Columbia County, WA

County

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2019 Population
3,992
0.225% 1-year decline
US Senator
Patty Murray
Democratic Party
US Senator
Maria Cantwell
Democratic Party
2019 Median Age
50.2
1.62% 1-year increase
2019 Poverty Rate
11.3%
2.14% 1-year decrease
2019 Median Household Income
$53,423
4.52% 1-year growth
2019 Median Property Value
$179,400
5.04% 1-year growth
2019 Employed Population
1,737
1.42% 1-year decline

About

In 2019, Columbia County, WA had a population of 3.99k people with a median age of 50.2 and a median household income of $53,423. Between 2018 and 2019 the population of Columbia County, WA declined from 4,001 to 3,992, a −0.225% decrease and its median household income grew from $51,111 to $53,423, a 4.52% increase.

The 5 largest ethnic groups in Columbia County, WA are White (Non-Hispanic) (85.4%), White (Hispanic) (3.98%), Two+ (Non-Hispanic) (2.83%), Two+ (Hispanic) (2.48%), and Asian (Non-Hispanic) (1.8%). 0% of the households in Columbia County, WA speak a non-English language at home as their primary language, and 96.9% of the residents in Columbia County, WA are U.S. citizens.

In 2019, the median property value in Columbia County, WA was $179,400, and the homeownership rate was 67.9%. Most people in Columbia County, WA drove alone to work, and the average commute time was 18 minutes. The average car ownership in Columbia County, WA was 2 cars per household.

COVID-19

Daily New Cases by Date

Showing data at the state level for Washington. Hospitalization data for some states may be delayed or not reported.
Y-Axis

This chart shows the number of COVID-19 daily new cases by date in Washington, as a 7-day rolling average, compared with the four states with the most similar number of confirmed cases.

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Unemployment Insurance Claims

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Washington.

This chart shows weekly unemployment insurance claims in Washington (not-seasonally adjusted) compared with the four states with the most similar impact.

The most recent data point uses Advance State Claims data, which can be revised in subsequent weeks.

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Employment by Industry Sector

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Washington.
Start Year
Y-Axis
−5.78%
Year-over-year decline
Employment change between November 2019 and November 2020

As of November 2020, there are 145M people employed in Washington. This represents a −5.78% decrease in employment when compared to November 2019.

The following chart shows monthly employment numbers for each industry sector in Washington.

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Community Mobility

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Washington.

This chart presents movement trends over time in the state of Washington across different categories of places such as retail and recreation, groceries and pharmacies, parks, transit stations, workplaces, and residential.

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Diversity

Columbia County, WA is home to a population of 3.99k people, from which 96.9% are citizens. As of 2019, 19.9% of Columbia County, WA residents were born outside of the country (793 people).

In 2019, there were 21.4 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (3.41k people) in Columbia County, WA than any other race or ethnicity. There were 159 White (Hispanic) and 113 Two+ (Non-Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

Race and Ethnicity

Race and Ethnicity

The 3 largest ethnic groups in Columbia County, WA
  1. White (Non-Hispanic)
    3.41k ± 3
  2. White (Hispanic)
    159 ± 102
  3. Two+ (Non-Hispanic)
    113 ± 73
7.79%
Hispanic Population
311 people

In 2019, there were 21.4 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (3.41k people) in Columbia County, WA than any other race or ethnicity. There were 159 White (Hispanic) and 113 Two+ (Non-Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

7.79% of the people in Columbia County, WA are hispanic (311 people).

The following chart shows the 7 races represented in Columbia County, WA as a share of the total population.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

19.9%
2019 Foreign-Born Population
793 people
7.4%
2018 Foreign-Born Population
296 people

As of 2019, 19.9% of Columbia County, WA residents (793 people) were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 34%. In 2018, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Columbia County, WA was 7.4%, meaning that the rate has been increasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Columbia County, WA compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Age by Nativity

52
Median Native-Born Age
± 1.4
42
Median Foreign-Born Age
± 7.3

In 2019, the median age of all people in Columbia County, WA was 50.2. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 52, were generally older than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 42. But people in Columbia County, WA are getting getting older. In 2018, the average age of all Columbia County, WA residents was 49.

