Columbia County, WA

County

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2020 Population
4,024
0.802% 1-year growth
US Senator
Patty Murray
Democratic Party
US Senator
Maria Cantwell
Democratic Party
2020 Median Age
49
2.39% 1-year decrease
2020 Poverty Rate
6.78%
40% 1-year decrease
2020 Median Household Income
$61,779
15.6% 1-year growth
2020 Median Property Value
$199,600
11.3% 1-year growth
2020 Employed Population
1,932
11.2% 1-year growth

About

In 2020, Columbia County, WA had a population of 4.02k people with a median age of 49 and a median household income of $61,779. Between 2019 and 2020 the population of Columbia County, WA grew from 3,992 to 4,024, a 0.802% increase and its median household income grew from $53,423 to $61,779, a 15.6% increase.

The 5 largest ethnic groups in Columbia County, WA are White (Non-Hispanic) (84.8%), Other (Hispanic) (5.04%), Two+ (Non-Hispanic) (4.2%), White (Hispanic) (1.67%), and Two+ (Hispanic) (1.39%).

None of the households in Columbia County, WA reported speaking a non-English language at home as their primary shared language. This does not consider the potential multi-lingual nature of households, but only the primary self-reported language spoken by all members of the household.

96.3% of the residents in Columbia County, WA are U.S. citizens.

In 2020, the median property value in Columbia County, WA was $199,600, and the homeownership rate was 71.6%. Most people in Columbia County, WA drove alone to work, and the average commute time was 21 minutes. The average car ownership in Columbia County, WA was 2 cars per household.

Diversity

Columbia County, WA is home to a population of 4.02k people, from which 96.3% are citizens. As of 2020, 5.49% of Columbia County, WA residents were born outside of the country (221 people).

In 2020, there were 16.8 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (3.41k people) in Columbia County, WA than any other race or ethnicity. There were 203 Other (Hispanic) and 169 Two+ (Non-Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

Race and Ethnicity

Race and Ethnicity

The 3 largest ethnic groups in Columbia County, WA
  1. White (Non-Hispanic)
    3.41k ± 2
  2. Other (Hispanic)
    203 ± 137
  3. Two+ (Non-Hispanic)
    169 ± 74
8.1%
Hispanic Population
326 people

In 2020, there were 16.8 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (3.41k people) in Columbia County, WA than any other race or ethnicity. There were 203 Other (Hispanic) and 169 Two+ (Non-Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

8.1% of the people in Columbia County, WA are hispanic (326 people).

The following chart shows the 7 races represented in Columbia County, WA as a share of the total population.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

5.49%
2020 Foreign-Born Population
221 people
7.44%
2019 Foreign-Born Population
297 people

As of 2020, 5.49% of Columbia County, WA residents (221 people) were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.5%. In 2019, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Columbia County, WA was 7.44%, meaning that the rate has been decreasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Columbia County, WA compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Age by Nativity

51
Median Native-Born Age
± 1.5
46
Median Foreign-Born Age
± 2.4

In 2020, the median age of all people in Columbia County, WA was 49. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 51, were generally older than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 46. But people in Columbia County, WA are getting getting younger. In 2019, the average age of all Columbia County, WA residents was 50.

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Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Washington.
Most Common Origin
  1. Mexico
    245,459 ± 11,963 people
  2. India
    87,443 ± 7,218 people
  3. China
    77,854 ± 6,815 people

In 2020, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Washington was Mexico, the natal country of 245,459 Washington residents, followed by India with 87,443 and China with 77,854.

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Citizenship

96.3%
2020 Citizenship
96.9%
2019 Citizenship

As of 2020, 96.3% of Columbia County, WA residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.4%. In 2019, the percentage of US citizens in Columbia County, WA was 96.9%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been decreasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Columbia County, WA compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period
  1. Vietnam
    164 ± 53
  2. Gulf War (1990s)
    49 ± 34
  3. Gulf War (2001-)
    30 ± 28

Columbia County, WA has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 3.35 times greater than any other conflict.

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COVID-19

Daily New Cases by Date

Showing data at the state level for Washington. Hospitalization data for some states may be delayed or not reported.
Y-Axis

This chart shows the number of COVID-19 daily new cases by date in Washington, as a 7-day rolling average, compared with the four states with the most similar number of confirmed cases.

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Unemployment Insurance Claims

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Washington.

This chart shows weekly unemployment insurance claims in Washington (not-seasonally adjusted) compared with the four states with the most similar impact.

The most recent data point uses Advance State Claims data, which can be revised in subsequent weeks.

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Employment by Industry Sector

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Washington.
Y-Axis
8.45%
Year-over-year growth
Employment change between May 2020 and May 2021

As of May 2021, there are 145M people employed in Washington. This represents a 8.45% increase in employment when compared to May 2020.

The following chart shows monthly employment numbers for each industry sector in Washington.

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Community Mobility

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Washington.

This chart presents movement trends over time in the state of Washington across different categories of places such as retail and recreation, groceries and pharmacies, parks, transit stations, workplaces, and residential.

