Northfield, MN

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Population

20,297

0.529% decline

Median Age

27.5


Median Household Income

$62,032

2.98% growth

Poverty Rate

11.7%


Number of Employees

11,546

0.365% growth

Median Property Value

$202,200

2.95% growth

About

In 2017, Northfield, MN had a population of 20.3k people with a median age of 27.5 and a median household income of $62,032. Between 2016 and 2017 the population of Northfield, MN declined from 20,405 to 20,297, a -0.529% decrease and its median household income grew from $60,235 to $62,032, a 2.98% increase.

The population of Northfield, MN is 83.6% White Alone, 8.7% Hispanic or Latino, and 3.45% Asian Alone. N/A% of the people in Northfield, MN speak a non-English language, and 94.8% are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Northfield, MN are St Olaf College (896 degrees awarded in 2017) and Carleton College (558 degrees).

The median property value in Northfield, MN is $202,200, and the homeownership rate is 66.3%. Most people in Northfield, MN commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 14.1 minutes. The average car ownership in Northfield, MN is 2 cars per household.

About the photo: Maiden Rock Cidery/Winery in Frontenac, Minnesota

Economy

The economy of Northfield, MN employs 11.5k people. The largest industries in Northfield, MN are Educational Services (4,842 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (1,122 people), and Manufacturing (1,106 people), and the highest paying industries are Utilities ($83,500), Transportation & Warehousing, & Utilities ($51,406), and Transportation & Warehousing ($50,781).

Median household income in Northfield, MN is $62,032. Males in Northfield, MN have an average income that is 1.31 times higher than the average income of females, which is $52,870. The income inequality in Northfield, MN (measured using the Gini index) is 0.467, which is lower than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$62,032

2017 value

± $3,678

2.98%

1 Year Growth

± 9.99%

Households in Northfield, MN have a median annual income of $62,032, which is more than the median annual income of $61,937 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $60,235 in 2016, which represents a 2.98% annual growth.

Look at the chart to see how the median household income in Northfield, MN compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the Place level, so we are showing data for Minnesota.

$69,210

Average Male Salary

± $1,573

$52,870

Average Female Salary

± $1,202

In 2017, full-time male employees in Minnesota made 1.31 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Minnesota by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the Place level, so we are showing data for Minnesota.

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. White

    $53,440 ± $951

  2. Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander

    $51,343 ± $59,950

  3. Asian

    $50,326 ± $4,235

In 2017 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Minnesota workers was White. These workers were paid 1.04 times more than Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Minnesota by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Northfield, MN is from Minnesota.

0.467

2017 Wage GINI

0.466

2016 Wage GINI

In 2017, the income inequality in Minnesota was 0.467 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.29% growth from 2016 to 2017, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat less even.

The 2017 the GINI for Minnesota was lower than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Minnesota in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Minnesota across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Highest Median Household Income (Total)

  1. Census Tract 615.02

  2. Census Tract 705.03

  3. Census Tract 705.01

In 2017, the place with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Northfield, MN was Census Tract 615.02 with a value of $84,926, followed by Census Tract 705.03 and Census Tract 705.01, with respective values of $82,054 and $58,553.

The following map shows all of the places in Northfield, MN colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 35 - 44

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

11.7% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Northfield, MN (1.72k out of 14.7k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is lower than the national average of 13.1%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 35 - 44, followed by Females 18 - 24 and then Males < 5.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. White

    1,077 ± 204

  2. Hispanic

    479 ± 174

  3. Other

    404 ± 170

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Northfield, MN is White, followed by Hispanic and Other.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

11.5k

2017 Value

± 548

0.365%

1 Year growth

± 6.83%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Northfield, MN grew at a rate of 0.365%, from 11.5k employees to 11.5k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Northfield, MN, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (1,684 people), Education Instruction, & Library Occupations (1,504 people), and Sales & Related Occupations (925 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Northfield, MN.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Northfield, MN, by number of employees, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (1,684 people), Education Instruction, & Library Occupations (1,504 people), and Sales & Related Occupations (925 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other places, Northfield, MN has an unusually high number of residents working as Education Instruction, & Library Occupations (2.15 times higher than expected), Personal Care & Service Occupations (1.81 times), and Arts, Design, Entertainment, Sports, & Media Occupations (1.81 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Northfield, MN, by median earnings, are Legal Occupations ($68,646), Management Occupations ($56,023), and Health Diagnosing & Treating Practitioners & Other Technical Occupations ($54,167).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

