Boston, MA

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Population

683,015

1.51% growth

Median Age

32.3


Median Household Income

$66,758

4.93% growth

Poverty Rate

20.5%


Number of Employees

381,602

3.49% growth

Median Property Value

$540,600

9.12% growth

About

In 2017, Boston, MA had a population of 683k people with a median age of 32.3 and a median household income of $66,758. Between 2016 and 2017 the population of Boston, MA grew from 672,840 to 683,015, a 1.51% increase and its median household income grew from $63,621 to $66,758, a 4.93% increase.

The population of Boston, MA is 43.9% White Alone, 23.1% Black or African American Alone, and 20.4% Hispanic or Latino. 37.7% of the people in Boston, MA speak a non-English language, and 85.2% are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Boston, MA are Boston University (10,671 degrees awarded in 2016), Northeastern University (6,692 degrees), and University of Massachusetts-Boston (3,984 degrees).

The median property value in Boston, MA is $540,600, and the homeownership rate is 35.2%. Most people in Boston, MA commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 29.9 minutes. The average car ownership in Boston, MA is 1 car per household.

Economy

The economy of Boston, MA employs 382k people. The largest industries in Boston, MA are Health Care & Social Assistance (70,056 people), Educational Services (49,769 people), and Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services (48,602 people), and the highest paying industries are Management of Companies & Enterprises ($101,109), Finance & Insurance ($85,049), and Utilities ($80,641).

Median household income in Boston, MA is $66,758. Males in Boston, MA have an average income that is 1.32 times higher than the average income of females, which is $65,619. The income inequality in Boston, MA (measured using the Gini index) is 0.484, which is higher than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$66,758

2017 value

± $2,302

4.93%

1 Year Growth

± 6.52%

Households in Boston, MA have a median annual income of $66,758, which is more than the median annual income of $60,336 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $63,621 in 2016, which represents a 4.93% annual growth.

Look at the chart to see how the median household income in Boston, MA compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the Place level, so we are showing data for Massachusetts.

$86,839

Average Male Salary

± $1,813

$65,619

Average Female Salary

± $1,325

In 2017, full-time male employees in Boston, MA made 1.32 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Boston, MA by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the Place level, so we are showing data for Massachusetts.

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. Asian

    $74,395 ± $4,445

  2. White

    $67,530 ± $1,140

  3. American Indian and Alaska Native tribes specified; or American Indian or Alaska Native, not specified and no other races

    $50,403 ± $38,348

In 2017 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Boston, MA workers was Asian. These workers were paid 1.1 times more than White workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Boston, MA by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Boston, MA is from Massachusetts.

0.484

2017 Wage GINI

0.48

2016 Wage GINI

In 2017, the income inequality in Massachusetts was 0.484 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.775% growth from 2016 to 2017, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat less even.

The 2017 the GINI for Massachusetts was higher than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed less evenly in Massachusetts in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Massachusetts across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Highest Median Household Income (Total)

  1. Census Tract 1201.05

  2. Census Tract 401

  3. Census Tract 1201.03

In 2017, the place with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Boston, MA was Census Tract 1201.05 with a value of $156,920, followed by Census Tract 401 and Census Tract 1201.03, with respective values of $130,455 and $121,513.

The following map shows all of the places in Boston, MA colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 18 - 24

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

20.5% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Boston, MA (129k out of 626k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 13.4%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 18 - 24, followed by Females 25 - 34 and then Males 18 - 24.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. White

    47,201 ± 1,534

  2. Black

    39,639 ± 1,495

  3. Hispanic

    39,035 ± 1,355

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Boston, MA is White, followed by Black and Hispanic.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

382k

2017 Value

± 10,739

3.49%

1 Year growth

± 3.8%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Boston, MA grew at a rate of 3.49%, from 369k employees to 382k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Boston, MA, are Other Management Occupations Except Farmers, Ranchers, & Other Agricultural Managers (31,020 people), Other Business Operations Specialists (15,385 people), and Building Cleaning & Pest Control Workers (14,852 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Boston, MA.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Boston, MA, by number of employees, are Other Management Occupations Except Farmers, Ranchers, & Other Agricultural Managers (31,020 people), Other Business Operations Specialists (15,385 people), and Building Cleaning & Pest Control Workers (14,852 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other places, Boston, MA has an unusually high number of residents working as Life & Physical Scientists (3.79 times higher than expected), Preschool & Kinder (3.75 times), and Communications Equipment Operators (3.31 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Boston, MA, by median earnings, are Legal Occupations ($101,717), Management Occupations ($78,223), and Computer & Mathematical Occupations ($78,002).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

