayette County, KY is 2 cars per household.

About the photo: Lexington, KY

Economy

The economy of Fayette County, KY employs 172k people. The largest industries in Fayette County, KY are Educational Services (26,024 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (24,068 people), and Retail Trade (21,649 people), and the highest paying industries are Management of Companies & Enterprises ($111,103), Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($76,534), and Finance & Insurance ($60,000).

Median household income in Fayette County, KY is $54,896. Males in Fayette County, KY have an average income that is 1.31 times higher than the average income of females, which is $44,811. The income inequality in Fayette County, KY (measured using the Gini index) is 0.454, which is lower than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$54,896

2018 value

± $2,466

-2.21%

1 Year Growth

± 7.7%

Households in Fayette County, KY have a median annual income of $54,896, which is less than the median annual income of $61,937 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $56,137 in 2017, which represents a -2.21% annual growth.

Look at the chart to see how the median household income in Fayette County, KY compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Kentucky.

$58,924

Average Male Salary

± $1,584

$44,811

Average Female Salary

± $1,175

In 2018, full-time male employees in Kentucky made 1.31 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Kentucky by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Kentucky.

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. Asian

    $51,531 ± $9,168

  2. White

    $46,110 ± $966

  3. Two or More Races

    $40,496 ± $7,177

In 2018 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Kentucky workers was Asian. These workers were paid 1.12 times more than White workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Kentucky by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Fayette County, KY is from Kentucky.

0.454

2018 Wage GINI

0.459

2017 Wage GINI

In 2018, the income inequality in Kentucky was 0.454 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 1.02% decline from 2017 to 2018, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat more even.

The 2018 the GINI for Kentucky was lower than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Kentucky in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Kentucky across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Highest Median Household Income (Total)

  1. Census Tract 23.04

  2. Census Tract 40.06

  3. Census Tract 39.16

In 2017, the tract with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Fayette County, KY was Census Tract 23.04 with a value of $163,542, followed by Census Tract 40.06 and Census Tract 39.16, with respective values of $148,214 and $131,250.

The following map shows all of the tracts in Fayette County, KY colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 18 - 24

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

18.6% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Fayette County, KY (56k out of 302k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 13.1%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 18 - 24, followed by Males 18 - 24 and then Females 25 - 34.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. White

    34,120 ± 1,268

  2. Black

    13,744 ± 823

  3. Hispanic

    7,081 ± 570

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Fayette County, KY is White, followed by Black and Hispanic.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

172k

2018 Value

± 6,891

1.5%

1 Year growth

± 5.49%

From 2017 to 2018, employment in Fayette County, KY grew at a rate of 1.5%, from 170k employees to 172k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Fayette County, KY, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (21,030 people), Sales & Related Occupations (17,978 people), and Management Occupations (16,335 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Fayette County, KY.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Fayette County, KY, by number of employees, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (21,030 people), Sales & Related Occupations (17,978 people), and Management Occupations (16,335 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Fayette County, KY has an unusually high number of residents working as Education Instruction, & Library Occupations (1.43 times higher than expected), Health Diagnosing & Treating Practitioners & Other Technical Occupations (1.41 times), and Community & Social Service Occupations (1.41 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Fayette County, KY, by median earnings, are Legal Occupations ($101,677), Architecture & Engineering Occupations ($80,933), and Health Diagnosing & Treating Practitioners & Other Technical Occupations ($71,388).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

172k

2018 Value

± 6,891

1.5%

1 Year growth

± 5.49%

From 2017 to 2018, employment in Fayette County, KY grew at a rate of 1.5%, from 170k employees to 172k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Fayette County, KY, are Educational Services (26,024 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (24,068 people), and Retail Trade (21,649 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Fayette County, KY, though some of these residents may live in Fayette County, KY and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Fayette County, KY, by number of employees, are Educational Services (26,024 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (24,068 people), and Retail Trade (21,649 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Fayette County, KY has an unusually high number of Educational Services (1.64 times higher than expected), Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting (1.22 times), and Retail Trade (1.14 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Fayette County, KY, by median earnings, are Management of Companies & Enterprises ($111,103), Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($76,534), and Finance & Insurance ($60,000).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Kentucky to other states, or from other states to Kentucky.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $74.6B

  2. $17.8B

  3. $17.2B

In 2015, the top outbound Kentucky product (by dollars) was Motorized vehicles with $74.6B, followed by Base metals ($17.8B) and Gasoline ($17.2B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Kentucky products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for Kentucky state.