11.5k

2017 Value

± 548

0.365%

1 Year growth

± 6.83%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Northfield, MN grew at a rate of 0.365%, from 11.5k employees to 11.5k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Northfield, MN, are Educational Services (4,842 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (1,122 people), and Manufacturing (1,106 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Northfield, MN, though some of these residents may live in Northfield, MN and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Northfield, MN, by number of employees, are Educational Services (4,842 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (1,122 people), and Manufacturing (1,106 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other places, Northfield, MN has an unusually high number of Educational Services (4.53 times higher than expected), Wholesale Trade (1 times), and Manufacturing (0.946 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Northfield, MN, by median earnings, are Utilities ($83,500), Transportation & Warehousing, & Utilities ($51,406), and Transportation & Warehousing ($50,781).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Minnesota to other states, or from other states to Minnesota.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $27.4B

  2. $22.8B

  3. $22.2B

In 2015, the top outbound Minnesota product (by dollars) was Electronics with $27.4B, followed by Nonmetal min. prods. ($22.8B) and Cereal grains ($22.2B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Minnesota products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for Minnesota state.

$351B

2020 Value

$484B

Projected 2045 Value

37.9% growth

In 2020, total outbound Minnesota trade was $351B. This is expected to increase 37.9% to $484B by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Minnesota trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Minnesota to other states, or from other states to Minnesota.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $29.1B

  2. $26.2B

  3. $14.9B

In 2015, the top outbound Minnesota domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Wisconsin with $29.1B, followed by Iowa with $26.2B and Illinois and $14.9B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Minnesota shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

95.2% of the population of Northfield, MN has health coverage, with 57.7% on employee plans, 10.2% on Medicaid, 10.2% on Medicare, 16.5% on non-group plans, and 0.582% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the place of Northfield, MN was $8,871 in 2014. This is a 4.8% increase from the previous year ($8,465).

Primary care physicians in Northfield, MN see 1111 patients per year on average, which represents a 0.634% increase from the previous year (1104 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1441 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 468 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Aitkin County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (12.5%). Additionally, Pine County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (37.2%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Minnesota.

1,111 to 1

Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio

Primary care physicians in Minnesota see an average of 1,111 patients per year. This represents a 0.634% increase from the previous year (1,104 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Minnesota in comparison to neighboring states.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Minnesota.

$8,871

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$4,603

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$9,176

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$9,917

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in Minnesota (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 4.8%, from $8,465 to $8,871.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

4.79%

Uninsured

57.7%

Employer Coverage

10.2%

Medicaid

10.2%

Medicare

16.5%

Non-Group

0.582%

Military or VA

Between 2016 and 2017, the percent of uninsured citizens in Northfield, MN declined by 12.7% from 5.49% to 4.79%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Northfield, MN changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 12.5% prevalence

  2. 11.7% prevalence

  3. 11.7% prevalence

Aitkin County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in Minnesota, at 12.5%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in Minnesota by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

Northfield, MN is home to a population of 20.3k people, from which 94.8% are citizens. As of 2017, 7.09% of Northfield, MN residents were born outside of the country (1.44k people).

The ethnic composition of the population of Northfield, MN is composed of 17k White Alone residents (83.6%), 1.77k Hispanic or Latino residents (8.7%), 701 Asian Alone residents (3.45%), 399 Two or More Races residents (1.97%), 385 Black or African American Alone residents (1.9%), 36 American Indian & Alaska Native Alone residents (0.177%), 23 Some Other Race Alone residents (0.113%), and 14 Native Hawaiian & Other Pacific Islander Alone residents (0.069%).

Age

Age by Nativity

27

Median Native-Born Age

± 2.6

29

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 7.8

In 2017, the median age of all people in Northfield, MN was 27.5. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 27, were generally younger than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 29. But people in Northfield, MN are getting getting older. In 2016, the average age of all Northfield, MN residents was 27.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

7.09%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

1.44k people

7.94%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

1.62k people

As of 2017, 7.09% of Northfield, MN residents (1.44k people) were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Northfield, MN was 7.94%, meaning that the rate has been decreasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Northfield, MN compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the Place level, so we are showing data for Minnesota.

Most Common Origin

  1. Mexico

    65,949 ± 6,267 people

  2. Somalia

    30,092 ± 4,247 people

  3. India

    29,695 ± 4,219 people

In 2017, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Minnesota was Mexico, the natal country of 65,949 Minnesota residents, followed by Somalia with 30,092 and India with 29,695.

