Charlotte, NC

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Population

859,052

2.02% growth

Median Age

34.4


Median Household Income

$61,350

0.546% growth

Poverty Rate

14.9%


Number of Employees

464,456

4.05% growth

Median Property Value

$215,500

6.95% growth

About

In 2017, Charlotte, NC had a population of 859k people with a median age of 34.4 and a median household income of $61,350. Between 2016 and 2017 the population of Charlotte, NC grew from 842,029 to 859,052, a 2.02% increase and its median household income grew from $61,017 to $61,350, a 0.546% increase.

The population of Charlotte, NC is 41.9% White Alone, 34% Black or African American Alone, and 14.3% Hispanic or Latino. 21.9% of the people in Charlotte, NC speak a non-English language, and 88.2% are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Charlotte, NC are University of North Carolina at Charlotte (7,129 degrees awarded in 2016), Central Piedmont Community College (3,216 degrees), and Johnson & Wales University-Charlotte (744 degrees).

The median property value in Charlotte, NC is $215,500, and the homeownership rate is 53.2%. Most people in Charlotte, NC commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 23.4 minutes. The average car ownership in Charlotte, NC is 2 cars per household.

Economy

The economy of Charlotte, NC employs 464k people. The largest industries in Charlotte, NC are Finance & Insurance (52,474 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (50,311 people), and Retail Trade (49,159 people), and the highest paying industries are Management of Companies & Enterprises ($96,339), Utilities ($95,023), and Finance & Insurance ($75,907).

Median household income in Charlotte, NC is $61,350. Males in Charlotte, NC have an average income that is 1.34 times higher than the average income of females, which is $46,208. The income inequality in Charlotte, NC (measured using the Gini index) is 0.473, which is lower than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$61,350

2017 value

± $1,942

0.546%

1 Year Growth

± 3.81%

Households in Charlotte, NC have a median annual income of $61,350, which is more than the median annual income of $60,336 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $61,017 in 2016, which represents a 0.546% annual growth.

Look at the chart to see how the median household income in Charlotte, NC compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the Place level, so we are showing data for North Carolina.

$62,048

Average Male Salary

± $1,147

$46,208

Average Female Salary

± $809

In 2017, full-time male employees in North Carolina made 1.34 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in North Carolina by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the Place level, so we are showing data for North Carolina.

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. Asian

    $63,340 ± $4,747

  2. White

    $51,739 ± $820

  3. American Indian and Alaska Native tribes specified; or American Indian or Alaska Native, not specified and no other races

    $47,717 ± $31,159

In 2017 the highest paid race/ethnicity of North Carolina workers was Asian. These workers were paid 1.22 times more than White workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in North Carolina by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Charlotte, NC is from North Carolina.

0.473

2017 Wage GINI

0.474

2016 Wage GINI

In 2017, the income inequality in North Carolina was 0.473 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.293% decline from 2016 to 2017, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat more even.

The 2017 the GINI for North Carolina was lower than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in North Carolina in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in North Carolina across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Highest Median Household Income (Total)

  1. Census Tract 28

  2. Census Tract 29.05

  3. Census Tract 58.46

In 2017, the place with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Charlotte, NC was Census Tract 28 with a value of $190,104, followed by Census Tract 29.05 and Census Tract 58.46, with respective values of $179,844 and $154,417.

The following map shows all of the places in Charlotte, NC colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 25 - 34

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

14.9% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Charlotte, NC (121k out of 814k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 13.4%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 25 - 34, followed by Females 18 - 24 and then Females 35 - 44.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. Black

    56,366 ± 1,778

  2. White

    41,007 ± 1,539

  3. Hispanic

    29,500 ± 1,283

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Charlotte, NC is Black, followed by White and Hispanic.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

464k

2017 Value

± 12,230

4.05%

1 Year growth

± 3.49%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Charlotte, NC grew at a rate of 4.05%, from 446k employees to 464k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Charlotte, NC, are Management Occupations (58,248 people), Sales & Related Occupations (53,280 people), and Office & Administrative Support Occupations (52,634 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Charlotte, NC.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Charlotte, NC, by number of employees, are Management Occupations (58,248 people), Sales & Related Occupations (53,280 people), and Office & Administrative Support Occupations (52,634 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other places, Charlotte, NC has an unusually high number of residents working as Business & Financial Operations Occupations (1.68 times higher than expected), Computer & Mathematical Occupations (1.5 times), and Arts, Design, Entertainment, Sports, & Media Occupations (1.19 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Charlotte, NC, by median earnings, are Legal Occupations ($103,405), Life, Physical, & Social Science Occupations ($75,403), and Computer & Mathematical Occupations ($74,540).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

