Florence, AL

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Population

39,824

0.285% decline

Median Age

37.1


Median Household Income

$37,843

2.12% growth

Poverty Rate

22.2%


Number of Employees

17,109

3.44% growth

Median Property Value

$126,600

0.476% growth

About

In 2017, Florence, AL had a population of 39.8k people with a median age of 37.1 and a median household income of $37,843. Between 2016 and 2017 the population of Florence, AL declined from 39,938 to 39,824, a -0.285% decrease and its median household income grew from $37,058 to $37,843, a 2.12% increase.

The population of Florence, AL is 75.3% White Alone, 18.4% Black or African American Alone, and 3.38% Hispanic or Latino. N/A% of the people in Florence, AL speak a non-English language, and 98% are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Florence, AL are University of North Alabama (1,398 degrees awarded in 2016) and Heritage Christian University (21 degrees).

The median property value in Florence, AL is $126,600, and the homeownership rate is 54.4%. Most people in Florence, AL commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 18.2 minutes. The average car ownership in Florence, AL is 2 cars per household.

About the photo: Overlooking the Tennessee River from Muscle Shoals, Al.

Economy

The economy of Florence, AL employs 17.1k people. The largest industries in Florence, AL are Retail Trade (2,759 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (2,515 people), and Manufacturing (2,101 people), and the highest paying industries are Utilities ($67,778), Public Administration ($53,333), and Information ($41,029).

Median household income in Florence, AL is $37,843. Males in Florence, AL have an average income that is 1.44 times higher than the average income of females, which is $40,615. The income inequality in Florence, AL (measured using the Gini index) is 0.46, which is lower than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$37,843

2017 value

± $2,180

2.12%

1 Year Growth

± 8.38%

Households in Florence, AL have a median annual income of $37,843, which is less than the median annual income of $60,336 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $37,058 in 2016, which represents a 2.12% annual growth.

Look at the chart to see how the median household income in Florence, AL compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the Place level, so we are showing data for Alabama.

$58,549

Average Male Salary

± $1,465

$40,615

Average Female Salary

± $997

In 2017, full-time male employees in Alabama made 1.44 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Alabama by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the Place level, so we are showing data for Alabama.

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. Asian

    $58,018 ± $10,489

  2. White

    $47,885 ± $1,063

  3. American Indian and Alaska Native tribes specified; or American Indian or Alaska Native, not specified and no other races

    $45,909 ± $38,465

In 2017 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Alabama workers was Asian. These workers were paid 1.21 times more than White workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Alabama by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Florence, AL is from Alabama.

0.46

2017 Wage GINI

0.458

2016 Wage GINI

In 2017, the income inequality in Alabama was 0.46 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.343% growth from 2016 to 2017, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat less even.

The 2017 the GINI for Alabama was lower than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Alabama in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Alabama across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Highest Median Household Income (Total)

  1. Census Tract 112

  2. Census Tract 108

  3. Census Tract 110

In 2017, the place with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Florence, AL was Census Tract 112 with a value of $47,292, followed by Census Tract 108 and Census Tract 110, with respective values of $35,793 and $35,597.

The following map shows all of the places in Florence, AL colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 18 - 24

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

22.2% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Florence, AL (8.37k out of 37.8k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 13.4%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 18 - 24, followed by Males 18 - 24 and then Females 25 - 34.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. White

    6,260 ± 578

  2. Black

    1,861 ± 313

  3. Hispanic

    406 ± 157

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Florence, AL is White, followed by Black and Hispanic.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

17.1k

2017 Value

± 984

3.44%

1 Year growth

± 8%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Florence, AL grew at a rate of 3.44%, from 16.5k employees to 17.1k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Florence, AL, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (2,658 people), Sales & Related Occupations (1,967 people), and Food Preparation & Serving Related Occupations (1,501 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Florence, AL.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Florence, AL, by number of employees, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (2,658 people), Sales & Related Occupations (1,967 people), and Food Preparation & Serving Related Occupations (1,501 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other places, Florence, AL has an unusually high number of residents working as Community & Social Service Occupations (1.86 times higher than expected), Food Preparation & Serving Related Occupations (1.5 times), and Legal Occupations (1.34 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Florence, AL, by median earnings, are Life, Physical, & Social Science Occupations ($103,040), Computer, Engineering, & Science Occupations ($71,471), and Architecture & Engineering Occupations ($70,270).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

