Bethlehem, PA

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Population

75,240

0.173% growth

Median Age

35.1


Median Household Income

$51,880

5.13% growth

Poverty Rate

15.8%


Number of Employees

35,656

0.977% growth

Median Property Value

$168,600

0.178% decline

About

In 2017, Bethlehem, PA had a population of 75.2k people with a median age of 35.1 and a median household income of $51,880. Between 2016 and 2017 the population of Bethlehem, PA grew from 75,110 to 75,240, a 0.173% increase and its median household income grew from $49,349 to $51,880, a 5.13% increase.

The population of Bethlehem, PA is 60.1% White Alone, 28.5% Hispanic or Latino, and 5.9% Black or African American Alone. 24.5% of the people in Bethlehem, PA speak a non-English language, and 95.7% are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Bethlehem, PA are Lehigh University (2,131 degrees awarded in 2016), Moravian College (498 degrees), and Triangle Tech Inc-Bethlehem (59 degrees).

The median property value in Bethlehem, PA is $168,600, and the homeownership rate is 51.7%. Most people in Bethlehem, PA commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 22.9 minutes. The average car ownership in Bethlehem, PA is 2 cars per household.

About the photo: Bethlehem Overview

Economy

The economy of Bethlehem, PA employs 35.7k people. The largest industries in Bethlehem, PA are Health Care & Social Assistance (6,057 people), Manufacturing (4,309 people), and Educational Services (4,019 people), and the highest paying industries are Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($75,313), Utilities ($65,114), and Public Administration ($58,167).

Median household income in Bethlehem, PA is $51,880. Males in Bethlehem, PA have an average income that is 1.35 times higher than the average income of females, which is $49,502. The income inequality in Bethlehem, PA (measured using the Gini index) is 0.469, which is lower than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$51,880

2017 value

± $2,086

5.13%

1 Year Growth

± 5.83%

Households in Bethlehem, PA have a median annual income of $51,880, which is less than the median annual income of $60,336 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $49,349 in 2016, which represents a 5.13% annual growth.

Look at the chart to see how the median household income in Bethlehem, PA compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the Place level, so we are showing data for Pennsylvania.

$67,039

Average Male Salary

± $1,040

$49,502

Average Female Salary

± $757

In 2017, full-time male employees in Bethlehem, PA made 1.35 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Bethlehem, PA by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the Place level, so we are showing data for Pennsylvania.

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. Asian

    $61,450 ± $4,076

  2. White

    $51,412 ± $642

  3. Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander

    $38,644 ± $21,965

In 2017 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Bethlehem, PA workers was Asian. These workers were paid 1.2 times more than White workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Bethlehem, PA by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Bethlehem, PA is from Pennsylvania.

0.469

2017 Wage GINI

0.469

2016 Wage GINI

In 2017, the income inequality in Pennsylvania was 0.469 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.19% growth from 2016 to 2017, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat less even.

The 2017 the GINI for Pennsylvania was lower than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Pennsylvania in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Pennsylvania across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Highest Median Household Income (Total)

  1. Census Tract 102

  2. Census Tract 104

  3. Census Tract 93

In 2017, the place with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Bethlehem, PA was Census Tract 102 with a value of $96,667, followed by Census Tract 104 and Census Tract 93, with respective values of $70,719 and $59,833.

The following map shows all of the places in Bethlehem, PA colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 25 - 34

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

15.8% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Bethlehem, PA (11k out of 69.5k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 13.4%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 25 - 34, followed by Females 18 - 24 and then Males 18 - 24.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. White

    8,086 ± 687

  2. Hispanic

    5,545 ± 515

  3. Other

    960 ± 248

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Bethlehem, PA is White, followed by Hispanic and Other.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

35.7k

2017 Value

± 1,270

0.977%

1 Year growth

± 5.06%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Bethlehem, PA grew at a rate of 0.977%, from 35.3k employees to 35.7k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Bethlehem, PA, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (4,458 people), Sales & Related Occupations (3,551 people), and Food Preparation & Serving Related Occupations (2,734 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Bethlehem, PA.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Bethlehem, PA, by number of employees, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (4,458 people), Sales & Related Occupations (3,551 people), and Food Preparation & Serving Related Occupations (2,734 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other places, Bethlehem, PA has an unusually high number of residents working as Material Moving Occupations (1.67 times higher than expected), Life, Physical, & Social Science Occupations (1.63 times), and Community & Social Service Occupations (1.46 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Bethlehem, PA, by median earnings, are Architecture & Engineering Occupations ($74,167), Law Enforcement Workers Including Supervisors ($72,917), and Management Occupations ($61,951).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

