Big Stone Gap, VA

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Population

5,395

1.23% decline

Median Age

37.1


Median Household Income

$40,619

10.3% growth

Poverty Rate

26.1%


Number of Employees

1,515

6.54% decline

Median Property Value

$110,900

7.57% growth

About

In 2017, Big Stone Gap, VA had a population of 5.4k people with a median age of 37.1 and a median household income of $40,619. Between 2016 and 2017 the population of Big Stone Gap, VA declined from 5,462 to 5,395, a -1.23% decrease and its median household income grew from $36,811 to $40,619, a 10.3% increase.

The population of Big Stone Gap, VA is 74.5% White Alone, 19.2% Black or African American Alone, and 4.11% Hispanic or Latino. N/A% of the people in Big Stone Gap, VA speak a non-English language, and 100% are U.S. citizens.

The median property value in Big Stone Gap, VA is $110,900, and the homeownership rate is 60.8%. Most people in Big Stone Gap, VA commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 20.6 minutes. The average car ownership in Big Stone Gap, VA is 2 cars per household.

About the photo: Aerial of Richmond - Facing West

Economy

The economy of Big Stone Gap, VA employs 1.52k people. The largest industries in Big Stone Gap, VA are Health Care & Social Assistance (352 people), Public Administration (239 people), and Accommodation & Food Services (179 people), and the highest paying industries are Transportation & Warehousing ($202,596), Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services ($134,091), and Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($100,417).

Median household income in Big Stone Gap, VA is $40,619. Males in Big Stone Gap, VA have an average income that is 1.34 times higher than the average income of females, which is $55,180. The income inequality in Big Stone Gap, VA (measured using the Gini index) is 0.478, which is lower than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$40,619

2017 value

± $6,748

10.3%

1 Year Growth

± 25.3%

Households in Big Stone Gap, VA have a median annual income of $40,619, which is less than the median annual income of $61,937 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $36,811 in 2016, which represents a 10.3% annual growth.

Look at the chart to see how the median household income in Big Stone Gap, VA compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the Place level, so we are showing data for Virginia.

$74,183

Average Male Salary

± $1,323

$55,180

Average Female Salary

± $1,030

In 2017, full-time male employees in Virginia made 1.34 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Virginia by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the Place level, so we are showing data for Virginia.

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. Asian

    $68,169 ± $3,324

  2. White

    $60,529 ± $977

  3. Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander

    $56,661 ± $29,375

In 2017 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Virginia workers was Asian. These workers were paid 1.13 times more than White workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Virginia by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Big Stone Gap, VA is from Virginia.

0.478

2017 Wage GINI

0.477

2016 Wage GINI

In 2017, the income inequality in Virginia was 0.478 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.0649% growth from 2016 to 2017, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat less even.

The 2017 the GINI for Virginia was lower than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Virginia in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Virginia across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Highest Median Household Income (Total)

  1. Census Tract 9313

  2. Census Tract 9312

  3. N/A

In 2017, the place with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Big Stone Gap, VA was Census Tract 9313 with a value of $44,327, followed by Census Tract 9312 and N/A, with respective values of $41,692 and N/A.

The following map shows all of the places in Big Stone Gap, VA colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Males 6 - 11

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

26.1% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Big Stone Gap, VA (1.09k out of 4.18k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 13.1%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Males 6 - 11, followed by Females 25 - 34 and then Males 25 - 34.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. White

    860 ± 248

  2. Black

    228 ± 175

  3. Hispanic

    131 ± 112

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Big Stone Gap, VA is White, followed by Black and Hispanic.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

1.52k

2017 Value

± 309

-6.54%

1 Year decline

± 30.6%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Big Stone Gap, VA declined at a rate of -6.54%, from 1.62k employees to 1.52k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Big Stone Gap, VA, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (184 people), Management Occupations (166 people), and Food Preparation & Serving Related Occupations (161 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Big Stone Gap, VA.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Big Stone Gap, VA, by number of employees, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (184 people), Management Occupations (166 people), and Food Preparation & Serving Related Occupations (161 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other places, Big Stone Gap, VA has an unusually high number of residents working as Law Enforcement Workers Including Supervisors (4.3 times higher than expected), Health Diagnosing & Treating Practitioners & Other Technical Occupations (2.3 times), and Food Preparation & Serving Related Occupations (1.82 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Big Stone Gap, VA, by median earnings, are Sales & Related Occupations ($193,201), Construction & Extraction Occupations ($100,417), and Computer, Engineering, & Science Occupations ($65,583).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

