Carlton County, MN

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Population

35,408

0.209% decline

Median Age

40.7


Median Household Income

$58,874

5.88% growth

Poverty Rate

12.1%


Number of Employees

16,758

0.575% decline

Median Property Value

$162,800

1.18% growth

About

In 2017, Carlton County, MN had a population of 35.4k people with a median age of 40.7 and a median household income of $58,874. Between 2016 and 2017 the population of Carlton County, MN declined from 35,482 to 35,408, a -0.209% decrease and its median household income grew from $55,607 to $58,874, a 5.88% increase.

The population of Carlton County, MN is 88.3% White Alone, 5.3% American Indian & Alaska Native Alone, and 2.64% Two or More Races. N/A% of the people in Carlton County, MN speak a non-English language, and 99.5% are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Carlton County, MN are Fond du Lac Tribal and Community College (243 degrees awarded in 2016).

The median property value in Carlton County, MN is $162,800, and the homeownership rate is 79.7%. Most people in Carlton County, MN commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 21.1 minutes. The average car ownership in Carlton County, MN is 2 cars per household.

About the photo: Duluth, MN, from Observation Hill

Economy

The economy of Carlton County, MN employs 16.8k people. The largest industries in Carlton County, MN are Health Care & Social Assistance (3,310 people), Manufacturing (1,728 people), and Educational Services (1,530 people), and the highest paying industries are Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($78,750), Utilities ($61,900), and Transportation & Warehousing, & Utilities ($52,983).

Median household income in Carlton County, MN is $58,874. Males in Carlton County, MN have an average income that is 1.31 times higher than the average income of females, which is $52,870. The income inequality in Carlton County, MN (measured using the Gini index) is 0.467, which is lower than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$58,874

2017 value

± $2,894

5.88%

1 Year Growth

± 6.1%

Households in Carlton County, MN have a median annual income of $58,874, which is less than the median annual income of $60,336 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $55,607 in 2016, which represents a 5.88% annual growth.

Look at the chart to see how the median household income in Carlton County, MN compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Minnesota.

$69,210

Average Male Salary

± $1,573

$52,870

Average Female Salary

± $1,202

In 2017, full-time male employees in Minnesota made 1.31 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Minnesota by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Minnesota.

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. White

    $53,440 ± $951

  2. Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander

    $51,343 ± $59,950

  3. Asian

    $50,326 ± $4,235

In 2017 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Minnesota workers was White. These workers were paid 1.04 times more than Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Minnesota by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Carlton County, MN is from Minnesota.

0.467

2017 Wage GINI

0.466

2016 Wage GINI

In 2017, the income inequality in Minnesota was 0.467 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.29% growth from 2016 to 2017, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat less even.

The 2017 the GINI for Minnesota was lower than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Minnesota in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Minnesota across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Highest Median Household Income (Total)

  1. Census Tract 703

  2. Census Tract 704

  3. Census Tract 705

In 2017, the tract with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Carlton County, MN was Census Tract 703 with a value of $74,391, followed by Census Tract 704 and Census Tract 705, with respective values of $61,274 and $51,019.

The following map shows all of the tracts in Carlton County, MN colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Males 55 - 64

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

12.1% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Carlton County, MN (4.12k out of 34.2k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is lower than the national average of 13.4%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Males 55 - 64, followed by Males 45 - 54 and then Males 25 - 34.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. White

    2,989 ± 268

  2. Native American

    619 ± 123

  3. Two Or More

    254 ± 99

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Carlton County, MN is White, followed by Native American and Two Or More.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

16.8k

2017 Value

± 599

-0.575%

1 Year decline

± 5.18%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Carlton County, MN declined at a rate of -0.575%, from 16.9k employees to 16.8k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Carlton County, MN, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (2,115 people), Management Occupations (1,288 people), and Production Occupations (1,231 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Carlton County, MN.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Carlton County, MN, by number of employees, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (2,115 people), Management Occupations (1,288 people), and Production Occupations (1,231 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Carlton County, MN has an unusually high number of residents working as Law Enforcement Workers Including Supervisors (1.91 times higher than expected), Community & Social Service Occupations (1.72 times), and Healthcare Support Occupations (1.72 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Carlton County, MN, by median earnings, are Health Diagnosing & Treating Practitioners & Other Technical Occupations ($60,923), Law Enforcement Workers Including Supervisors ($60,398), and Computer & Mathematical Occupations ($58,482).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

