Williamson County, TX

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Population

547,545

3.56% growth

Median Age

36.2


Median Household Income

$81,719

0.121% decline

Poverty Rate

6.97%


Number of Employees

272,802

3.01% growth

Median Property Value

$272,500

12.6% growth

About

In 2017, Williamson County, TX had a population of 548k people with a median age of 36.2 and a median household income of $81,719. Between 2016 and 2017 the population of Williamson County, TX grew from 528,718 to 547,545, a 3.56% increase and its median household income declined from $81,818 to $81,719, a -0.121% decrease.

The population of Williamson County, TX is 59.5% White Alone, 24.5% Hispanic or Latino, and 6.56% Asian Alone. N/A% of the people in Williamson County, TX speak a non-English language, and 92.9% are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Williamson County, TX are Southwestern University (339 degrees awarded in 2016), South University-Austin (59 degrees), and National American University-Georgetown (21 degrees).

The median property value in Williamson County, TX is $272,500, and the homeownership rate is 67.4%. Most people in Williamson County, TX commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 25.6 minutes. The average car ownership in Williamson County, TX is 2 cars per household.

Economy

The economy of Williamson County, TX employs 273k people. The largest industries in Williamson County, TX are Retail Trade (32,603 people), Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services (28,609 people), and Manufacturing (28,551 people), and the highest paying industries are Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($86,819), Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting, & Mining ($80,667), and Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services ($69,391).

Median household income in Williamson County, TX is $81,719. Males in Williamson County, TX have an average income that is 1.4 times higher than the average income of females, which is $47,183. The income inequality in Williamson County, TX (measured using the Gini index) is 0.479, which is lower than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$81,719

2017 value

± $2,121

-0.121%

1 Year Growth

± 4.9%

Households in Williamson County, TX have a median annual income of $81,719, which is more than the median annual income of $60,336 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $81,818 in 2016, which represents a -0.121% annual growth.

Look at the chart to see how the median household income in Williamson County, TX compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Texas.

$65,834

Average Male Salary

± $720

$47,183

Average Female Salary

± $513

In 2017, full-time male employees in Texas made 1.4 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Texas by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Texas.

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. Asian

    $66,972 ± $2,204

  2. White

    $53,020 ± $510

  3. Two or More Races

    $45,863 ± $2,727

In 2017 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Texas workers was Asian. These workers were paid 1.26 times more than White workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Texas by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Williamson County, TX is from Texas.

0.479

2017 Wage GINI

0.482

2016 Wage GINI

In 2017, the income inequality in Texas was 0.479 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.678% decline from 2016 to 2017, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat more even.

The 2017 the GINI for Texas was lower than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Texas in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Texas across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Highest Median Household Income (Total)

  1. Census Tract 206.03

  2. Census Tract 205.09

  3. Census Tract 201.12

In 2017, the tract with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Williamson County, TX was Census Tract 206.03 with a value of $148,929, followed by Census Tract 205.09 and Census Tract 201.12, with respective values of $140,938 and $135,313.

The following map shows all of the tracts in Williamson County, TX colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 25 - 34

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

6.97% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Williamson County, TX (35.1k out of 503k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is lower than the national average of 13.4%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 25 - 34, followed by Females 18 - 24 and then Females 35 - 44.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. White

    27,174 ± 1,408

  2. Hispanic

    12,943 ± 1,029

  3. Black

    3,566 ± 485

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Williamson County, TX is White, followed by Hispanic and Black.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

273k

2017 Value

± 9,819

3.01%

1 Year growth

± 5.05%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Williamson County, TX grew at a rate of 3.01%, from 265k employees to 273k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Williamson County, TX, are Management Occupations (40,455 people), Office & Administrative Support Occupations (37,623 people), and Sales & Related Occupations (31,966 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Williamson County, TX.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Williamson County, TX, by number of employees, are Management Occupations (40,455 people), Office & Administrative Support Occupations (37,623 people), and Sales & Related Occupations (31,966 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Williamson County, TX has an unusually high number of residents working as Computer & Mathematical Occupations (2.06 times higher than expected), Architecture & Engineering Occupations (1.5 times), and Law Enforcement Workers Including Supervisors (1.47 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Williamson County, TX, by median earnings, are Architecture & Engineering Occupations ($86,471), Computer & Mathematical Occupations ($82,175), and Computer, Engineering, & Science Occupations ($81,529).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

273k

2017 Value

± 9,819

3.01%

1 Year growth

± 5.05%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Williamson County, TX grew at a rate of 3.01%, from 265k employees to 273k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Williamson County, TX, are Retail Trade (32,603 people), Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services (28,609 people), and Manufacturing (28,551 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Williamson County, TX, though some of these residents may live in Williamson County, TX and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Williamson County, TX, by number of employees, are Retail Trade (32,603 people), Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services (28,609 people), and Manufacturing (28,551 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Williamson County, TX has an unusually high number of Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction (1.41 times higher than expected), Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services (1.4 times), and Real Estate & Rental & Leasing (1.29 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Williamson County, TX, by median earnings, are Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($86,819), Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting, & Mining ($80,667), and Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services ($69,391).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Texas to other states, or from other states to Texas.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $282B

  2. $216B

  3. $159B

In 2015, the top outbound Texas product (by dollars) was Fuel oils with $282B, followed by Gasoline ($216B) and Mixed freight ($159B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Texas products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for Texas state.