17.1k

2017 Value

± 984

3.44%

1 Year growth

± 8%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Florence, AL grew at a rate of 3.44%, from 16.5k employees to 17.1k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Florence, AL, are Retail Trade (2,759 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (2,515 people), and Manufacturing (2,101 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Florence, AL, though some of these residents may live in Florence, AL and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Florence, AL, by number of employees, are Retail Trade (2,759 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (2,515 people), and Manufacturing (2,101 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other places, Florence, AL has an unusually high number of Utilities (2.14 times higher than expected), Accommodation & Food Services (1.51 times), and Retail Trade (1.41 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Florence, AL, by median earnings, are Utilities ($67,778), Public Administration ($53,333), and Information ($41,029).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Alabama to other states, or from other states to Alabama.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $40.7B

  2. $28B

  3. $21.5B

In 2015, the top outbound Alabama product (by dollars) was Motorized vehicles with $40.7B, followed by Mixed freight ($28B) and Coal-n.e.c. ($21.5B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Alabama products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for Alabama state.

$243B

2015 Value

$367B

Projected 2045 Value

50.7% growth

In 2015, total outbound Alabama trade was $243B. This is expected to increase 50.7% to $367B by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Alabama trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Alabama to other states, or from other states to Alabama.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $25.3B

  2. $16.7B

  3. $14.5B

In 2015, the top outbound Alabama domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Georgia with $25.3B, followed by Florida with $16.7B and Tennessee and $14.5B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Alabama shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

88.2% of the population of Florence, AL has health coverage, with 43.7% on employee plans, 16.1% on Medicaid, 13% on Medicare, 13.6% on non-group plans, and 1.75% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the place of Florence, AL was $7,281 in 2014. This is a 4.07% increase from the previous year ($6,996).

Primary care physicians in Florence, AL see 1535 patients per year on average, which represents a 1.1% decrease from the previous year (1552 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 2139 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 1185 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Greene County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (21.1%). Additionally, Macon County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (47.8%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Alabama.

1,535 to 1

Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio

Primary care physicians in Alabama see an average of 1,535 patients per year. This represents a 1.1% decrease from the previous year (1,552 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Alabama in comparison to neighboring states.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Alabama.

$7,281

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$3,641

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$5,042

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$10,267

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in Alabama (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 4.07%, from $6,996 to $7,281.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

11.8%

Uninsured

43.7%

Employer Coverage

16.1%

Medicaid

13%

Medicare

13.6%

Non-Group

1.75%

Military or VA

Between 2016 and 2017, the percent of uninsured citizens in Florence, AL declined by 4.15% from 12.3% to 11.8%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Florence, AL changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 21.1% prevalence

  2. 20.9% prevalence

  3. 20.4% prevalence

Greene County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in Alabama, at 21.1%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in Alabama by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

Florence, AL is home to a population of 39.8k people, from which 98% are citizens. As of 2017, N/A% of Florence, AL residents were born outside of the country (1.11k people).

The ethnic composition of the population of Florence, AL is composed of 30k White Alone residents (75.3%), 7.34k Black or African American Alone residents (18.4%), 1.35k Hispanic or Latino residents (3.38%), 660 Two or More Races residents (1.66%), 258 Asian Alone residents (0.648%), 139 American Indian & Alaska Native Alone residents (0.349%), 71 Some Other Race Alone residents (0.178%), and 23 Native Hawaiian & Other Pacific Islander Alone residents (0.0578%).

The most common foreign languages spoken in Florence, AL are N/A.

Age

Age by Nativity

37

Median Native-Born Age

± 2.2

35

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 7.4

In 2017, the median age of all people in Florence, AL was 37.1. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 37, were generally older than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 35. But people in Florence, AL are getting getting younger. In 2016, the average age of all Florence, AL residents was 38.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

2017 Foreign-Born Population

  1. N/A%

    1.11k people

  2. N/A%

    N/A people

As of 2017, N/A% of Florence, AL residents (1.11k people) were born outside of the United States, which is approximately the same as the national average of 13.7%. In 2017, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Florence, AL was N/A%, meaning that the rate has been maintaining.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Florence, AL compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the Place level, so we are showing data for Alabama.

Most Common Origin

  1. Mexico

    51,837 ± 5,560 people

  2. Guatemala

    11,080 ± 2,581 people

  3. India

    9,229 ± 2,356 people

In 2017, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Alabama was Mexico, the natal country of 51,837 Alabama residents, followed by Guatemala with 11,080 and India with 9,229.

