Grand Rapids City Area PUMA, MI

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Population

195,815

0.769% growth

Median Age

31.3


Median Household Income

$44,449

5.41% growth

Number of Employees

94,143

3.48% growth

Median Property Value

$121,800

7.12% growth

About

In 2017, Grand Rapids City Area PUMA, MI had a population of 196k people with a median age of 31.3 and a median household income of $44,449. Between 2016 and 2017 the population of Grand Rapids City Area PUMA, MI grew from 194,320 to 195,815, a 0.769% increase and its median household income grew from $42,169 to $44,449, a 5.41% increase.

The population of Grand Rapids City Area PUMA, MI is 59.4% White Alone, 19.1% Black or African American Alone, and 15.3% Hispanic or Latino. 15.8% of the people in Grand Rapids City Area PUMA, MI speak a non-English language, and 92.6% are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Grand Rapids City Area PUMA, MI are Grand Rapids Community College (1,888 degrees awarded in 2016), Calvin College (1,038 degrees), and Aquinas College (446 degrees).

The median property value in Grand Rapids City Area PUMA, MI is $121,800, and the homeownership rate is 54.2%. Most people in Grand Rapids City Area PUMA, MI commute by N/A, and the average commute time is 18.6 minutes. The average car ownership in Grand Rapids City Area PUMA, MI is N/A per household.

About the photo: Art by the East Bank Towers

Economy

The economy of Grand Rapids City Area PUMA, MI employs 94.1k people. The largest industries in Grand Rapids City Area PUMA, MI are Restaurants & Food Services (8,772 people), Hospitals (6,003 people), and Elementary & secondary schools (4,215 people), and the highest paying industries are Offices of dentists ($123,533), Electric power generation, transmission & distribution ($89,180), and Securities, commodities, funds, trusts & other financial investments ($81,663).

Median household income in Grand Rapids City Area PUMA, MI is $44,449. Males in Grand Rapids City Area PUMA, MI have an average income that is 1.14 times higher than the average income of females, which is $40,391. The income inequality in Grand Rapids City Area PUMA, MI (measured using the Gini index) is 0.451, which is lower than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$44,449

2017 value

± $1,205

5.41%

1 Year Growth

± 3.31%

Households in Grand Rapids City Area PUMA, MI have a median annual income of $44,449, which is less than the median annual income of $60,336 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $42,169 in 2016, which represents a 5.41% annual growth.

Look at the chart to see how the median household income in Grand Rapids City Area PUMA, MI compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

$45,874

Average Male Salary

± $5,415

$40,391

Average Female Salary

± $4,948

In 2017, full-time male employees in Grand Rapids City Area PUMA, MI made 1.14 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Grand Rapids City Area PUMA, MI by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. White

    $38,650 ± $3,737

  2. Asian

    $35,729 ± $17,571

  3. Two or More Races

    $27,336 ± $19,137

In 2017 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Grand Rapids City Area PUMA, MI workers was White. These workers were paid 1.08 times more than Asian workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Grand Rapids City Area PUMA, MI by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

0.451

2017 Wage GINI

0.45

2016 Wage GINI

In 2017, the income inequality in Grand Rapids City Area PUMA, MI was 0.451 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.386% growth from 2016 to 2017, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat less even.

The 2017 the GINI for Grand Rapids City Area PUMA, MI was lower than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Grand Rapids City Area PUMA, MI in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Grand Rapids City Area PUMA, MI across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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In 2017, the PUMA with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Grand Rapids City Area PUMA, MI was Birmingham & Bloomfield Area PUMA, MI with a value of $112,116, followed by Oakland County (Northeast) PUMA, MI and Troy & Rochester Area PUMA, MI, with respective values of $95,855 and $94,911.

