Elwood, IN

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Population

8,458

0.365% decline

Median Age

38.9


Median Household Income

$36,342

0.113% decline

Poverty Rate

22.5%


Number of Employees

3,756

4.71% growth

Median Property Value

$66,600

3.2% decline

About

In 2017, Elwood, IN had a population of 8.46k people with a median age of 38.9 and a median household income of $36,342. Between 2016 and 2017 the population of Elwood, IN declined from 8,489 to 8,458, a -0.365% decrease and its median household income declined from $36,383 to $36,342, a -0.113% decrease.

The population of Elwood, IN is 95.6% White Alone, 3.48% Hispanic or Latino, and 0.674% Two or More Races. 3.3% of the people in Elwood, IN speak a non-English language, and 99.7% are U.S. citizens.

The median property value in Elwood, IN is $66,600, and the homeownership rate is 62.5%. Most people in Elwood, IN commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 22.7 minutes. The average car ownership in Elwood, IN is 2 cars per household.

About the photo: Canal walk in downtown Indianapolis.

Economy

The economy of Elwood, IN employs 3.76k people. The largest industries in Elwood, IN are Manufacturing (973 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (649 people), and Retail Trade (494 people), and the highest paying industries are Transportation & Warehousing ($45,469), Transportation & Warehousing, & Utilities ($45,078), and Utilities ($44,432).

Median household income in Elwood, IN is $36,342. Males in Elwood, IN have an average income that is 1.39 times higher than the average income of females, which is $42,677. The income inequality in Elwood, IN (measured using the Gini index) is 0.456, which is lower than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$36,342

2017 value

± $5,361

-0.113%

1 Year Growth

± 19.6%

Households in Elwood, IN have a median annual income of $36,342, which is less than the median annual income of $60,336 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $36,383 in 2016, which represents a -0.113% annual growth.

Look at the chart to see how the median household income in Elwood, IN compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the place level, so we are showing data for the Indiana.

$59,508

Average Male Salary

± $1,197

$42,677

Average Female Salary

± $917

In 2017, full-time male employees in Elwood, IN made 1.39 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Elwood, IN by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the place level, so we are showing data for the Indiana.

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. Asian

    $60,595 ± $7,828

  2. White

    $45,279 ± $744

  3. Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander

    $41,920 ± $17,388

In 2017 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Elwood, IN workers was Asian. These workers were paid 1.34 times more than White workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Elwood, IN by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Elwood, IN is from Indiana.

0.456

2017 Wage GINI

0.457

2016 Wage GINI

In 2017, the income inequality in Indiana was 0.456 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.0682% decline from 2016 to 2017, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat more even.

The 2017 the GINI for Indiana was lower than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Indiana in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Indiana across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Highest Median Household Income (Total)

  1. Census Tract 104

  2. Census Tract 101

  3. Census Tract 201

In 2017, the place with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Elwood, IN was Census Tract 104 with a value of $58,196, followed by Census Tract 101 and Census Tract 201, with respective values of $58,125 and $49,803.

The following map shows all of the places in Elwood, IN colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 45 - 54

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

22.5% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Elwood, IN (1.89k out of 8.41k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 13.4%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 45 - 54, followed by Males 25 - 34 and then Females 25 - 34.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. White

    1,844 ± 314

  2. Hispanic

    66 ± 91

  3. Two Or More

    41 ± 82

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Elwood, IN is White, followed by Hispanic and Two Or More.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

3.76k

2017 Value

± 383

4.71%

1 Year growth

± 13.5%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Elwood, IN grew at a rate of 4.71%, from 3.59k employees to 3.76k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Elwood, IN, are Production Occupations (660 people), Food Preparation & Serving Related Occupations (399 people), and Office & Administrative Support Occupations (388 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Elwood, IN.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Elwood, IN, by number of employees, are Production Occupations (660 people), Food Preparation & Serving Related Occupations (399 people), and Office & Administrative Support Occupations (388 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other places, Elwood, IN has an unusually high number of residents working as Production Occupations (3.03 times higher than expected), Healthcare Support Occupations (2.41 times), and Health Technologists & Technicians (2.31 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Elwood, IN, by median earnings, are Fire Fighting & Prevention, & Other Protective Service Workers Including Supervisors ($145,259), Protective Service Occupations ($69,318), and Computer, Engineering, & Science Occupations ($58,438).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

