Nelson County, ND

County

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2020 Population
2,864
1.04% 1-year decline
US Senator
John Hoeven
Republican Party
US Senator
Kevin Cramer
Republican Party
US Representative
Kelly Armstrong
Republican Party
2020 Median Age
52.2
0.382% 1-year decrease
2020 Poverty Rate
10.4%
9.3% 1-year decrease
2020 Median Household Income
$53,063
1.97% 1-year growth
2020 Median Property Value
$96,100
14% 1-year growth

About

In 2020, Nelson County, ND had a population of 2.86k people with a median age of 52.2 and a median household income of $53,063. Between 2019 and 2020 the population of Nelson County, ND declined from 2,894 to 2,864, a −1.04% decrease and its median household income grew from $52,039 to $53,063, a 1.97% increase.

The 5 largest ethnic groups in Nelson County, ND are White (Non-Hispanic) (92%), Two+ (Non-Hispanic) (3.46%), Other (Hispanic) (2.97%), White (Hispanic) (0.663%), and Asian (Non-Hispanic) (0.559%).

None of the households in Nelson County, ND reported speaking a non-English language at home as their primary shared language. This does not consider the potential multi-lingual nature of households, but only the primary self-reported language spoken by all members of the household.

96.4% of the residents in Nelson County, ND are U.S. citizens.

In 2020, the median property value in Nelson County, ND was $96,100, and the homeownership rate was 75.1%.

Most people in Nelson County, ND drove alone to work, and the average commute time was 20.1 minutes. The average car ownership in Nelson County, ND was 2 cars per household.

geosearchPopulation & Diversity

Nelson County, ND is home to a population of 2.86k people, from which 96.4% are citizens. As of 2020, 4.33% of Nelson County, ND residents were born outside of the country (124 people).

In 2020, there were 26.6 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (2.64k people) in Nelson County, ND than any other race or ethnicity. There were 99 Two+ (Non-Hispanic) and 85 Other (Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

Citizenship

96.4%
2020 Citizenship
98%
2019 Citizenship

As of 2020, 96.4% of Nelson County, ND residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.4%. In 2019, the percentage of US citizens in Nelson County, ND was 98%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been decreasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Nelson County, ND compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

The 3 largest ethnic groups in Nelson County, ND
  1. White (Non-Hispanic)
    2.64k ± 6
  2. Two+ (Non-Hispanic)
    99 ± 19.9
  3. Other (Hispanic)
    85 ± 17
3.77%
Hispanic Population
108 people

In 2020, there were 26.6 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (2.64k people) in Nelson County, ND than any other race or ethnicity. There were 99 Two+ (Non-Hispanic) and 85 Other (Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

3.77% of the people in Nelson County, ND are hispanic (108 people).

The following chart shows the 7 races represented in Nelson County, ND as a share of the total population.

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Foreign-Born Population

4.33%
2020 Foreign-Born Population
124 people
2.87%
2019 Foreign-Born Population
83 people

As of 2020, 4.33% of Nelson County, ND residents (124 people) were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.5%. In 2019, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Nelson County, ND was 2.87%, meaning that the rate has been increasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Nelson County, ND compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Veterans

Most Common Service Period
  1. Vietnam
    78 ± 27
  2. Gulf War (2001-)
    43 ± 28
  3. Korea
    31 ± 18

Nelson County, ND has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 1.81 times greater than any other conflict.

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briefcaseEconomy

The economy of Nelson County, ND employs 1.43k people. The largest industries in Nelson County, ND are Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting (246 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (188 people), and Retail Trade (167 people), and the highest paying industries are Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($71,250), Information ($53,036), and Utilities ($46,667).

Occupations

1.43k
2020 Value
± 129
−1.65%
1 Year decline
± 12.8%

From 2019 to 2020, employment in Nelson County, ND declined at a rate of −1.65%, from 1.45k employees to 1.43k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Nelson County, ND, are Management Occupations (259 people), Sales & Related Occupations (144 people), and Office & Administrative Support Occupations (138 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Nelson County, ND.

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Unemployment Insurance Claims

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for North Dakota.

This chart shows weekly unemployment insurance claims in North Dakota (not-seasonally adjusted) compared with the four states with the most similar impact.

The most recent data point uses Advance State Claims data, which can be revised in subsequent weeks.

