East of I-45 & Inside Loop I-610 PUMA, TX

Public Use Microdata Area (PUMA)

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Population
112,068
0.675% 1-year growth
US Senator
John Cornyn
Republican Party
US Senator
Ted Cruz
Republican Party
Median Age
33.5

Poverty Rate
28%

Median Household Income
$39,746
2.49% 1-year growth
Median Property Value
$102,700
2.8% 1-year growth
Number of Employees
45,175
0.275% 1-year growth

About

In 2018, East of I-45 & Inside Loop I-610 PUMA, TX had a population of 112k people with a median age of 33.5 and a median household income of $39,746. Between 2017 and 2018 the population of East of I-45 & Inside Loop I-610 PUMA, TX grew from 111,317 to 112,068, a 0.675% increase and its median household income grew from $38,779 to $39,746, a 2.49% increase.

The 5 largest ethnic groups in East of I-45 & Inside Loop I-610 PUMA, TX are White (Hispanic) (60.3%), Other (Hispanic) (14.8%), Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) (11.8%), White (Non-Hispanic) (9.56%), and Asian (Non-Hispanic) (1.34%). 69.5% of the people in East of I-45 & Inside Loop I-610 PUMA, TX speak a non-English language, and 76.3% are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Houston City (East Central)--East of I-45 & Inside Loop I-610 PUMA, TX are University of Houston-Downtown (3,527 degrees awarded in 2017), South Texas College of Law Houston (293 degrees), and Altierus Career College-Houston Hobby (273 degrees).

The median property value in East of I-45 & Inside Loop I-610 PUMA, TX is $102,700, and the homeownership rate is 42.2%. Most people in East of I-45 & Inside Loop I-610 PUMA, TX commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 25.7 minutes. The average car ownership in East of I-45 & Inside Loop I-610 PUMA, TX is 2 cars per household.

COVID-19

Daily New Cases by Date

Showing data at the state level for Texas. Hospitalization data for some states may be delayed or not reported.

This chart shows the number of COVID-19 daily new cases by date in Texas, as a 7-day rolling average, compared with the four states with the most similar number of confirmed cases.

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Impact on Employment

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Texas.

This chart shows weekly unemployment insurance claims in Texas (not-seasonally adjusted) compared with the four states with the most similar impact.

The most recent data point uses Advance State Claims data, which can be revised in subsequent weeks.

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Community Mobility

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Texas.

This chart presents movement trends over time in the state of Texas across different categories of places such as retail and recreation, groceries and pharmacies, parks, transit stations, workplaces, and residential.

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Civics

In the 2016 presidential election, the popular vote in Texas went to Donald J. Trump with 52.2% of the vote. The runner-up was Hillary Rodham Clinton (43.2%), followed by Gary Johnson (3.16%). The most partisan county was Roberts County, TX with 94.6% of the vote going to Donald J. Trump running for the Republican Party.

John Cornyn and Ted Cruz are the senators currently representing the state of Texas. In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

East of I-45 & Inside Loop I-610 PUMA, TX is currently represented by 36 members in the U.S. house, and members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms.

Presidential Popular Vote by County

Presidential voting results are only available at the county level. Showing data for the counties inside of Texas.
Donald J. Trump
Popular Vote for Texas
52.2% for the Republican Party
Most Partisan Counties in Texas
  1. 94.6% for Donald J. Trump (Republican Party)
  2. 93.7% for Donald J. Trump (Republican Party)
  3. 92% for Donald J. Trump (Republican Party)

In the 2016 presidential election, the most partisan county in Texas was Roberts County, TX with 94.6% of the vote going to Donald J. Trump running for the Republican Party.

The following map shows the counties in Texas colored by their party leaning.

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US Senators from Texas

Senatorial voting results are only available at the state level. Showing data for Texas.
John Cornyn
Senator from Texas2
Assumed office on December 2, 2002
Ted Cruz
Senator from Texas1
Assumed office on January 3, 2013

John Cornyn and Ted Cruz are the senators currently representing Texas.

