Elizabeth, NJ

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Population

129,363

1.03% growth

Median Age

33.9


Median Household Income

$45,186

3.09% growth

Poverty Rate

18.1%


Number of Employees

62,351

2.84% growth

Median Property Value

$268,700

2.44% growth

About

In 2017, Elizabeth, NJ had a population of 129k people with a median age of 33.9 and a median household income of $45,186. Between 2016 and 2017 the population of Elizabeth, NJ grew from 128,042 to 129,363, a 1.03% increase and its median household income grew from $43,831 to $45,186, a 3.09% increase.

The population of Elizabeth, NJ is 64.1% Hispanic or Latino, 16.9% Black or African American Alone, and 13.3% White Alone. N/A% of the people in Elizabeth, NJ speak a non-English language, and 72.9% are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Elizabeth, NJ are Yeshivas Be'er Yitzchok (12 degrees awarded in 2016).

The median property value in Elizabeth, NJ is $268,700, and the homeownership rate is 24.7%. Most people in Elizabeth, NJ commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 25.7 minutes. The average car ownership in Elizabeth, NJ is 1 car per household.

Economy

The economy of Elizabeth, NJ employs 62.4k people. The largest industries in Elizabeth, NJ are Transportation & Warehousing (9,096 people), Retail Trade (7,381 people), and Health Care & Social Assistance (7,084 people), and the highest paying industries are Utilities ($52,917), Information ($52,328), and Public Administration ($48,906).

Median household income in Elizabeth, NJ is $45,186. Males in Elizabeth, NJ have an average income that is 1.38 times higher than the average income of females, which is $61,412. The income inequality in Elizabeth, NJ (measured using the Gini index) is 0.493, which is higher than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$45,186

2017 value

± $1,342

3.09%

1 Year Growth

± 4.24%

Households in Elizabeth, NJ have a median annual income of $45,186, which is less than the median annual income of $60,336 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $43,831 in 2016, which represents a 3.09% annual growth.

Look at the chart to see how the median household income in Elizabeth, NJ compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the Place level, so we are showing data for New Jersey.

$84,632

Average Male Salary

± $1,612

$61,412

Average Female Salary

± $1,170

In 2017, full-time male employees in New Jersey made 1.38 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in New Jersey by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the Place level, so we are showing data for New Jersey.

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. Asian

    $79,679 ± $3,060

  2. White

    $67,619 ± $1,158

  3. Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander

    $52,154 ± $45,004

In 2017 the highest paid race/ethnicity of New Jersey workers was Asian. These workers were paid 1.18 times more than White workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in New Jersey by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Elizabeth, NJ is from New Jersey.

0.493

2017 Wage GINI

0.491

2016 Wage GINI

In 2017, the income inequality in New Jersey was 0.493 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.437% growth from 2016 to 2017, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat less even.

The 2017 the GINI for New Jersey was higher than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed less evenly in New Jersey in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in New Jersey across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Highest Median Household Income (Total)

  1. Census Tract 321

  2. Census Tract 315

  3. Census Tract 307.01

In 2017, the place with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Elizabeth, NJ was Census Tract 321 with a value of $84,537, followed by Census Tract 315 and Census Tract 307.01, with respective values of $60,926 and $59,417.

The following map shows all of the places in Elizabeth, NJ colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 25 - 34

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

18.1% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Elizabeth, NJ (23.1k out of 127k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 13.4%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 25 - 34, followed by Females 35 - 44 and then Males 6 - 11.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. Hispanic

    14,803 ± 955

  2. White

    8,220 ± 692

  3. Other

    8,216 ± 738

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Elizabeth, NJ is Hispanic, followed by White and Other.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

62.4k

2017 Value

± 1,905

2.84%

1 Year growth

± 4.17%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Elizabeth, NJ grew at a rate of 2.84%, from 60.6k employees to 62.4k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Elizabeth, NJ, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (8,589 people), Transportation Occupations (5,930 people), and Sales & Related Occupations (5,821 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Elizabeth, NJ.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Elizabeth, NJ, by number of employees, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (8,589 people), Transportation Occupations (5,930 people), and Sales & Related Occupations (5,821 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other places, Elizabeth, NJ has an unusually high number of residents working as Material Moving Occupations (3.18 times higher than expected), Transportation Occupations (2.61 times), and Building & Grounds Cleaning & Maintenance Occupations (1.9 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Elizabeth, NJ, by median earnings, are Computer & Mathematical Occupations ($72,386), Health Diagnosing & Treating Practitioners & Other Technical Occupations ($69,534), and Law Enforcement Workers Including Supervisors ($66,250).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