16.8k

2017 Value

± 599

-0.575%

1 Year decline

± 5.18%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Carlton County, MN declined at a rate of -0.575%, from 16.9k employees to 16.8k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Carlton County, MN, are Health Care & Social Assistance (3,310 people), Manufacturing (1,728 people), and Educational Services (1,530 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Carlton County, MN, though some of these residents may live in Carlton County, MN and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Carlton County, MN, by number of employees, are Health Care & Social Assistance (3,310 people), Manufacturing (1,728 people), and Educational Services (1,530 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Carlton County, MN has an unusually high number of Arts, Entertainment, & Recreation (2.26 times higher than expected), Public Administration (1.73 times), and Utilities (1.58 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Carlton County, MN, by median earnings, are Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($78,750), Utilities ($61,900), and Transportation & Warehousing, & Utilities ($52,983).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Minnesota to other states, or from other states to Minnesota.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $23.9B

  2. $22.1B

  3. $19.3B

In 2015, the top outbound Minnesota product (by dollars) was Electronics with $23.9B, followed by Cereal grains ($22.1B) and Nonmetal min. prods. ($19.3B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Minnesota products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for Minnesota state.

$316B

2015 Value

$484B

Projected 2045 Value

53.4% growth

In 2015, total outbound Minnesota trade was $316B. This is expected to increase 53.4% to $484B by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Minnesota trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Minnesota to other states, or from other states to Minnesota.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $25.5B

  2. $24.3B

  3. $13.1B

In 2015, the top outbound Minnesota domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Wisconsin with $25.5B, followed by Iowa with $24.3B and Illinois and $13.1B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Minnesota shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

95% of the population of Carlton County, MN has health coverage, with 56.1% on employee plans, 15% on Medicaid, 12.5% on Medicare, 10.1% on non-group plans, and 1.4% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the county of Carlton County, MN was $8,871 in 2014. This is a 4.8% increase from the previous year ($8,465).

Primary care physicians in Carlton County, MN see 1482 patients per year on average, which represents a 4.15% increase from the previous year (1423 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1489 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 893 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Aitkin County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (12.5%). Additionally, Pine County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (37.2%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

1,482 to 1

Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio

Primary care physicians in Carlton County, MN see an average of 1,482 patients per year. This represents a 4.15% increase from the previous year (1,423 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Carlton County, MN in comparison to neighboring states.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Minnesota.

$8,871

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$4,603

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$9,176

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$9,917

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in Minnesota (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 4.8%, from $8,465 to $8,871.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

4.96%

Uninsured

56.1%

Employer Coverage

15%

Medicaid

12.5%

Medicare

10.1%

Non-Group

1.4%

Military or VA

Between 2016 and 2017, the percent of uninsured citizens in Carlton County, MN declined by 8.05% from 5.39% to 4.96%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Carlton County, MN changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 12.5% prevalence

  2. 11.7% prevalence

  3. 11.7% prevalence

Aitkin County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in Minnesota, at 12.5%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in Minnesota by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

Carlton County, MN is home to a population of 35.4k people, from which 99.5% are citizens. As of 2017, 1.15% of Carlton County, MN residents were born outside of the country (406 people).

The ethnic composition of the population of Carlton County, MN is composed of 31.3k White Alone residents (88.3%), 1.88k American Indian & Alaska Native Alone residents (5.3%), 935 Two or More Races residents (2.64%), 601 Hispanic or Latino residents (1.7%), 555 Black or African American Alone residents (1.57%), 176 Asian Alone residents (0.497%), 10 Some Other Race Alone residents (0.0282%), and 0 Native Hawaiian & Other Pacific Islander Alone residents (0%).

The most common foreign languages spoken in Carlton County, MN are N/A.

Age

Age by Nativity

41

Median Native-Born Age

± 0.3

43

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 3.7

In 2017, the median age of all people in Carlton County, MN was 40.7. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 41, were generally younger than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 43. But people in Carlton County, MN are getting getting younger. In 2016, the average age of all Carlton County, MN residents was 41.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

1.15%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

406 people

1.09%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

388 people

As of 2017, 1.15% of Carlton County, MN residents (406 people) were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Carlton County, MN was 1.09%, meaning that the rate has been increasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Carlton County, MN compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Minnesota.

Most Common Origin

  1. Mexico

    65,949 ± 6,267 people

  2. Somalia

    30,092 ± 4,247 people

  3. India

    29,695 ± 4,219 people

In 2017, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Minnesota was Mexico, the natal country of 65,949 Minnesota residents, followed by Somalia with 30,092 and India with 29,695.

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Citizenship

99.5%

2017 Citizenship

99.5%

2016 Citizenship

As of 2017, 99.5% of Carlton County, MN residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.1%. In 2016, the percentage of US citizens in Carlton County, MN was 99.5%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been decreasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Carlton County, MN compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

Most Common

  1. White Alone

    31.3k ± 6

  2. American Indian & Alaska Native Alone

    1.88k ± 186

  3. Two or More Races

    935 ± 197

In 2017, there were 16.7 times more White Alone residents (31.3k people) in Carlton County, MN than any other race or ethnicity. There were 1.88k American Indian & Alaska Native Alone and 935 Two or More Races residents, the second and third most common racial or ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 8 races and ethnicities represented in Carlton County, MN as a share of the total population.

