Kent County (Southwest) PUMA, MI

Public Use Microdata Area (PUMA)

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Population
148,306
1.01% 1-year growth
Median Age
34.6

Poverty Rate
11.2%

Median Household Income
$56,192
4.43% 1-year growth
Median Property Value
$143,500
5.9% 1-year growth
Number of Employees
75,731
1.38% 1-year growth

About

In 2018, Kent County (Southwest) PUMA, MI had a population of 148k people with a median age of 34.6 and a median household income of $56,192. Between 2017 and 2018 the population of Kent County (Southwest) PUMA, MI grew from 146,826 to 148,306, a 1.01% increase and its median household income grew from $53,809 to $56,192, a 4.43% increase.

The 5 largest ethnic groups in Kent County (Southwest) PUMA, MI are White (Non-Hispanic) (72.6%), White (Hispanic) (7.67%), Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) (5.18%), Other (Hispanic) (5.06%), and Two+ (Non-Hispanic) (3.78%). 15% of the people in Kent County (Southwest) PUMA, MI speak a non-English language, and 94.4% are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Kent County (Southwest) PUMA, MI are Grace Bible College (161 degrees awarded in 2019) and Empire Beauty School-Michigan (127 degrees).

In 2018, the median property value in Kent County (Southwest) PUMA, MI was $143,500, and the homeownership rate was 68.2%. Most people in Kent County (Southwest) PUMA, MI drove alone to work, and the average commute time was 19.4 minutes. The average car ownership in Kent County (Southwest) PUMA, MI was 2 cars per household.

Civics

are the senators currently representing the state of the United States. In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

N/A is currently represented by N/A in the U.S. house, and members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms.

US Senators from the United States

Senatorial voting results are only available at the state level. Showing data for the United States.
Senator from N/AN/A
  1. N/AN/A
    N/A
  2. N/AN/A
    N/A

are the senators currently representing the United States.

In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

The following chart shows elected senators in the United States over time, excluding special elections, colored by their political party.

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US Representatives from N/A

Members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms, and the following chart shows the how the N/A for N/A have changed over time starting in 2008.

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Diversity

Kent County (Southwest) PUMA, MI is home to a population of 148k people, from which 94.4% are citizens. As of 2018, 8.82% of Kent County (Southwest) PUMA, MI residents were born outside of the country (13.1k people).

In 2018, there were 9.47 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (108k people) in Kent County (Southwest) PUMA, MI than any other race or ethnicity. There were 11.4k White (Hispanic) and 7.68k Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

The most common foreign languages spoken in Kent County (Southwest) PUMA, MI are Spanish (14,866 speakers), Vietnamese (1,567 speakers), and Chinese (Incl. Mandarin, Cantonese) (328 speakers).

Race and Ethnicity

Race and Ethnicity

The 3 largest ethnic groups in Kent County (Southwest) PUMA, MI
  1. White (Non-Hispanic)
    108k ± 1.55k
  2. White (Hispanic)
    11.4k ± 1.18k
  3. Black or African American (Non-Hispanic)
    7.68k ± 876
14.8%
Hispanic Population
21.9k people

In 2018, there were 9.47 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (108k people) in Kent County (Southwest) PUMA, MI than any other race or ethnicity. There were 11.4k White (Hispanic) and 7.68k Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

14.8% of the people in Kent County (Southwest) PUMA, MI are hispanic (21.9k people).

The following chart shows the 7 races represented in Kent County (Southwest) PUMA, MI as a share of the total population.

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Non-English Speakers

Most Common Languages
  1. Spanish
    14,866 speakers (10.8%)
  2. Vietnamese
    1,567 speakers (1.14%)
  3. Chinese (Incl. Mandarin, Cantonese)
    328 speakers (0.239%)

15% of Kent County (Southwest) PUMA, MI citizens are speakers of a non-English language, which is lower than the national average of 21.9%. In 2018, the most common non-English language spoken in Kent County (Southwest) PUMA, MI was Spanish. 10.8% of the overall population of Kent County (Southwest) PUMA, MI are native Spanish speakers. 1.14% speak Vietnamese and 0.239% speak Spanish, the next two most common languages.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

8.82%
2018 Foreign-Born Population
13.1k people
7.87%
2016 Foreign-Born Population
11.4k people

As of 2018, 8.82% of Kent County (Southwest) PUMA, MI residents (13.1k people) were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Kent County (Southwest) PUMA, MI was 7.87%, meaning that the rate has been increasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Kent County (Southwest) PUMA, MI compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Age by Nativity

34
Median Native-Born Age
± 0.7
39
Median Foreign-Born Age
± 1.6

In 2018, the median age of all people in Kent County (Southwest) PUMA, MI was 34.6. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 34, were generally younger than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 39. But people in Kent County (Southwest) PUMA, MI are getting getting older. In 2017, the average age of all Kent County (Southwest) PUMA, MI residents was 34.