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Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Washington.
Most Common Origin
  1. Mexico
    247,214 ± 12,002 people
  2. India
    80,685 ± 6,936 people
  3. China
    72,521 ± 6,579 people

In 2019, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Washington was Mexico, the natal country of 247,214 Washington residents, followed by India with 80,685 and China with 72,521.

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Citizenship

96.9%
2019 Citizenship
97.3%
2018 Citizenship

As of 2019, 96.9% of Columbia County, WA residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.4%. In 2018, the percentage of US citizens in Columbia County, WA was 97.3%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been decreasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Columbia County, WA compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period
  1. Vietnam
    154 ± 53
  2. Gulf War (1990s)
    60 ± 40
  3. Gulf War (2001-)
    25 ± 27

Columbia County, WA has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 2.57 times greater than any other conflict.

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Economy

Median household income in Columbia County, WA is $53,423. In 2019, the tract with the highest Median Household Income in Columbia County, WA was Census Tract 9602 with a value of $53,423, followed by N/A and N/A, with respective values of N/A and N/A.

Males in Washington have an average income that is 1.36 times higher than the average income of females, which is $58,599. The income inequality in Washington (measured using the Gini index) is 0.468, which is lower than than the national average.

The economy of Columbia County, WA employs 1.74k people. The largest industries in Columbia County, WA are Health Care & Social Assistance (249 people), Construction (234 people), and Educational Services (215 people), and the highest paying industries are Wholesale Trade ($89,792), Public Administration ($51,563), and Construction ($50,500).

Wages

Median Household Income

$53,423
2019 value
± $7,872
4.52%
1 Year Growth
± 17.9%

Households in Columbia County, WA have a median annual income of $53,423, which is less than the median annual income of $65,712 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $51,111 in 2018, which represents a 4.52% annual growth.

The following chart shows how the median household income in Columbia County, WA compares to that of its neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Washington.
$79,606
Average Male Salary in Washington
± $1,492
$58,599
Average Female Salary in Washington
± $1,218

In 2019, full-time male employees in Washington made 1.36 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Washington by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Washington.
Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity in Washington
  1. Asian
    $74,594 ± $3,333
  2. White
    $62,706 ± $1,032
  3. Two or More Races
    $50,542 ± $3,350

In 2019 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Washington workers was Asian. These workers were paid 1.19 times more than White workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity in Washington.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Washington by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Columbia County, WA is from Washington.
0.468
2019 Wage GINI in Washington
0.469
2018 Wage GINI in Washington

In 2019, the income inequality in Washington was 0.468 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.222% decline from 2018 to 2019, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat more even. The GINI for Washington was lower than than the national average of 0.478. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Washington in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Washington across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Race/Ethnicity
Highest Median Household Income (Total)
  1. Census Tract 9602
  2. N/A
  3. N/A

In 2019, the tract with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Columbia County, WA was Census Tract 9602 with a value of $53,423, followed by N/A and N/A, with respective values of N/A and N/A.

The following map shows all of the tracts in Columbia County, WA colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 25 - 34
Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

11.3% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Columbia County, WA (446 out of 3.94k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is lower than the national average of 12.3%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 25 - 34, followed by Females 55 - 64 and then Females 75+.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty
  1. White
    333 ± 104
  2. Hispanic
    78 ± 102
  3. Pacific Islander
    42 ± 79

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Columbia County, WA is White, followed by Hispanic and Pacific Islander.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