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Non-English Speakers

Most Common Languages

  1. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

  2. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

  3. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

N/A% of Carlton County, MN citizens are speakers of a non-English language, which is approximately the same as the national average of 21.8%. In N/A, the most common non-English language spoken in Carlton County, MN was N/A. N/A% of the overall population of Carlton County, MN are native N/A speakers. N/A% speak N/A and N/A% speak N/A, the next two most common languages.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Vietnam

    966 ± 150

  2. Gulf War (2001-)

    317 ± 86

  3. Gulf War (1990s)

    283 ± 88

Carlton County, MN has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 3.05 times greater than any other conflict.

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Education

In 2016, universities in Carlton County, MN awarded 243 degrees. The student population of Carlton County, MN is skewed towards women, with 900 male students and 1,201 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Carlton County, MN are White (168 and 69.1%), followed by American Indian or Alaska Native (30 and 12.3%), Black or African American (19 and 7.82%), and Two or More Races (15 and 6.17%).

The largest universities in Carlton County, MN by number of degrees awarded are Fond du Lac Tribal and Community College (243 and 100%).

The most popular majors in Carlton County, MN are Liberal Arts & Sciences (118 and 48.6%), Registered Nursing (29 and 11.9%), and Criminal Justice - Police Science (25 and 10.3%).

The median tuition costs in Carlton County, MN are $N/A for private four year colleges, and $N/A and $N/A respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

Most Common

  1. 118 degrees awarded

  2. 29 degrees awarded

  3. 24 degrees awarded

In 2015, the most common concentation for Associates Degree recipients in Carlton County, MN was Liberal Arts & Sciences with 118 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Associates Degree from schools in Carlton County, MN according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded

243 degrees awarded

$N/A

Median In-State Public

$N/A

Median Private

In 2016, the Carlton County, MN institution with the largest number of graduating students was Fond du Lac Tribal and Community College with 243 degrees awarded.

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Student Gender for Common Institutions

86

Degrees Awarded to Men

157

Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2016, 86 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Carlton County, MN, which is 0.548 times less than the 157 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the institutions in Carlton County, MN by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity

  1. White

    168 degrees awarded

  2. American Indian or Alaska Native

    30 degrees awarded

  3. Black or African American

    19 degrees awarded

In 2016 the majority of degrees awarded at institutions in Carlton County, MN were to White students. These 168 degrees mean that there were 5.6 times more White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, American Indian or Alaska Native, with 30 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Carlton County, MN was $162,800 in 2017, which is 0.748 times smaller than the national average of $217,600. Between 2016 and 2017 the median property value increased from $160,900 to $162,800, a 1.18% increase. The homeownership rate in Carlton County, MN is 79.7%, which is higher than the national average of 63.9%. People in Carlton County, MN have an average commute time of 21.1 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Carlton County, MN is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Income

Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$58,874

Median Household Income

± $2,894

13.4k

Number of Households

± 516

In 2017, the median household income of the 13.4k households in Carlton County, MN grew to $58,874 from the previous year's value of $55,607.

The following chart displays the households in Carlton County, MN distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Housing

Property Value

$162,800

2017 Median

± $3,395

$160,900

2016 Median

± $3,417

In 2017, the median property value in Carlton County, MN grew to to $162,800 from the previous year's value of $160,900.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Carlton County, MN compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Carlton County, MN the largest share of households have a property value in the $150k - $175k range.

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Property Taxes

$2k - $3k

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Carlton County, MN distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Carlton County, MN the largest share of households pay taxes in the $2k - $3k range.

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Rent vs Own

79.7%

2017 Homeownership

78.9%

2016 Homeownership

In 2017, 79.7% of the housing units in Carlton County, MN were occupied by their owner. This percentage grew from the previous year's rate of 78.9%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is higher than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Carlton County, MN compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Carlton County, MN distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Carlton County, MN have 2 cars, followed by 3 cars.

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Commute Time

21.1 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Carlton County, MN have a shorter commute time (21.1 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.1 minutes). Additionally, 1.85% of the workforce in Carlton County, MN have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Carlton County, MN compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    82.6%

  2. Carpooled

    9.54%

  3. Worked At Home

    4.93%

In 2017, the most common method of travel for workers in Carlton County, MN was Drove Alone, followed by those who Carpooled and those who Worked At Home.

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