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Global Diversity

Most Common Origin
  1. Mexico
    4,900 ± 1,690 people
  2. Vietnam
    1,561 ± 965 people
  3. Guatemala
    959 ± 758 people

In 2019, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Kent County (Southwest) PUMA, MI was Mexico, the natal country of 4,900 Kent County (Southwest) PUMA, MI residents, followed by Vietnam with 1,561 and Guatemala with 959.

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Citizenship

94.4%
2018 Citizenship
95.1%
2017 Citizenship

As of 2018, 94.4% of Kent County (Southwest) PUMA, MI residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.2%. In 2017, the percentage of US citizens in Kent County (Southwest) PUMA, MI was 95.1%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been decreasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Kent County (Southwest) PUMA, MI compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period
  1. Vietnam
    2,475 ± 285
  2. Gulf War (2001-)
    1,026 ± 229
  3. Gulf War (1990s)
    704 ± 191

Kent County (Southwest) PUMA, MI has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 2.41 times greater than any other conflict.

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Economy

Median household income in Kent County (Southwest) PUMA, MI is $56,192. In 2018, the PUMA with the highest Median Household Income in Kent County (Southwest) PUMA, MI was Birmingham & Bloomfield Area PUMA, MI with a value of $119,171, followed by Troy & Rochester Area PUMA, MI and Washtenaw County (West, Northeast & Southeast) PUMA, MI, with respective values of $96,957 and $95,670.

Males in Kent County (Southwest) PUMA, MI have an average income that is 1.34 times higher than the average income of females, which is $41,918. The income inequality in Kent County (Southwest) PUMA, MI (measured using the Gini index) is 0.409, which is lower than than the national average.

The economy of Kent County (Southwest) PUMA, MI employs 75.7k people. The largest industries in Kent County (Southwest) PUMA, MI are Restaurants & Food Services (4,932 people), Construction (3,885 people), and General medical and surgical hospitals, and specialty (except psychiatric and substance abuse) hospitals (3,832 people), and the highest paying industries are Nondepository credit & related activities ($175,452), Machinery, equipment, & supplies merchant wholesalers ($128,400), and Car Dealers ($100,877).

Wages

Median Household Income

$56,192
2018 value
± $1,223
4.43%
1 Year Growth
± 3.36%

Households in Kent County (Southwest) PUMA, MI have a median annual income of $56,192, which is less than the median annual income of $61,937 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $53,809 in 2017, which represents a 4.43% annual growth.

The following chart shows how the median household income in Kent County (Southwest) PUMA, MI compares to that of its neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

$56,249
Average Male Salary in Kent County (Southwest) PUMA, MI
± $7,120
$41,918
Average Female Salary in Kent County (Southwest) PUMA, MI
± $4,990

In 2019, full-time male employees in Kent County (Southwest) PUMA, MI made 1.34 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Kent County (Southwest) PUMA, MI by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity in Kent County (Southwest) PUMA, MI
  1. White
    $44,413 ± $4,640
  2. Asian
    $36,760 ± $12,667
  3. Two or More Races
    $33,919 ± $18,493

In 2019 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Kent County (Southwest) PUMA, MI workers was White. These workers were paid 1.21 times more than Asian workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity in Kent County (Southwest) PUMA, MI.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Kent County (Southwest) PUMA, MI by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

0.409
2019 Wage GINI in Kent County (Southwest) PUMA, MI
0.428
2018 Wage GINI in Kent County (Southwest) PUMA, MI

In 2019, the income inequality in Kent County (Southwest) PUMA, MI was 0.409 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 4.43% decline from 2018 to 2019, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat more even. The GINI for Kent County (Southwest) PUMA, MI was lower than than the national average of 0.478. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Kent County (Southwest) PUMA, MI in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Kent County (Southwest) PUMA, MI across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Race/Ethnicity

In 2018, the PUMA with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Kent County (Southwest) PUMA, MI was Birmingham & Bloomfield Area PUMA, MI with a value of $119,171, followed by Troy & Rochester Area PUMA, MI and Washtenaw County (West, Northeast & Southeast) PUMA, MI, with respective values of $96,957 and $95,670.

