Cuyahoga County, OH

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Population

1.25M

0.0671% decline

Median Age

40.1


Median Household Income

$46,784

0.393% growth

Poverty Rate

18.3%


Number of Employees

595,701

0.553% growth

Median Property Value

$131,700

3.95% growth

About

In 2017, Cuyahoga County, OH had a population of 1.25M people with a median age of 40.1 and a median household income of $46,784. Between 2016 and 2017 the population of Cuyahoga County, OH declined from 1.25M to 1.25M, a -0.0671% decrease and its median household income grew from $46,601 to $46,784, a 0.393% increase.

The population of Cuyahoga County, OH is 59% White Alone, 29.1% Black or African American Alone, and 5.93% Hispanic or Latino. 11.7% of the people in Cuyahoga County, OH speak a non-English language, and 97% are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Cuyahoga County, OH are Cleveland State University (4,053 degrees awarded in 2016), Cuyahoga Community College District (3,796 degrees), and Case Western Reserve University (3,402 degrees).

The median property value in Cuyahoga County, OH is $131,700, and the homeownership rate is 57.7%. Most people in Cuyahoga County, OH commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 22.9 minutes. The average car ownership in Cuyahoga County, OH is 2 cars per household.

About the photo: Detroit-Superior Bridge a.k.a. Veterans Memorial Bridge, Cleveland, OH

Economy

The economy of Cuyahoga County, OH employs 596k people. The largest industries in Cuyahoga County, OH are Health Care & Social Assistance (111,387 people), Manufacturing (73,327 people), and Retail Trade (62,863 people), and the highest paying industries are Management of Companies & Enterprises ($75,575), Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($67,473), and Utilities ($61,415).

Median household income in Cuyahoga County, OH is $46,784. Males in Cuyahoga County, OH have an average income that is 1.33 times higher than the average income of females, which is $46,904. The income inequality in Cuyahoga County, OH (measured using the Gini index) is 0.457, which is lower than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$46,784

2017 value

± $871

0.393%

1 Year Growth

± 2.67%

Households in Cuyahoga County, OH have a median annual income of $46,784, which is less than the median annual income of $60,336 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $46,601 in 2016, which represents a 0.393% annual growth.

Look at the chart to see how the median household income in Cuyahoga County, OH compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the county level, so we are showing data for the Ohio.

$62,297

Average Male Salary

± $959

$46,904

Average Female Salary

± $740

In 2017, full-time male employees in Cuyahoga County, OH made 1.33 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Cuyahoga County, OH by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the county level, so we are showing data for the Ohio.

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander

    $73,640 ± $48,775

  2. Asian

    $63,304 ± $4,969

  3. American Indian

    $53,849 ± $24,595

In 2017 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Cuyahoga County, OH workers was Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander. These workers were paid 1.16 times more than Asian workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Cuyahoga County, OH by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Cuyahoga County, OH is from Ohio.

0.457

2017 Wage GINI

0.462

2016 Wage GINI

In 2017, the income inequality in Ohio was 0.457 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 1.19% decline from 2016 to 2017, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat more even.

The 2017 the GINI for Ohio was lower than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Ohio in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Ohio across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Highest Median Household Income (Total)

  1. Census Tract 1832

  2. Census Tract 1791.02

  3. Census Tract 1833

In 2017, the tract with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Cuyahoga County, OH was Census Tract 1832 with a value of $172,656, followed by Census Tract 1791.02 and Census Tract 1833, with respective values of $170,568 and $165,043.

