Columbia County, OR

County

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2019 Population
51,375
1.03% 1-year growth
US Senator
Ron Wyden
Democratic Party
US Senator
Jeff Merkley
Democratic Party
2019 Median Age
43.3
0% 1-year change
2019 Poverty Rate
11.7%
3.77% 1-year decrease
2019 Median Household Income
$62,257
4.26% 1-year growth
2019 Median Property Value
$264,900
10.1% 1-year growth
2019 Employed Population
22,601
3.76% 1-year growth

About

In 2019, Columbia County, OR had a population of 51.4k people with a median age of 43.3 and a median household income of $62,257. Between 2018 and 2019 the population of Columbia County, OR grew from 50,851 to 51,375, a 1.03% increase and its median household income grew from $59,714 to $62,257, a 4.26% increase.

The 5 largest ethnic groups in Columbia County, OR are White (Non-Hispanic) (88.5%), White (Hispanic) (4.17%), Two+ (Non-Hispanic) (3.76%), Asian (Non-Hispanic) (0.985%), and American Indian & Alaska Native (Non-Hispanic) (0.93%). 0% of the households in Columbia County, OR speak a non-English language at home as their primary language, and 98.8% of the residents in Columbia County, OR are U.S. citizens.

In 2019, the median property value in Columbia County, OR was $264,900, and the homeownership rate was 75.4%. Most people in Columbia County, OR drove alone to work, and the average commute time was 31.7 minutes. The average car ownership in Columbia County, OR was 2 cars per household.

COVID-19

Daily New Cases by Date

Showing data at the state level for Oregon. Hospitalization data for some states may be delayed or not reported.
Y-Axis

This chart shows the number of COVID-19 daily new cases by date in Oregon, as a 7-day rolling average, compared with the four states with the most similar number of confirmed cases.

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Unemployment Insurance Claims

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Oregon.

This chart shows weekly unemployment insurance claims in Oregon (not-seasonally adjusted) compared with the four states with the most similar impact.

The most recent data point uses Advance State Claims data, which can be revised in subsequent weeks.

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Employment by Industry Sector

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Oregon.
Start Year
Y-Axis
8.45%
Year-over-year growth
Employment change between May 2020 and May 2021

As of May 2021, there are 145M people employed in Oregon. This represents a 8.45% increase in employment when compared to May 2020.

The following chart shows monthly employment numbers for each industry sector in Oregon.

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Community Mobility

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Oregon.

This chart presents movement trends over time in the state of Oregon across different categories of places such as retail and recreation, groceries and pharmacies, parks, transit stations, workplaces, and residential.

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Diversity

Columbia County, OR is home to a population of 51.4k people, from which 98.8% are citizens. As of 2019, 6.09% of Columbia County, OR residents were born outside of the country (3.13k people).

In 2019, there were 21.3 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (45.5k people) in Columbia County, OR than any other race or ethnicity. There were 2.14k White (Hispanic) and 1.93k Two+ (Non-Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

Race and Ethnicity

Race and Ethnicity

The 3 largest ethnic groups in Columbia County, OR
  1. White (Non-Hispanic)
    45.5k ± 33
  2. White (Hispanic)
    2.14k ± 216
  3. Two+ (Non-Hispanic)
    1.93k ± 245
5.16%
Hispanic Population
2.65k people

In 2019, there were 21.3 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (45.5k people) in Columbia County, OR than any other race or ethnicity. There were 2.14k White (Hispanic) and 1.93k Two+ (Non-Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

5.16% of the people in Columbia County, OR are hispanic (2.65k people).

The following chart shows the 7 races represented in Columbia County, OR as a share of the total population.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

6.09%
2019 Foreign-Born Population
3.13k people
2.63%
2018 Foreign-Born Population
1.34k people

As of 2019, 6.09% of Columbia County, OR residents (3.13k people) were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 34%. In 2018, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Columbia County, OR was 2.63%, meaning that the rate has been increasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Columbia County, OR compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Age by Nativity

43
Median Native-Born Age
± 0.5
44
Median Foreign-Born Age
± 2.6

In 2019, the median age of all people in Columbia County, OR was 43.3. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 43, were generally younger than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 44. But people in Columbia County, OR are getting staying the same age. In 2018, the average age of all Columbia County, OR residents was 43.