In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

The following chart shows elected senators in Texas over time, colored by their political party.

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US Representatives from Texas

Texas is currently represented by 36 members in the U.S. house.

Members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms, and the following chart shows the how the members for East of I-45 & Inside Loop I-610 PUMA, TX have changed over time starting in 2008.

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Diversity

East of I-45 & Inside Loop I-610 PUMA, TX is home to a population of 112k people, from which 76.3% are citizens. As of 2018, 33.2% of East of I-45 & Inside Loop I-610 PUMA, TX residents were born outside of the country (37.2k people).

In 2018, there were 4.08 times more White (Hispanic) residents (67.6k people) in East of I-45 & Inside Loop I-610 PUMA, TX than any other race or ethnicity. There were 16.6k Other (Hispanic) and 13.2k Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

The most common foreign languages spoken in East of I-45 & Inside Loop I-610 PUMA, TX are Spanish (70,536 speakers), Swahili or Other Languages of Central, Eastern, & Southern Africa (277 speakers), and Vietnamese (249 speakers).

Race and Ethnicity

Race and Ethnicity

The 3 largest ethnic groups in East of I-45 & Inside Loop I-610 PUMA, TX
  1. White (Hispanic)
    67.6k ± 2.52k
  2. Other (Hispanic)
    16.6k ± 1.69k
  3. Black or African American (Non-Hispanic)
    13.2k ± 2.35k
76.8%
Hispanic Population
86k people

In 2018, there were 4.08 times more White (Hispanic) residents (67.6k people) in East of I-45 & Inside Loop I-610 PUMA, TX than any other race or ethnicity. There were 16.6k Other (Hispanic) and 13.2k Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

76.8% of the people in East of I-45 & Inside Loop I-610 PUMA, TX are hispanic (86k people).

The following chart shows the 7 races represented in East of I-45 & Inside Loop I-610 PUMA, TX as a share of the total population.

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Non-English Speakers

Most Common Languages
  1. Spanish
    70,536 speakers (67.5%)
  2. Swahili or Other Languages of Central, Eastern, & Southern Africa
    277 speakers (0.265%)
  3. Vietnamese
    249 speakers (0.238%)

69.5% of East of I-45 & Inside Loop I-610 PUMA, TX citizens are speakers of a non-English language, which is higher than the national average of 21.9%. In 2018, the most common non-English language spoken in East of I-45 & Inside Loop I-610 PUMA, TX was Spanish. 67.5% of the overall population of East of I-45 & Inside Loop I-610 PUMA, TX are native Spanish speakers. 0.265% speak Swahili or Other Languages of Central, Eastern, & Southern Africa and 0.238% speak Spanish, the next two most common languages.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

33.2%
2018 Foreign-Born Population
37.2k people
35.1%
2016 Foreign-Born Population
38.9k people

As of 2018, 33.2% of East of I-45 & Inside Loop I-610 PUMA, TX residents (37.2k people) were born outside of the United States, which is higher than the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in East of I-45 & Inside Loop I-610 PUMA, TX was 35.1%, meaning that the rate has been decreasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in East of I-45 & Inside Loop I-610 PUMA, TX compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Age by Nativity

27
Median Native-Born Age
± 0.8
45
Median Foreign-Born Age
± 1.5

In 2018, the median age of all people in East of I-45 & Inside Loop I-610 PUMA, TX was 33.5. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 27, were generally younger than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 45. But people in East of I-45 & Inside Loop I-610 PUMA, TX are getting getting older. In 2017, the average age of all East of I-45 & Inside Loop I-610 PUMA, TX residents was 33.

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Global Diversity

Most Common Origin
  1. Mexico
    28,353 ± 3,571 people
  2. El Salvador
    3,371 ± 1,404 people
  3. Honduras
    2,474 ± 1,208 people

In 2017, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of East of I-45 & Inside Loop I-610 PUMA, TX was Mexico, the natal country of 28,353 East of I-45 & Inside Loop I-610 PUMA, TX residents, followed by El Salvador with 3,371 and Honduras with 2,474.