62.4k

2017 Value

± 1,905

2.84%

1 Year growth

± 4.17%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Elizabeth, NJ grew at a rate of 2.84%, from 60.6k employees to 62.4k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Elizabeth, NJ, are Transportation & Warehousing (9,096 people), Retail Trade (7,381 people), and Health Care & Social Assistance (7,084 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Elizabeth, NJ, though some of these residents may live in Elizabeth, NJ and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Elizabeth, NJ, by number of employees, are Transportation & Warehousing (9,096 people), Retail Trade (7,381 people), and Health Care & Social Assistance (7,084 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other places, Elizabeth, NJ has an unusually high number of Transportation & Warehousing (3.42 times higher than expected), Administrative & Support & Waste Management Services (1.81 times), and Wholesale Trade (1.72 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Elizabeth, NJ, by median earnings, are Utilities ($52,917), Information ($52,328), and Public Administration ($48,906).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from New Jersey to other states, or from other states to New Jersey.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $48.1B

  2. $36.5B

  3. $35.3B

In 2015, the top outbound New Jersey product (by dollars) was Pharmaceuticals with $48.1B, followed by Electronics ($36.5B) and Motorized vehicles ($35.3B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound New Jersey products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for New Jersey state.

$467B

2015 Value

$734B

Projected 2045 Value

57.1% growth

In 2015, total outbound New Jersey trade was $467B. This is expected to increase 57.1% to $734B by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound New Jersey trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from New Jersey to other states, or from other states to New Jersey.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $70.5B

  2. $48.9B

  3. $16.6B

In 2015, the top outbound New Jersey domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was New York with $70.5B, followed by Pennsylvania with $48.9B and California and $16.6B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that New Jersey shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

76.8% of the population of Elizabeth, NJ has health coverage, with 34.2% on employee plans, 29.7% on Medicaid, 6.89% on Medicare, 5.67% on non-group plans, and 0.352% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the place of Elizabeth, NJ was $8,859 in 2014. This is a 4.91% increase from the previous year ($8,444).

Primary care physicians in Elizabeth, NJ see 1184 patients per year on average, which represents a 1.11% increase from the previous year (1171 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1187 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 534 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Salem County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (12.1%). Additionally, Cumberland County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (34.7%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for New Jersey.

1,184 to 1

Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio

Primary care physicians in New Jersey see an average of 1,184 patients per year. This represents a 1.11% increase from the previous year (1,171 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in New Jersey in comparison to neighboring states.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for New Jersey.

$8,859

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$5,081

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$8,049

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$12,614

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in New Jersey (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 4.91%, from $8,444 to $8,859.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

23.2%

Uninsured

34.2%

Employer Coverage

29.7%

Medicaid

6.89%

Medicare

5.67%

Non-Group

0.352%

Military or VA

Between 2016 and 2017, the percent of uninsured citizens in Elizabeth, NJ declined by 7.25% from 25% to 23.2%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Elizabeth, NJ changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 12.1% prevalence

  2. 11.7% prevalence

  3. 11.7% prevalence

Salem County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in New Jersey, at 12.1%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in New Jersey by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

Elizabeth, NJ is home to a population of 129k people, from which 72.9% are citizens. As of 2017, N/A% of Elizabeth, NJ residents were born outside of the country (60.7k people).

The ethnic composition of the population of Elizabeth, NJ is composed of 82.9k Hispanic or Latino residents (64.1%), 21.8k Black or African American Alone residents (16.9%), 17.2k White Alone residents (13.3%), 3.34k Some Other Race Alone residents (2.58%), 2.29k Asian Alone residents (1.77%), 1.67k Two or More Races residents (1.29%), 57 American Indian & Alaska Native Alone residents (0.0441%), and 0 Native Hawaiian & Other Pacific Islander Alone residents (0%).

The most common foreign languages spoken in Elizabeth, NJ are N/A.

Age

Age by Nativity

21

Median Native-Born Age

± 0.6

44

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 0.7

In 2017, the median age of all people in Elizabeth, NJ was 33.9. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 21, were generally younger than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 44. But people in Elizabeth, NJ are getting getting older. In 2016, the average age of all Elizabeth, NJ residents was 33.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

2017 Foreign-Born Population

  1. N/A%

    60.7k people

  2. N/A%

    N/A people

As of 2017, N/A% of Elizabeth, NJ residents (60.7k people) were born outside of the United States, which is approximately the same as the national average of 13.7%. In 2017, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Elizabeth, NJ was N/A%, meaning that the rate has been maintaining.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Elizabeth, NJ compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the Place level, so we are showing data for New Jersey.

Most Common Origin

  1. India

    251,165 ± 12,131 people

  2. Dominican Republic

    162,243 ± 9,799 people

  3. Mexico

    124,109 ± 8,589 people

In 2017, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of New Jersey was India, the natal country of 251,165 New Jersey residents, followed by Dominican Republic with 162,243 and Mexico with 124,109.