1.52k

2017 Value

± 309

-6.54%

1 Year decline

± 30.6%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Big Stone Gap, VA declined at a rate of -6.54%, from 1.62k employees to 1.52k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Big Stone Gap, VA, are Health Care & Social Assistance (352 people), Public Administration (239 people), and Accommodation & Food Services (179 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Big Stone Gap, VA, though some of these residents may live in Big Stone Gap, VA and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Big Stone Gap, VA, by number of employees, are Health Care & Social Assistance (352 people), Public Administration (239 people), and Accommodation & Food Services (179 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other places, Big Stone Gap, VA has an unusually high number of Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction (6.96 times higher than expected), Utilities (4.45 times), and Public Administration (3.38 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Big Stone Gap, VA, by median earnings, are Transportation & Warehousing ($202,596), Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services ($134,091), and Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($100,417).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Virginia to other states, or from other states to Virginia.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $29.9B

  2. $27.8B

  3. $26B

In 2015, the top outbound Virginia product (by dollars) was Mixed freight with $29.9B, followed by Motorized vehicles ($27.8B) and Electronics ($26B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Virginia products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for Virginia state.

$277B

2020 Value

$373B

Projected 2045 Value

34.7% growth

In 2020, total outbound Virginia trade was $277B. This is expected to increase 34.7% to $373B by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Virginia trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Virginia to other states, or from other states to Virginia.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $25.5B

  2. $14B

  3. $12.4B

In 2015, the top outbound Virginia domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Maryland with $25.5B, followed by North Carolina with $14B and Pennsylvania and $12.4B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Virginia shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

89.2% of the population of Big Stone Gap, VA has health coverage, with 40.5% on employee plans, 22.7% on Medicaid, 14% on Medicare, 9.42% on non-group plans, and 2.53% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the place of Big Stone Gap, VA was $7,556 in 2014. This is a 3.42% increase from the previous year ($7,306).

Primary care physicians in Big Stone Gap, VA see 1316 patients per year on average, which represents a 0.0759% decrease from the previous year (1317 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1494 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 684 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Mecklenburg County and Halifax County have the highest prevalence of diabetes (15.6%). Additionally, Petersburg city has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (45.3%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Virginia.

1,316 to 1

Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio

Primary care physicians in Virginia see an average of 1,316 patients per year. This represents a 0.0759% decrease from the previous year (1,317 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Virginia in comparison to neighboring states.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Virginia.

$7,556

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$4,218

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$7,361

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$9,677

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in Virginia (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 3.42%, from $7,306 to $7,556.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

10.8%

Uninsured

40.5%

Employer Coverage

22.7%

Medicaid

14%

Medicare

9.42%

Non-Group

2.53%

Military or VA

Between 2016 and 2017, the percent of uninsured citizens in Big Stone Gap, VA declined by 1.45% from 11% to 10.8%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Big Stone Gap, VA changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 15.6% prevalence

  2. 15.6% prevalence

  3. 15.4% prevalence

Mecklenburg County and Halifax County have the highest prevalence of diabetes in Virginia, at 15.6%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in Virginia by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

Big Stone Gap, VA is home to a population of 5.4k people, from which 100% are citizens. As of 2017, 0.945% of Big Stone Gap, VA residents were born outside of the country (51 people).

The ethnic composition of the population of Big Stone Gap, VA is composed of 4.02k White Alone residents (74.5%), 1.04k Black or African American Alone residents (19.2%), 222 Hispanic or Latino residents (4.11%), 107 Two or More Races residents (1.98%), 12 Asian Alone residents (0.222%), 0 Native Hawaiian & Other Pacific Islander Alone residents (0%), 0 American Indian & Alaska Native Alone residents (0%), and 0 Some Other Race Alone residents (0%).