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Citizenship

76.3%
2018 Citizenship
74.6%
2017 Citizenship

As of 2018, 76.3% of East of I-45 & Inside Loop I-610 PUMA, TX residents were US citizens, which is lower than the national average of 93.2%. In 2017, the percentage of US citizens in East of I-45 & Inside Loop I-610 PUMA, TX was 74.6%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been increasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in East of I-45 & Inside Loop I-610 PUMA, TX compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period
  1. Vietnam
    725 ± 164
  2. Gulf War (2001-)
    704 ± 189
  3. Gulf War (1990s)
    454 ± 130

East of I-45 & Inside Loop I-610 PUMA, TX has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 1.03 times greater than any other conflict.

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Economy

Median household income in East of I-45 & Inside Loop I-610 PUMA, TX is $39,746. In 2018, the PUMA with the highest Median Household Income in East of I-45 & Inside Loop I-610 PUMA, TX was Austin City (Northwest) PUMA, TX with a value of $139,923, followed by Flower Mound Town & Highland Village City PUMA, TX and Frisco City (East) & Prosper Town PUMA, TX, with respective values of $139,852 and $125,562.

Males in East of I-45 & Inside Loop I-610 PUMA, TX have an average income that is 1.21 times higher than the average income of females, which is $38,614. The income inequality in East of I-45 & Inside Loop I-610 PUMA, TX (measured using the Gini index) is 0.468, which is lower than than the national average.

The economy of East of I-45 & Inside Loop I-610 PUMA, TX employs 45.2k people. The largest industries in East of I-45 & Inside Loop I-610 PUMA, TX are Construction (7,451 people), Restaurants & Food Services (2,591 people), and Elementary & secondary schools (2,006 people), and the highest paying industries are Securities, commodities, funds, trusts & other financial investments ($139,565), Pipeline transportation ($112,259), and Oil & gas extraction ($91,705).

Wages

Median Household Income

$39,746
2018 value
± $2,351
2.49%
1 Year Growth
± 8.13%

Households in East of I-45 & Inside Loop I-610 PUMA, TX have a median annual income of $39,746, which is less than the median annual income of $61,937 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $38,779 in 2017, which represents a 2.49% annual growth.

The following chart shows how the median household income in East of I-45 & Inside Loop I-610 PUMA, TX compares to that of its neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

$46,598
Average Male Salary in East of I-45 & Inside Loop I-610 PUMA, TX
± $8,572
$38,614
Average Female Salary in East of I-45 & Inside Loop I-610 PUMA, TX
± $9,679

In 2017, full-time male employees in East of I-45 & Inside Loop I-610 PUMA, TX made 1.21 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in East of I-45 & Inside Loop I-610 PUMA, TX by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity in East of I-45 & Inside Loop I-610 PUMA, TX
  1. Asian
    $78,118 ± $79,625
  2. Black
    $50,954 ± $24,692
  3. American Indian and Alaska Native tribes specified; or American Indian or Alaska Native, not specified and no other races
    $47,092 ± $147,533

In 2017 the highest paid race/ethnicity of East of I-45 & Inside Loop I-610 PUMA, TX workers was Asian. These workers were paid 1.53 times more than Black workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity in East of I-45 & Inside Loop I-610 PUMA, TX.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in East of I-45 & Inside Loop I-610 PUMA, TX by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

0.468
2017 Wage GINI in East of I-45 & Inside Loop I-610 PUMA, TX
0.461
2016 Wage GINI in East of I-45 & Inside Loop I-610 PUMA, TX

In 2017, the income inequality in East of I-45 & Inside Loop I-610 PUMA, TX was 0.468 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 1.57% growth from 2016 to 2017, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat less even. The GINI for East of I-45 & Inside Loop I-610 PUMA, TX was lower than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in East of I-45 & Inside Loop I-610 PUMA, TX in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in East of I-45 & Inside Loop I-610 PUMA, TX across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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In 2018, the PUMA with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in East of I-45 & Inside Loop I-610 PUMA, TX was Austin City (Northwest) PUMA, TX with a value of $139,923, followed by Flower Mound Town & Highland Village City PUMA, TX and Frisco City (East) & Prosper Town PUMA, TX, with respective values of $139,852 and $125,562.