$301B

2020 Value

$398B

Projected 2045 Value

32.3% growth

In 2020, total outbound Kentucky trade was $301B. This is expected to increase 32.3% to $398B by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Kentucky trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Kentucky to other states, or from other states to Kentucky.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $23.5B

  2. $20.7B

  3. $17.9B

In 2015, the top outbound Kentucky domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Ohio with $23.5B, followed by Indiana with $20.7B and Tennessee and $17.9B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Kentucky shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

93.8% of the population of Fayette County, KY has health coverage, with 52.4% on employee plans, 16.6% on Medicaid, 10.2% on Medicare, 12.9% on non-group plans, and 1.61% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the county of Fayette County, KY was $8,004 in 2014. This is a 6.11% increase from the previous year ($7,543).

Primary care physicians in Fayette County, KY see 802 patients per year on average, which represents a 0.373% decrease from the previous year (805 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 714 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 316 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Harlan County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (18%). Additionally, Leslie County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (43.3%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

802 to 1

Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio

Primary care physicians in Fayette County, KY see an average of 802 patients per year. This represents a 0.373% decrease from the previous year (805 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Fayette County, KY in comparison to neighboring states.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Kentucky.

$8,004

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$4,551

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$7,016

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$10,368

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in Kentucky (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 6.11%, from $7,543 to $8,004.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

6.24%

Uninsured

52.4%

Employer Coverage

16.6%

Medicaid

10.2%

Medicare

12.9%

Non-Group

1.61%

Military or VA

Between 2016 and 2017, the percent of uninsured citizens in Fayette County, KY declined by 7.68% from 6.76% to 6.24%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Fayette County, KY changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 18% prevalence

  2. 17.9% prevalence

  3. 17.8% prevalence

Harlan County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in Kentucky, at 18%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in Kentucky by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

Fayette County, KY is home to a population of 324k people, from which 93.2% are citizens. As of 2017, 8.91% of Fayette County, KY residents were born outside of the country (28.7k people).

The ethnic composition of the population of Fayette County, KY is composed of 229k White Alone residents (70.6%), 47k Black or African American Alone residents (14.5%), 24k Hispanic or Latino residents (7.42%), 12.5k Asian Alone residents (3.86%), 10.7k Two or More Races residents (3.29%), 876 Some Other Race Alone residents (0.271%), 77 American Indian & Alaska Native Alone residents (0.0238%), and 0 Native Hawaiian & Other Pacific Islander Alone residents (0%).

Age

Age by Nativity

35

Median Native-Born Age

± 0.3

39

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 2.6

In 2018, the median age of all people in Fayette County, KY was 34.9. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 35, were generally younger than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 39. But people in Fayette County, KY are getting getting older. In 2017, the average age of all Fayette County, KY residents was 34.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

8.91%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

28.7k people

8.72%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

27.8k people

As of 2017, 8.91% of Fayette County, KY residents (28.7k people) were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Fayette County, KY was 8.72%, meaning that the rate has been increasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Fayette County, KY compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Kentucky.

Most Common Origin

  1. Mexico

    27,559 ± 4,063 people

  2. Cuba

    11,069 ± 2,580 people

  3. China

    9,810 ± 2,429 people

In 2018, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Kentucky was Mexico, the natal country of 27,559 Kentucky residents, followed by Cuba with 11,069 and China with 9,810.

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Citizenship

93.2%

2018 Citizenship

94.2%

2017 Citizenship

As of 2018, 93.2% of Fayette County, KY residents were US citizens, which is lower than the national average of 93.2%. In 2017, the percentage of US citizens in Fayette County, KY was 94.2%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been decreasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Fayette County, KY compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

Most Common

  1. White Alone

    229k ± 568

  2. Black or African American Alone

    47k ± 1.73k

  3. Hispanic or Latino

    24k ± 3.4k

In 2018, there were 4.87 times more White Alone residents (229k people) in Fayette County, KY than any other race or ethnicity. There were 47k Black or African American Alone and 24k Hispanic or Latino residents, the second and third most common racial or ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 8 races and ethnicities represented in Fayette County, KY as a share of the total population.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. false

    0 ± 0

  2. false

    0 ± 0

  3. false

    0 ± 0

Fayette County, KY has a large population of military personnel who served in false, N/A times greater than any other conflict.

