Columbia County, OR

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Population

50,207

1.13% growth

Median Age

43.3


Median Household Income

$57,449

4.18% growth

Poverty Rate

12.3%


Number of Employees

21,362

2.5% growth

Median Property Value

$223,300

4.74% growth

About

In 2017, Columbia County, OR had a population of 50.2k people with a median age of 43.3 and a median household income of $57,449. Between 2016 and 2017 the population of Columbia County, OR grew from 49,645 to 50,207, a 1.13% increase and its median household income grew from $55,146 to $57,449, a 4.18% increase.

The population of Columbia County, OR is 89.1% White Alone, 4.85% Hispanic or Latino, and 3.08% Two or More Races. N/A% of the people in Columbia County, OR speak a non-English language, and 98.5% are U.S. citizens.

The median property value in Columbia County, OR is $223,300, and the homeownership rate is 73%. Most people in Columbia County, OR commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 31.6 minutes. The average car ownership in Columbia County, OR is 2 cars per household.

Economy

The economy of Columbia County, OR employs 21.4k people. The largest industries in Columbia County, OR are Manufacturing (3,692 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (2,875 people), and Retail Trade (2,351 people), and the highest paying industries are Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($77,589), Utilities ($69,333), and Manufacturing ($60,986).

Median household income in Columbia County, OR is $57,449. Males in Columbia County, OR have an average income that is 1.29 times higher than the average income of females, which is $48,053. The income inequality in Columbia County, OR (measured using the Gini index) is 0.469, which is lower than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$57,449

2017 value

± $2,724

4.18%

1 Year Growth

± 6.01%

Households in Columbia County, OR have a median annual income of $57,449, which is less than the median annual income of $60,336 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $55,146 in 2016, which represents a 4.18% annual growth.

Look at the chart to see how the median household income in Columbia County, OR compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Oregon.

$61,970

Average Male Salary

± $1,681

$48,053

Average Female Salary

± $1,355

In 2017, full-time male employees in Oregon made 1.29 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Oregon by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Oregon.

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. Asian

    $56,926 ± $5,268

  2. White

    $47,707 ± $1,033

  3. Alaska Native

    $40,267 ± $28,756

In 2017 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Oregon workers was Asian. These workers were paid 1.19 times more than White workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Oregon by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Columbia County, OR is from Oregon.

0.469

2017 Wage GINI

0.471

2016 Wage GINI

In 2017, the income inequality in Oregon was 0.469 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.411% decline from 2016 to 2017, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat more even.

The 2017 the GINI for Oregon was lower than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Oregon in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Oregon across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Highest Median Household Income (Total)

  1. Census Tract 9710

  2. Census Tract 9706

  3. Census Tract 9709

In 2017, the tract with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Columbia County, OR was Census Tract 9710 with a value of $75,500, followed by Census Tract 9706 and Census Tract 9709, with respective values of $69,205 and $66,006.

The following map shows all of the tracts in Columbia County, OR colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 35 - 44

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

12.3% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Columbia County, OR (6.1k out of 49.7k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is lower than the national average of 13.4%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 35 - 44, followed by Males 55 - 64 and then Females 25 - 34.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. White

    5,673 ± 525

  2. Hispanic

    678 ± 219

  3. Two Or More

    252 ± 158

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Columbia County, OR is White, followed by Hispanic and Two Or More.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

21.4k

2017 Value

± 950

2.5%

1 Year growth

± 6.11%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Columbia County, OR grew at a rate of 2.5%, from 20.8k employees to 21.4k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Columbia County, OR, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (2,626 people), Production Occupations (2,102 people), and Sales & Related Occupations (2,011 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Columbia County, OR.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Columbia County, OR, by number of employees, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (2,626 people), Production Occupations (2,102 people), and Sales & Related Occupations (2,011 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Columbia County, OR has an unusually high number of residents working as Farming, Fishing, & Forestry Occupations (2.41 times higher than expected), Production Occupations (1.7 times), and Transportation Occupations (1.54 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Columbia County, OR, by median earnings, are Architecture & Engineering Occupations ($81,779), Computer, Engineering, & Science Occupations ($79,524), and Computer & Mathematical Occupations ($75,577).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