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Citizenship

94.8%

2017 Citizenship

94%

2016 Citizenship

As of 2017, 94.8% of Northfield, MN residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.2%. In 2016, the percentage of US citizens in Northfield, MN was 94%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been increasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Northfield, MN compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

Most Common

  1. White Alone

    17k ± 385

  2. Hispanic or Latino

    1.77k ± 357

  3. Asian Alone

    701 ± 132

In 2017, there were 9.62 times more White Alone residents (17k people) in Northfield, MN than any other race or ethnicity. There were 1.77k Hispanic or Latino and 701 Asian Alone residents, the second and third most common racial or ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 8 races and ethnicities represented in Northfield, MN as a share of the total population.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Vietnam

    328 ± 89

  2. Korea

    159 ± 56

  3. Gulf War (1990s)

    121 ± 58

Northfield, MN has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 2.06 times greater than any other conflict.

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Education

In 2017, universities in Northfield, MN awarded 1,454 degrees. The student population of Northfield, MN is skewed towards women, with 2,294 male students and 2,819 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Northfield, MN are White (1,033 and 77.9%), followed by Asian (103 and 7.77%), Hispanic or Latino (64 and 4.83%), and Two or More Races (61 and 4.6%).

The largest universities in Northfield, MN by number of degrees awarded are St Olaf College (896 and 61.6%) and Carleton College (558 and 38.4%).

The most popular majors in Northfield, MN are General Biological Sciences (152 and 10.5%), General Economics (127 and 8.73%), and General Psychology (98 and 6.74%).

The median tuition costs in Northfield, MN are $49,238 for private four year colleges, and $N/A and $N/A respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

Most Common

  1. 152 degrees awarded

  2. 127 degrees awarded

  3. 98 degrees awarded

In 2015, the most common concentation for Bachelors Degree recipients in Northfield, MN was General Biological Sciences with 152 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Bachelors Degree from schools in Northfield, MN according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded

  1. 896 degrees awarded

  2. 558 degrees awarded

$N/A

Median In-State Public

$49,238

Median Private

In 2017, the Northfield, MN institution with the largest number of graduating students was St Olaf College with 896 degrees awarded.

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Student Gender for Common Institutions

649

Degrees Awarded to Men

805

Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2017, 649 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Northfield, MN, which is 0.806 times less than the 805 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the institutions in Northfield, MN by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity

  1. White

    1,033 degrees awarded

  2. Asian

    103 degrees awarded

  3. Hispanic or Latino

    64 degrees awarded

In 2017 the majority of degrees awarded at institutions in Northfield, MN were to White students. These 1,033 degrees mean that there were 10 times more White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Asian, with 103 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Northfield, MN was $202,200 in 2017, which is 0.88 times smaller than the national average of $229,700. Between 2016 and 2017 the median property value increased from $196,400 to $202,200, a 2.95% increase. The homeownership rate in Northfield, MN is 66.3%, which is higher than the national average of 63.9%. People in Northfield, MN have an average commute time of 14.1 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Northfield, MN is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Housing

Property Value

$202,200

2017 Median

± $8,665

$196,400

2016 Median

± $6,161

In 2017, the median property value in Northfield, MN grew to to $202,200 from the previous year's value of $196,400.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Northfield, MN compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Northfield, MN the largest share of households have a property value in the $200k - $250k range.

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Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$62,032

Median Household Income

± $3,678

6.39k

Number of Households

± 402

In 2017, the median household income of the 6.39k households in Northfield, MN grew to $62,032 from the previous year's value of $60,235.

The following chart displays the households in Northfield, MN distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Property Taxes

$3k+

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Northfield, MN distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Northfield, MN the largest share of households pay taxes in the $3k+ range.

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Rent vs Own

66.3%

2017 Homeownership

66.1%

2016 Homeownership

In 2017, 66.3% of the housing units in Northfield, MN were occupied by their owner. This percentage grew from the previous year's rate of 66.1%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is higher than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Northfield, MN compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Commute Time

14.1 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Northfield, MN have a shorter commute time (14.1 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.1 minutes). Additionally, 1.27% of the workforce in Northfield, MN have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Northfield, MN compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    52.7%

  2. Worked At Home

    32.6%

  3. Walked

    6.87%

In 2017, the most common method of travel for workers in Northfield, MN was Drove Alone (52.7%), followed by those who Worked At Home (32.6%) and those who Walked (6.87%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Northfield, MN distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Northfield, MN have 2 cars, followed by 1 car.

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