Columbus, OH

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Population

881,901

2.23% growth

Median Age

32.2


Median Household Income

$51,708

4.25% growth

Poverty Rate

20.8%


Number of Employees

463,996

2.53% growth

Median Property Value

$151,400

7.6% growth

About

In 2017, Columbus, OH had a population of 882k people with a median age of 32.2 and a median household income of $51,708. Between 2016 and 2017 the population of Columbus, OH grew from 862,643 to 881,901, a 2.23% increase and its median household income grew from $49,602 to $51,708, a 4.25% increase.

The population of Columbus, OH is 55.6% White Alone, 28.2% Black or African American Alone, and 6.33% Hispanic or Latino. 15.4% of the people in Columbus, OH speak a non-English language, and 93.4% are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Columbus, OH are Ohio State University-Main Campus (15,203 degrees awarded in 2016), Columbus State Community College (5,744 degrees), and Franklin University (1,677 degrees).

The median property value in Columbus, OH is $151,400, and the homeownership rate is 44.7%. Most people in Columbus, OH commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 20.5 minutes. The average car ownership in Columbus, OH is 2 cars per household.

Economy

The economy of Columbus, OH employs 464k people. The largest industries in Columbus, OH are Health Care & Social Assistance (73,529 people), Retail Trade (52,533 people), and Educational Services (40,027 people), and the highest paying industries are Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services ($56,937), Utilities ($52,527), and Public Administration ($51,707).

Median household income in Columbus, OH is $51,708. Males in Columbus, OH have an average income that is 1.33 times higher than the average income of females, which is $46,904. The income inequality in Columbus, OH (measured using the Gini index) is 0.457, which is lower than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$51,708

2017 value

± $1,067

4.25%

1 Year Growth

± 4.04%

Households in Columbus, OH have a median annual income of $51,708, which is less than the median annual income of $60,336 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $49,602 in 2016, which represents a 4.25% annual growth.

Look at the chart to see how the median household income in Columbus, OH compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the Place level, so we are showing data for Ohio.

$62,297

Average Male Salary

± $959

$46,904

Average Female Salary

± $740

In 2017, full-time male employees in Ohio made 1.33 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Ohio by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the Place level, so we are showing data for Ohio.

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander

    $73,640 ± $48,775

  2. Asian

    $63,304 ± $4,969

  3. American Indian

    $53,849 ± $24,595

In 2017 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Ohio workers was Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander. These workers were paid 1.16 times more than Asian workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Ohio by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Columbus, OH is from Ohio.

0.457

2017 Wage GINI

0.462

2016 Wage GINI

In 2017, the income inequality in Ohio was 0.457 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 1.19% decline from 2016 to 2017, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat more even.

The 2017 the GINI for Ohio was lower than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Ohio in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Ohio across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Highest Median Household Income (Total)

  1. Census Tract 72.10

  2. Census Tract 65

  3. Census Tract 69.10

In 2017, the place with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Columbus, OH was Census Tract 72.10 with a value of $177,096, followed by Census Tract 65 and Census Tract 69.10, with respective values of $158,375 and $134,412.

The following map shows all of the places in Columbus, OH colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 18 - 24

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

20.8% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Columbus, OH (173k out of 828k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 13.4%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 18 - 24, followed by Females 25 - 34 and then Males 18 - 24.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. Black

    74,361 ± 2,180

  2. White

    74,348 ± 2,108

  3. Hispanic

    16,144 ± 1,018

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Columbus, OH is Black, followed by White and Hispanic.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

464k

2017 Value

± 12,737

2.53%

1 Year growth

± 3.78%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Columbus, OH grew at a rate of 2.53%, from 453k employees to 464k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Columbus, OH, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (66,350 people), Management Occupations (44,583 people), and Sales & Related Occupations (42,348 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Columbus, OH.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Columbus, OH, by number of employees, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (66,350 people), Management Occupations (44,583 people), and Sales & Related Occupations (42,348 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other places, Columbus, OH has an unusually high number of residents working as Material Moving Occupations (1.72 times higher than expected), Computer & Mathematical Occupations (1.24 times), and Business & Financial Operations Occupations (1.22 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Columbus, OH, by median earnings, are Computer & Mathematical Occupations ($67,488), Architecture & Engineering Occupations ($66,246), and Computer, Engineering, & Science Occupations ($62,113).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

464k

2017 Value

± 12,737

2.53%

1 Year growth

± 3.78%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Columbus, OH grew at a rate of 2.53%, from 453k employees to 464k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Columbus, OH, are Health Care & Social Assistance (73,529 people), Retail Trade (52,533 people), and Educational Services (40,027 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Columbus, OH, though some of these residents may live in Columbus, OH and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Columbus, OH, by number of employees, are Health Care & Social Assistance (73,529 people), Retail Trade (52,533 people), and Educational Services (40,027 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other places, Columbus, OH has an unusually high number of Finance & Insurance (1.69 times higher than expected), Administrative & Support & Waste Management Services (1.29 times), and Transportation & Warehousing (1.25 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Columbus, OH, by median earnings, are Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services ($56,937), Utilities ($52,527), and Public Administration ($51,707).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Ohio to other states, or from other states to Ohio.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $65.2B

  2. $64.2B

  3. $45.1B

In 2015, the top outbound Ohio product (by dollars) was Mixed freight with $65.2B, followed by Motorized vehicles ($64.2B) and Machinery ($45.1B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Ohio products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for Ohio state.