21.4k

2017 Value

± 950

2.5%

1 Year growth

± 6.11%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Columbia County, OR grew at a rate of 2.5%, from 20.8k employees to 21.4k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Columbia County, OR, are Manufacturing (3,692 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (2,875 people), and Retail Trade (2,351 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Columbia County, OR, though some of these residents may live in Columbia County, OR and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Columbia County, OR, by number of employees, are Manufacturing (3,692 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (2,875 people), and Retail Trade (2,351 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Columbia County, OR has an unusually high number of Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting (2.11 times higher than expected), Manufacturing (1.71 times), and Management of Companies & Enterprises (1.59 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Columbia County, OR, by median earnings, are Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($77,589), Utilities ($69,333), and Manufacturing ($60,986).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Oregon to other states, or from other states to Oregon.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $18.5B

  2. $13.1B

  3. $12.8B

In 2015, the top outbound Oregon product (by dollars) was Mixed freight with $18.5B, followed by Electronics ($13.1B) and Motorized vehicles ($12.8B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Oregon products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for Oregon state.

$134B

2015 Value

$201B

Projected 2045 Value

49.9% growth

In 2015, total outbound Oregon trade was $134B. This is expected to increase 49.9% to $201B by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Oregon trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Oregon to other states, or from other states to Oregon.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $26.5B

  2. $17.6B

  3. $2.94B

In 2015, the top outbound Oregon domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Washington with $26.5B, followed by California with $17.6B and Minnesota and $2.94B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Oregon shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

92% of the population of Columbia County, OR has health coverage, with 48.1% on employee plans, 16.5% on Medicaid, 12.5% on Medicare, 12.6% on non-group plans, and 2.29% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the county of Columbia County, OR was $8,044 in 2014. This is a 7.73% increase from the previous year ($7,467).

Primary care physicians in Columbia County, OR see 3100 patients per year on average, which represents a 6.57% increase from the previous year (2909 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1953 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 368 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Crook County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (14.2%). Additionally, Linn County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (35.6%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

3,100 to 1

Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio

Primary care physicians in Columbia County, OR see an average of 3,100 patients per year. This represents a 6.57% increase from the previous year (2,909 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Columbia County, OR in comparison to neighboring states.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Oregon.

$8,044

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$4,232

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$7,185

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$8,942

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in Oregon (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 7.73%, from $7,467 to $8,044.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

8.02%

Uninsured

48.1%

Employer Coverage

16.5%

Medicaid

12.5%

Medicare

12.6%

Non-Group

2.29%

Military or VA

Between 2016 and 2017, the percent of uninsured citizens in Columbia County, OR declined by 16.8% from 9.64% to 8.02%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Columbia County, OR changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 14.2% prevalence

  2. 13.3% prevalence

  3. 13.3% prevalence

Crook County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in Oregon, at 14.2%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in Oregon by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

Columbia County, OR is home to a population of 50.2k people, from which 98.5% are citizens. As of 2017, 2.97% of Columbia County, OR residents were born outside of the country (1.49k people).

The ethnic composition of the population of Columbia County, OR is composed of 44.7k White Alone residents (89.1%), 2.43k Hispanic or Latino residents (4.85%), 1.54k Two or More Races residents (3.08%), 583 Asian Alone residents (1.16%), 550 American Indian & Alaska Native Alone residents (1.1%), 242 Black or African American Alone residents (0.482%), 121 Native Hawaiian & Other Pacific Islander Alone residents (0.241%), and 8 Some Other Race Alone residents (0.0159%).

The most common foreign languages spoken in Columbia County, OR are N/A.

