Allegheny County, PA

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Population

1.22M

0.376% decline

Median Age

40.5


Median Household Income

$59,899

2.17% growth

Poverty Rate

12.5%


Number of Employees

631,382

0.868% growth

Median Property Value

$163,300

6.38% growth

About

In 2018, Allegheny County, PA had a population of 1.22M people with a median age of 40.5 and a median household income of $59,899. Between 2017 and 2018 the population of Allegheny County, PA declined from 1.22M to 1.22M, a -0.376% decrease and its median household income grew from $58,625 to $59,899, a 2.17% increase.

The population of Allegheny County, PA is 78.2% White Alone, 12.8% Black or African American Alone, and 3.95% Asian Alone. 7.91% of the people in Allegheny County, PA speak a non-English language, and 97.1% are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Allegheny County, PA are University of Pittsburgh-Pittsburgh Campus (9,963 degrees awarded in 2017), Carnegie Mellon University (4,892 degrees), and Duquesne University (2,880 degrees).

The median property value in Allegheny County, PA is $163,300, and the homeownership rate is 65.1%. Most people in Allegheny County, PA commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 25.3 minutes. The average car ownership in Allegheny County, PA is 2 cars per household.

About the photo: Looking down from Mt. Washington, Pittsburgh PA

Economy

The economy of Allegheny County, PA employs 631k people. The largest industries in Allegheny County, PA are Health Care & Social Assistance (107,771 people), Retail Trade (67,687 people), and Educational Services (63,833 people), and the highest paying industries are Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($100,682), Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting, & Mining ($82,288), and Utilities ($71,653).

Median household income in Allegheny County, PA is $59,899. Males in Allegheny County, PA have an average income that is 1.34 times higher than the average income of females, which is $52,119. The income inequality in Allegheny County, PA (measured using the Gini index) is 0.469, which is lower than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$59,899

2018 value

± $1,518

2.17%

1 Year Growth

± 3.41%

Households in Allegheny County, PA have a median annual income of $59,899, which is less than the median annual income of $61,937 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $58,625 in 2017, which represents a 2.17% annual growth.

Look at the chart to see how the median household income in Allegheny County, PA compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Pennsylvania.

$69,779

Average Male Salary

± $1,106

$52,119

Average Female Salary

± $786

In 2018, full-time male employees in Pennsylvania made 1.34 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Pennsylvania by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Pennsylvania.

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. Asian

    $67,044 ± $4,236

  2. White

    $54,569 ± $688

  3. Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander

    $45,677 ± $16,041

In 2018 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Pennsylvania workers was Asian. These workers were paid 1.23 times more than White workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Pennsylvania by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Allegheny County, PA is from Pennsylvania.

0.469

2018 Wage GINI

0.472

2017 Wage GINI

In 2018, the income inequality in Pennsylvania was 0.469 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.472% decline from 2017 to 2018, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat more even.

The 2018 the GINI for Pennsylvania was lower than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Pennsylvania in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Pennsylvania across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Highest Median Household Income (Total)

  1. Census Tract 1401

  2. Census Tract 4220

  3. Census Tract 4090

In 2017, the tract with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Allegheny County, PA was Census Tract 1401 with a value of $177,824, followed by Census Tract 4220 and Census Tract 4090, with respective values of $162,054 and $148,795.

The following map shows all of the tracts in Allegheny County, PA colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 18 - 24

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

12.5% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Allegheny County, PA (150k out of 1.2M people) live below the poverty line, a number that is lower than the national average of 13.1%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 18 - 24, followed by Females 25 - 34 and then Males 18 - 24.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. White

    83,991 ± 1,971

  2. Black

    47,846 ± 1,440

  3. Two Or More

    8,596 ± 721

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Allegheny County, PA is White, followed by Black and Two Or More.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

631k

2018 Value

± 11,742

0.868%

1 Year growth

± 2.64%

From 2017 to 2018, employment in Allegheny County, PA grew at a rate of 0.868%, from 626k employees to 631k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Allegheny County, PA, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (73,501 people), Management Occupations (62,472 people), and Sales & Related Occupations (61,390 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Allegheny County, PA.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Allegheny County, PA, by number of employees, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (73,501 people), Management Occupations (62,472 people), and Sales & Related Occupations (61,390 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Allegheny County, PA has an unusually high number of residents working as Health Diagnosing & Treating Practitioners & Other Technical Occupations (1.5 times higher than expected), Computer & Mathematical Occupations (1.46 times), and Community & Social Service Occupations (1.42 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Allegheny County, PA, by median earnings, are Architecture & Engineering Occupations ($82,029), Law Enforcement Workers Including Supervisors ($80,696), and Legal Occupations ($80,234).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

