Grand Forks County, ND

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Population

70,130

0.483% growth

Median Age

29.5


Median Household Income

$51,410

1.5% growth

Poverty Rate

17%


Number of Employees

38,387

0.24% growth

Median Property Value

$181,600

7.52% growth

About

In 2017, Grand Forks County, ND had a population of 70.1k people with a median age of 29.5 and a median household income of $51,410. Between 2016 and 2017 the population of Grand Forks County, ND grew from 69,793 to 70,130, a 0.483% increase and its median household income grew from $50,652 to $51,410, a 1.5% increase.

The population of Grand Forks County, ND is 85% White Alone, 3.99% Hispanic or Latino, and 3.38% Black or African American Alone. N/A% of the people in Grand Forks County, ND speak a non-English language, and 97% are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Grand Forks County, ND are University of North Dakota (3,409 degrees awarded in 2016) and Josef's School of Hair Design Inc-Grand Forks (42 degrees).

The median property value in Grand Forks County, ND is $181,600, and the homeownership rate is 49.1%. Most people in Grand Forks County, ND commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 13.7 minutes. The average car ownership in Grand Forks County, ND is 2 cars per household.

Economy

The economy of Grand Forks County, ND employs 38.4k people. The largest industries in Grand Forks County, ND are Health Care & Social Assistance (6,835 people), Retail Trade (5,718 people), and Educational Services (5,399 people), and the highest paying industries are Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($75,556), Utilities ($66,053), and Public Administration ($47,696).

Median household income in Grand Forks County, ND is $51,410. Males in Grand Forks County, ND have an average income that is 1.44 times higher than the average income of females, which is $42,424. The income inequality in Grand Forks County, ND (measured using the Gini index) is 0.431, which is lower than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$51,410

2017 value

± $1,526

1.5%

1 Year Growth

± 4.18%

Households in Grand Forks County, ND have a median annual income of $51,410, which is less than the median annual income of $60,336 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $50,652 in 2016, which represents a 1.5% annual growth.

Look at the chart to see how the median household income in Grand Forks County, ND compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for North Dakota.

$60,998

Average Male Salary

± $3,148

$42,424

Average Female Salary

± $2,091

In 2017, full-time male employees in North Dakota made 1.44 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in North Dakota by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for North Dakota.

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. White

    $46,817 ± $1,967

  2. Two or More Races

    $38,540 ± $11,502

  3. American Indian

    $36,702 ± $8,076

In 2017 the highest paid race/ethnicity of North Dakota workers was White. These workers were paid 1.21 times more than Two or More Races workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in North Dakota by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Grand Forks County, ND is from North Dakota.

0.431

2017 Wage GINI

0.445

2016 Wage GINI

In 2017, the income inequality in North Dakota was 0.431 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 3.1% decline from 2016 to 2017, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat more even.

The 2017 the GINI for North Dakota was lower than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in North Dakota in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in North Dakota across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Highest Median Household Income (Total)

  1. Census Tract 111

  2. Census Tract 117

  3. Census Tract 109

In 2017, the tract with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Grand Forks County, ND was Census Tract 111 with a value of $103,218, followed by Census Tract 117 and Census Tract 109, with respective values of $86,616 and $82,240.

The following map shows all of the tracts in Grand Forks County, ND colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 18 - 24

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

17% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Grand Forks County, ND (11.1k out of 65.4k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 13.4%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 18 - 24, followed by Males 18 - 24 and then Males 25 - 34.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. White

    8,997 ± 643

  2. Black

    763 ± 234

  3. Native American

    613 ± 200

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Grand Forks County, ND is White, followed by Black and Native American.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

38.4k

2017 Value

± 1,217

0.24%

1 Year growth

± 4.49%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Grand Forks County, ND grew at a rate of 0.24%, from 38.3k employees to 38.4k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Grand Forks County, ND, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (5,263 people), Sales & Related Occupations (4,266 people), and Management Occupations (3,413 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Grand Forks County, ND.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Grand Forks County, ND, by number of employees, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (5,263 people), Sales & Related Occupations (4,266 people), and Management Occupations (3,413 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Grand Forks County, ND has an unusually high number of residents working as Life, Physical, & Social Science Occupations (1.61 times higher than expected), Farming, Fishing, & Forestry Occupations (1.37 times), and Personal Care & Service Occupations (1.31 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Grand Forks County, ND, by median earnings, are Architecture & Engineering Occupations ($61,000), Law Enforcement Workers Including Supervisors ($58,214), and Computer & Mathematical Occupations ($57,045).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