The following map shows all of the PUMAs in East of I-45 & Inside Loop I-610 PUMA, TX colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Males 6 - 11
Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

28% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in East of I-45 & Inside Loop I-610 PUMA, TX (29.1k out of 104k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 13.1%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Males 6 - 11, followed by Females 25 - 34 and then Females 18 - 24.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty
  1. Hispanic
    23,677 ± 1,242
  2. White
    20,698 ± 1,161
  3. Other
    4,037 ± 504

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in East of I-45 & Inside Loop I-610 PUMA, TX is Hispanic, followed by White and Other.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

45.2k
2017 Value
0.275%
1 Year growth
± 0.275%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in East of I-45 & Inside Loop I-610 PUMA, TX grew at a rate of 0.275%, from 45.1k employees to 45.2k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in East of I-45 & Inside Loop I-610 PUMA, TX, are Construction laborers (1,796 people), Janitors & building cleaners (1,489 people), and Driver/sales workers & truck drivers (1,442 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of East of I-45 & Inside Loop I-610 PUMA, TX.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of East of I-45 & Inside Loop I-610 PUMA, TX, by number of employees, are Construction laborers (1,796 people), Janitors & building cleaners (1,489 people), and Driver/sales workers & truck drivers (1,442 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other PUMAs, East of I-45 & Inside Loop I-610 PUMA, TX has an unusually high number of residents working as Brickmasons, blockmasons, stonemasons, & reinforcing iron & rebar workers (13.2 times higher than expected), Drywall installers, ceiling tile installers, & tapers (9.95 times), and Helpersproduction workers (9.05 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of East of I-45 & Inside Loop I-610 PUMA, TX, by average salary, are Physicians & surgeons ($272,701), Personal financial advisors ($221,816), and Lawyers, & judges, magistrates, & other judicial workers ($206,126).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

45.2k
2017 Value
0.275%
1 Year growth
± 0.275%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in East of I-45 & Inside Loop I-610 PUMA, TX grew at a rate of 0.275%, from 45.1k employees to 45.2k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in East of I-45 & Inside Loop I-610 PUMA, TX, are Construction (7,451 people), Restaurants & Food Services (2,591 people), and Elementary & secondary schools (2,006 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of East of I-45 & Inside Loop I-610 PUMA, TX, though some of these residents may live in East of I-45 & Inside Loop I-610 PUMA, TX and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in East of I-45 & Inside Loop I-610 PUMA, TX, by number of employees, are Construction (7,451 people), Restaurants & Food Services (2,591 people), and Elementary & secondary schools (2,006 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other PUMAs, East of I-45 & Inside Loop I-610 PUMA, TX has an unusually high number of Petroleum refining (11.3 times higher than expected), Oil & gas extraction (8.91 times), and Petroleum & petroleum products merchant wholesalers (8.68 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in East of I-45 & Inside Loop I-610 PUMA, TX, by average salary, are Securities, commodities, funds, trusts & other financial investments ($139,565), Pipeline transportation ($112,259), and Oil & gas extraction ($91,705).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Texas to other states, or from other states to Texas.
Top Domestic Production in Dollars
  1. $282B
  2. $216B
  3. $159B

In 2015, the top outbound Texas product (by dollars) was Fuel oils with $282B, followed by Gasoline ($216B) and Mixed freight ($159B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Texas products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for Texas.
$1.97T
2015 Value in Texas
$2.8T
Projected 2045 Value in Texas
42.1% growth