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Employment by Industries

1.43k
2020 Value
± 129
−1.65%
1 Year decline
± 12.8%

From 2019 to 2020, employment in Nelson County, ND declined at a rate of −1.65%, from 1.45k employees to 1.43k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Nelson County, ND, are Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting (246 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (188 people), and Retail Trade (167 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Nelson County, ND, though some of these residents may live in Nelson County, ND and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Median Earnings by Industry

$42,738
Median earning men ± $5,375
$31,750
Median earning women ± $2,841

The industries with the best median earnings for men in 2020 are Finance & Insurance, & Real Estate & Rental & Leasing ($60,833), Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting, & Mining ($56,667), and Educational Services, & Health Care & Social Assistance ($55,250).

The industries with the best median earnings for women in 2020 are Wholesale Trade ($46,250), Educational Services, & Health Care & Social Assistance ($41,719), and Manufacturing ($41,563).

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Employment by Industry Sector

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for North Dakota.
Y-Axis
8.45%
Year-over-year growth
Employment change between May 2020 and May 2021

As of May 2021, there are 145M people employed in North Dakota. This represents a 8.45% increase in employment when compared to May 2020.

The following chart shows monthly employment numbers for each industry sector in North Dakota.

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Establishments by Size

The industries with the most establishments
  1. 65
    Finance & Insurance, and Real Estate, Rental & Leasing
  2. 33
    Wholesale Trade
  3. 28
    Educational Services, Health Care & Social Assistance

The visualization shows the distribution of establishments by industry and by size according to the number of employees.

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Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from North Dakota to other states, or from other states to North Dakota.
Top Domestic Production in Dollars
  1. $62.8B
  2. $10.4B
  3. $9.05B

In 2020, the top outbound North Dakota product (by dollars) was Crude petroleum with $62.8B, followed by Coal-n.e.c. ($10.4B) and Other ag prods. ($9.05B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound North Dakota products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for North Dakota.
$148B
2020 Value in North Dakota
$277B
Projected 2050 Value in North Dakota
87.3% growth

In 2020, total outbound North Dakota trade was $148B. This is expected to increase 87.3% to $277B by 2050.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound North Dakota trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from North Dakota to other states, or from other states to North Dakota.
Most Common Trade Partners
  1. $17.1B
  2. $16.8B
  3. $16.3B

In 2020, the top outbound North Dakota domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Minnesota with $17.1B, followed by Texas with $16.8B and Illinois and $16.3B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that North Dakota shares with each state (excluding itself).

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flagCivics

In the 2020 presidential election, the popular vote in Nelson County, ND went to Donald J. Trump with 64.2% of the vote. The runner-up was Joseph R Biden Jr. (33%), followed by Jo Jorgensen (2.42%).

John Hoeven and Kevin Cramer are the senators currently representing the state of North Dakota. In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

Nelson County, ND is currently represented by Kelly Armstrong in the U.S. house, and members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms.

US Senators from North Dakota

Senatorial voting results are only available at the state level. Showing data for North Dakota.
John Hoeven
Senator from North Dakota3
Assumed office on January 3, 2011
Kevin Cramer
Senator from North Dakota1
Assumed office on January 3, 2019

John Hoeven and Kevin Cramer are the senators currently representing North Dakota.

In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

The following chart shows elected senators in North Dakota over time, excluding special elections, colored by their political party.

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US Representatives from Nelson County, ND

Kelly Armstrong
North Dakota at-large Representative
Republican Party

Nelson County, ND is currently represented by Kelly Armstrong (Republican Party).

Members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms, and the following chart shows the how the member for Nelson County, ND have changed over time starting in 2008.

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learningEducation

Awarded Degrees over Time

The graph shows the evolution of awarded degrees by degrees. Under the paragraphs, the average number of awarded degrees by university in each degree is shown.

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Educational Pyramid

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for North Dakota.
Measure

In 2020, 0.248% of men over 25 years of age had not completed any academic degree (no schooling), while 0.344% of women were in the same situation.

This visualization shows the gender distribution of the population according to the academic level reached.

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Educational Attainment

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for North Dakota.
Race

The most common educational levels obtained by the working population in 2020 were High School or Equivalent (156k), Some college (146k), and Bachelors Degree (119k).

This visualization illustrates the percentage distribution of the population according to the highest educational level reached. You can filter the data by race by using the selector above.

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homeHousing & Living

The median property value in Nelson County, ND was $96,100 in 2020, which is 0.418 times smaller than the national average of $229,800. Between 2019 and 2020 the median property value increased from $84,300 to $96,100, a 14% increase. The homeownership rate in Nelson County, ND is 75.1%, which is approximately the same as the national average of 64.4%.