The following map shows all of the tracts in Cuyahoga County, OH colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 25 - 34

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

18.3% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Cuyahoga County, OH (225k out of 1.23M people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 13.4%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 25 - 34, followed by Females 18 - 24 and then Females 35 - 44.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. Black

    121,431 ± 2,094

  2. White

    83,392 ± 1,843

  3. Hispanic

    19,780 ± 869

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Cuyahoga County, OH is Black, followed by White and Hispanic.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

596k

2017 Value

± 11,372

0.553%

1 Year growth

± 2.67%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Cuyahoga County, OH grew at a rate of 0.553%, from 592k employees to 596k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Cuyahoga County, OH, are Other Management Occupations Except Farmers, Ranchers, & Other Agricultural Managers (31,707 people), Building Cleaning & Pest Control Workers (16,904 people), and Material Recording, Scheduling, Dispatching, & Distributing Workers (16,655 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Cuyahoga County, OH.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Cuyahoga County, OH, by number of employees, are Other Management Occupations Except Farmers, Ranchers, & Other Agricultural Managers (31,707 people), Building Cleaning & Pest Control Workers (16,904 people), and Material Recording, Scheduling, Dispatching, & Distributing Workers (16,655 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Cuyahoga County, OH has an unusually high number of residents working as Special Education Te (2.94 times higher than expected), Physicians & Surgeons (2.15 times), and Printing Workers (1.96 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Cuyahoga County, OH, by median earnings, are Legal Occupations ($82,842), Architecture & Engineering Occupations ($75,037), and Law Enforcement Workers Including Supervisors ($67,274).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

596k

2017 Value

± 11,372

0.553%

1 Year growth

± 2.67%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Cuyahoga County, OH grew at a rate of 0.553%, from 592k employees to 596k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Cuyahoga County, OH, are Health Care & Social Assistance (111,387 people), Manufacturing (73,327 people), and Retail Trade (62,863 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Cuyahoga County, OH, though some of these residents may live in Cuyahoga County, OH and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Cuyahoga County, OH, by number of employees, are Health Care & Social Assistance (111,387 people), Manufacturing (73,327 people), and Retail Trade (62,863 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Cuyahoga County, OH has an unusually high number of Health Care & Social Assistance (1.34 times higher than expected), Finance & Insurance (1.3 times), and Manufacturing (1.27 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Cuyahoga County, OH, by median earnings, are Management of Companies & Enterprises ($75,575), Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($67,473), and Utilities ($61,415).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Ohio to other states, or from other states to Ohio.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $65.2B

  2. $64.2B

  3. $45.1B

In 2015, the top outbound Ohio product (by dollars) was Mixed freight with $65.2B, followed by Motorized vehicles with $64.2B and Machinery and $45.1B.

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Ohio products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for Ohio state.

$614B

2015 Value

$952B

Projected 2045 Value

55% growth

In 2015, total outbound Ohio trade was $614B. This is expected to increase 55% to $952B by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Ohio trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Ohio to other states, or from other states to Ohio.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $44.3B

  2. $34.5B

  3. $31.7B

In 2015, the top outbound Ohio domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Michigan with $44.3B, followed by Indiana with $34.5B and Pennsylvania and $31.7B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Ohio shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

94.9% of the population of Cuyahoga County, OH has health coverage, with 48.2% on employee plans, 22.5% on Medicaid, 13.6% on Medicare, 9.63% on non-group plans, and 1% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the county of Cuyahoga County, OH was $8,712 in 2014. This is a 5.14% increase from the previous year ($8,286).

Primary care physicians in Cuyahoga County, OH see 898 patients per year on average, which represents a 1.35% increase from the previous year (886 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 979 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 356 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Scioto County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (16.8%). Additionally, Hocking County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (40.3%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

898 to 1

Primary Care Physicians

Primary care physicians in Cuyahoga County, OH see an average of 898 patients per year. This represents a 1.35% increase from the previous year (886 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Cuyahoga County, OH in comparison to neighboring states.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Ohio.