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Education

In 2017, universities in Fayette County, KY awarded 11,597 degrees. The student population of Fayette County, KY is skewed towards women, with 17,769 male students and 23,050 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Fayette County, KY are White (8,917 and 79.7%), followed by Black or African American (850 and 7.6%), Hispanic or Latino (407 and 3.64%), and Unknown (398 and 3.56%).

The largest universities in Fayette County, KY by number of degrees awarded are University of Kentucky (7,232 and 62.4%), Bluegrass Community and Technical College (3,527 and 30.4%), and Transylvania University (254 and 2.19%).

The most popular majors in Fayette County, KY are Liberal Arts & Sciences (701 and 6.04%), Licensed Practical & Vocational Nurse Training (437 and 3.77%), and Industrial Mechanics & Maintenance Technology (367 and 3.16%).

The median tuition costs in Fayette County, KY are $35,770 for private four year colleges, and $10,579 and $26,683 respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

Most Common

  1. 262 degrees awarded

  2. 238 degrees awarded

  3. 232 degrees awarded

In 2015, the most common concentation for Bachelors Degree recipients in Fayette County, KY was General Psychology with 262 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Bachelors Degree from schools in Fayette County, KY according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded

  1. 7,232 degrees awarded

  2. 3,527 degrees awarded

  3. 254 degrees awarded

$10,579

Median In-State Public

$35,770

Median Private

In 2017, the Fayette County, KY institution with the largest number of graduating students was University of Kentucky with 7,232 degrees awarded.

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Student Gender for Common Institutions

5,271

Degrees Awarded to Men

6,326

Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2017, 5,271 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Fayette County, KY, which is 0.833 times less than the 6,326 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the top 5 institutions in Fayette County, KY by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity

  1. White

    8,917 degrees awarded

  2. Black or African American

    850 degrees awarded

  3. Hispanic or Latino

    407 degrees awarded

In 2017 the majority of degrees awarded at institutions in Fayette County, KY were to White students. These 8,917 degrees mean that there were 10.5 times more White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Black or African American, with 850 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Fayette County, KY was $193,300 in 2018, which is 0.842 times smaller than the national average of $229,700. Between 2017 and 2018 the median property value increased from $193,100 to $193,300, a 0.104% increase. The homeownership rate in Fayette County, KY is 55.8%, which is lower than the national average of 63.9%. People in Fayette County, KY have an average commute time of 20 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Fayette County, KY is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Housing

Property Value

$193,300

2018 Median

± $5,884

$193,100

2017 Median

± $7,060

In 2018, the median property value in Fayette County, KY grew to to $193,300 from the previous year's value of $193,100.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Fayette County, KY compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Fayette County, KY the largest share of households have a property value in the $200k - $250k range.

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Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$54,896

Median Household Income

± $2,466

131k

Number of Households

± 5,918

In 2018, the median household income of the 131k households in Fayette County, KY declined from $54,896 from the previous year's value of $56,137.

The following chart displays the households in Fayette County, KY distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Property Taxes

$800 - $1,499

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Fayette County, KY distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Fayette County, KY the largest share of households pay taxes in the $800 - $1,499 range.

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Rent vs Own

55.8%

2018 Homeownership

55.3%

2017 Homeownership

In 2018, 55.8% of the housing units in Fayette County, KY were occupied by their owner. This percentage grew from the previous year's rate of 55.3%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is lower than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Fayette County, KY compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Commute Time

20 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Fayette County, KY have a shorter commute time (20 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.7 minutes). Additionally, 1.45% of the workforce in Fayette County, KY have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Fayette County, KY compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    79.4%

  2. Carpooled

    8.74%

  3. Worked At Home

    4.4%

In 2018, the most common method of travel for workers in Fayette County, KY was Drove Alone (79.4%), followed by those who Carpooled (8.74%) and those who Worked At Home (4.4%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Fayette County, KY distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Fayette County, KY have 2 cars, followed by 1 car.

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