$614B

2015 Value

$952B

Projected 2045 Value

55% growth

In 2015, total outbound Ohio trade was $614B. This is expected to increase 55% to $952B by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Ohio trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Ohio to other states, or from other states to Ohio.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $44.3B

  2. $34.5B

  3. $31.7B

In 2015, the top outbound Ohio domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Michigan with $44.3B, followed by Indiana with $34.5B and Pennsylvania and $31.7B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Ohio shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

91.6% of the population of Columbus, OH has health coverage, with 50.3% on employee plans, 23% on Medicaid, 7.46% on Medicare, 9.64% on non-group plans, and 1.21% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the place of Columbus, OH was $8,712 in 2014. This is a 5.14% increase from the previous year ($8,286).

Primary care physicians in Columbus, OH see 1307 patients per year on average, which represents a 0.538% increase from the previous year (1300 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1656 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 561 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Scioto County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (16.8%). Additionally, Hocking County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (40.3%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Ohio.

1,307 to 1

Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio

Primary care physicians in Ohio see an average of 1,307 patients per year. This represents a 0.538% increase from the previous year (1,300 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Ohio in comparison to neighboring states.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Ohio.

$8,712

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$4,371

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$7,007

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$11,038

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in Ohio (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 5.14%, from $8,286 to $8,712.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

8.45%

Uninsured

50.3%

Employer Coverage

23%

Medicaid

7.46%

Medicare

9.64%

Non-Group

1.21%

Military or VA

Between 2016 and 2017, the percent of uninsured citizens in Columbus, OH declined by 1.28% from 8.55% to 8.45%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Columbus, OH changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 16.8% prevalence

  2. 15.9% prevalence

  3. 15.3% prevalence

Scioto County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in Ohio, at 16.8%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in Ohio by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

Columbus, OH is home to a population of 882k people, from which 93.4% are citizens. As of 2017, 11.4% of Columbus, OH residents were born outside of the country (100k people).

The ethnic composition of the population of Columbus, OH is composed of 490k White Alone residents (55.6%), 248k Black or African American Alone residents (28.2%), 55.8k Hispanic or Latino residents (6.33%), 53k Asian Alone residents (6.01%), 30.2k Two or More Races residents (3.43%), 2.66k Some Other Race Alone residents (0.302%), 1.34k American Indian & Alaska Native Alone residents (0.152%), and 244 Native Hawaiian & Other Pacific Islander Alone residents (0.0277%).

The most common foreign languages spoken in Columbus, OH are Spanish (36,715 speakers), Amharic, Somali, or Other Afro-Asiatic Languages (14,788 speakers), and Nepali, Marathi, or Other Indic Languages (9,837 speakers).

Age

Age by Nativity

32

Median Native-Born Age

± 0.5

35

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 0.9

In 2017, the median age of all people in Columbus, OH was 32.2. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 32, were generally younger than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 35. But people in Columbus, OH are getting getting younger. In 2016, the average age of all Columbus, OH residents was 32.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

11.4%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

100k people

11.2%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

96.9k people

As of 2017, 11.4% of Columbus, OH residents (100k people) were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Columbus, OH was 11.2%, meaning that the rate has been increasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Columbus, OH compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the Place level, so we are showing data for Ohio.

Most Common Origin

  1. India

    63,926 ± 6,190 people

  2. Mexico

    49,870 ± 5,471 people

  3. China

    31,441 ± 4,347 people

In 2017, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Ohio was India, the natal country of 63,926 Ohio residents, followed by Mexico with 49,870 and China with 31,441.

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Citizenship

93.4%

2017 Citizenship

93.5%

2016 Citizenship

As of 2017, 93.4% of Columbus, OH residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.1%. In 2016, the percentage of US citizens in Columbus, OH was 93.5%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been decreasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Columbus, OH compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

Most Common

  1. White Alone

    490k ± 7.84k

  2. Black or African American Alone

    248k ± 7.71k

  3. Hispanic or Latino

    55.8k ± 6.79k

In 2017, there were 1.97 times more White Alone residents (490k people) in Columbus, OH than any other race or ethnicity. There were 248k Black or African American Alone and 55.8k Hispanic or Latino residents, the second and third most common racial or ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 8 races and ethnicities represented in Columbus, OH as a share of the total population.