The following map shows all of the PUMAs in Grand Rapids City Area PUMA, MI colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

N/A N/A

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

N/A% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Grand Rapids City Area PUMA, MI (N/A out of N/A people) live below the poverty line, a number that is approximately the same as the national average of 13.4%. The largest demographic living in poverty are N/A N/A, followed by N/A N/A and then N/A N/A.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Grand Rapids City Area PUMA, MI is false, followed by false and false.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

94.1k

2017 Value

3.48%

1 Year growth

± 3.48%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Grand Rapids City Area PUMA, MI grew at a rate of 3.48%, from 91k employees to 94.1k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Grand Rapids City Area PUMA, MI, are Waiters & waitresses (2,238 people), Janitors & building cleaners (2,220 people), and Customer service representatives (2,114 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Grand Rapids City Area PUMA, MI.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Grand Rapids City Area PUMA, MI, by number of employees, are Waiters & waitresses (2,238 people), Janitors & building cleaners (2,220 people), and Customer service representatives (2,114 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other pumas, Grand Rapids City Area PUMA, MI has an unusually high number of residents working as Graders & sorters, agricultural products (6.71 times higher than expected), Food processing workers, all other (5.93 times), and Miscellaneous metal workers & plastic workers, including multiple machine tool setters (3.58 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Grand Rapids City Area PUMA, MI, by average salary, are Dentists ($268,435), Physicians & surgeons ($162,447), and Lawyers, & judges, magistrates, & other judicial workers ($129,319).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

94.1k

2017 Value

3.48%

1 Year growth

± 3.48%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Grand Rapids City Area PUMA, MI grew at a rate of 3.48%, from 91k employees to 94.1k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Grand Rapids City Area PUMA, MI, are Restaurants & Food Services (8,772 people), Hospitals (6,003 people), and Elementary & secondary schools (4,215 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Grand Rapids City Area PUMA, MI, though some of these residents may live in Grand Rapids City Area PUMA, MI and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Grand Rapids City Area PUMA, MI, by number of employees, are Restaurants & Food Services (8,772 people), Hospitals (6,003 people), and Elementary & secondary schools (4,215 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other pumas, Grand Rapids City Area PUMA, MI has an unusually high number of Not specified food industries, manufacturing (13.2 times higher than expected), Furniture & related product manufacturing (5.53 times), and Metalworking machinery manufacturing (4.94 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Grand Rapids City Area PUMA, MI, by average salary, are Offices of dentists ($123,533), Electric power generation, transmission & distribution ($89,180), and Securities, commodities, funds, trusts & other financial investments ($81,663).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Michigan to other states, or from other states to Michigan.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $135B

  2. $35.4B

  3. $31.3B

In 2015, the top outbound Michigan product (by dollars) was Motorized vehicles with $135B, followed by Mixed freight with $35.4B and Machinery and $31.3B.

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Michigan products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for Michigan state.

$448B

2015 Value

$623B

Projected 2045 Value

39.1% growth

In 2015, total outbound Michigan trade was $448B. This is expected to increase 39.1% to $623B by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Michigan trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Michigan to other states, or from other states to Michigan.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $35.1B

  2. $25.1B

  3. $20.4B

In 2015, the top outbound Michigan domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Ohio with $35.1B, followed by Indiana with $25.1B and Illinois and $20.4B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Michigan shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

N/A% of the population of Grand Rapids City Area PUMA, MI has health coverage, with N/A% on employee plans, N/A% on Medicaid, N/A% on Medicare, N/A% on non-group plans, and N/A% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the puma of Grand Rapids City Area PUMA, MI was $8,055 in 2014. This is a 4% increase from the previous year ($7,745).

Primary care physicians in Grand Rapids City Area PUMA, MI see 1254 patients per year on average, which represents a 0.804% increase from the previous year (1244 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1385 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 431 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Gladwin County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (14.5%). Additionally, Saginaw County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (39.8%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Michigan.

1,254 to 1

Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio

Primary care physicians in Michigan see an average of 1,254 patients per year. This represents a 0.804% increase from the previous year (1,244 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Michigan in comparison to neighboring states.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Michigan.

$8,055

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$3,950

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$5,915

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$11,318

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in Michigan (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 4%, from $7,745 to $8,055.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

N/A%

Uninsured

N/A%

Employer Coverage

N/A%

Medicaid

N/A%

Medicare

N/A%

Non-Group

N/A%

Military or VA

Between N/A and N/A, the percent of uninsured citizens in Grand Rapids City Area PUMA, MI N/A by N/A from N/A% to N/A%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Grand Rapids City Area PUMA, MI changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 14.5% prevalence

  2. 14.1% prevalence

  3. 14.1% prevalence

Gladwin County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in Michigan, at 14.5%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in Michigan by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

Grand Rapids City Area PUMA, MI is home to a population of 196k people, from which 92.6% are citizens. As of 2017, N/A% of Grand Rapids City Area PUMA, MI residents were born outside of the country.

