Cowlitz County, WA

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Population

103,590

0.716% growth

Median Age

41.4


Median Household Income

$49,804

1.38% growth

Poverty Rate

16.9%


Number of Employees

42,579

2.95% growth

Median Property Value

$186,600

3.67% growth

About

In 2017, Cowlitz County, WA had a population of 104k people with a median age of 41.4 and a median household income of $49,804. Between 2016 and 2017 the population of Cowlitz County, WA grew from 102,854 to 103,590, a 0.716% increase and its median household income grew from $49,127 to $49,804, a 1.38% increase.

The population of Cowlitz County, WA is 84.3% White Alone, 8.63% Hispanic or Latino, and 3.89% Two or More Races. N/A% of the people in Cowlitz County, WA speak a non-English language, and 97.8% are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Cowlitz County, WA are Lower Columbia College (1,002 degrees awarded in 2016) and Stylemaster College of Hair Design (34 degrees).

The median property value in Cowlitz County, WA is $186,600, and the homeownership rate is 66.3%. Most people in Cowlitz County, WA commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 23.4 minutes. The average car ownership in Cowlitz County, WA is 2 cars per household.

Economy

The economy of Cowlitz County, WA employs 42.6k people. The largest industries in Cowlitz County, WA are Manufacturing (6,535 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (6,156 people), and Retail Trade (5,101 people), and the highest paying industries are Utilities ($79,472), Public Administration ($54,828), and Transportation & Warehousing, & Utilities ($54,014).

Median household income in Cowlitz County, WA is $49,804. Males in Cowlitz County, WA have an average income that is 1.36 times higher than the average income of females, which is $53,882. The income inequality in Cowlitz County, WA (measured using the Gini index) is 0.467, which is lower than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$49,804

2017 value

± $1,607

1.38%

1 Year Growth

± 4.18%

Households in Cowlitz County, WA have a median annual income of $49,804, which is less than the median annual income of $60,336 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $49,127 in 2016, which represents a 1.38% annual growth.

Look at the chart to see how the median household income in Cowlitz County, WA compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Washington.

$73,040

Average Male Salary

± $1,385

$53,882

Average Female Salary

± $1,130

In 2017, full-time male employees in Washington made 1.36 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Washington by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Washington.

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. Asian

    $65,555 ± $3,156

  2. White

    $57,225 ± $943

  3. Two or More Races

    $46,049 ± $3,328

In 2017 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Washington workers was Asian. These workers were paid 1.15 times more than White workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Washington by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Cowlitz County, WA is from Washington.

0.467

2017 Wage GINI

0.467

2016 Wage GINI

In 2017, the income inequality in Washington was 0.467 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.104% growth from 2016 to 2017, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat less even.

The 2017 the GINI for Washington was lower than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Washington in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Washington across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Highest Median Household Income (Total)

  1. Census Tract 17

  2. Census Tract 15.01

  3. Census Tract 8

In 2017, the tract with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Cowlitz County, WA was Census Tract 17 with a value of $69,750, followed by Census Tract 15.01 and Census Tract 8, with respective values of $66,295 and $65,000.

The following map shows all of the tracts in Cowlitz County, WA colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 25 - 34

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

16.9% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Cowlitz County, WA (17.2k out of 102k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 13.4%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 25 - 34, followed by Females 18 - 24 and then Females 35 - 44.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. White

    15,397 ± 901

  2. Hispanic

    2,908 ± 383

  3. Two Or More

    811 ± 218

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Cowlitz County, WA is White, followed by Hispanic and Two Or More.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

42.6k

2017 Value

± 1,439

2.95%

1 Year growth

± 4.62%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Cowlitz County, WA grew at a rate of 2.95%, from 41.4k employees to 42.6k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Cowlitz County, WA, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (4,901 people), Sales & Related Occupations (4,184 people), and Production Occupations (3,676 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Cowlitz County, WA.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Cowlitz County, WA, by number of employees, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (4,901 people), Sales & Related Occupations (4,184 people), and Production Occupations (3,676 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Cowlitz County, WA has an unusually high number of residents working as Farming, Fishing, & Forestry Occupations (2.5 times higher than expected), Material Moving Occupations (2 times), and Installation, Maintenance, & Repair Occupations (1.59 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Cowlitz County, WA, by median earnings, are Legal Occupations ($104,821), Computer & Mathematical Occupations ($78,779), and Law Enforcement Workers Including Supervisors ($78,065).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

