Erie, PA

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Population

98,970

1.19% decline

Median Age

34.7


Median Household Income

$35,802

1.7% growth

Poverty Rate

26.8%


Number of Employees

42,103

2.13% decline

Median Property Value

$87,000

0.346% growth

About

In 2017, Erie, PA had a population of 99k people with a median age of 34.7 and a median household income of $35,802. Between 2016 and 2017 the population of Erie, PA declined from 100,157 to 98,970, a -1.19% decrease and its median household income grew from $35,205 to $35,802, a 1.7% increase.

The population of Erie, PA is 70.2% White Alone, 15.5% Black or African American Alone, and 7.51% Hispanic or Latino. N/A% of the people in Erie, PA speak a non-English language, and 95.8% are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Erie, PA are Gannon University (1,227 degrees awarded in 2016), Lake Erie College of Osteopathic Medicine (1,096 degrees), and Mercyhurst University (714 degrees).

The median property value in Erie, PA is $87,000, and the homeownership rate is 51.4%. Most people in Erie, PA commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 16.9 minutes. The average car ownership in Erie, PA is 2 cars per household.

About the photo: Erie Harbor Pierhead Lighthouse, Erie, PA

Economy

The economy of Erie, PA employs 42.1k people. The largest industries in Erie, PA are Health Care & Social Assistance (8,450 people), Manufacturing (6,097 people), and Retail Trade (4,822 people), and the highest paying industries are Utilities ($55,595), Public Administration ($41,863), and Transportation & Warehousing, & Utilities ($40,933).

Median household income in Erie, PA is $35,802. Males in Erie, PA have an average income that is 1.35 times higher than the average income of females, which is $49,502. The income inequality in Erie, PA (measured using the Gini index) is 0.469, which is lower than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$35,802

2017 value

± $1,277

1.7%

1 Year Growth

± 4.98%

Households in Erie, PA have a median annual income of $35,802, which is less than the median annual income of $60,336 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $35,205 in 2016, which represents a 1.7% annual growth.

Look at the chart to see how the median household income in Erie, PA compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the Place level, so we are showing data for Pennsylvania.

$67,039

Average Male Salary

± $1,040

$49,502

Average Female Salary

± $757

In 2017, full-time male employees in Pennsylvania made 1.35 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Pennsylvania by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the Place level, so we are showing data for Pennsylvania.

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. Asian

    $61,450 ± $4,076

  2. White

    $51,412 ± $642

  3. Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander

    $38,644 ± $21,965

In 2017 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Pennsylvania workers was Asian. These workers were paid 1.2 times more than White workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Pennsylvania by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Erie, PA is from Pennsylvania.

0.469

2017 Wage GINI

0.469

2016 Wage GINI

In 2017, the income inequality in Pennsylvania was 0.469 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.19% growth from 2016 to 2017, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat less even.

The 2017 the GINI for Pennsylvania was lower than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Pennsylvania in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Pennsylvania across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Highest Median Household Income (Total)

  1. Census Tract 29

  2. Census Tract 2

  3. Census Tract 21

In 2017, the place with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Erie, PA was Census Tract 29 with a value of $75,613, followed by Census Tract 2 and Census Tract 21, with respective values of $59,757 and $48,873.

The following map shows all of the places in Erie, PA colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 25 - 34

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

26.8% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Erie, PA (25.3k out of 94.4k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 13.4%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 25 - 34, followed by Females 18 - 24 and then Males 6 - 11.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. White

    16,074 ± 895

  2. Black

    5,752 ± 492

  3. Hispanic

    3,930 ± 360

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Erie, PA is White, followed by Black and Hispanic.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

42.1k

2017 Value

± 1,233

-2.13%

1 Year decline

± 4.32%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Erie, PA declined at a rate of -2.13%, from 43k employees to 42.1k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Erie, PA, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (5,300 people), Sales & Related Occupations (4,254 people), and Food Preparation & Serving Related Occupations (4,063 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Erie, PA.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Erie, PA, by number of employees, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (5,300 people), Sales & Related Occupations (4,254 people), and Food Preparation & Serving Related Occupations (4,063 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other places, Erie, PA has an unusually high number of residents working as Community & Social Service Occupations (1.69 times higher than expected), Production Occupations (1.66 times), and Food Preparation & Serving Related Occupations (1.65 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Erie, PA, by median earnings, are Architecture & Engineering Occupations ($55,967), Health Diagnosing & Treating Practitioners & Other Technical Occupations ($51,172), and Law Enforcement Workers Including Supervisors ($46,992).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

