Covington County, AL

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Population

37,519

0.557% decline

Median Age

43.4


Median Household Income

$39,467

5.77% growth

Poverty Rate

17.6%


Number of Employees

14,686

1.7% growth

Median Property Value

$96,200

2.67% growth

About

In 2017, Covington County, AL had a population of 37.5k people with a median age of 43.4 and a median household income of $39,467. Between 2016 and 2017 the population of Covington County, AL declined from 37,729 to 37,519, a -0.557% decrease and its median household income grew from $37,313 to $39,467, a 5.77% increase.

The population of Covington County, AL is 83.5% White Alone, 13% Black or African American Alone, and 1.56% Hispanic or Latino. N/A% of the people in Covington County, AL speak a non-English language, and 99.7% are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Covington County, AL are Lurleen B Wallace Community College (412 degrees awarded in 2016).

The median property value in Covington County, AL is $96,200, and the homeownership rate is 75.1%. Most people in Covington County, AL commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 24.7 minutes. The average car ownership in Covington County, AL is 2 cars per household.

About the photo: Birmingham, AL

Economy

The economy of Covington County, AL employs 14.7k people. The largest industries in Covington County, AL are Manufacturing (2,258 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (1,728 people), and Retail Trade (1,637 people), and the highest paying industries are Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($87,250), Utilities ($62,557), and Transportation & Warehousing, & Utilities ($47,550).

Median household income in Covington County, AL is $39,467. Males in Covington County, AL have an average income that is 1.44 times higher than the average income of females, which is $40,615. The income inequality in Covington County, AL (measured using the Gini index) is 0.46, which is lower than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$39,467

2017 value

± $2,392

5.77%

1 Year Growth

± 7.66%

Households in Covington County, AL have a median annual income of $39,467, which is less than the median annual income of $60,336 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $37,313 in 2016, which represents a 5.77% annual growth.

Look at the chart to see how the median household income in Covington County, AL compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Alabama.

$58,549

Average Male Salary

± $1,465

$40,615

Average Female Salary

± $997

In 2017, full-time male employees in Alabama made 1.44 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Alabama by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Alabama.

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. Asian

    $58,018 ± $10,489

  2. White

    $47,885 ± $1,063

  3. American Indian and Alaska Native tribes specified; or American Indian or Alaska Native, not specified and no other races

    $45,909 ± $38,465

In 2017 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Alabama workers was Asian. These workers were paid 1.21 times more than White workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Alabama by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Covington County, AL is from Alabama.

0.46

2017 Wage GINI

0.458

2016 Wage GINI

In 2017, the income inequality in Alabama was 0.46 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.343% growth from 2016 to 2017, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat less even.

The 2017 the GINI for Alabama was lower than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Alabama in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Alabama across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Highest Median Household Income (Total)

  1. Census Tract 9616

  2. Census Tract 9619

  3. Census Tract 9624

In 2017, the tract with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Covington County, AL was Census Tract 9616 with a value of $50,388, followed by Census Tract 9619 and Census Tract 9624, with respective values of $47,155 and $46,582.

The following map shows all of the tracts in Covington County, AL colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 25 - 34

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

17.6% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Covington County, AL (6.49k out of 36.8k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 13.4%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 25 - 34, followed by Males 45 - 54 and then Females 55 - 64.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. White

    4,740 ± 384

  2. Black

    1,621 ± 225

  3. Two Or More

    107 ± 119

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Covington County, AL is White, followed by Black and Two Or More.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

14.7k

2017 Value

± 695

1.7%

1 Year growth

± 6.46%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Covington County, AL grew at a rate of 1.7%, from 14.4k employees to 14.7k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Covington County, AL, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (1,932 people), Production Occupations (1,465 people), and Sales & Related Occupations (1,330 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Covington County, AL.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Covington County, AL, by number of employees, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (1,932 people), Production Occupations (1,465 people), and Sales & Related Occupations (1,330 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Covington County, AL has an unusually high number of residents working as Farming, Fishing, & Forestry Occupations (2.69 times higher than expected), Construction & Extraction Occupations (1.81 times), and Production Occupations (1.72 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Covington County, AL, by median earnings, are Legal Occupations ($94,671), Health Diagnosing & Treating Practitioners & Other Technical Occupations ($55,313), and Architecture & Engineering Occupations ($52,308).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