In 2015, total outbound Texas trade was $1.97T. This is expected to increase 42.1% to $2.8T by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Texas trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Texas to other states, or from other states to Texas.
Most Common Trade Partners
  1. $85.7B
  2. $53.4B
  3. $34.5B

In 2015, the top outbound Texas domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Louisiana with $85.7B, followed by Oklahoma with $53.4B and California and $34.5B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Texas shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Education

In 2017, universities in Houston City (East Central)--East of I-45 & Inside Loop I-610 PUMA, TX awarded 4,152 degrees. The student population of Houston City (East Central)--East of I-45 & Inside Loop I-610 PUMA, TX is skewed towards women, with 5,948 male students and 9,291 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Houston City (East Central)--East of I-45 & Inside Loop I-610 PUMA, TX are Hispanic or Latino (1,624 and 40.7%), followed by Black or African American (969 and 24.3%), White (889 and 22.3%), and Asian (377 and 9.44%).

The largest universities in Houston City (East Central)--East of I-45 & Inside Loop I-610 PUMA, TX by number of degrees awarded are University of Houston-Downtown (3,527 and 84.9%), South Texas College of Law Houston (293 and 7.06%), and Altierus Career College-Houston Hobby (273 and 6.58%).

The most popular majors in Houston City (East Central)--East of I-45 & Inside Loop I-610 PUMA, TX are General Business Administration & Management (757 and 18.2%), Other Multidisciplinary Studies (729 and 17.6%), and Law (293 and 7.06%).

The median tuition costs in Houston City (East Central)--East of I-45 & Inside Loop I-610 PUMA, TX are $N/A for private four year colleges, and $4,996 and $14,616 respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

Most Common
  1. 230 degree-majorss awarded
  2. 729 degree-majorss awarded
  3. 237 degree-majorss awarded

In 2015, the most common concentation for Bachelors Degree recipients in Houston City (East Central)--East of I-45 & Inside Loop I-610 PUMA, TX was Criminal Justice - Safety Studies with 230 degree-majorss awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Bachelors Degree from schools in Houston City (East Central)--East of I-45 & Inside Loop I-610 PUMA, TX according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded
  1. 3,527 degrees awarded
  2. 293 degrees awarded
  3. 273 degrees awarded
$4,996
Median In-State Public
$N/A
Median Private

In 2017, the Houston City (East Central)--East of I-45 & Inside Loop I-610 PUMA, TX institution with the largest number of graduating students was University of Houston-Downtown with 3,527 degrees awarded.

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Student Gender for Common Institutions

1,542
Degrees Awarded to Men
2,610
Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2017, 1,542 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Houston City (East Central)--East of I-45 & Inside Loop I-610 PUMA, TX, which is 0.591 times less than the 2,610 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the institutions in Houston City (East Central)--East of I-45 & Inside Loop I-610 PUMA, TX by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity
  1. Hispanic or Latino
    1,624 degrees awarded
  2. Black or African American
    969 degrees awarded
  3. White
    889 degrees awarded

In 2017 the majority of degrees awarded at institutions in Houston City (East Central)--East of I-45 & Inside Loop I-610 PUMA, TX were to Hispanic or Latino students. These 1,624 degrees mean that there were 1.68 times more Hispanic or Latino students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Black or African American, with 969 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in East of I-45 & Inside Loop I-610 PUMA, TX was $102,700 in 2018, which is 0.447 times smaller than the national average of $229,700. Between 2017 and 2018 the median property value increased from $99,900 to $102,700, a 2.8% increase. The homeownership rate in East of I-45 & Inside Loop I-610 PUMA, TX is 42.2%, which is lower than the national average of 63.9%. People in East of I-45 & Inside Loop I-610 PUMA, TX have an average commute time of 25.7 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in East of I-45 & Inside Loop I-610 PUMA, TX is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Housing

Property Value

$102,700
2018 Median
± $3,236
$99,900
2017 Median
± $3,699

In 2018, the median property value in East of I-45 & Inside Loop I-610 PUMA, TX grew to to $102,700 from the previous year's value of $99,900.