$1.97T

2015 Value

$2.8T

Projected 2045 Value

42.1% growth

In 2015, total outbound Texas trade was $1.97T. This is expected to increase 42.1% to $2.8T by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Texas trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Texas to other states, or from other states to Texas.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $85.7B

  2. $53.4B

  3. $34.5B

In 2015, the top outbound Texas domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Louisiana with $85.7B, followed by Oklahoma with $53.4B and California and $34.5B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Texas shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

91.1% of the population of Williamson County, TX has health coverage, with 60.6% on employee plans, 7.11% on Medicaid, 8.63% on Medicare, 13.2% on non-group plans, and 1.59% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the county of Williamson County, TX was $6,998 in 2014. This is a 5.06% increase from the previous year ($6,661).

Primary care physicians in Williamson County, TX see 1509 patients per year on average, which represents a 1.48% increase from the previous year (1487 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1849 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 1106 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Cass County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (14.5%). Additionally, Angelina County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (39.6%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

1,509 to 1

Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio

Primary care physicians in Williamson County, TX see an average of 1,509 patients per year. This represents a 1.48% increase from the previous year (1,487 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Williamson County, TX in comparison to neighboring states.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Texas.

$6,998

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$4,696

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$7,273

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$11,895

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in Texas (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 5.06%, from $6,661 to $6,998.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

8.88%

Uninsured

60.6%

Employer Coverage

7.11%

Medicaid

8.63%

Medicare

13.2%

Non-Group

1.59%

Military or VA

Between 2016 and 2017, the percent of uninsured citizens in Williamson County, TX grew by 6.78% from 8.32% to 8.88%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Williamson County, TX changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 14.5% prevalence

  2. 14.4% prevalence

  3. 14.3% prevalence

Cass County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in Texas, at 14.5%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in Texas by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

Williamson County, TX is home to a population of 548k people, from which 92.9% are citizens. As of 2017, 11% of Williamson County, TX residents were born outside of the country (60k people).

The ethnic composition of the population of Williamson County, TX is composed of 326k White Alone residents (59.5%), 134k Hispanic or Latino residents (24.5%), 35.9k Asian Alone residents (6.56%), 31.2k Black or African American Alone residents (5.69%), 18.6k Two or More Races residents (3.39%), 806 Some Other Race Alone residents (0.147%), 747 American Indian & Alaska Native Alone residents (0.136%), and 204 Native Hawaiian & Other Pacific Islander Alone residents (0.0373%).

The most common foreign languages spoken in Williamson County, TX are N/A.

Age

Age by Nativity

35

Median Native-Born Age

± 0.4

42

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 1.6

In 2017, the median age of all people in Williamson County, TX was 36.2. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 35, were generally younger than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 42. But people in Williamson County, TX are getting staying the same age. In 2016, the average age of all Williamson County, TX residents was 36.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

11%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

60k people

10.7%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

56.5k people

As of 2017, 11% of Williamson County, TX residents (60k people) were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Williamson County, TX was 10.7%, meaning that the rate has been increasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Williamson County, TX compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Texas.

Most Common Origin

  1. Mexico

    2,536,761 ± 37,310 people

  2. India

    269,624 ± 12,687 people

  3. El Salvador

    222,793 ± 11,543 people

In 2017, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Texas was Mexico, the natal country of 2,536,761 Texas residents, followed by India with 269,624 and El Salvador with 222,793.

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Citizenship

92.9%

2017 Citizenship

94.4%

2016 Citizenship

As of 2017, 92.9% of Williamson County, TX residents were US citizens, which is lower than the national average of 93.1%. In 2016, the percentage of US citizens in Williamson County, TX was 94.4%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been decreasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Williamson County, TX compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

Most Common

  1. White Alone

    326k ± 366

  2. Hispanic or Latino

    134k ± 7.08k

  3. Asian Alone

    35.9k ± 1.82k

In 2017, there were 2.43 times more White Alone residents (326k people) in Williamson County, TX than any other race or ethnicity. There were 134k Hispanic or Latino and 35.9k Asian Alone residents, the second and third most common racial or ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 8 races and ethnicities represented in Williamson County, TX as a share of the total population.