Age

Age by Nativity

43

Median Native-Born Age

± 0.5

44

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 1.6

In 2017, the median age of all people in Columbia County, OR was 43.3. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 43, were generally younger than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 44. But people in Columbia County, OR are getting staying the same age. In 2016, the average age of all Columbia County, OR residents was 43.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

2.97%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

1.49k people

3.11%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

1.54k people

As of 2017, 2.97% of Columbia County, OR residents (1.49k people) were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Columbia County, OR was 3.11%, meaning that the rate has been decreasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Columbia County, OR compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Oregon.

Most Common Origin

  1. Mexico

    146,430 ± 9,222 people

  2. Vietnam

    21,288 ± 3,573 people

  3. China

    20,489 ± 3,505 people

In 2017, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Oregon was Mexico, the natal country of 146,430 Oregon residents, followed by Vietnam with 21,288 and China with 20,489.

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Citizenship

98.5%

2017 Citizenship

98.3%

2016 Citizenship

As of 2017, 98.5% of Columbia County, OR residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.1%. In 2016, the percentage of US citizens in Columbia County, OR was 98.3%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been increasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Columbia County, OR compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

Most Common

  1. White Alone

    44.7k ± 30

  2. Hispanic or Latino

    2.43k ± 221

  3. Two or More Races

    1.54k ± 169

In 2017, there were 18.4 times more White Alone residents (44.7k people) in Columbia County, OR than any other race or ethnicity. There were 2.43k Hispanic or Latino and 1.54k Two or More Races residents, the second and third most common racial or ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 8 races and ethnicities represented in Columbia County, OR as a share of the total population.

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Non-English Speakers

Most Common Languages

  1. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

  2. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

  3. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

N/A% of Columbia County, OR citizens are speakers of a non-English language, which is approximately the same as the national average of 21.8%. In N/A, the most common non-English language spoken in Columbia County, OR was N/A. N/A% of the overall population of Columbia County, OR are native N/A speakers. N/A% speak N/A and N/A% speak N/A, the next two most common languages.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Vietnam

    2,268 ± 265

  2. Gulf War (2001-)

    580 ± 170

  3. Gulf War (1990s)

    534 ± 111

Columbia County, OR has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 3.91 times greater than any other conflict.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Columbia County, OR was $223,300 in 2017, which is 1.03 times larger than the national average of $217,600. Between 2016 and 2017 the median property value increased from $213,200 to $223,300, a 4.74% increase. The homeownership rate in Columbia County, OR is 73%, which is higher than the national average of 63.9%. People in Columbia County, OR have an average commute time of 31.6 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Columbia County, OR is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Income

Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$57,449

Median Household Income

± $2,724

19.2k

Number of Households

± 884

In 2017, the median household income of the 19.2k households in Columbia County, OR grew to $57,449 from the previous year's value of $55,146.

The following chart displays the households in Columbia County, OR distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Housing

Property Value

$223,300

2017 Median

± $6,580

$213,200

2016 Median

± $6,094

In 2017, the median property value in Columbia County, OR grew to to $223,300 from the previous year's value of $213,200.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Columbia County, OR compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Columbia County, OR the largest share of households have a property value in the $200k - $250k range.

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Property Taxes

$2k - $3k

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Columbia County, OR distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Columbia County, OR the largest share of households pay taxes in the $2k - $3k range.

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Rent vs Own

73%

2017 Homeownership

71.8%

2016 Homeownership

In 2017, 73% of the housing units in Columbia County, OR were occupied by their owner. This percentage grew from the previous year's rate of 71.8%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is higher than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Columbia County, OR compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Columbia County, OR distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Columbia County, OR have 2 cars, followed by 3 cars.

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Commute Time

31.6 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Columbia County, OR have a longer commute time (31.6 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.1 minutes). Additionally, 2.62% of the workforce in Columbia County, OR have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Columbia County, OR compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    78.7%

  2. Carpooled

    12.3%

  3. Worked At Home

    4.97%

In 2017, the most common method of travel for workers in Columbia County, OR was Drove Alone (78.7%), followed by those who Carpooled (12.3%) and those who Worked At Home (4.97%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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