3.76k

2017 Value

± 383

4.71%

1 Year growth

± 13.5%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Elwood, IN grew at a rate of 4.71%, from 3.59k employees to 3.76k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Elwood, IN, are Manufacturing (973 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (649 people), and Retail Trade (494 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Elwood, IN, though some of these residents may live in Elwood, IN and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Elwood, IN, by number of employees, are Manufacturing (973 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (649 people), and Retail Trade (494 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other places, Elwood, IN has an unusually high number of Utilities (4.01 times higher than expected), Manufacturing (2.56 times), and Accommodation & Food Services (1.27 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Elwood, IN, by median earnings, are Transportation & Warehousing ($45,469), Transportation & Warehousing, & Utilities ($45,078), and Utilities ($44,432).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Indiana to other states, or from other states to Indiana.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $69.1B

  2. $42.9B

  3. $39.9B

In 2015, the top outbound Indiana product (by dollars) was Motorized vehicles with $69.1B, followed by Base metals with $42.9B and Mixed freight and $39.9B.

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Indiana products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for Indiana state.

$446B

2015 Value

$698B

Projected 2045 Value

56.6% growth

In 2015, total outbound Indiana trade was $446B. This is expected to increase 56.6% to $698B by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Indiana trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Indiana to other states, or from other states to Indiana.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $39.9B

  2. $32.7B

  3. $31.7B

In 2015, the top outbound Indiana domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Ohio with $39.9B, followed by Michigan with $32.7B and Illinois and $31.7B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Indiana shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

86.6% of the population of Elwood, IN has health coverage, with 41.4% on employee plans, 21.3% on Medicaid, 12.7% on Medicare, 10% on non-group plans, and 1.17% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the place of Elwood, IN was $8,300 in 2014. This is a 4.76% increase from the previous year ($7,923).

Primary care physicians in Elwood, IN see 1505 patients per year on average, which represents a 1.07% increase from the previous year (1489 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1852 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 701 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Jay County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (15.4%). Additionally, Grant County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (39.1%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Indiana.

1505 to 1

Primary Care Physicians

Primary care physicians in Indiana see an average of 1505 patients per year. This represents a 1.07% increase from the previous year (1489 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Indiana in comparison to neighboring states.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Indiana.

$8,300

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$4,078

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$8,285

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$10,714

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in Indiana (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 4.76%, from $7,923 to $8,300.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

13.4%

Uninsured

41.4%

Employer Coverage

21.3%

Medicaid

12.7%

Medicare

10%

Non-Group

1.17%

Military or VA

Between 2016 and 2017, the percent of uninsured citizens in Elwood, IN declined by 9.76% from 14.8% to 13.4%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Elwood, IN changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 15.4% prevalence

  2. 15.1% prevalence

  3. 15% prevalence

Jay County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in Indiana, at 15.4%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in Indiana by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

Elwood, IN is home to a population of 8.46k people, from which 99.7% are citizens. As of 2017, 0.946% of Elwood, IN residents were born outside of the country.

The ethnic composition of the population of Elwood, IN is composed of 8.08k White Alone residents (95.6%), 294 Hispanic or Latino residents (3.48%), 57 Two or More Races residents (0.674%), 16 Asian Alone residents (0.189%), 7 American Indian & Alaska Native Alone residents (0.0828%), 1 Black or African American Alone residents (0.0118%), 0 Native Hawaiian & Other Pacific Islander Alone residents (0%), and 0 Some Other Race Alone residents (0%).

The most common foreign languages spoken in Elwood, IN are Spanish or Spanish Creole (151 speakers), German (41 speakers), and French (Incl. Patois, Cajun) (39 speakers).