35.7k

2017 Value

± 1,270

0.977%

1 Year growth

± 5.06%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Bethlehem, PA grew at a rate of 0.977%, from 35.3k employees to 35.7k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Bethlehem, PA, are Health Care & Social Assistance (6,057 people), Manufacturing (4,309 people), and Educational Services (4,019 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Bethlehem, PA, though some of these residents may live in Bethlehem, PA and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Bethlehem, PA, by number of employees, are Health Care & Social Assistance (6,057 people), Manufacturing (4,309 people), and Educational Services (4,019 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other places, Bethlehem, PA has an unusually high number of Arts, Entertainment, & Recreation (1.94 times higher than expected), Health Care & Social Assistance (1.23 times), and Educational Services (1.22 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Bethlehem, PA, by median earnings, are Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($75,313), Utilities ($65,114), and Public Administration ($58,167).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Pennsylvania to other states, or from other states to Pennsylvania.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $83B

  2. $50.6B

  3. $49.7B

In 2015, the top outbound Pennsylvania product (by dollars) was Mixed freight with $83B, followed by Coal-n.e.c. with $50.6B and Pharmaceuticals and $49.7B.

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Pennsylvania products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for Pennsylvania state.

$618B

2015 Value

$954B

Projected 2045 Value

54.4% growth

In 2015, total outbound Pennsylvania trade was $618B. This is expected to increase 54.4% to $954B by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Pennsylvania trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Pennsylvania to other states, or from other states to Pennsylvania.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $61B

  2. $57.7B

  3. $33.1B

In 2015, the top outbound Pennsylvania domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was New York with $61B, followed by New Jersey with $57.7B and Ohio and $33.1B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Pennsylvania shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

91.7% of the population of Bethlehem, PA has health coverage, with 46% on employee plans, 20.5% on Medicaid, 11.8% on Medicare, 12.8% on non-group plans, and 0.681% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the place of Bethlehem, PA was $9,258 in 2014. This is a 4.29% increase from the previous year ($8,877).

Primary care physicians in Bethlehem, PA see 1232 patients per year on average, which represents a 0.326% increase from the previous year (1228 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1481 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 559 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Fayette County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (16%). Additionally, Clearfield County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (39.3%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Pennsylvania.

1,232 to 1

Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio

Primary care physicians in Pennsylvania see an average of 1,232 patients per year. This represents a 0.326% increase from the previous year (1,228 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Pennsylvania in comparison to neighboring states.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Pennsylvania.

$9,258

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$4,634

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$9,407

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$11,243

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in Pennsylvania (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 4.29%, from $8,877 to $9,258.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

8.29%

Uninsured

46%

Employer Coverage

20.5%

Medicaid

11.8%

Medicare

12.8%

Non-Group

0.681%

Military or VA

Between 2016 and 2017, the percent of uninsured citizens in Bethlehem, PA declined by 13.4% from 9.57% to 8.29%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Bethlehem, PA changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 16% prevalence

  2. 13.4% prevalence

  3. 13.2% prevalence

Fayette County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in Pennsylvania, at 16%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in Pennsylvania by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

Bethlehem, PA is home to a population of 75.2k people, from which 95.7% are citizens. As of 2017, 8.38% of Bethlehem, PA residents were born outside of the country.

The ethnic composition of the population of Bethlehem, PA is composed of 45.2k White Alone residents (60.1%), 21.5k Hispanic or Latino residents (28.5%), 4.44k Black or African American Alone residents (5.9%), 2.22k Asian Alone residents (2.95%), 1.74k Two or More Races residents (2.31%), 107 Some Other Race Alone residents (0.142%), 52 American Indian & Alaska Native Alone residents (0.0691%), and 0 Native Hawaiian & Other Pacific Islander Alone residents (0%).

The most common foreign languages spoken in Bethlehem, PA are Spanish or Spanish Creole (12,949 speakers), Chinese (537 speakers), and Greek (339 speakers).

Age

Age by Nativity

34

Median Native-Born Age

± 0.9

42

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 3.6

In 2017, the median age of all people in Bethlehem, PA was 35.1. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 34, were generally younger than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 42. But people in Bethlehem, PA are getting getting younger. In 2016, the average age of all Bethlehem, PA residents was 35.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

8.38%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

8.07%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

As of 2017, 8.38% of Bethlehem, PA residents were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Bethlehem, PA was 8.07%, meaning that the rate has been increasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Bethlehem, PA compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

Most Common Origin

  1. India

    81,562 ± 6,989 people

  2. China

    63,036 ± 6,149 people

  3. Mexico

    54,918 ± 5,741 people

In 2017, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Bethlehem, PA was India, the natal country of 81,562 Bethlehem, PA residents, followed by China with 63,036 and Mexico with 54,918.

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Citizenship

95.7%

2017 Citizenship

95.8%

2016 Citizenship

As of 2017, 95.7% of Bethlehem, PA residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.1%. In 2016, the percentage of US citizens in Bethlehem, PA was 95.8%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been decreasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Bethlehem, PA compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

Most Common

  1. White Alone

    45.2k ± 935

  2. Hispanic or Latino

    21.5k ± 1.57k

  3. Black or African American Alone

    4.44k ± 548

In 2017, there were 2.11 times more White Alone residents (45.2k people) in Bethlehem, PA than any other race or ethnicity. There were 21.5k Hispanic or Latino and 4.44k Black or African American Alone residents, the second and third most common racial or ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 8 races and ethnicities represented in Bethlehem, PA as a share of the total population.