14.7k

2017 Value

± 695

1.7%

1 Year growth

± 6.46%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Covington County, AL grew at a rate of 1.7%, from 14.4k employees to 14.7k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Covington County, AL, are Manufacturing (2,258 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (1,728 people), and Retail Trade (1,637 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Covington County, AL, though some of these residents may live in Covington County, AL and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Covington County, AL, by number of employees, are Manufacturing (2,258 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (1,728 people), and Retail Trade (1,637 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Covington County, AL has an unusually high number of Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction (5.31 times higher than expected), Utilities (3.97 times), and Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting (3.43 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Covington County, AL, by median earnings, are Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($87,250), Utilities ($62,557), and Transportation & Warehousing, & Utilities ($47,550).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Alabama to other states, or from other states to Alabama.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $40.7B

  2. $28B

  3. $21.5B

In 2015, the top outbound Alabama product (by dollars) was Motorized vehicles with $40.7B, followed by Mixed freight ($28B) and Coal-n.e.c. ($21.5B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Alabama products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for Alabama state.

$243B

2015 Value

$367B

Projected 2045 Value

50.7% growth

In 2015, total outbound Alabama trade was $243B. This is expected to increase 50.7% to $367B by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Alabama trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Alabama to other states, or from other states to Alabama.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $25.3B

  2. $16.7B

  3. $14.5B

In 2015, the top outbound Alabama domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Georgia with $25.3B, followed by Florida with $16.7B and Tennessee and $14.5B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Alabama shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

88.2% of the population of Covington County, AL has health coverage, with 43% on employee plans, 14.8% on Medicaid, 14.7% on Medicare, 13.2% on non-group plans, and 2.56% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the county of Covington County, AL was $7,281 in 2014. This is a 4.07% increase from the previous year ($6,996).

Primary care physicians in Covington County, AL see 1991 patients per year on average, which represents a 0.201% decrease from the previous year (1995 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 2881 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 1873 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Greene County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (21.1%). Additionally, Macon County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (47.8%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

1,991 to 1

Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio

Primary care physicians in Covington County, AL see an average of 1,991 patients per year. This represents a 0.201% decrease from the previous year (1,995 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Covington County, AL in comparison to neighboring states.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Alabama.

$7,281

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$3,641

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$5,042

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$10,267

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in Alabama (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 4.07%, from $6,996 to $7,281.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

11.8%

Uninsured

43%

Employer Coverage

14.8%

Medicaid

14.7%

Medicare

13.2%

Non-Group

2.56%

Military or VA

Between 2016 and 2017, the percent of uninsured citizens in Covington County, AL declined by 5.19% from 12.4% to 11.8%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Covington County, AL changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 21.1% prevalence

  2. 20.9% prevalence

  3. 20.4% prevalence

Greene County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in Alabama, at 21.1%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in Alabama by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

Covington County, AL is home to a population of 37.5k people, from which 99.7% are citizens. As of 2017, 0.8% of Covington County, AL residents were born outside of the country (300 people).

The ethnic composition of the population of Covington County, AL is composed of 31.3k White Alone residents (83.5%), 4.88k Black or African American Alone residents (13%), 586 Hispanic or Latino residents (1.56%), 448 Two or More Races residents (1.19%), 154 Asian Alone residents (0.41%), 124 American Indian & Alaska Native Alone residents (0.33%), 8 Native Hawaiian & Other Pacific Islander Alone residents (0.0213%), and 0 Some Other Race Alone residents (0%).

The most common foreign languages spoken in Covington County, AL are N/A.

Age

Age by Nativity

43

Median Native-Born Age

± 0.6

62

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 9.6

In 2017, the median age of all people in Covington County, AL was 43.4. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 43, were generally younger than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 62. But people in Covington County, AL are getting getting older. In 2016, the average age of all Covington County, AL residents was 43.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

0.8%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

300 people

0.954%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

360 people

As of 2017, 0.8% of Covington County, AL residents (300 people) were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Covington County, AL was 0.954%, meaning that the rate has been decreasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Covington County, AL compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Alabama.

Most Common Origin

  1. Mexico

    51,837 ± 5,560 people

  2. Guatemala

    11,080 ± 2,581 people

  3. India

    9,229 ± 2,356 people

In 2017, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Alabama was Mexico, the natal country of 51,837 Alabama residents, followed by Guatemala with 11,080 and India with 9,229.

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Citizenship

99.7%

2017 Citizenship

99.7%

2016 Citizenship

As of 2017, 99.7% of Covington County, AL residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.1%. In 2016, the percentage of US citizens in Covington County, AL was 99.7%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been increasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Covington County, AL compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

Most Common

  1. White Alone

    31.3k ± 24

  2. Black or African American Alone

    4.88k ± 63

  3. Hispanic or Latino

    586 ± 125

In 2017, there were 6.42 times more White Alone residents (31.3k people) in Covington County, AL than any other race or ethnicity. There were 4.88k Black or African American Alone and 586 Hispanic or Latino residents, the second and third most common racial or ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 8 races and ethnicities represented in Covington County, AL as a share of the total population.