42.1k

2017 Value

± 1,233

-2.13%

1 Year decline

± 4.32%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Erie, PA declined at a rate of -2.13%, from 43k employees to 42.1k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Erie, PA, are Health Care & Social Assistance (8,450 people), Manufacturing (6,097 people), and Retail Trade (4,822 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Erie, PA, though some of these residents may live in Erie, PA and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Erie, PA, by number of employees, are Health Care & Social Assistance (8,450 people), Manufacturing (6,097 people), and Retail Trade (4,822 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other places, Erie, PA has an unusually high number of Arts, Entertainment, & Recreation (1.54 times higher than expected), Health Care & Social Assistance (1.45 times), and Manufacturing (1.43 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Erie, PA, by median earnings, are Utilities ($55,595), Public Administration ($41,863), and Transportation & Warehousing, & Utilities ($40,933).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Pennsylvania to other states, or from other states to Pennsylvania.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $83B

  2. $50.6B

  3. $49.7B

In 2015, the top outbound Pennsylvania product (by dollars) was Mixed freight with $83B, followed by Coal-n.e.c. ($50.6B) and Pharmaceuticals ($49.7B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Pennsylvania products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for Pennsylvania state.

$618B

2015 Value

$954B

Projected 2045 Value

54.4% growth

In 2015, total outbound Pennsylvania trade was $618B. This is expected to increase 54.4% to $954B by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Pennsylvania trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Pennsylvania to other states, or from other states to Pennsylvania.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $61B

  2. $57.7B

  3. $33.1B

In 2015, the top outbound Pennsylvania domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was New York with $61B, followed by New Jersey with $57.7B and Ohio and $33.1B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Pennsylvania shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

92% of the population of Erie, PA has health coverage, with 38.5% on employee plans, 29.8% on Medicaid, 10% on Medicare, 12.2% on non-group plans, and 1.4% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the place of Erie, PA was $9,258 in 2014. This is a 4.29% increase from the previous year ($8,877).

Primary care physicians in Erie, PA see 1232 patients per year on average, which represents a 0.326% increase from the previous year (1228 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1481 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 559 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Fayette County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (16%). Additionally, Clearfield County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (39.3%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Pennsylvania.

1,232 to 1

Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio

Primary care physicians in Pennsylvania see an average of 1,232 patients per year. This represents a 0.326% increase from the previous year (1,228 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Pennsylvania in comparison to neighboring states.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Pennsylvania.

$9,258

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$4,634

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$9,407

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$11,243

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in Pennsylvania (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 4.29%, from $8,877 to $9,258.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

8.04%

Uninsured

38.5%

Employer Coverage

29.8%

Medicaid

10%

Medicare

12.2%

Non-Group

1.4%

Military or VA

Between 2016 and 2017, the percent of uninsured citizens in Erie, PA declined by 9.23% from 8.86% to 8.04%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Erie, PA changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 16% prevalence

  2. 13.4% prevalence

  3. 13.2% prevalence

Fayette County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in Pennsylvania, at 16%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in Pennsylvania by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

Erie, PA is home to a population of 99k people, from which 95.8% are citizens. As of 2017, 7.41% of Erie, PA residents were born outside of the country (7.33k people).

The ethnic composition of the population of Erie, PA is composed of 69.5k White Alone residents (70.2%), 15.3k Black or African American Alone residents (15.5%), 7.44k Hispanic or Latino residents (7.51%), 3.18k Two or More Races residents (3.21%), 2.88k Asian Alone residents (2.91%), 373 Some Other Race Alone residents (0.377%), 294 American Indian & Alaska Native Alone residents (0.297%), and 25 Native Hawaiian & Other Pacific Islander Alone residents (0.0253%).

The most common foreign languages spoken in Erie, PA are N/A.

Age

Age by Nativity

35

Median Native-Born Age

± 0.7

36

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 1.9

In 2017, the median age of all people in Erie, PA was 34.7. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 35, were generally younger than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 36. But people in Erie, PA are getting getting older. In 2016, the average age of all Erie, PA residents was 34.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

7.41%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

7.33k people

7.26%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

7.27k people

As of 2017, 7.41% of Erie, PA residents (7.33k people) were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Erie, PA was 7.26%, meaning that the rate has been increasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Erie, PA compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the Place level, so we are showing data for Pennsylvania.

Most Common Origin

  1. India

    81,562 ± 6,989 people

  2. China

    63,036 ± 6,149 people

  3. Mexico

    54,918 ± 5,741 people

In 2017, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Pennsylvania was India, the natal country of 81,562 Pennsylvania residents, followed by China with 63,036 and Mexico with 54,918.