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Non-English Speakers

Most Common Languages

  1. Spanish

    36,715 speakers (4.49%)

  2. Amharic, Somali, or Other Afro-Asiatic Languages

    14,788 speakers (1.81%)

  3. Nepali, Marathi, or Other Indic Languages

    9,837 speakers (1.2%)

15.4% of Columbus, OH citizens are speakers of a non-English language, which is lower than the national average of 21.8%. In 2017, the most common non-English language spoken in Columbus, OH was Spanish. 4.49% of the overall population of Columbus, OH are native Spanish speakers. 1.81% speak Amharic, Somali, or Other Afro-Asiatic Languages and 1.2% speak Spanish, the next two most common languages.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Vietnam

    13,162 ± 1,786

  2. Gulf War (2001-)

    7,936 ± 1,588

  3. Gulf War (1990s)

    6,938 ± 1,336

Columbus, OH has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 1.66 times greater than any other conflict.

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Education

In 2016, universities in Columbus, OH awarded 26,143 degrees. The student population of Columbus, OH is skewed towards women, with 47,896 male students and 52,849 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Columbus, OH are White (18,007 and 74.5%), followed by Black or African American (2,619 and 10.8%), Asian (1,102 and 4.56%), and Unknown (871 and 3.6%).

The largest universities in Columbus, OH by number of degrees awarded are Ohio State University-Main Campus (15,203 and 58.2%), Columbus State Community College (5,744 and 22%), and Franklin University (1,677 and 6.41%).

The most popular majors in Columbus, OH are General Business Administration & Management (1,473 and 5.63%), Registered Nursing (1,241 and 4.75%), and Liberal Arts & Sciences (970 and 3.71%).

The median tuition costs in Columbus, OH are $21,298 for private four year colleges, and $9,168 and $27,360 respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

Most Common

  1. 769 degrees awarded

  2. 593 degrees awarded

  3. 561 degrees awarded

In 2015, the most common concentation for Bachelors Degree recipients in Columbus, OH was Registered Nursing with 769 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Bachelors Degree from schools in Columbus, OH according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded

  1. 15,203 degrees awarded

  2. 5,744 degrees awarded

  3. 1,677 degrees awarded

$9,168

Median In-State Public

$21,298

Median Private

In 2016, the Columbus, OH institution with the largest number of graduating students was Ohio State University-Main Campus with 15,203 degrees awarded.

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Student Gender for Common Institutions

11,896

Degrees Awarded to Men

14,247

Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2016, 11,896 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Columbus, OH, which is 0.835 times less than the 14,247 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the top 5 institutions in Columbus, OH by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity

  1. White

    18,007 degrees awarded

  2. Black or African American

    2,619 degrees awarded

  3. Asian

    1,102 degrees awarded

In 2016 the majority of degrees awarded at institutions in Columbus, OH were to White students. These 18,007 degrees mean that there were 6.88 times more White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Black or African American, with 2,619 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Columbus, OH was $151,400 in 2017, which is 0.696 times smaller than the national average of $217,600. Between 2016 and 2017 the median property value increased from $140,700 to $151,400, a 7.6% increase. The homeownership rate in Columbus, OH is 44.7%, which is lower than the national average of 63.9%. People in Columbus, OH have an average commute time of 20.5 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Columbus, OH is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Income

Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$51,708

Median Household Income

± $1,067

355k

Number of Households

± 10,304

In 2017, the median household income of the 355k households in Columbus, OH grew to $51,708 from the previous year's value of $49,602.

The following chart displays the households in Columbus, OH distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Housing

Property Value

$151,400

2017 Median

± $3,258

$140,700

2016 Median

± $3,124

In 2017, the median property value in Columbus, OH grew to to $151,400 from the previous year's value of $140,700.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Columbus, OH compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Columbus, OH the largest share of households have a property value in the $150k - $175k range.

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Property Taxes

$3k+

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Columbus, OH distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Columbus, OH the largest share of households pay taxes in the $3k+ range.

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Rent vs Own

44.7%

2017 Homeownership

44%

2016 Homeownership

In 2017, 44.7% of the housing units in Columbus, OH were occupied by their owner. This percentage grew from the previous year's rate of 44%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is lower than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Columbus, OH compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Columbus, OH distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Columbus, OH have 2 cars, followed by 1 car.

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Commute Time

20.5 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Columbus, OH have a shorter commute time (20.5 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.5 minutes). Additionally, 0.986% of the workforce in Columbus, OH have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Columbus, OH compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    80.1%

  2. Carpooled

    7.97%

  3. Worked At Home

    4.82%

In 2017, the most common method of travel for workers in Columbus, OH was Drove Alone, followed by those who Carpooled and those who Worked At Home.

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