Travis County, TX

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Population

1.23M

2.28% growth

Median Age

34.3


Median Household Income

$72,884

3.89% growth

Poverty Rate

13.9%


Number of Employees

691,311

2.79% growth

Median Property Value

$321,400

5.69% growth

About

In 2017, Travis County, TX had a population of 1.23M people with a median age of 34.3 and a median household income of $72,884. Between 2016 and 2017 the population of Travis County, TX grew from 1.2M to 1.23M, a 2.28% increase and its median household income grew from $70,158 to $72,884, a 3.89% increase.

The population of Travis County, TX is 48.8% White Alone, 33.9% Hispanic or Latino, and 7.79% Black or African American Alone. 31.9% of the people in Travis County, TX speak a non-English language, and 88.4% are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Travis County, TX are The University of Texas at Austin (17,181 degrees awarded in 2016), Austin Community College District (3,394 degrees), and Saint Edward's University (1,104 degrees).

The median property value in Travis County, TX is $321,400, and the homeownership rate is 52.4%. Most people in Travis County, TX commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 23.5 minutes. The average car ownership in Travis County, TX is 2 cars per household.

Economy

The economy of Travis County, TX employs 691k people. The largest industries in Travis County, TX are Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services (93,744 people), Educational Services (74,153 people), and Health Care & Social Assistance (65,275 people), and the highest paying industries are Utilities ($79,419), Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services ($75,415), and Management of Companies & Enterprises ($71,886).

Median household income in Travis County, TX is $72,884. Males in Travis County, TX have an average income that is 1.4 times higher than the average income of females, which is $47,183. The income inequality in Travis County, TX (measured using the Gini index) is 0.479, which is lower than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$72,884

2017 value

± $2,003

3.89%

1 Year Growth

± 3.29%

Households in Travis County, TX have a median annual income of $72,884, which is more than the median annual income of $60,336 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $70,158 in 2016, which represents a 3.89% annual growth.

Look at the chart to see how the median household income in Travis County, TX compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Texas.

$65,834

Average Male Salary

± $720

$47,183

Average Female Salary

± $513

In 2017, full-time male employees in Texas made 1.4 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Texas by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Texas.

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. Asian

    $66,972 ± $2,204

  2. White

    $53,020 ± $510

  3. Two or More Races

    $45,863 ± $2,727

In 2017 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Texas workers was Asian. These workers were paid 1.26 times more than White workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Texas by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Travis County, TX is from Texas.

0.479

2017 Wage GINI

0.482

2016 Wage GINI

In 2017, the income inequality in Texas was 0.479 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.678% decline from 2016 to 2017, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat more even.

The 2017 the GINI for Texas was lower than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Texas in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Texas across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Highest Median Household Income (Total)

  1. Census Tract 19.13

  2. Census Tract 19.16

  3. Census Tract 19.18

In 2017, the tract with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Travis County, TX was Census Tract 19.13 with a value of $214,418, followed by Census Tract 19.16 and Census Tract 19.18, with respective values of $209,583 and $177,788.

The following map shows all of the tracts in Travis County, TX colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 18 - 24

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

13.9% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Travis County, TX (160k out of 1.15M people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 13.4%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 18 - 24, followed by Females 25 - 34 and then Males 18 - 24.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. White

    107,803 ± 2,687

  2. Hispanic

    83,849 ± 2,446

  3. Other

    18,673 ± 1,271

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Travis County, TX is White, followed by Hispanic and Other.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

691k

2017 Value

± 16,150

2.79%

1 Year growth

± 3.17%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Travis County, TX grew at a rate of 2.79%, from 673k employees to 691k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Travis County, TX, are Management Occupations (92,659 people), Sales & Related Occupations (75,647 people), and Office & Administrative Support Occupations (71,096 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Travis County, TX.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Travis County, TX, by number of employees, are Management Occupations (92,659 people), Sales & Related Occupations (75,647 people), and Office & Administrative Support Occupations (71,096 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Travis County, TX has an unusually high number of residents working as Computer & Mathematical Occupations (2.03 times higher than expected), Architecture & Engineering Occupations (1.91 times), and Arts, Design, Entertainment, Sports, & Media Occupations (1.83 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Travis County, TX, by median earnings, are Legal Occupations ($101,294), Architecture & Engineering Occupations ($86,815), and Computer, Engineering, & Science Occupations ($76,949).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

691k

2017 Value

± 16,150

2.79%

1 Year growth

± 3.17%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Travis County, TX grew at a rate of 2.79%, from 673k employees to 691k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Travis County, TX, are Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services (93,744 people), Educational Services (74,153 people), and Health Care & Social Assistance (65,275 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Travis County, TX, though some of these residents may live in Travis County, TX and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Travis County, TX, by number of employees, are Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services (93,744 people), Educational Services (74,153 people), and Health Care & Social Assistance (65,275 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Travis County, TX has an unusually high number of Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services (1.82 times higher than expected), Real Estate & Rental & Leasing (1.69 times), and Information (1.59 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Travis County, TX, by median earnings, are Utilities ($79,419), Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services ($75,415), and Management of Companies & Enterprises ($71,886).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Texas to other states, or from other states to Texas.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $282B

  2. $216B

  3. $159B

In 2015, the top outbound Texas product (by dollars) was Fuel oils with $282B, followed by Gasoline ($216B) and Mixed freight ($159B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Texas products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for Texas state.