The ethnic composition of the population of Grand Rapids City Area PUMA, MI is composed of 116k White Alone residents (59.4%), 37.4k Black or African American Alone residents (19.1%), 30k Hispanic or Latino residents (15.3%), 6.74k Two or More Races residents (3.44%), 4.34k Asian Alone residents (2.22%), 617 American Indian & Alaska Native Alone residents (0.315%), 277 Some Other Race Alone residents (0.141%), and 35 Native Hawaiian & Other Pacific Islander Alone residents (0.0179%).

The most common foreign languages spoken in Grand Rapids City Area PUMA, MI are Spanish or Spanish Creole (20,005 speakers), African Languages (1,441 speakers), and Vietnamese (822 speakers).

Age

Age by Nativity

N/A

Median Native-Born Age

± N/A

N/A

Median Foreign-Born Age

± N/A

In 2017, the median age of all people in Grand Rapids City Area PUMA, MI was 31.3. Native-born citizens, with a median age of N/A, were generally N/A than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of N/A. But people in Grand Rapids City Area PUMA, MI are getting getting older. In 2016, the average age of all Grand Rapids City Area PUMA, MI residents was 31.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

N/A%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

10.1%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

As of 2017, N/A% of Grand Rapids City Area PUMA, MI residents were born outside of the United States, which is approximately the same as the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Grand Rapids City Area PUMA, MI was 10.1%, meaning that the rate has been maintaining.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Grand Rapids City Area PUMA, MI compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

Most Common Origin

  1. Mexico

    5,952 ± 1,865 people

  2. Guatemala

    3,634 ± 1,466 people

  3. Bosnia and Herzegovina

    1,052 ± 794 people

In 2017, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Grand Rapids City Area PUMA, MI was Mexico, the natal country of 5,952 Grand Rapids City Area PUMA, MI residents, followed by Guatemala with 3,634 and Bosnia and Herzegovina with 1,052.

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Citizenship

92.6%

2017 Citizenship

92.9%

2016 Citizenship

As of 2017, 92.6% of Grand Rapids City Area PUMA, MI residents were US citizens, which is lower than the national average of 93.1%. In 2016, the percentage of US citizens in Grand Rapids City Area PUMA, MI was 92.9%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been decreasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Grand Rapids City Area PUMA, MI compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

Most Common

  1. White Alone

    116k ± 1.68k

  2. Black or African American Alone

    37.4k ± 1.36k

  3. Hispanic or Latino

    30k ± 1.95k

In 2017, there were 3.11 times more White Alone residents (116k people) in Grand Rapids City Area PUMA, MI than any other race or ethnicity. There were 37.4k Black or African American Alone and 30k Hispanic or Latino residents, the second and third most common racial or ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 8 races and ethnicities represented in Grand Rapids City Area PUMA, MI as a share of the total population.

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Non-English Speakers

Most Common Languages

  1. Spanish or Spanish Creole

    20,005 speakers (11.2%)

  2. African Languages

    1,441 speakers (0.808%)

  3. Vietnamese

    822 speakers (0.461%)

15.8% of Grand Rapids City Area PUMA, MI citizens are speakers of a non-English language, which is lower than the national average of 21.5%. In 2015, the most common non-English language spoken in Grand Rapids City Area PUMA, MI was Spanish or Spanish Creole. 11.2% of the overall population of Grand Rapids City Area PUMA, MI are native Spanish or Spanish Creole speakers. 0.808% speak African Languages and 0.461% speak Spanish or Spanish Creole, the next two most common languages.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. false

    0 ± 0

  2. false

    0 ± 0

  3. false

    0 ± 0

Grand Rapids City Area PUMA, MI has a large population of military personnel who served in false, N/A times greater than any other conflict.

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Education

In 2016, universities in Grand Rapids City Area PUMA, MI awarded 3,499 degrees. The student population of Grand Rapids City Area PUMA, MI is skewed towards women, with 9,941 male students and 10,646 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Grand Rapids City Area PUMA, MI are White (2,650 and 79.5%), followed by Hispanic or Latino (207 and 6.21%), Black or African American (179 and 5.37%), and Unknown (136 and 4.08%).