Age

Age by Nativity

37

Median Native-Born Age

± 4.3

38

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 20

In 2017, the median age of all people in Big Stone Gap, VA was 37.1. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 37, were generally younger than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 38. But people in Big Stone Gap, VA are getting staying the same age. In 2016, the average age of all Big Stone Gap, VA residents was 37.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

0.945%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

51 people

1.94%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

106 people

As of 2017, 0.945% of Big Stone Gap, VA residents (51 people) were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Big Stone Gap, VA was 1.94%, meaning that the rate has been decreasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Big Stone Gap, VA compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the Place level, so we are showing data for Virginia.

Most Common Origin

  1. El Salvador

    103,545 ± 7,851 people

  2. India

    82,876 ± 7,033 people

  3. Mexico

    56,021 ± 5,792 people

In 2017, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Virginia was El Salvador, the natal country of 103,545 Virginia residents, followed by India with 82,876 and Mexico with 56,021.

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Citizenship

100%

2017 Citizenship

99.6%

2016 Citizenship

As of 2017, 100% of Big Stone Gap, VA residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.2%. In 2016, the percentage of US citizens in Big Stone Gap, VA was 99.6%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been increasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Big Stone Gap, VA compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

Most Common

  1. White Alone

    4.02k ± 245

  2. Black or African American Alone

    1.04k ± 220

  3. Hispanic or Latino

    222 ± 134

In 2017, there were 3.88 times more White Alone residents (4.02k people) in Big Stone Gap, VA than any other race or ethnicity. There were 1.04k Black or African American Alone and 222 Hispanic or Latino residents, the second and third most common racial or ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 8 races and ethnicities represented in Big Stone Gap, VA as a share of the total population.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Vietnam

    131 ± 77

  2. Gulf War (1990s)

    129 ± 69

  3. Gulf War (2001-)

    42 ± 37

Big Stone Gap, VA has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 1.02 times greater than any other conflict.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Big Stone Gap, VA was $110,900 in 2017, which is 0.483 times smaller than the national average of $229,700. Between 2016 and 2017 the median property value increased from $103,100 to $110,900, a 7.57% increase. The homeownership rate in Big Stone Gap, VA is 60.8%, which is lower than the national average of 63.9%. People in Big Stone Gap, VA have an average commute time of 20.6 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Big Stone Gap, VA is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Housing

Property Value

$110,900

2017 Median

± $16,860

$103,100

2016 Median

± $18,395

In 2017, the median property value in Big Stone Gap, VA grew to to $110,900 from the previous year's value of $103,100.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Big Stone Gap, VA compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Big Stone Gap, VA the largest share of households have a property value in the $125k - $150k range.

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Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$40,619

Median Household Income

± $6,748

1.65k

Number of Households

± 310

In 2017, the median household income of the 1.65k households in Big Stone Gap, VA grew to $40,619 from the previous year's value of $36,811.

The following chart displays the households in Big Stone Gap, VA distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $50k - $60k range.

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Property Taxes

< $800

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Big Stone Gap, VA distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Big Stone Gap, VA the largest share of households pay taxes in the < $800 range.

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Rent vs Own

60.8%

2017 Homeownership

58.7%

2016 Homeownership

In 2017, 60.8% of the housing units in Big Stone Gap, VA were occupied by their owner. This percentage grew from the previous year's rate of 58.7%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is lower than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Big Stone Gap, VA compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Commute Time

20.6 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Big Stone Gap, VA have a shorter commute time (20.6 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.1 minutes). Additionally, 4.14% of the workforce in Big Stone Gap, VA have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Big Stone Gap, VA compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    78.3%

  2. Carpooled

    17.9%

  3. Worked At Home

    2.8%

In 2017, the most common method of travel for workers in Big Stone Gap, VA was Drove Alone (78.3%), followed by those who Carpooled (17.9%) and those who Worked At Home (2.8%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Big Stone Gap, VA distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Big Stone Gap, VA have 2 cars, followed by 1 car.

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