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Non-English Speakers

Most Common Languages

  1. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

  2. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

  3. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

N/A% of Williamson County, TX citizens are speakers of a non-English language, which is approximately the same as the national average of 21.8%. In N/A, the most common non-English language spoken in Williamson County, TX was N/A. N/A% of the overall population of Williamson County, TX are native N/A speakers. N/A% speak N/A and N/A% speak N/A, the next two most common languages.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Gulf War (2001-)

    10,821 ± 2,038

  2. Vietnam

    10,009 ± 1,365

  3. Gulf War (1990s)

    7,458 ± 1,572

Williamson County, TX has a large population of military personnel who served in Gulf War (2001-), 1.08 times greater than any other conflict.

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Education

In 2016, universities in Williamson County, TX awarded 422 degrees. The student population of Williamson County, TX is skewed towards women, with 814 male students and 1,371 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Williamson County, TX are White (275 and 66.1%), followed by Hispanic or Latino (83 and 20%), Black or African American (23 and 5.53%), and Asian (17 and 4.09%).

The largest universities in Williamson County, TX by number of degrees awarded are Southwestern University (339 and 80.3%), South University-Austin (59 and 14%), and National American University-Georgetown (21 and 4.98%).

The most popular majors in Williamson County, TX are General Psychology (46 and 10.9%), General Business (33 and 7.82%), and Speech Communication & Rhetoric (29 and 6.87%).

The median tuition costs in Williamson County, TX are $39,060 for private four year colleges, and $N/A and $N/A respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

Most Common

  1. 29 degrees awarded

  2. 46 degrees awarded

  3. 33 degrees awarded

In 2015, the most common concentation for Bachelors Degree recipients in Williamson County, TX was Speech Communication & Rhetoric with 29 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Bachelors Degree from schools in Williamson County, TX according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded

  1. 339 degrees awarded

  2. 59 degrees awarded

  3. 21 degrees awarded

$N/A

Median In-State Public

$39,060

Median Private

In 2016, the Williamson County, TX institution with the largest number of graduating students was Southwestern University with 339 degrees awarded.

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Student Gender for Common Institutions

162

Degrees Awarded to Men

260

Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2016, 162 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Williamson County, TX, which is 0.623 times less than the 260 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the institutions in Williamson County, TX by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity

  1. White

    275 degrees awarded

  2. Hispanic or Latino

    83 degrees awarded

  3. Black or African American

    23 degrees awarded

In 2016 the majority of degrees awarded at institutions in Williamson County, TX were to White students. These 275 degrees mean that there were 3.31 times more White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Hispanic or Latino, with 83 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Williamson County, TX was $272,500 in 2017, which is 1.25 times larger than the national average of $217,600. Between 2016 and 2017 the median property value increased from $242,000 to $272,500, a 12.6% increase. The homeownership rate in Williamson County, TX is 67.4%, which is higher than the national average of 63.9%. People in Williamson County, TX have an average commute time of 25.6 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Williamson County, TX is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Income

Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$81,719

Median Household Income

± $2,121

180k

Number of Households

± 7,359

In 2017, the median household income of the 180k households in Williamson County, TX declined from $81,719 from the previous year's value of $81,818.

The following chart displays the households in Williamson County, TX distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Housing

Property Value

$272,500

2017 Median

± $4,245

$242,000

2016 Median

± $4,932

In 2017, the median property value in Williamson County, TX grew to to $272,500 from the previous year's value of $242,000.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Williamson County, TX compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Williamson County, TX the largest share of households have a property value in the $300k - $400k range.

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Property Taxes

$3k+

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Williamson County, TX distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Williamson County, TX the largest share of households pay taxes in the $3k+ range.

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Rent vs Own

67.4%

2017 Homeownership

67.9%

2016 Homeownership

In 2017, 67.4% of the housing units in Williamson County, TX were occupied by their owner. This percentage declined from the previous year's rate of 67.9%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is higher than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Williamson County, TX compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Williamson County, TX distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Williamson County, TX have 2 cars, followed by 3 cars.

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Commute Time

25.6 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Williamson County, TX have a longer commute time (25.6 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.5 minutes). Additionally, 1.67% of the workforce in Williamson County, TX have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Williamson County, TX compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    79.1%

  2. Carpooled

    9.7%

  3. Worked At Home

    8.86%

In 2017, the most common method of travel for workers in Williamson County, TX was Drove Alone (79.1%), followed by those who Carpooled (9.7%) and those who Worked At Home (8.86%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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