1.74k
2019 Value
± 213
−1.42%
1 Year decline
± 17.2%

From 2018 to 2019, employment in Columbia County, WA declined at a rate of −1.42%, from 1.76k employees to 1.74k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Columbia County, WA, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (240 people), Sales & Related Occupations (167 people), and Construction & Extraction Occupations (137 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Columbia County, WA.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Columbia County, WA, by number of employees, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (240 people), Sales & Related Occupations (167 people), and Construction & Extraction Occupations (137 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Columbia County, WA has an unusually high number of residents working as Farming, Fishing, & Forestry Occupations (4.51 times higher than expected), Life, Physical, & Social Science Occupations (4.31 times), and Installation, Maintenance, & Repair Occupations (2.5 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Columbia County, WA, by median earnings, are Computer & Mathematical Occupations ($121,667), Management Occupations ($94,018), and Management, Business, & Financial Occupations ($74,167).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

1.74k
2019 Value
± 213
−1.42%
1 Year decline
± 17.2%

From 2018 to 2019, employment in Columbia County, WA declined at a rate of −1.42%, from 1.76k employees to 1.74k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Columbia County, WA, are Health Care & Social Assistance (249 people), Construction (234 people), and Educational Services (215 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Columbia County, WA, though some of these residents may live in Columbia County, WA and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Columbia County, WA, by number of employees, are Health Care & Social Assistance (249 people), Construction (234 people), and Educational Services (215 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Columbia County, WA has an unusually high number of Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting (4.63 times higher than expected), Utilities (3.36 times), and Construction (2.06 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Columbia County, WA, by median earnings, are Wholesale Trade ($89,792), Public Administration ($51,563), and Construction ($50,500).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Washington to other states, or from other states to Washington.
Top Domestic Production in Dollars
  1. $79.3B
  2. $39.1B
  3. $32.9B

In 2018, the top outbound Washington product (by dollars) was Transport equip. with $79.3B, followed by Mixed freight ($39.1B) and Electronics ($32.9B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Washington products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for Washington.
$443B
2018 Value in Washington
$972B
Projected 2045 Value in Washington
120% growth

In 2018, total outbound Washington trade was $443B. This is expected to increase 120% to $972B by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Washington trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Washington to other states, or from other states to Washington.
Most Common Trade Partners
  1. $31.9B
  2. $19.7B
  3. $10.9B

In 2018, the top outbound Washington domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Oregon with $31.9B, followed by California with $19.7B and Illinois and $10.9B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Washington shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Civics

In the 2016 presidential election, the popular vote in Columbia County, WA went to Donald J. Trump with 68.6% of the vote. The runner-up was Hillary Rodham Clinton (24.1%), followed by Other (7.29%). The most partisan county was King County, WA with 71.9% of the vote going to Hillary Rodham Clinton running for the Democratic Party.

Patty Murray and Maria Cantwell are the senators currently representing the state of Washington. In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

Washington is currently represented by 10 members in the U.S. house, and members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms.

Presidential Popular Vote by County

Presidential voting results are only available at the county level. Showing data for the counties inside of Washington.
Showing data up to the 2016 election. Updated election results are currently being processed, and will be released in the coming months.
Donald J. Trump
Popular Vote for Columbia County, WA
68.6% for the Republican Party
Most Partisan Counties in Washington
  1. 71.9% for Hillary Rodham Clinton (Democratic Party)
  2. 71.9% for Donald J. Trump (Republican Party)
  3. 68.6% for Donald J. Trump (Republican Party)

In the 2016 presidential election, the most partisan county in Washington was King County, WA with 71.9% of the vote going to Hillary Rodham Clinton running for the Democratic Party.

The following map shows the counties in Washington colored by their party leaning.

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US Senators from Washington

Senatorial voting results are only available at the state level. Showing data for Washington.
Patty Murray
Senator from Washington3
Assumed office on January 3, 1993
Maria Cantwell
Senator from Washington1
Assumed office on January 3, 2001

Patty Murray and Maria Cantwell are the senators currently representing Washington.

In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

The following chart shows elected senators in Washington over time, excluding special elections, colored by their political party.