382k

2017 Value

± 10,739

3.49%

1 Year growth

± 3.8%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Boston, MA grew at a rate of 3.49%, from 369k employees to 382k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Boston, MA, are Health Care & Social Assistance (70,056 people), Educational Services (49,769 people), and Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services (48,602 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Boston, MA, though some of these residents may live in Boston, MA and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Boston, MA, by number of employees, are Health Care & Social Assistance (70,056 people), Educational Services (49,769 people), and Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services (48,602 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other places, Boston, MA has an unusually high number of Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services (1.71 times higher than expected), Educational Services (1.43 times), and Finance & Insurance (1.38 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Boston, MA, by median earnings, are Management of Companies & Enterprises ($101,109), Finance & Insurance ($85,049), and Utilities ($80,641).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Massachusetts to other states, or from other states to Massachusetts.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $31.5B

  2. $27.2B

  3. $24.1B

In 2015, the top outbound Massachusetts product (by dollars) was Gasoline with $31.5B, followed by Mixed freight with $27.2B and Electronics and $24.1B.

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Massachusetts products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for Massachusetts state.

$240B

2015 Value

$364B

Projected 2045 Value

51.4% growth

In 2015, total outbound Massachusetts trade was $240B. This is expected to increase 51.4% to $364B by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Massachusetts trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Massachusetts to other states, or from other states to Massachusetts.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $13.2B

  2. $13.2B

  3. $12.7B

In 2015, the top outbound Massachusetts domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was New Hampshire with $13.2B, followed by New York with $13.2B and Connecticut and $12.7B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Massachusetts shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

96.4% of the population of Boston, MA has health coverage, with 51.9% on employee plans, 26.4% on Medicaid, 6.68% on Medicare, 10.9% on non-group plans, and 0.432% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the place of Boston, MA was $10,559 in 2014. This is a 2.78% increase from the previous year ($10,273).

Primary care physicians in Boston, MA see 954 patients per year on average, which represents a 0.421% increase from the previous year (950 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1010 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 185 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Bristol County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (11.4%). Additionally, Bristol County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (29.1%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Massachusetts.

954 to 1

Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio

Primary care physicians in Massachusetts see an average of 954 patients per year. This represents a 0.421% increase from the previous year (950 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Massachusetts in comparison to neighboring states.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Massachusetts.

$10,559

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$5,302

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$8,922

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$11,899

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in Massachusetts (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 2.78%, from $10,273 to $10,559.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

3.62%

Uninsured

51.9%

Employer Coverage

26.4%

Medicaid

6.68%

Medicare

10.9%

Non-Group

0.432%

Military or VA

Between 2016 and 2017, the percent of uninsured citizens in Boston, MA grew by 18.5% from 3.06% to 3.62%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Boston, MA changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 11.4% prevalence

  2. 11.1% prevalence

  3. 10.8% prevalence

Bristol County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in Massachusetts, at 11.4%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in Massachusetts by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

Boston, MA is home to a population of 683k people, from which 85.2% are citizens. As of 2017, 27.8% of Boston, MA residents were born outside of the country.

The ethnic composition of the population of Boston, MA is composed of 300k White Alone residents (43.9%), 158k Black or African American Alone residents (23.1%), 139k Hispanic or Latino residents (20.4%), 66.1k Asian Alone residents (9.67%), 12.9k Two or More Races residents (1.89%), 4.67k Some Other Race Alone residents (0.684%), 1.65k American Indian & Alaska Native Alone residents (0.241%), and 0 Native Hawaiian & Other Pacific Islander Alone residents (0%).

The most common foreign languages spoken in Boston, MA are Spanish or Spanish Creole (104,722 speakers), Chinese (28,139 speakers), and French Creole (27,171 speakers).

Age

Age by Nativity

29

Median Native-Born Age

± 0.4

42

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 1.1

In 2017, the median age of all people in Boston, MA was 32.3. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 29, were generally younger than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 42. But people in Boston, MA are getting getting older. In 2016, the average age of all Boston, MA residents was 32.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

27.8%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

27%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

As of 2017, 27.8% of Boston, MA residents were born outside of the United States, which is higher than the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Boston, MA was 27%, meaning that the rate has been increasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Boston, MA compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

Most Common Origin

  1. China

    92,810 ± 7,429 people

  2. Dominican Republic

    90,391 ± 7,333 people

  3. Brazil

    80,753 ± 6,936 people

In 2017, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Boston, MA was China, the natal country of 92,810 Boston, MA residents, followed by Dominican Republic with 90,391 and Brazil with 80,753.

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Citizenship

85.2%

2017 Citizenship

84.3%

2016 Citizenship

As of 2017, 85.2% of Boston, MA residents were US citizens, which is lower than the national average of 93.1%. In 2016, the percentage of US citizens in Boston, MA was 84.3%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been increasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Boston, MA compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

Most Common

  1. White Alone

    300k ± 4.39k

  2. Black or African American Alone

    158k ± 3.81k

  3. Hispanic or Latino

    139k ± 10.5k

In 2017, there were 1.9 times more White Alone residents (300k people) in Boston, MA than any other race or ethnicity. There were 158k Black or African American Alone and 139k Hispanic or Latino residents, the second and third most common racial or ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 8 races and ethnicities represented in Boston, MA as a share of the total population.