The following map shows all of the PUMAs in Kent County (Southwest) PUMA, MI colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 25 - 34
Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

11.2% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Kent County (Southwest) PUMA, MI (16.5k out of 147k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is lower than the national average of 13.1%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 25 - 34, followed by Females 18 - 24 and then Females 35 - 44.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty
  1. White
    10,810 ± 742
  2. Hispanic
    4,420 ± 572
  3. Two Or More
    2,020 ± 404

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Kent County (Southwest) PUMA, MI is White, followed by Hispanic and Two Or More.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

75.7k
2019 Value
1.38%
1 Year growth
± 1.38%

From 2018 to 2019, employment in Kent County (Southwest) PUMA, MI grew at a rate of 1.38%, from 74.7k employees to 75.7k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Kent County (Southwest) PUMA, MI, are Driver/sales workers & truck drivers (2,120 people), Cashiers (2,041 people), and Firstline supervisors of retail sales workers (2,022 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Kent County (Southwest) PUMA, MI.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Kent County (Southwest) PUMA, MI, by number of employees, are Driver/sales workers & truck drivers (2,120 people), Cashiers (2,041 people), and Firstline supervisors of retail sales workers (2,022 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other PUMAs, Kent County (Southwest) PUMA, MI has an unusually high number of residents working as Model makers, patternmakers, & molding machine setters, metal & plastic (10 times higher than expected), Crushing, grinding, polishing, mixing, & blending workers (7.2 times), and Food batchmakers (6.32 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Kent County (Southwest) PUMA, MI, by average salary, are Physicians ($209,805), Chief executives & legislators ($168,386), and Architectural & engineering managers ($124,831).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

75.7k
2019 Value
1.38%
1 Year growth
± 1.38%

From 2018 to 2019, employment in Kent County (Southwest) PUMA, MI grew at a rate of 1.38%, from 74.7k employees to 75.7k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Kent County (Southwest) PUMA, MI, are Restaurants & Food Services (4,932 people), Construction (3,885 people), and General medical and surgical hospitals, and specialty (except psychiatric and substance abuse) hospitals (3,832 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Kent County (Southwest) PUMA, MI, though some of these residents may live in Kent County (Southwest) PUMA, MI and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Kent County (Southwest) PUMA, MI, by number of employees, are Restaurants & Food Services (4,932 people), Construction (3,885 people), and General medical and surgical hospitals, and specialty (except psychiatric and substance abuse) hospitals (3,832 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other PUMAs, Kent County (Southwest) PUMA, MI has an unusually high number of Coating, engraving, heat treating & allied activities (9.73 times higher than expected), Furniture & related product manufacturing (7.49 times), and Metalworking machinery manufacturing (6.4 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Kent County (Southwest) PUMA, MI, by average salary, are Nondepository credit & related activities ($175,452), Machinery, equipment, & supplies merchant wholesalers ($128,400), and Car Dealers ($100,877).

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Education

In 2019, universities in Kent County (Southwest) PUMA, MI awarded 288 degrees. The student population of Kent County (Southwest) PUMA, MI is skewed towards women, with 506 male students and 821 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Kent County (Southwest) PUMA, MI are White (189 and 65.9%), followed by Black or African American (44 and 15.3%), Hispanic or Latino (22 and 7.67%), and Unknown (14 and 4.88%).

The largest universities in Kent County (Southwest) PUMA, MI by number of degrees awarded are Grace Bible College (161 and 55.9%) and Empire Beauty School-Michigan (127 and 44.1%).

The most popular majors in Kent County (Southwest) PUMA, MI are General Cosmetology (119 and 41.3%), Lay Ministry (55 and 19.1%), and General Human Services (47 and 16.3%).

The median tuition costs in Kent County (Southwest) PUMA, MI are $13,150 for private four year colleges, and $N/A and $N/A respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

Most Common
  1. N/A
    N/A degree-majorss awarded
  2. N/A
    N/A degree-majorss awarded
  3. 119 degree-majorss awarded

In 2015, the most common concentation for 1 to 2 Year Postsecondary Certificate recipients in Kent County (Southwest) PUMA, MI was N/A with N/A degree-majorss awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a 1 to 2 Year Postsecondary Certificate from schools in Kent County (Southwest) PUMA, MI according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded
  1. 161 degrees awarded
  2. 127 degrees awarded
$N/A
Median In-State Public
$13,150
Median Private

In 2019, the Kent County (Southwest) PUMA, MI institution with the largest number of graduating students was Grace Bible College with 161 degrees awarded.