Age

Age by Nativity

39

Median Native-Born Age

± 3.6

37

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 27.4

In 2017, the median age of all people in Elwood, IN was 38.9. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 39, were generally older than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 37. But people in Elwood, IN are getting getting older. In 2016, the average age of all Elwood, IN residents was 37.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

0.946%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

1.99%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

As of 2017, 0.946% of Elwood, IN residents were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Elwood, IN was 1.99%, meaning that the rate has been decreasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Elwood, IN compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

Most Common Origin

  1. Mexico

    106,451 ± 7,946 people

  2. India

    28,953 ± 4,168 people

  3. China

    22,599 ± 3,684 people

In 2017, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Elwood, IN was Mexico, the natal country of 106,451 Elwood, IN residents, followed by India with 28,953 and China with 22,599.

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Citizenship

99.7%

2017 Citizenship

98.6%

2016 Citizenship

As of 2017, 99.7% of Elwood, IN residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.1%. In 2016, the percentage of US citizens in Elwood, IN was 98.6%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been increasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Elwood, IN compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

Most Common

  1. White Alone

    8.08k ± 170

  2. Hispanic or Latino

    294 ± 166

  3. Two or More Races

    57 ± 58.2

In 2017, there were 27.5 times more White Alone residents (8.08k people) in Elwood, IN than any other race or ethnicity. There were 294 Hispanic or Latino and 57 Two or More Races residents, the second and third most common racial or ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 8 races and ethnicities represented in Elwood, IN as a share of the total population.

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Non-English Speakers

Most Common Languages

  1. Spanish or Spanish Creole

    151 speakers (1.93%)

  2. German

    41 speakers (0.523%)

  3. French (Incl. Patois, Cajun)

    39 speakers (0.498%)

3.3% of Elwood, IN citizens are speakers of a non-English language, which is lower than the national average of 21.5%. In 2015, the most common non-English language spoken in Elwood, IN was Spanish or Spanish Creole. 1.93% of the overall population of Elwood, IN are native Spanish or Spanish Creole speakers. 0.523% speak German and 0.498% speak Spanish or Spanish Creole, the next two most common languages.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Vietnam

    206 ± 76

  2. Korea

    78 ± 56

  3. Gulf War (2001-)

    43 ± 38

Elwood, IN has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 2.64 times greater than any other conflict.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Elwood, IN was $66,600 in 2017, which is 0.306 times smaller than the national average of $217,600. Between 2016 and 2017 the median property value increased from $68,800 to $66,600, a 3.2% decrease. The homeownership rate in Elwood, IN is 62.5%, which is lower than the national average of 63.9%. People in Elwood, IN have an average commute time of 22.7 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Elwood, IN is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Income

Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$36,342

Median Household Income

± $5,361

3.52k

Number of Households

± 373

In 2017, the median household income of the 3.52k households in Elwood, IN declined from $36,342 from the previous year's value of $36,383.

The following chart displays the households in Elwood, IN distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $60k - $75k range.

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Housing

Property Value

$66,600

2017 Median

± $10,092

$68,800

2016 Median

± $9,849

In 2017, the median property value in Elwood, IN declined from to $66,600 from the previous year's value of $68,800.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Elwood, IN compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Elwood, IN the largest share of households have a property value in the $50k - $60k range.

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Property Taxes

< $800

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Elwood, IN distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Elwood, IN the largest share of households pay taxes in the < $800 range.

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Rent vs Own

62.5%

2017 Homeownership

59.9%

2016 Homeownership

In 2017, 62.5% of the housing units in Elwood, IN were occupied by their owner. This percentage grew from the previous year's rate of 59.9%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is lower than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Elwood, IN compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Elwood, IN distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Elwood, IN have 2 cars, followed by 1 car.

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Commute Time

22.7 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Elwood, IN have a shorter commute time (22.7 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.1 minutes). Additionally, 0.859% of the workforce in Elwood, IN have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Elwood, IN compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    83.6%

  2. Carpooled

    8.85%

  3. Worked At Home

    2.56%

In 2017, the most common method of travel for workers in Elwood, IN was Drove Alone, followed by those who Carpooled and those who Worked At Home.

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