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Citizenship

98%

2017 Citizenship

98.1%

2016 Citizenship

As of 2017, 98% of Florence, AL residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.1%. In 2016, the percentage of US citizens in Florence, AL was 98.1%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been decreasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Florence, AL compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

Most Common

  1. White Alone

    30k ± 497

  2. Black or African American Alone

    7.34k ± 418

  3. Hispanic or Latino

    1.35k ± 323

In 2017, there were 4.09 times more White Alone residents (30k people) in Florence, AL than any other race or ethnicity. There were 7.34k Black or African American Alone and 1.35k Hispanic or Latino residents, the second and third most common racial or ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 8 races and ethnicities represented in Florence, AL as a share of the total population.

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Non-English Speakers

Most Common Languages

  1. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

  2. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

  3. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

N/A% of Florence, AL citizens are speakers of a non-English language, which is approximately the same as the national average of 21.8%. In N/A, the most common non-English language spoken in Florence, AL was N/A. N/A% of the overall population of Florence, AL are native N/A speakers. N/A% speak N/A and N/A% speak N/A, the next two most common languages.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Vietnam

    804 ± 182

  2. Gulf War (2001-)

    520 ± 169

  3. Korea

    295 ± 91

Florence, AL has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 1.55 times greater than any other conflict.

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Education

In 2016, universities in Florence, AL awarded 1,419 degrees. The student population of Florence, AL is skewed towards women, with 3,039 male students and 4,376 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Florence, AL are White (1,069 and 79.2%), followed by Black or African American (166 and 12.3%), Unknown (36 and 2.67%), and Two or More Races (34 and 2.52%).

The largest universities in Florence, AL by number of degrees awarded are University of North Alabama (1,398 and 98.5%) and Heritage Christian University (21 and 1.48%).

The most popular majors in Florence, AL are General Business Administration & Management (192 and 13.5%), Registered Nursing (190 and 13.4%), and Elementary Education & Teaching (93 and 6.55%).

The median tuition costs in Florence, AL are $8,952 for private four year colleges, and $6,336 and $12,672 respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

Most Common

  1. 71 degrees awarded

  2. 63 degrees awarded

  3. 161 degrees awarded

In 2015, the most common concentation for Bachelors Degree recipients in Florence, AL was General Business Administration & Management with 71 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Bachelors Degree from schools in Florence, AL according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded

  1. 1,398 degrees awarded

  2. 21 degrees awarded

$6,336

Median In-State Public

$8,952

Median Private

In 2016, the Florence, AL institution with the largest number of graduating students was University of North Alabama with 1,398 degrees awarded.

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Student Gender for Common Institutions

538

Degrees Awarded to Men

881

Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2016, 538 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Florence, AL, which is 0.611 times less than the 881 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the institutions in Florence, AL by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity

  1. White

    1,069 degrees awarded

  2. Black or African American

    166 degrees awarded

  3. Unknown

    36 degrees awarded

In 2016 the majority of degrees awarded at institutions in Florence, AL were to White students. These 1,069 degrees mean that there were 6.44 times more White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Black or African American, with 166 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Florence, AL was $126,600 in 2017, which is 0.582 times smaller than the national average of $217,600. Between 2016 and 2017 the median property value increased from $126,000 to $126,600, a 0.476% increase. The homeownership rate in Florence, AL is 54.4%, which is lower than the national average of 63.9%. People in Florence, AL have an average commute time of 18.2 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Florence, AL is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Income

Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$37,843

Median Household Income

± $2,180

17.5k

Number of Households

± 938

In 2017, the median household income of the 17.5k households in Florence, AL grew to $37,843 from the previous year's value of $37,058.

The following chart displays the households in Florence, AL distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the < $10k range.

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Housing

Property Value

$126,600

2017 Median

± $6,333

$126,000

2016 Median

± $7,264

In 2017, the median property value in Florence, AL grew to to $126,600 from the previous year's value of $126,000.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Florence, AL compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Florence, AL the largest share of households have a property value in the $150k - $175k range.

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Property Taxes

< $800

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Florence, AL distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Florence, AL the largest share of households pay taxes in the < $800 range.

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Rent vs Own

54.4%

2017 Homeownership

55.8%

2016 Homeownership

In 2017, 54.4% of the housing units in Florence, AL were occupied by their owner. This percentage declined from the previous year's rate of 55.8%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is lower than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Florence, AL compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Florence, AL distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Florence, AL have 2 cars, followed by 1 car.

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Commute Time

18.2 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Florence, AL have a shorter commute time (18.2 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.1 minutes). Additionally, 2.6% of the workforce in Florence, AL have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Florence, AL compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    86%

  2. Carpooled

    7.39%

  3. Walked

    2.91%

In 2017, the most common method of travel for workers in Florence, AL was Drove Alone (86%), followed by those who Carpooled (7.39%) and those who Walked (2.91%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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