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Non-English Speakers

Most Common Languages

  1. Spanish or Spanish Creole

    104,722 speakers (16.6%)

  2. Chinese

    28,139 speakers (4.45%)

  3. French Creole

    27,171 speakers (4.3%)

37.7% of Boston, MA citizens are speakers of a non-English language, which is higher than the national average of 21.5%. In 2015, the most common non-English language spoken in Boston, MA was Spanish or Spanish Creole. 16.6% of the overall population of Boston, MA are native Spanish or Spanish Creole speakers. 4.45% speak Chinese and 4.3% speak Spanish or Spanish Creole, the next two most common languages.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Vietnam

    4,482 ± 865

  2. Gulf War (2001-)

    4,330 ± 1,270

  3. Gulf War (1990s)

    1,876 ± 657

Boston, MA has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 1.04 times greater than any other conflict.

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Education

In 2016, universities in Boston, MA awarded 41,195 degrees. The student population of Boston, MA is skewed towards women, with 61,845 male students and 85,088 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Boston, MA are White (19,310 and 57.2%), followed by Unknown (4,047 and 12%), Asian (3,662 and 10.8%), and Hispanic or Latino (3,040 and 9%).

The largest universities in Boston, MA by number of degrees awarded are Boston University (10,671 and 25.9%), Northeastern University (6,692 and 16.2%), and University of Massachusetts-Boston (3,984 and 9.67%).

The most popular majors in Boston, MA are General Business Administration & Management (2,688 and 6.53%), General Business (1,357 and 3.29%), and Registered Nursing (1,267 and 3.08%).

The median tuition costs in Boston, MA are $35,440 for private four year colleges, and $13,110 and $31,698 respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

Most Common

  1. 1,719 degrees awarded

  2. 983 degrees awarded

  3. 890 degrees awarded

In 2015, the most common concentation for Bachelors Degree recipients in Boston, MA was General Business Administration & Management with 1,719 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Bachelors Degree from schools in Boston, MA according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded

  1. 10,671 degrees awarded

  2. 6,692 degrees awarded

  3. 3,984 degrees awarded

$13,110

Median In-State Public

$35,440

Median Private

In 2016, the Boston, MA institution with the largest number of graduating students was Boston University with 10,671 degrees awarded.

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Student Gender for Common Institutions

16,619

Degrees Awarded to Men

24,576

Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2016, 16,619 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Boston, MA, which is 0.676 times less than the 24,576 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the top 5 institutions in Boston, MA by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity

  1. White

    19,310 degrees awarded

  2. Unknown

    4,047 degrees awarded

  3. Asian

    3,662 degrees awarded

In 2016 the majority of degrees awarded at institutions in Boston, MA were to White students. These 19,310 degrees mean that there were 4.77 times more White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Unknown, with 4,047 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Boston, MA was $540,600 in 2017, which is 2.48 times larger than the national average of $217,600. Between 2016 and 2017 the median property value increased from $495,400 to $540,600, a 9.12% increase. The homeownership rate in Boston, MA is 35.2%, which is lower than the national average of 63.9%. People in Boston, MA have an average commute time of 29.9 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Boston, MA is lower than the national average, with an average of 1 car per household.

Income

Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$66,758

Median Household Income

± $2,302

268k

Number of Households

± 8,423

In 2017, the median household income of the 268k households in Boston, MA grew to $66,758 from the previous year's value of $63,621.

The following chart displays the households in Boston, MA distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Housing

Property Value

$540,600

2017 Median

± $20,442

$495,400

2016 Median

± $12,163

In 2017, the median property value in Boston, MA grew to to $540,600 from the previous year's value of $495,400.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Boston, MA compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Boston, MA the largest share of households have a property value in the $500k - $750k range.

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Property Taxes

$3k+

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Boston, MA distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Boston, MA the largest share of households pay taxes in the $3k+ range.

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Rent vs Own

35.2%

2017 Homeownership

35%

2016 Homeownership

In 2017, 35.2% of the housing units in Boston, MA were occupied by their owner. This percentage grew from the previous year's rate of 35%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is lower than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Boston, MA compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

1 car

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Boston, MA distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Boston, MA have 1 car, followed by 2 cars.

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Commute Time

29.9 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Boston, MA have a longer commute time (29.9 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.5 minutes). Additionally, 1.86% of the workforce in Boston, MA have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Boston, MA compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    37.6%

  2. Public Transit

    35%

  3. Walked

    14.3%

In 2017, the most common method of travel for workers in Boston, MA was Drove Alone, followed by those who Public Transit and those who Walked.

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