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Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Oregon.
Most Common Origin
  1. Mexico
    141,075 ± 9,063 people
  2. China
    22,741 ± 3,692 people
  3. Vietnam
    22,210 ± 3,649 people

In 2019, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Oregon was Mexico, the natal country of 141,075 Oregon residents, followed by China with 22,741 and Vietnam with 22,210.

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Citizenship

98.8%
2019 Citizenship
98.6%
2018 Citizenship

As of 2019, 98.8% of Columbia County, OR residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.4%. In 2018, the percentage of US citizens in Columbia County, OR was 98.6%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been increasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Columbia County, OR compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period
  1. Vietnam
    2,144 ± 273
  2. Gulf War (2001-)
    543 ± 160
  3. Gulf War (1990s)
    506 ± 130

Columbia County, OR has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 3.95 times greater than any other conflict.

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Economy

Median household income in Columbia County, OR is $62,257. In 2019, the tract with the highest Median Household Income in Columbia County, OR was Census Tract 9710 with a value of $82,284, followed by Census Tract 9706 and Census Tract 9705, with respective values of $77,869 and $77,188.

Males in Oregon have an average income that is 1.29 times higher than the average income of females, which is $52,010. The income inequality in Oregon (measured using the Gini index) is 0.465, which is lower than than the national average.

The economy of Columbia County, OR employs 22.6k people. The largest industries in Columbia County, OR are Manufacturing (3,903 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (2,751 people), and Retail Trade (2,329 people), and the highest paying industries are Utilities ($71,875), Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services ($60,387), and Manufacturing ($58,901).

Wages

Median Household Income

$62,257
2019 value
± $2,821
4.26%
1 Year Growth
± 6.58%

Households in Columbia County, OR have a median annual income of $62,257, which is less than the median annual income of $65,712 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $59,714 in 2018, which represents a 4.26% annual growth.

The following chart shows how the median household income in Columbia County, OR compares to that of its neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Oregon.
$66,971
Average Male Salary in Oregon
± $1,748
$52,010
Average Female Salary in Oregon
± $1,441

In 2019, full-time male employees in Oregon made 1.29 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Oregon by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Oregon.
Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity in Oregon
  1. Asian
    $60,218 ± $5,230
  2. White
    $52,171 ± $1,101
  3. Black
    $42,634 ± $7,094

In 2019 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Oregon workers was Asian. These workers were paid 1.15 times more than White workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity in Oregon.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Oregon by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Columbia County, OR is from Oregon.
0.465
2019 Wage GINI in Oregon
0.468
2018 Wage GINI in Oregon

In 2019, the income inequality in Oregon was 0.465 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.664% decline from 2018 to 2019, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat more even. The GINI for Oregon was lower than than the national average of 0.478. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Oregon in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Oregon across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Race/Ethnicity
Highest Median Household Income (Total)
  1. Census Tract 9710
  2. Census Tract 9706
  3. Census Tract 9705

In 2019, the tract with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Columbia County, OR was Census Tract 9710 with a value of $82,284, followed by Census Tract 9706 and Census Tract 9705, with respective values of $77,869 and $77,188.