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Non-English Speakers

Most Common Languages

  1. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

  2. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

  3. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

N/A% of Covington County, AL citizens are speakers of a non-English language, which is approximately the same as the national average of 21.8%. In N/A, the most common non-English language spoken in Covington County, AL was N/A. N/A% of the overall population of Covington County, AL are native N/A speakers. N/A% speak N/A and N/A% speak N/A, the next two most common languages.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Vietnam

    1,323 ± 147

  2. Gulf War (2001-)

    445 ± 137

  3. Gulf War (1990s)

    366 ± 92

Covington County, AL has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 2.97 times greater than any other conflict.

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Education

In 2016, universities in Covington County, AL awarded 412 degrees. The student population of Covington County, AL is skewed towards women, with 741 male students and 1,001 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Covington County, AL are White (316 and 76.7%), followed by Black or African American (83 and 20.1%), Hispanic or Latino (5 and 1.21%), and Two or More Races (3 and 0.728%).

The largest universities in Covington County, AL by number of degrees awarded are Lurleen B Wallace Community College (412 and 100%).

The most popular majors in Covington County, AL are General Studies (97 and 23.5%), Welding Technology (62 and 15%), and Emergency Medical Technician (EMT Paramedic) (34 and 8.25%).

The median tuition costs in Covington County, AL are $N/A for private four year colleges, and $N/A and $N/A respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

Most Common

  1. 97 degrees awarded

  2. 29 degrees awarded

  3. 27 degrees awarded

In 2015, the most common concentation for Associates Degree recipients in Covington County, AL was General Studies with 97 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Associates Degree from schools in Covington County, AL according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded

412 degrees awarded

$N/A

Median In-State Public

$N/A

Median Private

In 2016, the Covington County, AL institution with the largest number of graduating students was Lurleen B Wallace Community College with 412 degrees awarded.

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Student Gender for Common Institutions

175

Degrees Awarded to Men

237

Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2016, 175 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Covington County, AL, which is 0.738 times less than the 237 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the institutions in Covington County, AL by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity

  1. White

    316 degrees awarded

  2. Black or African American

    83 degrees awarded

  3. Hispanic or Latino

    5 degrees awarded

In 2016 the majority of degrees awarded at institutions in Covington County, AL were to White students. These 316 degrees mean that there were 3.81 times more White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Black or African American, with 83 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Covington County, AL was $96,200 in 2017, which is 0.442 times smaller than the national average of $217,600. Between 2016 and 2017 the median property value increased from $93,700 to $96,200, a 2.67% increase. The homeownership rate in Covington County, AL is 75.1%, which is higher than the national average of 63.9%. People in Covington County, AL have an average commute time of 24.7 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Covington County, AL is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Income

Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$39,467

Median Household Income

± $2,392

15.3k

Number of Households

± 670

In 2017, the median household income of the 15.3k households in Covington County, AL grew to $39,467 from the previous year's value of $37,313.

The following chart displays the households in Covington County, AL distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the < $10k range.

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Housing

Property Value

$96,200

2017 Median

± $4,875

$93,700

2016 Median

± $4,416

In 2017, the median property value in Covington County, AL grew to to $96,200 from the previous year's value of $93,700.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Covington County, AL compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Covington County, AL the largest share of households have a property value in the $150k - $175k range.

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Property Taxes

< $800

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Covington County, AL distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Covington County, AL the largest share of households pay taxes in the < $800 range.

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Rent vs Own

75.1%

2017 Homeownership

74.7%

2016 Homeownership

In 2017, 75.1% of the housing units in Covington County, AL were occupied by their owner. This percentage grew from the previous year's rate of 74.7%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is higher than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Covington County, AL compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Covington County, AL distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Covington County, AL have 2 cars, followed by 3 cars.

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Commute Time

24.7 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Covington County, AL have a shorter commute time (24.7 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.1 minutes). Additionally, 4.31% of the workforce in Covington County, AL have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Covington County, AL compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    86.8%

  2. Carpooled

    8.6%

  3. Worked At Home

    1.9%

In 2017, the most common method of travel for workers in Covington County, AL was Drove Alone, followed by those who Carpooled and those who Worked At Home.

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