The following charts display, first, the property values in East of I-45 & Inside Loop I-610 PUMA, TX compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In East of I-45 & Inside Loop I-610 PUMA, TX the largest share of households have a property value in the N/A range.

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Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.
$39,746
Median Household Income
± $2,351
36.2k
Number of Households
± 1,331

In 2018, the median household income of the 36.2k households in East of I-45 & Inside Loop I-610 PUMA, TX grew to $39,746 from the previous year's value of $38,779.

The following chart displays the households in East of I-45 & Inside Loop I-610 PUMA, TX distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Property Taxes

$3k+
Average Range

This chart shows the households in East of I-45 & Inside Loop I-610 PUMA, TX distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In East of I-45 & Inside Loop I-610 PUMA, TX the largest share of households pay taxes in the $3k+ range.

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Rent vs Own

42.2%
2018 Homeownership
43.3%
2017 Homeownership

In 2018, 42.2% of the housing units in East of I-45 & Inside Loop I-610 PUMA, TX were occupied by their owner. This percentage declined from the previous year's rate of 43.3%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is lower than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in East of I-45 & Inside Loop I-610 PUMA, TX compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Commute Time

25.7 minutes
Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in East of I-45 & Inside Loop I-610 PUMA, TX have a longer commute time (25.7 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.3 minutes). Additionally, 1.99% of the workforce in East of I-45 & Inside Loop I-610 PUMA, TX have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in East of I-45 & Inside Loop I-610 PUMA, TX compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel
  1. Drove Alone
    71.6%
  2. Carpooled
    16.1%
  3. Public Transit
    4.52%

In 2018, the most common method of travel for workers in East of I-45 & Inside Loop I-610 PUMA, TX was Drove Alone (71.6%), followed by those who Carpooled (16.1%) and those who Public Transit (4.52%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars
Average Number

The following chart displays the households in East of I-45 & Inside Loop I-610 PUMA, TX distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in East of I-45 & Inside Loop I-610 PUMA, TX have 2 cars, followed by 1 car.

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Health

69.8% of the population of East of I-45 & Inside Loop I-610 PUMA, TX has health coverage, with 30.1% on employee plans, 26.1% on Medicaid, 6.88% on Medicare, 5.8% on non-group plans, and 0.9% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in Texas was $6,998 in 2014. This is a 5.06% increase from the previous year ($6,661).

Primary care physicians in Texas see 1670 patients per year on average, which represents a 0.12% decrease from the previous year (1672 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1790 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 1012 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Cass County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (14.5%). Additionally, Angelina County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (39.6%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Texas.
1,670 to 1
Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio in Texas

Primary care physicians in Texas see an average of 1,670 patients per year. This represents a 0.12% decrease from the previous year (1,672 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Texas in comparison to its neighboring geographies.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.
State with the Highest Prevalence
  1. 8.26% of the population affected
  2. 8.13% of the population affected
  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.
Most prevalent states
  1. 19.2% of adults
  2. 17.9% of adults
  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Texas.
$6,998
Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care in Texas
$4,696
Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care
$7,273
Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care
$11,895
Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in Texas (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 5.06%, from $6,661 to $6,998.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

30.2%
Uninsured
30.1%
Employer Coverage
26.1%
Medicaid
6.88%
Medicare
5.8%
Non-Group
0.9%
Military or VA

Between N/A and 2018, the percent of uninsured citizens in East of I-45 & Inside Loop I-610 PUMA, TX N/A by N/A from N/A% to 30.2%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in East of I-45 & Inside Loop I-610 PUMA, TX changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.
Most at risk counties
  1. 14.5% prevalence
  2. 14.4% prevalence
  3. 14.3% prevalence

Cass County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in Texas, at 14.5%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in Texas by county over multiple years.

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