42.6k

2017 Value

± 1,439

2.95%

1 Year growth

± 4.62%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Cowlitz County, WA grew at a rate of 2.95%, from 41.4k employees to 42.6k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Cowlitz County, WA, are Manufacturing (6,535 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (6,156 people), and Retail Trade (5,101 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Cowlitz County, WA, though some of these residents may live in Cowlitz County, WA and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Cowlitz County, WA, by number of employees, are Manufacturing (6,535 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (6,156 people), and Retail Trade (5,101 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Cowlitz County, WA has an unusually high number of Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting (1.95 times higher than expected), Utilities (1.91 times), and Manufacturing (1.52 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Cowlitz County, WA, by median earnings, are Utilities ($79,472), Public Administration ($54,828), and Transportation & Warehousing, & Utilities ($54,014).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Washington to other states, or from other states to Washington.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $38.6B

  2. $37.2B

  3. $28.3B

In 2015, the top outbound Washington product (by dollars) was Transport equip. with $38.6B, followed by Mixed freight ($37.2B) and Gasoline ($28.3B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Washington products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for Washington state.

$296B

2015 Value

$444B

Projected 2045 Value

50.1% growth

In 2015, total outbound Washington trade was $296B. This is expected to increase 50.1% to $444B by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Washington trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Washington to other states, or from other states to Washington.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $26.3B

  2. $14.2B

  3. $9.45B

In 2015, the top outbound Washington domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Oregon with $26.3B, followed by California with $14.2B and Tennessee and $9.45B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Washington shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

92.6% of the population of Cowlitz County, WA has health coverage, with 41.3% on employee plans, 23.2% on Medicaid, 13.2% on Medicare, 13.1% on non-group plans, and 1.74% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the county of Cowlitz County, WA was $7,913 in 2014. This is a 4% increase from the previous year ($7,609).

Primary care physicians in Cowlitz County, WA see 1478 patients per year on average, which represents a 3.02% decrease from the previous year (1524 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1782 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 374 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Garfield County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (14%). Additionally, Adams County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (36.4%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

1,478 to 1

Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio

Primary care physicians in Cowlitz County, WA see an average of 1,478 patients per year. This represents a 3.02% decrease from the previous year (1,524 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Cowlitz County, WA in comparison to neighboring states.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Washington.

$7,913

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$4,328

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$5,851

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$8,997

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in Washington (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 4%, from $7,609 to $7,913.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

7.4%

Uninsured

41.3%

Employer Coverage

23.2%

Medicaid

13.2%

Medicare

13.1%

Non-Group

1.74%

Military or VA

Between 2016 and 2017, the percent of uninsured citizens in Cowlitz County, WA declined by 18.6% from 9.09% to 7.4%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Cowlitz County, WA changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 14% prevalence

  2. 13.6% prevalence

  3. 13.4% prevalence

Garfield County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in Washington, at 14%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in Washington by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

Cowlitz County, WA is home to a population of 104k people, from which 97.8% are citizens. As of 2017, 4.14% of Cowlitz County, WA residents were born outside of the country (4.29k people).

The ethnic composition of the population of Cowlitz County, WA is composed of 87.3k White Alone residents (84.3%), 8.94k Hispanic or Latino residents (8.63%), 4.03k Two or More Races residents (3.89%), 1.32k Asian Alone residents (1.27%), 1.01k American Indian & Alaska Native Alone residents (0.979%), 691 Black or African American Alone residents (0.667%), 219 Native Hawaiian & Other Pacific Islander Alone residents (0.211%), and 54 Some Other Race Alone residents (0.0521%).

The most common foreign languages spoken in Cowlitz County, WA are N/A.

Age

Age by Nativity

41

Median Native-Born Age

± 0.5

45

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 1.6

In 2017, the median age of all people in Cowlitz County, WA was 41.4. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 41, were generally younger than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 45. But people in Cowlitz County, WA are getting getting younger. In 2016, the average age of all Cowlitz County, WA residents was 42.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

4.14%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

4.29k people

4.38%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

4.5k people

As of 2017, 4.14% of Cowlitz County, WA residents (4.29k people) were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Cowlitz County, WA was 4.38%, meaning that the rate has been decreasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Cowlitz County, WA compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Washington.

Most Common Origin

  1. Mexico

    237,445 ± 11,764 people

  2. Philippines

    67,799 ± 6,362 people

  3. India

    67,429 ± 6,345 people

In 2017, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Washington was Mexico, the natal country of 237,445 Washington residents, followed by Philippines with 67,799 and India with 67,429.

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Citizenship

97.8%

2017 Citizenship

97.5%

2016 Citizenship

As of 2017, 97.8% of Cowlitz County, WA residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.1%. In 2016, the percentage of US citizens in Cowlitz County, WA was 97.5%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been increasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Cowlitz County, WA compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

Most Common

  1. White Alone

    87.3k ± 80

  2. Hispanic or Latino

    8.94k ± 842

  3. Two or More Races

    4.03k ± 406

In 2017, there were 9.77 times more White Alone residents (87.3k people) in Cowlitz County, WA than any other race or ethnicity. There were 8.94k Hispanic or Latino and 4.03k Two or More Races residents, the second and third most common racial or ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 8 races and ethnicities represented in Cowlitz County, WA as a share of the total population.