$1.97T

2015 Value

$2.8T

Projected 2045 Value

42.1% growth

In 2015, total outbound Texas trade was $1.97T. This is expected to increase 42.1% to $2.8T by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Texas trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Texas to other states, or from other states to Texas.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $85.7B

  2. $53.4B

  3. $34.5B

In 2015, the top outbound Texas domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Louisiana with $85.7B, followed by Oklahoma with $53.4B and California and $34.5B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Texas shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

88.1% of the population of Travis County, TX has health coverage, with 58% on employee plans, 10.1% on Medicaid, 6.36% on Medicare, 12.6% on non-group plans, and 1.01% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the county of Travis County, TX was $6,998 in 2014. This is a 5.06% increase from the previous year ($6,661).

Primary care physicians in Travis County, TX see 1181 patients per year on average, which represents a 0.94% increase from the previous year (1170 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1466 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 420 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Cass County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (14.5%). Additionally, Angelina County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (39.6%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

1,181 to 1

Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio

Primary care physicians in Travis County, TX see an average of 1,181 patients per year. This represents a 0.94% increase from the previous year (1,170 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Travis County, TX in comparison to neighboring states.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Texas.

$6,998

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$4,696

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$7,273

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$11,895

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in Texas (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 5.06%, from $6,661 to $6,998.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

11.9%

Uninsured

58%

Employer Coverage

10.1%

Medicaid

6.36%

Medicare

12.6%

Non-Group

1.01%

Military or VA

Between 2016 and 2017, the percent of uninsured citizens in Travis County, TX declined by 8.68% from 13.1% to 11.9%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Travis County, TX changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 14.5% prevalence

  2. 14.4% prevalence

  3. 14.3% prevalence

Cass County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in Texas, at 14.5%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in Texas by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

Travis County, TX is home to a population of 1.23M people, from which 88.4% are citizens. As of 2017, 17% of Travis County, TX residents were born outside of the country (209k people).

The ethnic composition of the population of Travis County, TX is composed of 599k White Alone residents (48.8%), 416k Hispanic or Latino residents (33.9%), 95.5k Black or African American Alone residents (7.79%), 81.7k Asian Alone residents (6.66%), 29.3k Two or More Races residents (2.39%), 3.08k Some Other Race Alone residents (0.251%), 2.09k American Indian & Alaska Native Alone residents (0.17%), and 140 Native Hawaiian & Other Pacific Islander Alone residents (0.0114%).

The most common foreign languages spoken in Travis County, TX are Spanish (273,471 speakers), Chinese (Incl. Mandarin, Cantonese) (11,699 speakers), and Arabic (9,828 speakers).

Age

Age by Nativity

33

Median Native-Born Age

± 0.3

39

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 1

In 2017, the median age of all people in Travis County, TX was 34.3. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 33, were generally younger than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 39. But people in Travis County, TX are getting getting older. In 2016, the average age of all Travis County, TX residents was 34.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

17%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

209k people

16.8%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

201k people

As of 2017, 17% of Travis County, TX residents (209k people) were born outside of the United States, which is higher than the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Travis County, TX was 16.8%, meaning that the rate has been increasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Travis County, TX compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Texas.

Most Common Origin

  1. Mexico

    2,536,761 ± 37,310 people

  2. India

    269,624 ± 12,687 people

  3. El Salvador

    222,793 ± 11,543 people

In 2017, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Texas was Mexico, the natal country of 2,536,761 Texas residents, followed by India with 269,624 and El Salvador with 222,793.

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Citizenship

88.4%

2017 Citizenship

89.6%

2016 Citizenship

As of 2017, 88.4% of Travis County, TX residents were US citizens, which is lower than the national average of 93.1%. In 2016, the percentage of US citizens in Travis County, TX was 89.6%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been decreasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Travis County, TX compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

Most Common

  1. White Alone

    599k ± 1.49k

  2. Hispanic or Latino

    416k ± 18.5k

  3. Black or African American Alone

    95.5k ± 3.46k

In 2017, there were 1.44 times more White Alone residents (599k people) in Travis County, TX than any other race or ethnicity. There were 416k Hispanic or Latino and 95.5k Black or African American Alone residents, the second and third most common racial or ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 8 races and ethnicities represented in Travis County, TX as a share of the total population.