$8,712

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$4,371

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$7,007

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$11,038

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in Ohio (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 5.14%, from $8,286 to $8,712.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

5.11%

Uninsured

48.2%

Employer Coverage

22.5%

Medicaid

13.6%

Medicare

9.63%

Non-Group

1%

Military or VA

Between 2016 and 2017, the percent of uninsured citizens in Cuyahoga County, OH grew by 3.46% from 4.94% to 5.11%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Cuyahoga County, OH changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 16.8% prevalence

  2. 15.9% prevalence

  3. 15.3% prevalence

Scioto County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in Ohio, at 16.8%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in Ohio by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

Cuyahoga County, OH is home to a population of 1.25M people, from which 97% are citizens. As of 2017, 7.2% of Cuyahoga County, OH residents were born outside of the country.

The ethnic composition of the population of Cuyahoga County, OH is composed of 736k White Alone residents (59%), 364k Black or African American Alone residents (29.1%), 74k Hispanic or Latino residents (5.93%), 36.2k Asian Alone residents (2.9%), 33.2k Two or More Races residents (2.66%), 3.52k Some Other Race Alone residents (0.282%), 1.33k American Indian & Alaska Native Alone residents (0.106%), and 343 Native Hawaiian & Other Pacific Islander Alone residents (0.0275%).

The most common foreign languages spoken in Cuyahoga County, OH are Spanish or Spanish Creole (48,994 speakers), Arabic (13,140 speakers), and Chinese (10,627 speakers).

Age

Age by Nativity

39

Median Native-Born Age

± 0.3

47

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 1.4

In 2017, the median age of all people in Cuyahoga County, OH was 40.1. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 39, were generally younger than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 47. But people in Cuyahoga County, OH are getting getting younger. In 2016, the average age of all Cuyahoga County, OH residents was 40.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

7.2%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

7.03%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

As of 2017, 7.2% of Cuyahoga County, OH residents were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Cuyahoga County, OH was 7.03%, meaning that the rate has been increasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Cuyahoga County, OH compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

Most Common Origin

  1. India

    63,926 ± 6,190 people

  2. Mexico

    49,870 ± 5,471 people

  3. China

    31,441 ± 4,347 people

In 2017, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Cuyahoga County, OH was India, the natal country of 63,926 Cuyahoga County, OH residents, followed by Mexico with 49,870 and China with 31,441.

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Citizenship

97%

2017 Citizenship

97.2%

2016 Citizenship

As of 2017, 97% of Cuyahoga County, OH residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.1%. In 2016, the percentage of US citizens in Cuyahoga County, OH was 97.2%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been decreasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Cuyahoga County, OH compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

Most Common

  1. White Alone

    736k ± 1.3k

  2. Black or African American Alone

    364k ± 3.2k

  3. Hispanic or Latino

    74k ± 5.63k

In 2017, there were 2.02 times more White Alone residents (736k people) in Cuyahoga County, OH than any other race or ethnicity. There were 364k Black or African American Alone and 74k Hispanic or Latino residents, the second and third most common racial or ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 8 races and ethnicities represented in Cuyahoga County, OH as a share of the total population.

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Non-English Speakers

Most Common Languages

  1. Spanish or Spanish Creole

    48,994 speakers (4.14%)

  2. Arabic

    13,140 speakers (1.11%)

  3. Chinese

    10,627 speakers (0.898%)

11.7% of Cuyahoga County, OH citizens are speakers of a non-English language, which is lower than the national average of 21.5%. In 2015, the most common non-English language spoken in Cuyahoga County, OH was Spanish or Spanish Creole. 4.14% of the overall population of Cuyahoga County, OH are native Spanish or Spanish Creole speakers. 1.11% speak Arabic and 0.898% speak Spanish or Spanish Creole, the next two most common languages.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Vietnam

    23,601 ± 1,801

  2. Gulf War (1990s)

    7,446 ± 1,417

  3. Gulf War (2001-)

    6,138 ± 1,296

Cuyahoga County, OH has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 3.17 times greater than any other conflict.

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Education

In 2016, universities in Cuyahoga County, OH awarded 17,077 degrees. The student population of Cuyahoga County, OH is skewed towards women, with 29,917 male students and 39,552 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Cuyahoga County, OH are White (10,243 and 65.1%), followed by Black or African American (3,001 and 19.1%), Asian (791 and 5.03%), and Hispanic or Latino (718 and 4.56%).