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Non-English Speakers

Most Common Languages

  1. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

  2. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

  3. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

N/A% of Cowlitz County, WA citizens are speakers of a non-English language, which is approximately the same as the national average of 21.8%. In N/A, the most common non-English language spoken in Cowlitz County, WA was N/A. N/A% of the overall population of Cowlitz County, WA are native N/A speakers. N/A% speak N/A and N/A% speak N/A, the next two most common languages.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Vietnam

    3,688 ± 295

  2. Gulf War (2001-)

    1,285 ± 262

  3. Gulf War (1990s)

    940 ± 220

Cowlitz County, WA has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 2.87 times greater than any other conflict.

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Education

In 2016, universities in Cowlitz County, WA awarded 1,036 degrees. The student population of Cowlitz County, WA is skewed towards women, with 986 male students and 1,879 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Cowlitz County, WA are White (826 and 79.9%), followed by Hispanic or Latino (72 and 6.96%), Unknown (59 and 5.71%), and Two or More Races (46 and 4.45%).

The largest universities in Cowlitz County, WA by number of degrees awarded are Lower Columbia College (1,002 and 96.7%) and Stylemaster College of Hair Design (34 and 3.28%).

The most popular majors in Cowlitz County, WA are Liberal Arts & Sciences (305 and 29.4%), Registered Nursing (119 and 11.5%), and Accounting Technology & Bookkeeping (86 and 8.3%).

The median tuition costs in Cowlitz County, WA are $N/A for private four year colleges, and $N/A and $N/A respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

Most Common

  1. 305 degrees awarded

  2. 119 degrees awarded

  3. 18 degrees awarded

In 2015, the most common concentation for Associates Degree recipients in Cowlitz County, WA was Liberal Arts & Sciences with 305 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Associates Degree from schools in Cowlitz County, WA according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded

  1. 1,002 degrees awarded

  2. 34 degrees awarded

$N/A

Median In-State Public

$N/A

Median Private

In 2016, the Cowlitz County, WA institution with the largest number of graduating students was Lower Columbia College with 1,002 degrees awarded.

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Student Gender for Common Institutions

305

Degrees Awarded to Men

731

Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2016, 305 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Cowlitz County, WA, which is 0.417 times less than the 731 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the institutions in Cowlitz County, WA by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity

  1. White

    826 degrees awarded

  2. Hispanic or Latino

    72 degrees awarded

  3. Unknown

    59 degrees awarded

In 2016 the majority of degrees awarded at institutions in Cowlitz County, WA were to White students. These 826 degrees mean that there were 11.5 times more White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Hispanic or Latino, with 72 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Cowlitz County, WA was $186,600 in 2017, which is 0.858 times smaller than the national average of $217,600. Between 2016 and 2017 the median property value increased from $180,000 to $186,600, a 3.67% increase. The homeownership rate in Cowlitz County, WA is 66.3%, which is higher than the national average of 63.9%. People in Cowlitz County, WA have an average commute time of 23.4 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Cowlitz County, WA is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Income

Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$49,804

Median Household Income

± $1,607

40.7k

Number of Households

± 1,311

In 2017, the median household income of the 40.7k households in Cowlitz County, WA grew to $49,804 from the previous year's value of $49,127.

The following chart displays the households in Cowlitz County, WA distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Housing

Property Value

$186,600

2017 Median

± $3,900

$180,000

2016 Median

± $4,030

In 2017, the median property value in Cowlitz County, WA grew to to $186,600 from the previous year's value of $180,000.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Cowlitz County, WA compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Cowlitz County, WA the largest share of households have a property value in the $200k - $250k range.

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Property Taxes

$2k - $3k

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Cowlitz County, WA distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Cowlitz County, WA the largest share of households pay taxes in the $2k - $3k range.

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Rent vs Own

66.3%

2017 Homeownership

65.8%

2016 Homeownership

In 2017, 66.3% of the housing units in Cowlitz County, WA were occupied by their owner. This percentage grew from the previous year's rate of 65.8%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is higher than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Cowlitz County, WA compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Cowlitz County, WA distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Cowlitz County, WA have 2 cars, followed by 3 cars.

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Commute Time

23.4 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Cowlitz County, WA have a shorter commute time (23.4 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.1 minutes). Additionally, 2.97% of the workforce in Cowlitz County, WA have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Cowlitz County, WA compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    79.2%

  2. Carpooled

    12.3%

  3. Worked At Home

    4.75%

In 2017, the most common method of travel for workers in Cowlitz County, WA was Drove Alone, followed by those who Carpooled and those who Worked At Home.

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