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US Representatives from Washington

Washington is currently represented by 10 members in the U.S. house.

Members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms, and the following chart shows the how the members for Washington have changed over time starting in 2008.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Columbia County, WA was $179,400 in 2019, which is 0.746 times smaller than the national average of $240,500. Between 2018 and 2019 the median property value increased from $170,800 to $179,400, a 5.04% increase. The homeownership rate in Columbia County, WA is 67.9%, which is higher than the national average of 64.1%. People in Columbia County, WA have an average commute time of 18 minutes, and they drove alone to work. Car ownership in Columbia County, WA is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Housing

Property Value

$179,400
2019 Median
± $23,000
$170,800
2018 Median
± $14,347

In 2019, the median property value in Columbia County, WA grew to to $179,400 from the previous year's value of $170,800.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Columbia County, WA compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Columbia County, WA the largest share of households have a property value in the $150k - $175k range.

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Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.
$53,423
Median Household Income
± $7,872
1.8k
Number of Households
± 203

In 2019, the median household income of the 1.8k households in Columbia County, WA grew to $53,423 from the previous year's value of $51,111.

The following chart displays the households in Columbia County, WA distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Property Taxes

$800 - $1,499
Average Range

This chart shows the households in Columbia County, WA distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Columbia County, WA the largest share of households pay taxes in the $800 - $1,499 range.

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Rent vs Own

67.9%
2019 Homeownership
68.8%
2018 Homeownership

In 2019, 67.9% of the housing units in Columbia County, WA were occupied by their owner. This percentage declined from the previous year's rate of 68.8%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is higher than the national average of 64.1%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Columbia County, WA compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Commute Time

18 minutes
Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Columbia County, WA have a shorter commute time (18 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.5 minutes). Additionally, 2.45% of the workforce in Columbia County, WA have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Columbia County, WA compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Commute in 2019
  1. Drove Alone (65.4%)
  2. Walked (15.3%)
  3. Carpooled (8.47%)

In 2019, 65.4% of workers in Columbia County, WA drove alone to work, followed by those who walked to work (15.3%) and those who carpooled to work (8.47%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars
Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Columbia County, WA distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Columbia County, WA have 2 cars, followed by 3 cars.

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Health

95.2% of the population of Columbia County, WA has health coverage, with 36.5% on employee plans, 20.5% on Medicaid, 22.1% on Medicare, 15% on non-group plans, and 1.17% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in Washington was $7,913 in 2014. This is a 4% increase from the previous year ($7,609).

Primary care physicians in Columbia County, WA see 1353 patients per year on average, which represents a 0.297% increase from the previous year (1349 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1328 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 332 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Wahkiakum County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (14.8%). Additionally, Pend Oreille County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (41.6%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

1,353 to 1
Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio in Columbia County, WA

Primary care physicians in Columbia County, WA see an average of 1,353 patients per year. This represents a 0.297% increase from the previous year (1,349 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Columbia County, WA in comparison to its neighboring geographies.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.
State with the Highest Prevalence
  1. 8.26% of the population affected
  2. 8.13% of the population affected
  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.
Most prevalent states
  1. 19.2% of adults
  2. 17.9% of adults
  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Washington.
$7,913
Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care in Washington
$4,328
Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care
$5,851
Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care
$8,997
Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in Washington (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 4%, from $7,609 to $7,913.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

4.82%
Uninsured
36.5%
Employer Coverage
20.5%
Medicaid
22.1%
Medicare
15%
Non-Group
1.17%
Military or VA

Between 2018 and 2019, the percent of uninsured citizens in Columbia County, WA declined by 2.01% from 4.92% to 4.82%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Columbia County, WA changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.
Most at risk counties
  1. 14.8% prevalence
  2. 14.2% prevalence
  3. 14% prevalence

Wahkiakum County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in Washington, at 14.8%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in Washington by county over multiple years.

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