Nelson County, ND

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Population

2,971

2.01% decline

Median Age

52.5


Median Household Income

$52,417

2.22% growth

Poverty Rate

8.41%


Number of Employees

1,550

0.519% growth

Median Property Value

$78,700

1.55% growth

About

In 2017, Nelson County, ND had a population of 2.97k people with a median age of 52.5 and a median household income of $52,417. Between 2016 and 2017 the population of Nelson County, ND declined from 3,032 to 2,971, a -2.01% decrease and its median household income grew from $51,280 to $52,417, a 2.22% increase.

The population of Nelson County, ND is 96.7% White Alone, 2.52% Hispanic or Latino, and 0.404% Two or More Races. 1.54% of the people in Nelson County, ND speak a non-English language, and 98% are U.S. citizens.

The median property value in Nelson County, ND is $78,700, and the homeownership rate is 75.5%. Most people in Nelson County, ND commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 16.5 minutes. The average car ownership in Nelson County, ND is 2 cars per household.

Economy

The economy of Nelson County, ND employs 1.55k people. The largest industries in Nelson County, ND are Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting (379 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (224 people), and Public Administration (130 people), and the highest paying industries are Information ($51,250), Transportation & Warehousing ($48,750), and Wholesale Trade ($47,679).

Median household income in Nelson County, ND is $52,417. Males in Nelson County, ND have an average income that is 1.44 times higher than the average income of females, which is $42,424. The income inequality in Nelson County, ND (measured using the Gini index) is 0.431, which is lower than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$52,417

2017 value

± $5,195

2.22%

1 Year Growth

± 10.3%

Households in Nelson County, ND have a median annual income of $52,417, which is less than the median annual income of $60,336 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $51,280 in 2016, which represents a 2.22% annual growth.

Look at the chart to see how the median household income in Nelson County, ND compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for North Dakota.

$60,998

Average Male Salary

± $3,148

$42,424

Average Female Salary

± $2,091

In 2017, full-time male employees in Nelson County, ND made 1.44 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Nelson County, ND by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for North Dakota.

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. White

    $46,817 ± $1,967

  2. Two or More Races

    $38,540 ± $11,502

  3. American Indian

    $36,702 ± $8,076

In 2017 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Nelson County, ND workers was White. These workers were paid 1.21 times more than Two or More Races workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Nelson County, ND by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Nelson County, ND is from North Dakota.

0.431

2017 Wage GINI

0.445

2016 Wage GINI

In 2017, the income inequality in North Dakota was 0.431 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 3.1% decline from 2016 to 2017, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat more even.

The 2017 the GINI for North Dakota was lower than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in North Dakota in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in North Dakota across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Highest Median Household Income (Total)

  1. Census Tract 9590

  2. N/A

  3. N/A

In 2017, the tract with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Nelson County, ND was Census Tract 9590 with a value of $51,085, followed by N/A and N/A, with respective values of N/A and N/A.

The following map shows all of the tracts in Nelson County, ND colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 75+

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

8.41% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Nelson County, ND (243 out of 2.89k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is lower than the national average of 13.4%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 75+, followed by Females 45 - 54 and then Males 6 - 11.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. White

    238 ± 59

  2. Hispanic

    6 ± 44

  3. Two Or More

    5 ± 43

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Nelson County, ND is White, followed by Hispanic and Two Or More.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

1.55k

2017 Value

± 149

0.519%

1 Year growth

± 13%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Nelson County, ND grew at a rate of 0.519%, from 1.54k employees to 1.55k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Nelson County, ND, are Management Occupations (340 people), Office & Administrative Support Occupations (162 people), and Farming, Fishing, & Forestry Occupations (130 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Nelson County, ND.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Nelson County, ND, by number of employees, are Management Occupations (340 people), Office & Administrative Support Occupations (162 people), and Farming, Fishing, & Forestry Occupations (130 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Nelson County, ND has an unusually high number of residents working as Farming, Fishing, & Forestry Occupations (12.4 times higher than expected), Law Enforcement Workers Including Supervisors (3.34 times), and Healthcare Support Occupations (2.86 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Nelson County, ND, by median earnings, are Health Technologists & Technicians ($58,594), Healthcare Practitioners & Technical Occupations ($55,417), and Management Occupations ($54,609).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