The following map shows all of the tracts in Columbia County, OR colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 25 - 34
Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

11.7% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Columbia County, OR (5.93k out of 50.8k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is lower than the national average of 12.3%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 25 - 34, followed by Females 45 - 54 and then Females 55 - 64.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty
  1. White
    5,393 ± 510
  2. Hispanic
    556 ± 216
  3. Two Or More
    376 ± 180

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Columbia County, OR is White, followed by Hispanic and Two Or More.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

22.6k
2019 Value
± 1,033
3.76%
1 Year growth
± 6.18%

From 2018 to 2019, employment in Columbia County, OR grew at a rate of 3.76%, from 21.8k employees to 22.6k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Columbia County, OR, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (2,484 people), Production Occupations (2,224 people), and Sales & Related Occupations (2,117 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Columbia County, OR.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Columbia County, OR, by number of employees, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (2,484 people), Production Occupations (2,224 people), and Sales & Related Occupations (2,117 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Columbia County, OR has an unusually high number of residents working as Farming, Fishing, & Forestry Occupations (2.31 times higher than expected), Production Occupations (1.74 times), and Healthcare Support Occupations (1.73 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Columbia County, OR, by median earnings, are Computer & Mathematical Occupations ($97,109), Architecture & Engineering Occupations ($95,227), and Computer, Engineering, & Science Occupations ($92,794).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

22.6k
2019 Value
± 1,033
3.76%
1 Year growth
± 6.18%

From 2018 to 2019, employment in Columbia County, OR grew at a rate of 3.76%, from 21.8k employees to 22.6k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Columbia County, OR, are Manufacturing (3,903 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (2,751 people), and Retail Trade (2,329 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Columbia County, OR, though some of these residents may live in Columbia County, OR and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Columbia County, OR, by number of employees, are Manufacturing (3,903 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (2,751 people), and Retail Trade (2,329 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Columbia County, OR has an unusually high number of Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting (2.26 times higher than expected), Manufacturing (1.73 times), and Utilities (1.61 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Columbia County, OR, by median earnings, are Utilities ($71,875), Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services ($60,387), and Manufacturing ($58,901).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Oregon to other states, or from other states to Oregon.
Top Domestic Production in Dollars
  1. $23.3B
  2. $21B
  3. $20.8B

In 2018, the top outbound Oregon product (by dollars) was Motorized vehicles with $23.3B, followed by Electronics ($21B) and Mixed freight ($20.8B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Oregon products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for Oregon.
$174B
2018 Value in Oregon
$349B
Projected 2045 Value in Oregon
100% growth

In 2018, total outbound Oregon trade was $174B. This is expected to increase 100% to $349B by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Oregon trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Oregon to other states, or from other states to Oregon.
Most Common Trade Partners
  1. $38.9B
  2. $24B
  3. $4.89B

In 2018, the top outbound Oregon domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Washington with $38.9B, followed by California with $24B and Texas and $4.89B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Oregon shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Civics

In the 2016 presidential election, the popular vote in Columbia County, OR went to Donald J. Trump with 49.7% of the vote. The runner-up was Hillary Rodham Clinton (38.2%), followed by Other (12.1%). The most partisan county was Lake County, OR with 76.9% of the vote going to Donald J. Trump running for the Republican Party.

Ron Wyden and Jeff Merkley are the senators currently representing the state of Oregon. In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

Oregon is currently represented by 5 members in the U.S. house, and members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms.

Presidential Popular Vote by County

Presidential voting results are only available at the county level. Showing data for the counties inside of Oregon.
Showing data up to the 2016 election. Updated election results are currently being processed, and will be released in the coming months.
Donald J. Trump
Popular Vote for Columbia County, OR
49.7% for the Republican Party
Most Partisan Counties in Oregon
  1. 76.9% for Donald J. Trump (Republican Party)
  2. 74% for Donald J. Trump (Republican Party)
  3. 73.3% for Hillary Rodham Clinton (Democratic Party)

In the 2016 presidential election, the most partisan county in Oregon was Lake County, OR with 76.9% of the vote going to Donald J. Trump running for the Republican Party.

The following map shows the counties in Oregon colored by their party leaning.

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US Senators from Oregon

Senatorial voting results are only available at the state level. Showing data for Oregon.
Ron Wyden
Senator from Oregon3
Assumed office on February 5, 1996
Elected to the seat following the resignation of Bob Packwood.
Jeff Merkley
Senator from Oregon2
Assumed office on January 3, 2009

Ron Wyden and Jeff Merkley are the senators currently representing Oregon.