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Citizenship

72.9%

2017 Citizenship

71.7%

2016 Citizenship

As of 2017, 72.9% of Elizabeth, NJ residents were US citizens, which is lower than the national average of 93.1%. In 2016, the percentage of US citizens in Elizabeth, NJ was 71.7%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been increasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Elizabeth, NJ compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

Most Common

  1. Hispanic or Latino

    82.9k ± 3.07k

  2. Black or African American Alone

    21.8k ± 1.27k

  3. White Alone

    17.2k ± 1.05k

In 2017, there were 3.8 times more Hispanic or Latino residents (82.9k people) in Elizabeth, NJ than any other race or ethnicity. There were 21.8k Black or African American Alone and 17.2k White Alone residents, the second and third most common racial or ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 8 races and ethnicities represented in Elizabeth, NJ as a share of the total population.

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Non-English Speakers

Most Common Languages

  1. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

  2. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

  3. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

N/A% of Elizabeth, NJ citizens are speakers of a non-English language, which is approximately the same as the national average of 21.8%. In N/A, the most common non-English language spoken in Elizabeth, NJ was N/A. N/A% of the overall population of Elizabeth, NJ are native N/A speakers. N/A% speak N/A and N/A% speak N/A, the next two most common languages.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Vietnam

    602 ± 138

  2. Gulf War (2001-)

    375 ± 149

  3. Gulf War (1990s)

    265 ± 108

Elizabeth, NJ has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 1.61 times greater than any other conflict.

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Education

In 2016, universities in Elizabeth, NJ awarded 12 degrees. The student population of Elizabeth, NJ is skewed towards men, with 50 male students and 0 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Elizabeth, NJ are White (11 and 100%), followed by Asian (0 and 0%), Black or African American (0 and 0%), and Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islanders (0 and 0%).

The largest universities in Elizabeth, NJ by number of degrees awarded are Yeshivas Be'er Yitzchok (12 and 100%).

The most popular majors in Elizabeth, NJ are Talmudic Studies (12 and 100%).

The median tuition costs in Elizabeth, NJ are $10,400 for private four year colleges, and $N/A and $N/A respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

Most Common

  1. 12 degrees awarded

  2. N/A

    N/A degrees awarded

  3. N/A

    N/A degrees awarded

In 2015, the most common concentation for Bachelors Degree recipients in Elizabeth, NJ was Talmudic Studies with 12 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Bachelors Degree from schools in Elizabeth, NJ according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded

12 degrees awarded

$N/A

Median In-State Public

$10,400

Median Private

In 2016, the Elizabeth, NJ institution with the largest number of graduating students was Yeshivas Be'er Yitzchok with 12 degrees awarded.

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Student Gender for Common Institutions

12

Degrees Awarded to Men

0

Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2016, 12 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Elizabeth, NJ, which is N/A times more than the 0 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the institutions in Elizabeth, NJ by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity

  1. White

    11 degrees awarded

  2. Asian

    0 degrees awarded

  3. Black or African American

    0 degrees awarded

In 2016 the majority of degrees awarded at institutions in Elizabeth, NJ were to White students. These 11 degrees mean that there were N/A times more White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Asian, with 0 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Elizabeth, NJ was $268,700 in 2017, which is 1.23 times larger than the national average of $217,600. Between 2016 and 2017 the median property value increased from $262,300 to $268,700, a 2.44% increase. The homeownership rate in Elizabeth, NJ is 24.7%, which is lower than the national average of 63.9%. People in Elizabeth, NJ have an average commute time of 25.7 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Elizabeth, NJ is lower than the national average, with an average of 1 car per household.

Income

Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$45,186

Median Household Income

± $1,342

40.2k

Number of Households

± 1,313

In 2017, the median household income of the 40.2k households in Elizabeth, NJ grew to $45,186 from the previous year's value of $43,831.

The following chart displays the households in Elizabeth, NJ distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Housing

Property Value

$268,700

2017 Median

± $5,487

$262,300

2016 Median

± $5,837

In 2017, the median property value in Elizabeth, NJ grew to to $268,700 from the previous year's value of $262,300.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Elizabeth, NJ compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Elizabeth, NJ the largest share of households have a property value in the $300k - $400k range.

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Property Taxes

$3k+

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Elizabeth, NJ distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Elizabeth, NJ the largest share of households pay taxes in the $3k+ range.

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Rent vs Own

24.7%

2017 Homeownership

25%

2016 Homeownership

In 2017, 24.7% of the housing units in Elizabeth, NJ were occupied by their owner. This percentage declined from the previous year's rate of 25%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is lower than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Elizabeth, NJ compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

1 car

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Elizabeth, NJ distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Elizabeth, NJ have 1 car, followed by 2 cars.

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Commute Time

25.7 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Elizabeth, NJ have a longer commute time (25.7 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.1 minutes). Additionally, 2.74% of the workforce in Elizabeth, NJ have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Elizabeth, NJ compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    57.7%

  2. Other

    11.4%

  3. Carpooled

    11.4%

In 2017, the most common method of travel for workers in Elizabeth, NJ was Drove Alone (57.7%), followed by those who Other (11.4%) and those who Carpooled (11.4%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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