464k

2017 Value

± 12,230

4.05%

1 Year growth

± 3.49%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Charlotte, NC grew at a rate of 4.05%, from 446k employees to 464k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Charlotte, NC, are Finance & Insurance (52,474 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (50,311 people), and Retail Trade (49,159 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Charlotte, NC, though some of these residents may live in Charlotte, NC and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Charlotte, NC, by number of employees, are Finance & Insurance (52,474 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (50,311 people), and Retail Trade (49,159 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other places, Charlotte, NC has an unusually high number of Finance & Insurance (2.38 times higher than expected), Wholesale Trade (1.28 times), and Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services (1.28 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Charlotte, NC, by median earnings, are Management of Companies & Enterprises ($96,339), Utilities ($95,023), and Finance & Insurance ($75,907).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from North Carolina to other states, or from other states to North Carolina.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $50.4B

  2. $35.3B

  3. $34.5B

In 2015, the top outbound North Carolina product (by dollars) was Mixed freight with $50.4B, followed by Pharmaceuticals ($35.3B) and Machinery ($34.5B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound North Carolina products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for North Carolina state.

$407B

2015 Value

$632B

Projected 2045 Value

55.4% growth

In 2015, total outbound North Carolina trade was $407B. This is expected to increase 55.4% to $632B by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound North Carolina trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from North Carolina to other states, or from other states to North Carolina.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $25.6B

  2. $25.4B

  3. $25.2B

In 2015, the top outbound North Carolina domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was South Carolina with $25.6B, followed by Georgia with $25.4B and Virginia and $25.2B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that North Carolina shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

87.5% of the population of Charlotte, NC has health coverage, with 52.1% on employee plans, 14.6% on Medicaid, 7.55% on Medicare, 12.2% on non-group plans, and 1.06% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the place of Charlotte, NC was $7,264 in 2014. This is a 3.37% increase from the previous year ($7,027).

Primary care physicians in Charlotte, NC see 1417 patients per year on average, which represents a 0.496% increase from the previous year (1410 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1829 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 464 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Edgecombe County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (16.2%). Additionally, Hertford County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (40.5%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for North Carolina.

1,417 to 1

Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio

Primary care physicians in North Carolina see an average of 1,417 patients per year. This represents a 0.496% increase from the previous year (1,410 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in North Carolina in comparison to neighboring states.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for North Carolina.

$7,264

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$3,859

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$7,225

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$10,260

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in North Carolina (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 3.37%, from $7,027 to $7,264.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

12.5%

Uninsured

52.1%

Employer Coverage

14.6%

Medicaid

7.55%

Medicare

12.2%

Non-Group

1.06%

Military or VA

Between 2016 and 2017, the percent of uninsured citizens in Charlotte, NC grew by 2.97% from 12.1% to 12.5%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Charlotte, NC changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 16.2% prevalence

  2. 16.1% prevalence

  3. 16% prevalence

Edgecombe County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in North Carolina, at 16.2%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in North Carolina by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

Charlotte, NC is home to a population of 859k people, from which 88.2% are citizens. As of 2017, 15.8% of Charlotte, NC residents were born outside of the country (136k people).

The ethnic composition of the population of Charlotte, NC is composed of 360k White Alone residents (41.9%), 292k Black or African American Alone residents (34%), 123k Hispanic or Latino residents (14.3%), 55.1k Asian Alone residents (6.42%), 23.9k Two or More Races residents (2.78%), 2.51k Some Other Race Alone residents (0.292%), 1.95k American Indian & Alaska Native Alone residents (0.227%), and 291 Native Hawaiian & Other Pacific Islander Alone residents (0.0339%).

The most common foreign languages spoken in Charlotte, NC are Spanish (96,464 speakers), French (Incl. Cajun) (8,013 speakers), and Vietnamese (7,900 speakers).

Age

Age by Nativity

33

Median Native-Born Age

± 0.4

39

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 1.1

In 2017, the median age of all people in Charlotte, NC was 34.4. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 33, were generally younger than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 39. But people in Charlotte, NC are getting getting older. In 2016, the average age of all Charlotte, NC residents was 34.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

15.8%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

136k people

15.4%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

130k people

As of 2017, 15.8% of Charlotte, NC residents (136k people) were born outside of the United States, which is higher than the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Charlotte, NC was 15.4%, meaning that the rate has been increasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Charlotte, NC compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the Place level, so we are showing data for North Carolina.

Most Common Origin

  1. Mexico

    237,569 ± 11,827 people

  2. India

    71,743 ± 6,553 people

  3. Honduras

    36,265 ± 4,667 people

In 2017, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of North Carolina was Mexico, the natal country of 237,569 North Carolina residents, followed by India with 71,743 and Honduras with 36,265.

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Citizenship

88.2%

2017 Citizenship

89.6%

2016 Citizenship

As of 2017, 88.2% of Charlotte, NC residents were US citizens, which is lower than the national average of 93.1%. In 2016, the percentage of US citizens in Charlotte, NC was 89.6%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been decreasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Charlotte, NC compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

Most Common

  1. White Alone

    360k ± 6.77k

  2. Black or African American Alone

    292k ± 7.42k

  3. Hispanic or Latino

    123k ± 9.28k

In 2017, there were 1.23 times more White Alone residents (360k people) in Charlotte, NC than any other race or ethnicity. There were 292k Black or African American Alone and 123k Hispanic or Latino residents, the second and third most common racial or ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 8 races and ethnicities represented in Charlotte, NC as a share of the total population.