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Student Gender for Common Institutions

74
Degrees Awarded to Men
214
Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2019, 74 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Kent County (Southwest) PUMA, MI, which is 0.346 times less than the 214 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the institutions in Kent County (Southwest) PUMA, MI by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity
  1. White
    189 degrees awarded
  2. Black or African American
    44 degrees awarded
  3. Hispanic or Latino
    22 degrees awarded

In 2019 the most common race/ethnicity group awarded degrees at institutions in Kent County (Southwest) PUMA, MI was White students. These 189 degrees mean that there were 4.3 times more degrees awarded to White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Black or African American, with 44 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Kent County (Southwest) PUMA, MI was $143,500 in 2018, which is 0.625 times smaller than the national average of $229,700. Between 2017 and 2018 the median property value increased from $135,500 to $143,500, a 5.9% increase. The homeownership rate in Kent County (Southwest) PUMA, MI is 68.2%, which is higher than the national average of 63.9%. People in Kent County (Southwest) PUMA, MI have an average commute time of 19.4 minutes, and they drove alone to work. Car ownership in Kent County (Southwest) PUMA, MI is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Housing

Property Value

$143,500
2018 Median
± $2,143
$135,500
2017 Median
± $1,930

In 2018, the median property value in Kent County (Southwest) PUMA, MI grew to to $143,500 from the previous year's value of $135,500.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Kent County (Southwest) PUMA, MI compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Kent County (Southwest) PUMA, MI the largest share of households have a property value in the N/A range.

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Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.
$56,192
Median Household Income
± $1,223
55.5k
Number of Households
± 1,603

In 2018, the median household income of the 55.5k households in Kent County (Southwest) PUMA, MI grew to $56,192 from the previous year's value of $53,809.

The following chart displays the households in Kent County (Southwest) PUMA, MI distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Property Taxes

$2k - $3k
Average Range

This chart shows the households in Kent County (Southwest) PUMA, MI distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Kent County (Southwest) PUMA, MI the largest share of households pay taxes in the $2k - $3k range.

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Rent vs Own

68.2%
2018 Homeownership
68.3%
2017 Homeownership

In 2018, 68.2% of the housing units in Kent County (Southwest) PUMA, MI were occupied by their owner. This percentage declined from the previous year's rate of 68.3%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is higher than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Kent County (Southwest) PUMA, MI compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Commute Time

19.4 minutes
Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Kent County (Southwest) PUMA, MI have a shorter commute time (19.4 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.3 minutes). Additionally, 1.2% of the workforce in Kent County (Southwest) PUMA, MI have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Kent County (Southwest) PUMA, MI compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Commute in 2018
  1. Drove Alone (82.5%)
  2. Carpooled (9.64%)
  3. Worked At Home (3.12%)

In 2018, 82.5% of workers in Kent County (Southwest) PUMA, MI drove alone to work, followed by those who carpooled to work (9.64%) and those who worked at home (3.12%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars
Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Kent County (Southwest) PUMA, MI distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Kent County (Southwest) PUMA, MI have 2 cars, followed by 1 car.

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Health

92.6% of the population of Kent County (Southwest) PUMA, MI has health coverage, with 54.3% on employee plans, 15.5% on Medicaid, 10.2% on Medicare, 11.8% on non-group plans, and 0.774% on military or VA plans.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Gladwin County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (14.5%). Additionally, Saginaw County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (39.8%)

Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.
State with the Highest Prevalence
  1. 8.26% of the population affected
  2. 8.13% of the population affected
  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.
Most prevalent states
  1. 19.2% of adults
  2. 17.9% of adults
  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Coverage

7.4%
Uninsured
54.3%
Employer Coverage
15.5%
Medicaid
10.2%
Medicare
11.8%
Non-Group
0.774%
Military or VA

Between 2016 and 2018, the percent of uninsured citizens in Kent County (Southwest) PUMA, MI declined by 25.1% from 9.88% to 7.4%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Kent County (Southwest) PUMA, MI changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.
Most at risk counties
  1. 14.5% prevalence
  2. 14.1% prevalence
  3. 14.1% prevalence

Gladwin County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in false, at 14.5%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in false by county over multiple years.

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