631k

2018 Value

± 11,742

0.868%

1 Year growth

± 2.64%

From 2017 to 2018, employment in Allegheny County, PA grew at a rate of 0.868%, from 626k employees to 631k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Allegheny County, PA, are Health Care & Social Assistance (107,771 people), Retail Trade (67,687 people), and Educational Services (63,833 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Allegheny County, PA, though some of these residents may live in Allegheny County, PA and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Allegheny County, PA, by number of employees, are Health Care & Social Assistance (107,771 people), Retail Trade (67,687 people), and Educational Services (63,833 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Allegheny County, PA has an unusually high number of Finance & Insurance (1.61 times higher than expected), Management of Companies & Enterprises (1.25 times), and Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services (1.25 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Allegheny County, PA, by median earnings, are Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($100,682), Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting, & Mining ($82,288), and Utilities ($71,653).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Pennsylvania to other states, or from other states to Pennsylvania.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $88.5B

  2. $57.4B

  3. $55.2B

In 2015, the top outbound Pennsylvania product (by dollars) was Mixed freight with $88.5B, followed by Coal-n.e.c. ($57.4B) and Pharmaceuticals ($55.2B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Pennsylvania products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for Pennsylvania state.

$671B

2020 Value

$954B

Projected 2045 Value

42.2% growth

In 2020, total outbound Pennsylvania trade was $671B. This is expected to increase 42.2% to $954B by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Pennsylvania trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Pennsylvania to other states, or from other states to Pennsylvania.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $65.4B

  2. $62.6B

  3. $35.6B

In 2015, the top outbound Pennsylvania domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was New York with $65.4B, followed by New Jersey with $62.6B and Ohio and $35.6B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Pennsylvania shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

96.4% of the population of Allegheny County, PA has health coverage, with 54.6% on employee plans, 13.1% on Medicaid, 13.7% on Medicare, 14% on non-group plans, and 0.95% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the county of Allegheny County, PA was $9,258 in 2014. This is a 4.29% increase from the previous year ($8,877).

Primary care physicians in Allegheny County, PA see 914 patients per year on average, which represents a 0.868% decrease from the previous year (922 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1057 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 363 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Fayette County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (16%). Additionally, Clearfield County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (39.3%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

914 to 1

Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio

Primary care physicians in Allegheny County, PA see an average of 914 patients per year. This represents a 0.868% decrease from the previous year (922 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Allegheny County, PA in comparison to neighboring states.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Pennsylvania.

$9,258

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$4,634

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$9,407

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$11,243

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in Pennsylvania (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 4.29%, from $8,877 to $9,258.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

3.62%

Uninsured

54.6%

Employer Coverage

13.1%

Medicaid

13.7%

Medicare

14%

Non-Group

0.95%

Military or VA

Between 2016 and 2017, the percent of uninsured citizens in Allegheny County, PA declined by 0.674% from 3.64% to 3.62%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Allegheny County, PA changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 16% prevalence

  2. 13.4% prevalence

  3. 13.2% prevalence

Fayette County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in Pennsylvania, at 16%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in Pennsylvania by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

Allegheny County, PA is home to a population of 1.22M people, from which 97.1% are citizens. As of 2017, 5.74% of Allegheny County, PA residents were born outside of the country (70.2k people).

The ethnic composition of the population of Allegheny County, PA is composed of 953k White Alone residents (78.2%), 156k Black or African American Alone residents (12.8%), 48.2k Asian Alone residents (3.95%), 30.8k Two or More Races residents (2.52%), 26.6k Hispanic or Latino residents (2.18%), 2.32k Some Other Race Alone residents (0.191%), 1.29k American Indian & Alaska Native Alone residents (0.106%), and 157 Native Hawaiian & Other Pacific Islander Alone residents (0.0129%).

The most common foreign languages spoken in Allegheny County, PA are Spanish (18,822 speakers), Chinese (Incl. Mandarin, Cantonese) (13,382 speakers), and Nepali, Marathi, or Other Indic Languages (6,297 speakers).

Age

Age by Nativity

41

Median Native-Born Age

± 0.3

40

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 1.3

In 2018, the median age of all people in Allegheny County, PA was 40.5. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 41, were generally older than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 40. But people in Allegheny County, PA are getting getting younger. In 2017, the average age of all Allegheny County, PA residents was 41.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

5.74%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

70.2k people

5.64%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

69.1k people

As of 2017, 5.74% of Allegheny County, PA residents (70.2k people) were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Allegheny County, PA was 5.64%, meaning that the rate has been increasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Allegheny County, PA compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Pennsylvania.

Most Common Origin

  1. India

    94,480 ± 7,519 people

  2. Dominican Republic

    85,267 ± 7,145 people

  3. China

    68,580 ± 6,412 people

In 2018, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Pennsylvania was India, the natal country of 94,480 Pennsylvania residents, followed by Dominican Republic with 85,267 and China with 68,580.

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Citizenship

97.1%

2018 Citizenship

97%

2017 Citizenship

As of 2018, 97.1% of Allegheny County, PA residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.2%. In 2017, the percentage of US citizens in Allegheny County, PA was 97%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been increasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Allegheny County, PA compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

Most Common

  1. White Alone

    953k ± 585

  2. Black or African American Alone

    156k ± 4.06k

  3. Asian Alone

    48.2k ± 1.6k

In 2018, there were 6.12 times more White Alone residents (953k people) in Allegheny County, PA than any other race or ethnicity. There were 156k Black or African American Alone and 48.2k Asian Alone residents, the second and third most common racial or ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 8 races and ethnicities represented in Allegheny County, PA as a share of the total population.