The largest universities in Cuyahoga County, OH by number of degrees awarded are Cleveland State University (4,053 and 23.7%), Cuyahoga Community College District (3,796 and 22.2%), and Case Western Reserve University (3,402 and 19.9%).

The most popular majors in Cuyahoga County, OH are Liberal Arts & Sciences (1,308 and 7.66%), General Business Administration & Management (1,021 and 5.98%), and Registered Nursing (724 and 4.24%).

The median tuition costs in Cuyahoga County, OH are $36,980 for private four year colleges, and $9,636 and $13,687 respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

Most Common

  1. 363 degrees awarded

  2. 313 degrees awarded

  3. 433 degrees awarded

In 2015, the most common concentation for Bachelors Degree recipients in Cuyahoga County, OH was Registered Nursing with 363 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Bachelors Degree from schools in Cuyahoga County, OH according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded

  1. 4,053 degrees awarded

  2. 3,796 degrees awarded

  3. 3,402 degrees awarded

$9,636

Median In-State Public

$36,980

Median Private

In 2016, the Cuyahoga County, OH institution with the largest number of graduating students was Cleveland State University with 4,053 degrees awarded.

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Student Gender for Common Institutions

7,358

Degrees Awarded to Men

9,719

Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2016, 7,358 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Cuyahoga County, OH, which is 0.757 times less than the 9,719 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the top 5 institutions in Cuyahoga County, OH by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity

  1. White

    10,243 degrees awarded

  2. Black or African American

    3,001 degrees awarded

  3. Asian

    791 degrees awarded

In 2016 the majority of degrees awarded at institutions in Cuyahoga County, OH were to White students. These 10,243 degrees mean that there were 3.41 times more White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Black or African American, with 3,001 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Cuyahoga County, OH was $131,700 in 2017, which is 0.605 times smaller than the national average of $217,600. Between 2016 and 2017 the median property value increased from $126,700 to $131,700, a 3.95% increase. The homeownership rate in Cuyahoga County, OH is 57.7%, which is lower than the national average of 63.9%. People in Cuyahoga County, OH have an average commute time of 22.9 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Cuyahoga County, OH is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Income

Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$46,784

Median Household Income

± $871

544k

Number of Households

± 10,465

In 2017, the median household income of the 544k households in Cuyahoga County, OH grew to $46,784 from the previous year's value of $46,601.

The following chart displays the households in Cuyahoga County, OH distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Housing

Property Value

$131,700

2017 Median

± $2,233

$126,700

2016 Median

± $2,227

In 2017, the median property value in Cuyahoga County, OH grew to to $131,700 from the previous year's value of $126,700.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Cuyahoga County, OH compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Cuyahoga County, OH the largest share of households have a property value in the $100k - $125k range.

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Property Taxes

$3k+

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Cuyahoga County, OH distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Cuyahoga County, OH the largest share of households pay taxes in the $3k+ range.

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Rent vs Own

57.7%

2017 Homeownership

57.6%

2016 Homeownership

In 2017, 57.7% of the housing units in Cuyahoga County, OH were occupied by their owner. This percentage grew from the previous year's rate of 57.6%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is lower than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Cuyahoga County, OH compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Cuyahoga County, OH distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Cuyahoga County, OH have 2 cars, followed by 1 car.

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Commute Time

22.9 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Cuyahoga County, OH have a shorter commute time (22.9 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.5 minutes). Additionally, 1.47% of the workforce in Cuyahoga County, OH have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Cuyahoga County, OH compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    79.7%

  2. Carpooled

    8.3%

  3. Worked At Home

    4.15%

In 2017, the most common method of travel for workers in Cuyahoga County, OH was Drove Alone, followed by those who Carpooled and those who Worked At Home.

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