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Non-English Speakers

Most Common Languages

  1. Spanish or Spanish Creole

    12,949 speakers (18.2%)

  2. Chinese

    537 speakers (0.757%)

  3. Greek

    339 speakers (0.478%)

24.5% of Bethlehem, PA citizens are speakers of a non-English language, which is higher than the national average of 21.5%. In 2015, the most common non-English language spoken in Bethlehem, PA was Spanish or Spanish Creole. 18.2% of the overall population of Bethlehem, PA are native Spanish or Spanish Creole speakers. 0.757% speak Chinese and 0.478% speak Spanish or Spanish Creole, the next two most common languages.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Vietnam

    1,239 ± 204

  2. Gulf War (2001-)

    515 ± 143

  3. Korea

    447 ± 110

Bethlehem, PA has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 2.41 times greater than any other conflict.

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Education

In 2016, universities in Bethlehem, PA awarded 2,724 degrees. The student population of Bethlehem, PA is skewed towards men, with 4,995 male students and 4,702 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Bethlehem, PA are White (1,743 and 74.9%), followed by Hispanic or Latino (177 and 7.6%), Asian (147 and 6.31%), and Unknown (114 and 4.9%).

The largest universities in Bethlehem, PA by number of degrees awarded are Lehigh University (2,131 and 78.2%), Moravian College (498 and 18.3%), and Triangle Tech Inc-Bethlehem (59 and 2.17%).

The most popular majors in Bethlehem, PA are Mechanical Engineering (178 and 6.53%), General Finance (163 and 5.98%), and Accounting (146 and 5.36%).

The median tuition costs in Bethlehem, PA are $43,238 for private four year colleges, and $N/A and $N/A respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

Most Common

  1. 107 degrees awarded

  2. 151 degrees awarded

  3. 114 degrees awarded

In 2015, the most common concentation for Bachelors Degree recipients in Bethlehem, PA was General Psychology with 107 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Bachelors Degree from schools in Bethlehem, PA according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded

  1. 2,131 degrees awarded

  2. 498 degrees awarded

  3. 59 degrees awarded

$N/A

Median In-State Public

$43,238

Median Private

In 2016, the Bethlehem, PA institution with the largest number of graduating students was Lehigh University with 2,131 degrees awarded.

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Student Gender for Common Institutions

1,358

Degrees Awarded to Men

1,366

Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2016, 1,358 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Bethlehem, PA, which is 0.994 times less than the 1,366 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the institutions in Bethlehem, PA by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity

  1. White

    1,743 degrees awarded

  2. Hispanic or Latino

    177 degrees awarded

  3. Asian

    147 degrees awarded

In 2016 the majority of degrees awarded at institutions in Bethlehem, PA were to White students. These 1,743 degrees mean that there were 9.85 times more White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Hispanic or Latino, with 177 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Bethlehem, PA was $168,600 in 2017, which is 0.775 times smaller than the national average of $217,600. Between 2016 and 2017 the median property value increased from $168,900 to $168,600, a 0.178% decrease. The homeownership rate in Bethlehem, PA is 51.7%, which is lower than the national average of 63.9%. People in Bethlehem, PA have an average commute time of 22.9 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Bethlehem, PA is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Income

Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$51,880

Median Household Income

± $2,086

28.9k

Number of Households

± 1,060

In 2017, the median household income of the 28.9k households in Bethlehem, PA grew to $51,880 from the previous year's value of $49,349.

The following chart displays the households in Bethlehem, PA distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Housing

Property Value

$168,600

2017 Median

± $3,279

$168,900

2016 Median

± $2,873

In 2017, the median property value in Bethlehem, PA declined from to $168,600 from the previous year's value of $168,900.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Bethlehem, PA compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Bethlehem, PA the largest share of households have a property value in the $150k - $175k range.

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Property Taxes

$3k+

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Bethlehem, PA distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Bethlehem, PA the largest share of households pay taxes in the $3k+ range.

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Rent vs Own

51.7%

2017 Homeownership

51.1%

2016 Homeownership

In 2017, 51.7% of the housing units in Bethlehem, PA were occupied by their owner. This percentage grew from the previous year's rate of 51.1%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is lower than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Bethlehem, PA compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Bethlehem, PA distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Bethlehem, PA have 2 cars, followed by 1 car.

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Commute Time

22.9 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Bethlehem, PA have a shorter commute time (22.9 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.1 minutes). Additionally, 3.42% of the workforce in Bethlehem, PA have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Bethlehem, PA compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    77.4%

  2. Carpooled

    7.51%

  3. Walked

    5.06%

In 2017, the most common method of travel for workers in Bethlehem, PA was Drove Alone, followed by those who Carpooled and those who Walked.

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