In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

The following chart shows elected senators in Oregon over time, excluding special elections, colored by their political party.

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US Representatives from Oregon

Oregon is currently represented by 5 members in the U.S. house.

Members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms, and the following chart shows the how the members for Oregon have changed over time starting in 2008.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Columbia County, OR was $264,900 in 2019, which is 1.1 times larger than the national average of $240,500. Between 2018 and 2019 the median property value increased from $240,500 to $264,900, a 10.1% increase. The homeownership rate in Columbia County, OR is 75.4%, which is higher than the national average of 64.1%. People in Columbia County, OR have an average commute time of 31.7 minutes, and they drove alone to work. Car ownership in Columbia County, OR is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Housing

Property Value

$264,900
2019 Median
± $7,668
$240,500
2018 Median
± $6,433

In 2019, the median property value in Columbia County, OR grew to to $264,900 from the previous year's value of $240,500.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Columbia County, OR compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Columbia County, OR the largest share of households have a property value in the $300k - $400k range.

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Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.
$62,257
Median Household Income
± $2,821
19.7k
Number of Households
± 896

In 2019, the median household income of the 19.7k households in Columbia County, OR grew to $62,257 from the previous year's value of $59,714.

The following chart displays the households in Columbia County, OR distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Property Taxes

$3k+
Average Range

This chart shows the households in Columbia County, OR distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Columbia County, OR the largest share of households pay taxes in the $3k+ range.

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Rent vs Own

75.4%
2019 Homeownership
74.2%
2018 Homeownership

In 2019, 75.4% of the housing units in Columbia County, OR were occupied by their owner. This percentage grew from the previous year's rate of 74.2%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is higher than the national average of 64.1%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Columbia County, OR compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Commute Time

31.7 minutes
Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Columbia County, OR have a longer commute time (31.7 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.5 minutes). Additionally, 2.99% of the workforce in Columbia County, OR have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Columbia County, OR compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Commute in 2019
  1. Drove Alone (78.3%)
  2. Carpooled (11.4%)
  3. Worked At Home (6.62%)

In 2019, 78.3% of workers in Columbia County, OR drove alone to work, followed by those who carpooled to work (11.4%) and those who worked at home (6.62%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars
Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Columbia County, OR distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Columbia County, OR have 2 cars, followed by 3 cars.

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Health

94.5% of the population of Columbia County, OR has health coverage, with 47.2% on employee plans, 19.5% on Medicaid, 13.2% on Medicare, 12.6% on non-group plans, and 2.01% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in Oregon was $8,044 in 2014. This is a 7.73% increase from the previous year ($7,467).

Primary care physicians in Columbia County, OR see 2910 patients per year on average, which represents a 4.46% decrease from the previous year (3046 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1689 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 258 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Jefferson County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (18.3%). Additionally, Malheur County and Union County have the highest prevalence of adult obesity (39.9%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

2,910 to 1
Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio in Columbia County, OR

Primary care physicians in Columbia County, OR see an average of 2,910 patients per year. This represents a 4.46% decrease from the previous year (3,046 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Columbia County, OR in comparison to its neighboring geographies.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.
State with the Highest Prevalence
  1. 8.26% of the population affected
  2. 8.13% of the population affected
  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.
Most prevalent states
  1. 19.2% of adults
  2. 17.9% of adults
  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Oregon.
$8,044
Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care in Oregon
$4,232
Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care
$7,185
Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care
$8,942
Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in Oregon (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 7.73%, from $7,467 to $8,044.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

5.54%
Uninsured
47.2%
Employer Coverage
19.5%
Medicaid
13.2%
Medicare
12.6%
Non-Group
2.01%
Military or VA

Between 2018 and 2019, the percent of uninsured citizens in Columbia County, OR declined by 5.63% from 5.87% to 5.54%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Columbia County, OR changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.
Most at risk counties
  1. 18.3% prevalence
  2. 14.8% prevalence
  3. 14.7% prevalence

Jefferson County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in Oregon, at 18.3%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in Oregon by county over multiple years.

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