1.55k

2017 Value

± 149

0.519%

1 Year growth

± 13%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Nelson County, ND grew at a rate of 0.519%, from 1.54k employees to 1.55k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Nelson County, ND, are Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting (379 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (224 people), and Public Administration (130 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Nelson County, ND, though some of these residents may live in Nelson County, ND and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Nelson County, ND, by number of employees, are Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting (379 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (224 people), and Public Administration (130 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Nelson County, ND has an unusually high number of Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting (20.7 times higher than expected), Utilities (2.61 times), and Wholesale Trade (2.23 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Nelson County, ND, by median earnings, are Information ($51,250), Transportation & Warehousing ($48,750), and Wholesale Trade ($47,679).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from North Dakota to other states, or from other states to North Dakota.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $46.1B

  2. $11.4B

  3. $10.7B

In 2015, the top outbound North Dakota product (by dollars) was Crude petroleum with $46.1B, followed by Cereal grains with $11.4B and Other ag prods. and $10.7B.

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound North Dakota products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for North Dakota state.

$115B

2015 Value

$123B

Projected 2045 Value

6.79% growth

In 2015, total outbound North Dakota trade was $115B. This is expected to increase 6.79% to $123B by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound North Dakota trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from North Dakota to other states, or from other states to North Dakota.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $12.8B

  2. $11.4B

  3. $8.57B

In 2015, the top outbound North Dakota domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Minnesota with $12.8B, followed by Texas with $11.4B and Illinois and $8.57B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that North Dakota shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

91% of the population of Nelson County, ND has health coverage, with 43.7% on employee plans, 6.54% on Medicaid, 20.9% on Medicare, 18.2% on non-group plans, and 1.66% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the county of Nelson County, ND was $9,851 in 2014. This is a 4.97% increase from the previous year ($9,385).

Primary care physicians in Nelson County, ND see 2968 patients per year on average, which represents a 2.53% decrease from the previous year (3045 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 0 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 0 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Rolette County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (14.5%). Additionally, Rolette County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (39.6%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

2,968 to 1

Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio

Primary care physicians in Nelson County, ND see an average of 2,968 patients per year. This represents a 2.53% decrease from the previous year (3,045 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Nelson County, ND in comparison to neighboring states.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for North Dakota.

$9,851

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$4,410

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$12,413

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$9,461

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in North Dakota (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 4.97%, from $9,385 to $9,851.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

9.03%

Uninsured

43.7%

Employer Coverage

6.54%

Medicaid

20.9%

Medicare

18.2%

Non-Group

1.66%

Military or VA

Between 2016 and 2017, the percent of uninsured citizens in Nelson County, ND grew by 33.8% from 6.75% to 9.03%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Nelson County, ND changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 14.5% prevalence

  2. 13% prevalence

  3. 12.7% prevalence

Rolette County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in North Dakota, at 14.5%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in North Dakota by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

Nelson County, ND is home to a population of 2.97k people, from which 98% are citizens. As of 2017, 2.26% of Nelson County, ND residents were born outside of the country.

The ethnic composition of the population of Nelson County, ND is composed of 2.87k White Alone residents (96.7%), 75 Hispanic or Latino residents (2.52%), 12 Two or More Races residents (0.404%), 10 American Indian & Alaska Native Alone residents (0.337%), 0 Asian Alone residents (0%), 0 Native Hawaiian & Other Pacific Islander Alone residents (0%), 0 Black or African American Alone residents (0%), and 0 Some Other Race Alone residents (0%).

The most common foreign languages spoken in Nelson County, ND are Scandinavian Languages (14 speakers), Other Slavic Languages (13 speakers), and Spanish or Spanish Creole (8 speakers).