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Non-English Speakers

Most Common Languages

  1. Spanish

    18,822 speakers (1.63%)

  2. Chinese (Incl. Mandarin, Cantonese)

    13,382 speakers (1.16%)

  3. Nepali, Marathi, or Other Indic Languages

    6,297 speakers (0.545%)

7.91% of Allegheny County, PA citizens are speakers of a non-English language, which is lower than the national average of 21.9%. In 2018, the most common non-English language spoken in Allegheny County, PA was Spanish. 1.63% of the overall population of Allegheny County, PA are native Spanish speakers. 1.16% speak Chinese (Incl. Mandarin, Cantonese) and 0.545% speak Spanish, the next two most common languages.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Vietnam

    25,801 ± 1,591

  2. Gulf War (2001-)

    9,637 ± 1,519

  3. Korea

    7,005 ± 1,151

Allegheny County, PA has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 2.68 times greater than any other conflict.

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Education

In 2017, universities in Allegheny County, PA awarded 29,427 degrees. The student population of Allegheny County, PA is skewed towards women, with 42,857 male students and 50,679 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Allegheny County, PA are White (18,656 and 73%), followed by Black or African American (2,307 and 9.03%), Asian (1,714 and 6.71%), and Unknown (1,271 and 4.98%).

The largest universities in Allegheny County, PA by number of degrees awarded are University of Pittsburgh-Pittsburgh Campus (9,963 and 33.9%), Carnegie Mellon University (4,892 and 16.6%), and Duquesne University (2,880 and 9.79%).

The most popular majors in Allegheny County, PA are General Business Administration & Management (1,400 and 4.76%), Registered Nursing (1,255 and 4.26%), and General Psychology (708 and 2.41%).

The median tuition costs in Allegheny County, PA are $28,535 for private four year colleges, and $15,424 and $25,022 respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

Most Common

  1. 631 degrees awarded

  2. 519 degrees awarded

  3. 447 degrees awarded

In 2015, the most common concentation for Bachelors Degree recipients in Allegheny County, PA was General Psychology with 631 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Bachelors Degree from schools in Allegheny County, PA according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded

  1. 9,963 degrees awarded

  2. 4,892 degrees awarded

  3. 2,880 degrees awarded

$15,424

Median In-State Public

$28,535

Median Private

In 2017, the Allegheny County, PA institution with the largest number of graduating students was University of Pittsburgh-Pittsburgh Campus with 9,963 degrees awarded.

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Student Gender for Common Institutions

13,224

Degrees Awarded to Men

16,203

Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2017, 13,224 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Allegheny County, PA, which is 0.816 times less than the 16,203 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the top 5 institutions in Allegheny County, PA by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity

  1. White

    18,656 degrees awarded

  2. Black or African American

    2,307 degrees awarded

  3. Asian

    1,714 degrees awarded

In 2017 the majority of degrees awarded at institutions in Allegheny County, PA were to White students. These 18,656 degrees mean that there were 8.09 times more White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Black or African American, with 2,307 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Allegheny County, PA was $163,300 in 2018, which is 0.711 times smaller than the national average of $229,700. Between 2017 and 2018 the median property value increased from $153,500 to $163,300, a 6.38% increase. The homeownership rate in Allegheny County, PA is 65.1%, which is higher than the national average of 63.9%. People in Allegheny County, PA have an average commute time of 25.3 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Allegheny County, PA is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Housing

Property Value

$163,300

2018 Median

± $2,734

$153,500

2017 Median

± $3,311

In 2018, the median property value in Allegheny County, PA grew to to $163,300 from the previous year's value of $153,500.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Allegheny County, PA compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Allegheny County, PA the largest share of households have a property value in the $200k - $250k range.

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Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$59,899

Median Household Income

± $1,518

543k

Number of Households

± 10,645

In 2018, the median household income of the 543k households in Allegheny County, PA grew to $59,899 from the previous year's value of $58,625.

The following chart displays the households in Allegheny County, PA distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Property Taxes

$3k+

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Allegheny County, PA distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Allegheny County, PA the largest share of households pay taxes in the $3k+ range.

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Rent vs Own

65.1%

2018 Homeownership

65%

2017 Homeownership

In 2018, 65.1% of the housing units in Allegheny County, PA were occupied by their owner. This percentage grew from the previous year's rate of 65%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is higher than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Allegheny County, PA compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Commute Time

25.3 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Allegheny County, PA have a shorter commute time (25.3 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.7 minutes). Additionally, 1.57% of the workforce in Allegheny County, PA have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Allegheny County, PA compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    70.6%

  2. Public Transit

    9.48%

  3. Carpooled

    8.69%

In 2018, the most common method of travel for workers in Allegheny County, PA was Drove Alone (70.6%), followed by those who Public Transit (9.48%) and those who Carpooled (8.69%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Allegheny County, PA distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Allegheny County, PA have 2 cars, followed by 1 car.

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