38.4k

2017 Value

± 1,217

0.24%

1 Year growth

± 4.49%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Grand Forks County, ND grew at a rate of 0.24%, from 38.3k employees to 38.4k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Grand Forks County, ND, are Health Care & Social Assistance (6,835 people), Retail Trade (5,718 people), and Educational Services (5,399 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Grand Forks County, ND, though some of these residents may live in Grand Forks County, ND and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Grand Forks County, ND, by number of employees, are Health Care & Social Assistance (6,835 people), Retail Trade (5,718 people), and Educational Services (5,399 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Grand Forks County, ND has an unusually high number of Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting (2.74 times higher than expected), Educational Services (1.52 times), and Retail Trade (1.3 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Grand Forks County, ND, by median earnings, are Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($75,556), Utilities ($66,053), and Public Administration ($47,696).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from North Dakota to other states, or from other states to North Dakota.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $46.1B

  2. $11.4B

  3. $10.7B

In 2015, the top outbound North Dakota product (by dollars) was Crude petroleum with $46.1B, followed by Cereal grains ($11.4B) and Other ag prods. ($10.7B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound North Dakota products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for North Dakota state.

$115B

2015 Value

$123B

Projected 2045 Value

6.79% growth

In 2015, total outbound North Dakota trade was $115B. This is expected to increase 6.79% to $123B by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound North Dakota trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from North Dakota to other states, or from other states to North Dakota.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $12.8B

  2. $11.4B

  3. $8.57B

In 2015, the top outbound North Dakota domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Minnesota with $12.8B, followed by Texas with $11.4B and Illinois and $8.57B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that North Dakota shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

92.8% of the population of Grand Forks County, ND has health coverage, with 55.3% on employee plans, 8.97% on Medicaid, 8.36% on Medicare, 16.4% on non-group plans, and 3.72% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the county of Grand Forks County, ND was $9,851 in 2014. This is a 4.97% increase from the previous year ($9,385).

Primary care physicians in Grand Forks County, ND see 739 patients per year on average, which represents a 6.22% decrease from the previous year (788 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1367 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 366 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Rolette County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (14.5%). Additionally, Rolette County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (39.6%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

739 to 1

Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio

Primary care physicians in Grand Forks County, ND see an average of 739 patients per year. This represents a 6.22% decrease from the previous year (788 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Grand Forks County, ND in comparison to neighboring states.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for North Dakota.

$9,851

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$4,410

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$12,413

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$9,461

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in North Dakota (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 4.97%, from $9,385 to $9,851.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

7.17%

Uninsured

55.3%

Employer Coverage

8.97%

Medicaid

8.36%

Medicare

16.4%

Non-Group

3.72%

Military or VA

Between 2016 and 2017, the percent of uninsured citizens in Grand Forks County, ND declined by 5.93% from 7.62% to 7.17%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Grand Forks County, ND changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 14.5% prevalence

  2. 13% prevalence

  3. 12.7% prevalence

Rolette County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in North Dakota, at 14.5%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in North Dakota by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

Grand Forks County, ND is home to a population of 70.1k people, from which 97% are citizens. As of 2017, 4.6% of Grand Forks County, ND residents were born outside of the country (3.23k people).

The ethnic composition of the population of Grand Forks County, ND is composed of 59.6k White Alone residents (85%), 2.8k Hispanic or Latino residents (3.99%), 2.37k Black or African American Alone residents (3.38%), 1.79k Asian Alone residents (2.55%), 1.73k American Indian & Alaska Native Alone residents (2.46%), 1.65k Two or More Races residents (2.36%), 120 Some Other Race Alone residents (0.171%), and 71 Native Hawaiian & Other Pacific Islander Alone residents (0.101%).

The most common foreign languages spoken in Grand Forks County, ND are N/A.

Age

Age by Nativity

29

Median Native-Born Age

± 0.3

33

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 1.1

In 2017, the median age of all people in Grand Forks County, ND was 29.5. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 29, were generally younger than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 33. But people in Grand Forks County, ND are getting staying the same age. In 2016, the average age of all Grand Forks County, ND residents was 30.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

4.6%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

3.23k people

4.08%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

2.85k people

As of 2017, 4.6% of Grand Forks County, ND residents (3.23k people) were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Grand Forks County, ND was 4.08%, meaning that the rate has been increasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Grand Forks County, ND compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for North Dakota.

Most Common Origin

  1. Mexico

    3,426 ± 1,434 people

  2. Canada

    2,477 ± 1,220 people

  3. Philippines

    2,077 ± 1,117 people

In 2017, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of North Dakota was Mexico, the natal country of 3,426 North Dakota residents, followed by Canada with 2,477 and Philippines with 2,077.

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Citizenship

97%

2017 Citizenship

97.4%

2016 Citizenship

As of 2017, 97% of Grand Forks County, ND residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.1%. In 2016, the percentage of US citizens in Grand Forks County, ND was 97.4%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been decreasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Grand Forks County, ND compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

Most Common

  1. White Alone

    59.6k ± 68

  2. Hispanic or Latino

    2.8k ± 432

  3. Black or African American Alone

    2.37k ± 205

In 2017, there were 21.3 times more White Alone residents (59.6k people) in Grand Forks County, ND than any other race or ethnicity. There were 2.8k Hispanic or Latino and 2.37k Black or African American Alone residents, the second and third most common racial or ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 8 races and ethnicities represented in Grand Forks County, ND as a share of the total population.