Age

Age by Nativity

53

Median Native-Born Age

± 0.4

33

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 8.6

In 2017, the median age of all people in Nelson County, ND was 52.5. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 53, were generally older than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 33. But people in Nelson County, ND are getting getting younger. In 2016, the average age of all Nelson County, ND residents was 53.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

2.26%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

0.858%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

As of 2017, 2.26% of Nelson County, ND residents were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Nelson County, ND was 0.858%, meaning that the rate has been increasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Nelson County, ND compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

Most Common Origin

  1. Mexico

    3,426 ± 1,434 people

  2. Canada

    2,477 ± 1,220 people

  3. Philippines

    2,077 ± 1,117 people

In 2017, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Nelson County, ND was Mexico, the natal country of 3,426 Nelson County, ND residents, followed by Canada with 2,477 and Philippines with 2,077.

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Citizenship

98%

2017 Citizenship

99.5%

2016 Citizenship

As of 2017, 98% of Nelson County, ND residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.1%. In 2016, the percentage of US citizens in Nelson County, ND was 99.5%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been decreasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Nelson County, ND compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

Most Common

  1. White Alone

    2.87k ± 15

  2. Hispanic or Latino

    75 ± 47.2

  3. Two or More Races

    12 ± 8.6

In 2017, there were 38.3 times more White Alone residents (2.87k people) in Nelson County, ND than any other race or ethnicity. There were 75 Hispanic or Latino and 12 Two or More Races residents, the second and third most common racial or ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 8 races and ethnicities represented in Nelson County, ND as a share of the total population.

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Non-English Speakers

Most Common Languages

  1. Scandinavian Languages

    14 speakers (0.481%)

  2. Other Slavic Languages

    13 speakers (0.446%)

  3. Spanish or Spanish Creole

    8 speakers (0.275%)

1.54% of Nelson County, ND citizens are speakers of a non-English language, which is lower than the national average of 21.5%. In 2015, the most common non-English language spoken in Nelson County, ND was Scandinavian Languages. 0.481% of the overall population of Nelson County, ND are native Scandinavian Languages speakers. 0.446% speak Other Slavic Languages and 0.275% speak Scandinavian Languages, the next two most common languages.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Vietnam

    96 ± 25

  2. Gulf War (1990s)

    47 ± 23

  3. Korea

    26 ± 11

Nelson County, ND has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 2.04 times greater than any other conflict.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Nelson County, ND was $78,700 in 2017, which is 0.362 times smaller than the national average of $217,600. Between 2016 and 2017 the median property value increased from $77,500 to $78,700, a 1.55% increase. The homeownership rate in Nelson County, ND is 75.5%, which is higher than the national average of 63.9%. People in Nelson County, ND have an average commute time of 16.5 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Nelson County, ND is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Income

Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$52,417

Median Household Income

± $5,195

1.49k

Number of Households

± 156

In 2017, the median household income of the 1.49k households in Nelson County, ND grew to $52,417 from the previous year's value of $51,280.

The following chart displays the households in Nelson County, ND distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $60k - $75k range.

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Housing

Property Value

$78,700

2017 Median

± $3,388

$77,500

2016 Median

± $5,545

In 2017, the median property value in Nelson County, ND grew to to $78,700 from the previous year's value of $77,500.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Nelson County, ND compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Nelson County, ND the largest share of households have a property value in the $70k - $80k range.

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Property Taxes

< $800

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Nelson County, ND distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Nelson County, ND the largest share of households pay taxes in the < $800 range.

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Rent vs Own

75.5%

2017 Homeownership

75.8%

2016 Homeownership

In 2017, 75.5% of the housing units in Nelson County, ND were occupied by their owner. This percentage declined from the previous year's rate of 75.8%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is higher than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Nelson County, ND compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Nelson County, ND distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Nelson County, ND have 2 cars, followed by 3 cars.

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Commute Time

16.5 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Nelson County, ND have a shorter commute time (16.5 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.1 minutes). Additionally, 0.861% of the workforce in Nelson County, ND have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Nelson County, ND compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    71.6%

  2. Carpooled

    10.5%

  3. Worked At Home

    7.99%

In 2017, the most common method of travel for workers in Nelson County, ND was Drove Alone, followed by those who Carpooled and those who Worked At Home.

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