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Economy

Males in Washington have an average income that is 1.35 times higher than the average income of females, which is $61,193. The income inequality in Washington (measured using the Gini index) is 0.466, which is lower than than the national average.

The economy of Columbia County, WA employs 1.93k people. The largest industries in Columbia County, WA are Educational Services (274 people), Retail Trade (269 people), and Health Care & Social Assistance (227 people), and the highest paying industries are Construction ($53,889), Utilities ($51,250), and Transportation & Warehousing, & Utilities ($48,571).

Wages

Median Household Income

$61,779
2020 value
± $8,611
15.6%
1 Year Growth
± 17.5%

Households in Columbia County, WA have a median annual income of $61,779, which is less than the median annual income of $64,994 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $53,423 in 2019, which represents a 15.6% annual growth.

The following chart shows how the median household income in Columbia County, WA compares to that of its neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Sex in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Washington.
$82,611
Average Male Salary in Washington
± $1,547
$61,193
Average Female Salary in Washington
± $1,257

In 2020, full-time male employees in Washington made 1.35 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the sex-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Washington by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Washington.
Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity in Washington
  1. Asian
    $80,218 ± $3,539
  2. White
    $65,319 ± $1,078
  3. Two or More Races
    $53,715 ± $3,170

In 2020 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Washington workers was Asian. These workers were paid 1.23 times more than White workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity in Washington.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Washington by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Columbia County, WA is from Washington.
0.466
2020 Wage GINI in Washington
0.468
2019 Wage GINI in Washington

In 2020, the income inequality in Washington was 0.466 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.301% decline from 2019 to 2020, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat more even. The GINI for Washington was lower than than the national average of 0.478. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Washington in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Washington across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Race/Ethnicity
Census Tract 9602
Highest Median Household Income (Total)

The following map shows all of the tracts in Columbia County, WA colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Sex

Females 75+
Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

6.78% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Columbia County, WA (270 out of 3.98k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is lower than the national average of 12.8%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 75+, followed by Males 55 - 64 and then Males 45 - 54.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty
  1. White
    213 ± 84
  2. Black
    20 ± 67
  3. Two Or More
    19 ± 68

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Columbia County, WA is White, followed by Black and Two Or More.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

1.93k
2020 Value
± 241
11.2%
1 Year growth
± 15.7%

From 2019 to 2020, employment in Columbia County, WA grew at a rate of 11.2%, from 1.74k employees to 1.93k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Columbia County, WA, are Sales & Related Occupations (243 people), Education Instruction, & Library Occupations (213 people), and Office & Administrative Support Occupations (180 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Columbia County, WA.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Columbia County, WA, by number of employees, are Sales & Related Occupations (243 people), Education Instruction, & Library Occupations (213 people), and Office & Administrative Support Occupations (180 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Columbia County, WA has an unusually high number of residents working as Farming, Fishing, & Forestry Occupations (3.14 times higher than expected), Life, Physical, & Social Science Occupations (2.45 times), and Fire Fighting & Prevention, & Other Protective Service Workers Including Supervisors (2.25 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Columbia County, WA, by median earnings, are Architecture & Engineering Occupations ($85,735), Computer, Engineering, & Science Occupations ($85,106), and Computer & Mathematical Occupations ($84,659).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

1.93k
2020 Value
± 241
11.2%
1 Year growth
± 15.7%

From 2019 to 2020, employment in Columbia County, WA grew at a rate of 11.2%, from 1.74k employees to 1.93k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Columbia County, WA, are Educational Services (274 people), Retail Trade (269 people), and Health Care & Social Assistance (227 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Columbia County, WA, though some of these residents may live in Columbia County, WA and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Columbia County, WA, by number of employees, are Educational Services (274 people), Retail Trade (269 people), and Health Care & Social Assistance (227 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Columbia County, WA has an unusually high number of Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting (6.2 times higher than expected), Public Administration (2.27 times), and Construction (1.53 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Columbia County, WA, by median earnings, are Construction ($53,889), Utilities ($51,250), and Transportation & Warehousing, & Utilities ($48,571).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Washington to other states, or from other states to Washington.
Top Domestic Production in Dollars
  1. $105B
  2. $46.1B
  3. $35.2B

In 2020, the top outbound Washington product (by dollars) was Transport equip. with $105B, followed by Misc. mfg. prods. ($46.1B) and Mixed freight ($35.2B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Washington products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for Washington.
$500B
2020 Value in Washington
$980B
Projected 2050 Value in Washington
95.8% growth

In 2020, total outbound Washington trade was $500B. This is expected to increase 95.8% to $980B by 2050.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Washington trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Washington to other states, or from other states to Washington.
Most Common Trade Partners
  1. $34.9B
  2. $26.9B
  3. $23.3B

In 2020, the top outbound Washington domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Oregon with $34.9B, followed by California with $26.9B and Hawaii and $23.3B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Washington shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Civics

In the 2020 presidential election, the popular vote in Columbia County, WA went to Donald J. Trump with 70.3% of the vote. The runner-up was Joseph R Biden Jr. (26.8%), followed by Jo Jorgensen (2.04%). The most partisan county was King County, WA with 75% of the vote going to Joseph R Biden Jr. running for the Democratic Party.