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Non-English Speakers

Most Common Languages

  1. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

  2. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

  3. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

N/A% of Grand Forks County, ND citizens are speakers of a non-English language, which is approximately the same as the national average of 21.8%. In N/A, the most common non-English language spoken in Grand Forks County, ND was N/A. N/A% of the overall population of Grand Forks County, ND are native N/A speakers. N/A% speak N/A and N/A% speak N/A, the next two most common languages.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Gulf War (2001-)

    1,419 ± 218

  2. Vietnam

    1,371 ± 190

  3. Gulf War (1990s)

    614 ± 126

Grand Forks County, ND has a large population of military personnel who served in Gulf War (2001-), 1.04 times greater than any other conflict.

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Education

In 2016, universities in Grand Forks County, ND awarded 3,451 degrees. The student population of Grand Forks County, ND is skewed towards men, with 7,679 male students and 7,026 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Grand Forks County, ND are White (2,833 and 86.2%), followed by Unknown (123 and 3.74%), Two or More Races (94 and 2.86%), and Hispanic or Latino (74 and 2.25%).

The largest universities in Grand Forks County, ND by number of degrees awarded are University of North Dakota (3,409 and 98.8%) and Josef's School of Hair Design Inc-Grand Forks (42 and 1.22%).

The most popular majors in Grand Forks County, ND are Registered Nursing (206 and 5.97%), General Psychology (142 and 4.11%), and Social Work (128 and 3.71%).

The median tuition costs in Grand Forks County, ND are $N/A for private four year colleges, and $6,679 and $17,833 respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

Most Common

  1. 134 degrees awarded

  2. 129 degrees awarded

  3. 120 degrees awarded

In 2015, the most common concentation for Bachelors Degree recipients in Grand Forks County, ND was General Psychology with 134 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Bachelors Degree from schools in Grand Forks County, ND according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded

  1. 3,409 degrees awarded

  2. 42 degrees awarded

$6,679

Median In-State Public

$N/A

Median Private

In 2016, the Grand Forks County, ND institution with the largest number of graduating students was University of North Dakota with 3,409 degrees awarded.

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Student Gender for Common Institutions

1,538

Degrees Awarded to Men

1,913

Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2016, 1,538 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Grand Forks County, ND, which is 0.804 times less than the 1,913 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the institutions in Grand Forks County, ND by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity

  1. White

    2,833 degrees awarded

  2. Unknown

    123 degrees awarded

  3. Two or More Races

    94 degrees awarded

In 2016 the majority of degrees awarded at institutions in Grand Forks County, ND were to White students. These 2,833 degrees mean that there were 23 times more White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Unknown, with 123 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Grand Forks County, ND was $181,600 in 2017, which is 0.835 times smaller than the national average of $217,600. Between 2016 and 2017 the median property value increased from $168,900 to $181,600, a 7.52% increase. The homeownership rate in Grand Forks County, ND is 49.1%, which is lower than the national average of 63.9%. People in Grand Forks County, ND have an average commute time of 13.7 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Grand Forks County, ND is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Income

Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$51,410

Median Household Income

± $1,526

29.7k

Number of Households

± 1,091

In 2017, the median household income of the 29.7k households in Grand Forks County, ND grew to $51,410 from the previous year's value of $50,652.

The following chart displays the households in Grand Forks County, ND distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Housing

Property Value

$181,600

2017 Median

± $4,520

$168,900

2016 Median

± $3,633

In 2017, the median property value in Grand Forks County, ND grew to to $181,600 from the previous year's value of $168,900.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Grand Forks County, ND compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Grand Forks County, ND the largest share of households have a property value in the $200k - $250k range.

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Property Taxes

$3k+

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Grand Forks County, ND distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Grand Forks County, ND the largest share of households pay taxes in the $3k+ range.

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Rent vs Own

49.1%

2017 Homeownership

50.2%

2016 Homeownership

In 2017, 49.1% of the housing units in Grand Forks County, ND were occupied by their owner. This percentage declined from the previous year's rate of 50.2%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is lower than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Grand Forks County, ND compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Grand Forks County, ND distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Grand Forks County, ND have 2 cars, followed by 3 cars.

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Commute Time

13.7 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Grand Forks County, ND have a shorter commute time (13.7 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.1 minutes). Additionally, 0.738% of the workforce in Grand Forks County, ND have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Grand Forks County, ND compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    82%

  2. Carpooled

    7.76%

  3. Walked

    3.95%

In 2017, the most common method of travel for workers in Grand Forks County, ND was Drove Alone (82%), followed by those who Carpooled (7.76%) and those who Walked (3.95%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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