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Non-English Speakers

Most Common Languages

  1. Spanish

    273,471 speakers (23.8%)

  2. Chinese (Incl. Mandarin, Cantonese)

    11,699 speakers (1.02%)

  3. Arabic

    9,828 speakers (0.856%)

31.9% of Travis County, TX citizens are speakers of a non-English language, which is higher than the national average of 21.8%. In 2017, the most common non-English language spoken in Travis County, TX was Spanish. 23.8% of the overall population of Travis County, TX are native Spanish speakers. 1.02% speak Chinese (Incl. Mandarin, Cantonese) and 0.856% speak Spanish, the next two most common languages.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Gulf War (2001-)

    15,839 ± 3,266

  2. Vietnam

    14,989 ± 1,598

  3. Gulf War (1990s)

    7,514 ± 1,593

Travis County, TX has a large population of military personnel who served in Gulf War (2001-), 1.06 times greater than any other conflict.

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Education

In 2016, universities in Travis County, TX awarded 25,161 degrees. The student population of Travis County, TX is skewed towards women, with 48,999 male students and 59,014 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Travis County, TX are White (11,959 and 51%), followed by Hispanic or Latino (5,382 and 23%), Asian (3,011 and 12.8%), and Black or African American (1,659 and 7.08%).

The largest universities in Travis County, TX by number of degrees awarded are The University of Texas at Austin (17,181 and 68.3%), Austin Community College District (3,394 and 13.5%), and Saint Edward's University (1,104 and 4.39%).

The most popular majors in Travis County, TX are General Business (2,063 and 8.2%), General Business Administration & Management (1,334 and 5.3%), and General Biological Sciences (921 and 3.66%).

The median tuition costs in Travis County, TX are $20,481 for private four year colleges, and $10,092 and $35,682 respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

Most Common

  1. 468 degrees awarded

  2. 887 degrees awarded

  3. 470 degrees awarded

In 2015, the most common concentation for Bachelors Degree recipients in Travis County, TX was General Computer & Information Sciences with 468 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Bachelors Degree from schools in Travis County, TX according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded

  1. 17,181 degrees awarded

  2. 3,394 degrees awarded

  3. 1,104 degrees awarded

$10,092

Median In-State Public

$20,481

Median Private

In 2016, the Travis County, TX institution with the largest number of graduating students was The University of Texas at Austin with 17,181 degrees awarded.

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Student Gender for Common Institutions

11,271

Degrees Awarded to Men

13,890

Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2016, 11,271 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Travis County, TX, which is 0.811 times less than the 13,890 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the top 5 institutions in Travis County, TX by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity

  1. White

    11,959 degrees awarded

  2. Hispanic or Latino

    5,382 degrees awarded

  3. Asian

    3,011 degrees awarded

In 2016 the majority of degrees awarded at institutions in Travis County, TX were to White students. These 11,959 degrees mean that there were 2.22 times more White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Hispanic or Latino, with 5,382 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Travis County, TX was $321,400 in 2017, which is 1.48 times larger than the national average of $217,600. Between 2016 and 2017 the median property value increased from $304,100 to $321,400, a 5.69% increase. The homeownership rate in Travis County, TX is 52.4%, which is lower than the national average of 63.9%. People in Travis County, TX have an average commute time of 23.5 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Travis County, TX is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Income

Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$72,884

Median Household Income

± $2,003

463k

Number of Households

± 12,095

In 2017, the median household income of the 463k households in Travis County, TX grew to $72,884 from the previous year's value of $70,158.

The following chart displays the households in Travis County, TX distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Housing

Property Value

$321,400

2017 Median

± $7,756

$304,100

2016 Median

± $7,959

In 2017, the median property value in Travis County, TX grew to to $321,400 from the previous year's value of $304,100.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Travis County, TX compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Travis County, TX the largest share of households have a property value in the $300k - $400k range.

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Property Taxes

$3k+

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Travis County, TX distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Travis County, TX the largest share of households pay taxes in the $3k+ range.

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Rent vs Own

52.4%

2017 Homeownership

51.6%

2016 Homeownership

In 2017, 52.4% of the housing units in Travis County, TX were occupied by their owner. This percentage grew from the previous year's rate of 51.6%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is lower than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Travis County, TX compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Travis County, TX distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Travis County, TX have 2 cars, followed by 1 car.

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Commute Time

23.5 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Travis County, TX have a shorter commute time (23.5 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.5 minutes). Additionally, 1.67% of the workforce in Travis County, TX have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Travis County, TX compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    74.4%

  2. Carpooled

    9.37%

  3. Worked At Home

    9.31%

In 2017, the most common method of travel for workers in Travis County, TX was Drove Alone (74.4%), followed by those who Carpooled (9.37%) and those who Worked At Home (9.31%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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