The largest universities in Grand Rapids City Area PUMA, MI by number of degrees awarded are Grand Rapids Community College (1,888 and 54%), Calvin College (1,038 and 29.7%), and Aquinas College (446 and 12.7%).

The most popular majors in Grand Rapids City Area PUMA, MI are Liberal Arts & Sciences (988 and 28.2%), General Business Administration & Management (200 and 5.72%), and Registered Nursing (144 and 4.12%).

The median tuition costs in Grand Rapids City Area PUMA, MI are $29,564 for private four year colleges, and $N/A and $N/A respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

Most Common

  1. 82 degrees awarded

  2. 971 degrees awarded

  3. 101 degrees awarded

In 2015, the most common concentation for Associates Degree recipients in Grand Rapids City Area PUMA, MI was Registered Nursing with 82 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Associates Degree from schools in Grand Rapids City Area PUMA, MI according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded

  1. 1,888 degrees awarded

  2. 1,038 degrees awarded

  3. 446 degrees awarded

$N/A

Median In-State Public

$29,564

Median Private

In 2016, the Grand Rapids City Area PUMA, MI institution with the largest number of graduating students was Grand Rapids Community College with 1,888 degrees awarded.

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Student Gender for Common Institutions

1,517

Degrees Awarded to Men

1,982

Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2016, 1,517 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Grand Rapids City Area PUMA, MI, which is 0.765 times less than the 1,982 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the top 5 institutions in Grand Rapids City Area PUMA, MI by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity

  1. White

    2,650 degrees awarded

  2. Hispanic or Latino

    207 degrees awarded

  3. Black or African American

    179 degrees awarded

In 2016 the majority of degrees awarded at institutions in Grand Rapids City Area PUMA, MI were to White students. These 2,650 degrees mean that there were 12.8 times more White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Hispanic or Latino, with 207 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Grand Rapids City Area PUMA, MI was $121,800 in 2017, which is 0.56 times smaller than the national average of $217,600. Between 2016 and 2017 the median property value increased from $113,700 to $121,800, a 7.12% increase. The homeownership rate in Grand Rapids City Area PUMA, MI is 54.2%, which is lower than the national average of 63.9%. People in Grand Rapids City Area PUMA, MI have an average commute time of 18.6 minutes, and they commute by N/A. Car ownership in Grand Rapids City Area PUMA, MI is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of N/A per household.

Income

Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$44,449

Median Household Income

± $1,205

N/A

Number of Households

± N/A

In 2017, the median household income of the N/A households in Grand Rapids City Area PUMA, MI grew to $44,449 from the previous year's value of $42,169.

The following chart displays the households in Grand Rapids City Area PUMA, MI distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the N/A range.

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Housing

Property Value

$121,800

2017 Median

± $2,197

$113,700

2016 Median

± $1,757

In 2017, the median property value in Grand Rapids City Area PUMA, MI grew to to $121,800 from the previous year's value of $113,700.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Grand Rapids City Area PUMA, MI compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Grand Rapids City Area PUMA, MI the largest share of households have a property value in the N/A range.

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Property Taxes

$800 - $1,499

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Grand Rapids City Area PUMA, MI distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Grand Rapids City Area PUMA, MI the largest share of households pay taxes in the $800 - $1,499 range.

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Rent vs Own

54.2%

2017 Homeownership

54.2%

2016 Homeownership

In 2017, 54.2% of the housing units in Grand Rapids City Area PUMA, MI were occupied by their owner. This percentage declined from the previous year's rate of 54.2%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is lower than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Grand Rapids City Area PUMA, MI compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

N/A

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Grand Rapids City Area PUMA, MI distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Grand Rapids City Area PUMA, MI have N/A, followed by N/A.

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Commute Time

18.6 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Grand Rapids City Area PUMA, MI have a shorter commute time (18.6 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.1 minutes). Additionally, 1.18% of the workforce in Grand Rapids City Area PUMA, MI have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Grand Rapids City Area PUMA, MI compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

In N/A, the most common method of travel for workers in Grand Rapids City Area PUMA, MI was N/A, followed by those who N/A and those who N/A.

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