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Citizenship

95.8%

2017 Citizenship

95.6%

2016 Citizenship

As of 2017, 95.8% of Erie, PA residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.1%. In 2016, the percentage of US citizens in Erie, PA was 95.6%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been increasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Erie, PA compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

Most Common

  1. White Alone

    69.5k ± 874

  2. Black or African American Alone

    15.3k ± 727

  3. Hispanic or Latino

    7.44k ± 784

In 2017, there were 4.54 times more White Alone residents (69.5k people) in Erie, PA than any other race or ethnicity. There were 15.3k Black or African American Alone and 7.44k Hispanic or Latino residents, the second and third most common racial or ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 8 races and ethnicities represented in Erie, PA as a share of the total population.

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Non-English Speakers

Most Common Languages

  1. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

  2. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

  3. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

N/A% of Erie, PA citizens are speakers of a non-English language, which is approximately the same as the national average of 21.8%. In N/A, the most common non-English language spoken in Erie, PA was N/A. N/A% of the overall population of Erie, PA are native N/A speakers. N/A% speak N/A and N/A% speak N/A, the next two most common languages.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Vietnam

    2,079 ± 260

  2. Gulf War (2001-)

    862 ± 182

  3. Gulf War (1990s)

    787 ± 175

Erie, PA has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 2.41 times greater than any other conflict.

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Education

In 2016, universities in Erie, PA awarded 3,058 degrees. The student population of Erie, PA is skewed towards women, with 5,473 male students and 5,876 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Erie, PA are White (2,182 and 79.9%), followed by Asian (239 and 8.75%), Black or African American (104 and 3.81%), and Hispanic or Latino (103 and 3.77%).

The largest universities in Erie, PA by number of degrees awarded are Gannon University (1,227 and 40.1%), Lake Erie College of Osteopathic Medicine (1,096 and 35.8%), and Mercyhurst University (714 and 23.3%).

The most popular majors in Erie, PA are Osteopathic Medicine (535 and 17.5%), Pharmacy (256 and 8.37%), and Pre-Medical Studies (136 and 4.45%).

The median tuition costs in Erie, PA are $31,308 for private four year colleges, and $N/A and $N/A respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

Most Common

  1. 90 degrees awarded

  2. 87 degrees awarded

  3. 87 degrees awarded

In 2015, the most common concentation for Bachelors Degree recipients in Erie, PA was General Biological Sciences with 90 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Bachelors Degree from schools in Erie, PA according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded

  1. 1,227 degrees awarded

  2. 1,096 degrees awarded

  3. 714 degrees awarded

$N/A

Median In-State Public

$31,308

Median Private

In 2016, the Erie, PA institution with the largest number of graduating students was Gannon University with 1,227 degrees awarded.

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Student Gender for Common Institutions

1,424

Degrees Awarded to Men

1,634

Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2016, 1,424 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Erie, PA, which is 0.871 times less than the 1,634 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the institutions in Erie, PA by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity

  1. White

    2,182 degrees awarded

  2. Asian

    239 degrees awarded

  3. Black or African American

    104 degrees awarded

In 2016 the majority of degrees awarded at institutions in Erie, PA were to White students. These 2,182 degrees mean that there were 9.13 times more White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Asian, with 239 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Erie, PA was $87,000 in 2017, which is 0.4 times smaller than the national average of $217,600. Between 2016 and 2017 the median property value increased from $86,700 to $87,000, a 0.346% increase. The homeownership rate in Erie, PA is 51.4%, which is lower than the national average of 63.9%. People in Erie, PA have an average commute time of 16.9 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Erie, PA is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Income

Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$35,802

Median Household Income

± $1,277

40.5k

Number of Households

± 1,191

In 2017, the median household income of the 40.5k households in Erie, PA grew to $35,802 from the previous year's value of $35,205.

The following chart displays the households in Erie, PA distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the < $10k range.

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Housing

Property Value

$87,000

2017 Median

± $1,336

$86,700

2016 Median

± $1,200

In 2017, the median property value in Erie, PA grew to to $87,000 from the previous year's value of $86,700.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Erie, PA compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Erie, PA the largest share of households have a property value in the $100k - $125k range.

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Property Taxes

$2k - $3k

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Erie, PA distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Erie, PA the largest share of households pay taxes in the $2k - $3k range.

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Rent vs Own

51.4%

2017 Homeownership

51.2%

2016 Homeownership

In 2017, 51.4% of the housing units in Erie, PA were occupied by their owner. This percentage grew from the previous year's rate of 51.2%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is lower than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Erie, PA compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Erie, PA distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Erie, PA have 2 cars, followed by 1 car.

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Commute Time

16.9 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Erie, PA have a shorter commute time (16.9 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.1 minutes). Additionally, 1.42% of the workforce in Erie, PA have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Erie, PA compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    72.3%

  2. Carpooled

    13.4%

  3. Walked

    5.85%

In 2017, the most common method of travel for workers in Erie, PA was Drove Alone, followed by those who Carpooled and those who Walked.

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