Patty Murray and Maria Cantwell are the senators currently representing the state of Washington. In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

Washington is currently represented by 10 members in the U.S. house, and members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms.

Presidential Popular Vote by County

Presidential voting results are only available at the county level. Showing data for the counties inside of Washington.
Donald J. Trump
Popular Vote for Columbia County, WA
70.3% for the Republican Party
Most Partisan Counties in Washington
  1. 75% for Joseph R Biden Jr. (Democratic Party)
  2. 73.7% for Joseph R Biden Jr. (Democratic Party)
  3. 73.2% for Donald J. Trump (Republican Party)

In the 2020 presidential election, the most partisan county in Washington was King County, WA with 75% of the vote going to Joseph R Biden Jr. running for the Democratic Party.

The following map shows the counties in Washington colored by their party leaning.

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US Senators from Washington

Senatorial voting results are only available at the state level. Showing data for Washington.
Patty Murray
Senator from Washington3
Assumed office on January 3, 1993
Maria Cantwell
Senator from Washington1
Assumed office on January 3, 2001

Patty Murray and Maria Cantwell are the senators currently representing Washington.

In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

The following chart shows elected senators in Washington over time, excluding special elections, colored by their political party.

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US Representatives from Washington

Washington is currently represented by 10 members in the U.S. house.

Members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms, and the following chart shows the how the members for Washington have changed over time starting in 2008.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Columbia County, WA was $199,600 in 2020, which is 0.869 times smaller than the national average of $229,800. Between 2019 and 2020 the median property value increased from $179,400 to $199,600, a 11.3% increase. The homeownership rate in Columbia County, WA is 71.6%, which is higher than the national average of 64.4%. People in Columbia County, WA have an average commute time of 21 minutes, and they drove alone to work. Car ownership in Columbia County, WA is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Housing

Property Value

$199,600
2020 Median
± $26,868
$179,400
2019 Median
± $23,000

In 2020, the median property value in Columbia County, WA grew to to $199,600 from the previous year's value of $179,400.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Columbia County, WA compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Columbia County, WA the largest share of households have a property value in the $250k - $300k range.

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Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.
$61,779
Median Household Income
± $8,611
1.8k
Number of Households
± 215

In 2020, the median household income of the 1.8k households in Columbia County, WA grew to $61,779 from the previous year's value of $53,423.

The following chart displays the households in Columbia County, WA distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Property Taxes

$2k - $3k
Average Range

This chart shows the households in Columbia County, WA distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Columbia County, WA the largest share of households pay taxes in the $2k - $3k range.

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Rent vs Own

71.6%
2020 Homeownership
67.9%
2019 Homeownership

In 2020, 71.6% of the housing units in Columbia County, WA were occupied by their owner. This percentage grew from the previous year's rate of 67.9%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is higher than the national average of 64.4%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Columbia County, WA compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Commute Time

21 minutes
Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Columbia County, WA have a shorter commute time (21 minutes) than the normal US worker (26.9 minutes). Additionally, 2.08% of the workforce in Columbia County, WA have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Columbia County, WA compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Commute in 2020
  1. Drove Alone (71%)
  2. Carpooled (11.4%)
  3. Walked (8.62%)

In 2020, 71% of workers in Columbia County, WA drove alone to work, followed by those who carpooled to work (11.4%) and those who walked to work (8.62%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars
Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Columbia County, WA distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Columbia County, WA have 2 cars, followed by false.

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Health

93.4% of the population of Columbia County, WA has health coverage, with 38.3% on employee plans, 19.2% on Medicaid, 21.7% on Medicare, 13% on non-group plans, and 1.26% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in Washington was $7,913 in 2014. This is a 4% increase from the previous year ($7,609).

Primary care physicians in Columbia County, WA see 1353 patients per year on average, which represents a 0.297% increase from the previous year (1349 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1328 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 332 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Wahkiakum County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (14.8%). Additionally, Pend Oreille County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (41.6%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

1,353 to 1
Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio in Columbia County, WA

Primary care physicians in Columbia County, WA see an average of 1,353 patients per year. This represents a 0.297% increase from the previous year (1,349 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Columbia County, WA in comparison to its neighboring geographies.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.
State with the Highest Prevalence
  1. 8.26% of the population affected
  2. 8.13% of the population affected
  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.
Most prevalent states
  1. 19.2% of adults
  2. 17.9% of adults
  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Washington.
$7,913
Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care in Washington
$4,328
Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care
$5,851
Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care
$8,997
Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in Washington (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 4%, from $7,609 to $7,913.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

6.63%
Uninsured
38.3%
Employer Coverage
19.2%
Medicaid
21.7%
Medicare
13%
Non-Group
1.26%
Military or VA

Between 2019 and 2020, the percent of uninsured citizens in Columbia County, WA grew by 37.7% from 4.82% to 6.63%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Columbia County, WA changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.
Most at risk counties
  1. 14.8% prevalence
  2. 14.2% prevalence
  3. 14% prevalence

Wahkiakum County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in Washington, at 14.8%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in Washington by county over multiple years.

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