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Non-English Speakers

Most Common Languages

  1. Spanish

    96,464 speakers (12%)

  2. French (Incl. Cajun)

    8,013 speakers (0.998%)

  3. Vietnamese

    7,900 speakers (0.984%)

21.9% of Charlotte, NC citizens are speakers of a non-English language, which is higher than the national average of 21.8%. In 2017, the most common non-English language spoken in Charlotte, NC was Spanish. 12% of the overall population of Charlotte, NC are native Spanish speakers. 0.998% speak French (Incl. Cajun) and 0.984% speak Spanish, the next two most common languages.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Vietnam

    9,948 ± 1,405

  2. Gulf War (2001-)

    8,842 ± 1,764

  3. Gulf War (1990s)

    5,170 ± 1,392

Charlotte, NC has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 1.13 times greater than any other conflict.

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Education

In 2016, universities in Charlotte, NC awarded 13,732 degrees. The student population of Charlotte, NC is skewed towards women, with 26,433 male students and 30,996 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Charlotte, NC are White (7,181 and 56.4%), followed by Black or African American (3,120 and 24.5%), Hispanic or Latino (956 and 7.52%), and Unknown (573 and 4.5%).

The largest universities in Charlotte, NC by number of degrees awarded are University of North Carolina at Charlotte (7,129 and 51.9%), Central Piedmont Community College (3,216 and 23.4%), and Johnson & Wales University-Charlotte (744 and 5.42%).

The most popular majors in Charlotte, NC are Liberal Arts & Sciences (1,054 and 7.68%), General Business Administration & Management (1,018 and 7.41%), and Registered Nursing (571 and 4.16%).

The median tuition costs in Charlotte, NC are $22,931 for private four year colleges, and $3,737 and $16,908 respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

Most Common

  1. 395 degrees awarded

  2. 325 degrees awarded

  3. 432 degrees awarded

In 2015, the most common concentation for Bachelors Degree recipients in Charlotte, NC was General Business Administration & Management with 395 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Bachelors Degree from schools in Charlotte, NC according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded

  1. 7,129 degrees awarded

  2. 3,216 degrees awarded

  3. 744 degrees awarded

$3,737

Median In-State Public

$22,931

Median Private

In 2016, the Charlotte, NC institution with the largest number of graduating students was University of North Carolina at Charlotte with 7,129 degrees awarded.

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Student Gender for Common Institutions

5,849

Degrees Awarded to Men

7,883

Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2016, 5,849 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Charlotte, NC, which is 0.742 times less than the 7,883 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the top 5 institutions in Charlotte, NC by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity

  1. White

    7,181 degrees awarded

  2. Black or African American

    3,120 degrees awarded

  3. Hispanic or Latino

    956 degrees awarded

In 2016 the majority of degrees awarded at institutions in Charlotte, NC were to White students. These 7,181 degrees mean that there were 2.3 times more White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Black or African American, with 3,120 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Charlotte, NC was $215,500 in 2017, which is 0.99 times smaller than the national average of $217,600. Between 2016 and 2017 the median property value increased from $201,500 to $215,500, a 6.95% increase. The homeownership rate in Charlotte, NC is 53.2%, which is lower than the national average of 63.9%. People in Charlotte, NC have an average commute time of 23.4 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Charlotte, NC is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Income

Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$61,350

Median Household Income

± $1,942

332k

Number of Households

± 9,280

In 2017, the median household income of the 332k households in Charlotte, NC grew to $61,350 from the previous year's value of $61,017.

The following chart displays the households in Charlotte, NC distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Housing

Property Value

$215,500

2017 Median

± $6,722

$201,500

2016 Median

± $5,817

In 2017, the median property value in Charlotte, NC grew to to $215,500 from the previous year's value of $201,500.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Charlotte, NC compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Charlotte, NC the largest share of households have a property value in the $200k - $250k range.

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Property Taxes

$3k+

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Charlotte, NC distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Charlotte, NC the largest share of households pay taxes in the $3k+ range.

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Rent vs Own

53.2%

2017 Homeownership

52.2%

2016 Homeownership

In 2017, 53.2% of the housing units in Charlotte, NC were occupied by their owner. This percentage grew from the previous year's rate of 52.2%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is lower than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Charlotte, NC compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Charlotte, NC distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Charlotte, NC have 2 cars, followed by 1 car.

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Commute Time

23.4 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Charlotte, NC have a shorter commute time (23.4 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.5 minutes). Additionally, 1.87% of the workforce in Charlotte, NC have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Charlotte, NC compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    76.3%

  2. Carpooled

    9.18%

  3. Worked At Home

    7.75%

In 2017, the most common method of travel for workers in Charlotte, NC was Drove Alone, followed by those who Carpooled and those who Worked At Home.

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