People in Nelson County, ND have an average commute time of 20.1 minutes, and they drove alone to work. Car ownership in Nelson County, ND is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Property

$96,100
Median Property Value 2020
±$7,032
$1,072
Median Property Taxes
±$126

The following chart display owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Nelson County, ND the largest share of households pay taxes in the < $800 range.

The chart underneath the paragraph shows the property taxes in Nelson County, ND compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies.

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Rent vs Own

75.1%
Homeownership
2020
62.9%
Homeowners with Mortgage
2020

In 2020, 75.1% of the housing units in Nelson County, ND were occupied by their owner. This percentage grew from the previous year's rate of 72.3%.

This chart shows the percentage of owner in Nelson County, ND compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Income by Location

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Race/Ethnicity
Census Tract 9590
Highest Median Household Income (Total)

The following map shows all of the tracts in Nelson County, ND colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.
$53,063
Median Household Income
± $7,520
1.43k
Number of Households
± 144

In 2020, the median household income of the 1.43k households in Nelson County, ND grew to $53,063 from the previous year's value of $52,039.

The following chart displays the households in Nelson County, ND distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $60k - $75k range.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Nelson County, ND is from North Dakota.
0.432
2020 Wage GINI in North Dakota
0.43
2019 Wage GINI in North Dakota

In 2020, the income inequality in North Dakota was 0.432 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.241% growth from 2019 to 2020, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat less even. The GINI for North Dakota was lower than than the national average of 0.478. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in North Dakota in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in North Dakota across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Commute in 2020
  1. Drove Alone (72.2%)
  2. Carpooled (10.6%)
  3. Walked (7.45%)

In 2020, 72.2% of workers in Nelson County, ND drove alone to work, followed by those who carpooled to work (10.6%) and those who walked to work (7.45%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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Commute Time

20.1 minutes
Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Nelson County, ND have a shorter commute time (20.1 minutes) than the normal US worker (26.9 minutes). Additionally, 2.73% of the workforce in Nelson County, ND have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Nelson County, ND compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Car Ownership

2 cars
Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Nelson County, ND distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Nelson County, ND have 2 cars.

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Poverty & Diversity

10.4% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Nelson County, ND (291 out of 2.79k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is lower than the national average of 12.8%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 65 - 74, followed by Females 18 - 24 and then Females 6 - 11.

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Nelson County, ND is White, followed by Two Or More and Hispanic.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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pulseHealth

94.1% of the population of Nelson County, ND has health coverage, with 42.9% on employee plans, 6.75% on Medicaid, 19.8% on Medicare, 22.2% on non-group plans, and 2.44% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in North Dakota was $9,851 in 2014. This is a 4.97% increase from the previous year ($9,385).

By gender, of the total number of insured persons, 51.2% were men and 48.8% were women.

Daily New Cases by Date

Showing data at the state level for North Dakota. Hospitalization data for some states may be delayed or not reported.
Y-Axis

This chart shows the number of COVID-19 daily new cases by date in North Dakota, as a 7-day rolling average, compared with the four states with the most similar number of confirmed cases.

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Community Mobility

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for North Dakota.

This chart presents movement trends over time in the state of North Dakota across different categories of places such as retail and recreation, groceries and pharmacies, parks, transit stations, workplaces, and residential.

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Health Care Diversity

In 2020, insured persons according to age ranges were distributed in 19% under 18 years, 16.8% between 18 and 34 years, 38.1% between 35 and 64 years, and 26.1% over 64 years.

By gender, of the total number of insured persons, 51.2% were men and 48.8% were women.

The following chart shows the number of people with health coverage by gender.

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Uninsured People

5.88%
Uninsured
42.9%
Employer Coverage
6.75%
Medicaid
19.8%
Medicare
22.2%
Non-Group
2.44%
Military or VA

Between 2019 and 2020, the percent of uninsured citizens in Nelson County, ND declined by 18.1% from 7.19% to 5.88%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Nelson County, ND changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Outcomes

Indicator

The graphic shows the trend of the indicator in Nelson County, ND.

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Health Behaviors

Indicator

In 2021, the percentage of the adult population (age 18 and older) that reports a body mass index (BMI) greater than or equal to 30 kg/m2 (age-adjusted) was 41.3% in Nelson County, ND.

The graphic shows the trend of the indicator in Nelson County, ND.

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