Buncombe County, NC

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Population

257,607

0.593% growth

Median Age

42.8


Median Household Income

$50,040

1.27% decline

Poverty Rate

13.2%


Number of Employees

131,902

6.46% growth

Median Property Value

$240,100

8.64% growth

About

In 2017, Buncombe County, NC had a population of 258k people with a median age of 42.8 and a median household income of $50,040. Between 2016 and 2017 the population of Buncombe County, NC grew from 256,088 to 257,607, a 0.593% increase and its median household income declined from $50,685 to $50,040, a -1.27% decrease.

The population of Buncombe County, NC is N/A% N/A, N/A% N/A, and N/A% N/A. N/A% of the people in Buncombe County, NC speak a non-English language, and 96.9% are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Buncombe County, NC are Asheville-Buncombe Technical Community College (1,481 degrees awarded in 2016), University of North Carolina at Asheville (817 degrees), and Warren Wilson College (237 degrees).

The median property value in Buncombe County, NC is $240,100, and the homeownership rate is 63.4%. Most people in Buncombe County, NC commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 17.8 minutes. The average car ownership in Buncombe County, NC is 2 cars per household.

About the photo: North Carolina Welcome Center

Economy

The economy of Buncombe County, NC employs 132k people. The largest industries in Buncombe County, NC are Health Care & Social Assistance (22,989 people), Retail Trade (14,853 people), and Accommodation & Food Services (14,110 people), and the highest paying industries are Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services ($48,021), Finance & Insurance ($46,533), and Transportation & Warehousing ($44,298).

Median household income in Buncombe County, NC is $50,040. Males in Buncombe County, NC have an average income that is 1.34 times higher than the average income of females, which is $46,208. The income inequality in Buncombe County, NC (measured using the Gini index) is 0.473, which is lower than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$50,040

2017 value

± $2,324

-1.27%

1 Year Growth

± 5.79%

Households in Buncombe County, NC have a median annual income of $50,040, which is less than the median annual income of $60,336 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $50,685 in 2016, which represents a -1.27% annual growth.

Look at the chart to see how the median household income in Buncombe County, NC compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for North Carolina.

$62,048

Average Male Salary

± $1,147

$46,208

Average Female Salary

± $809

In 2017, full-time male employees in North Carolina made 1.34 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in North Carolina by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for North Carolina.

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. Asian

    $63,340 ± $4,747

  2. White

    $51,739 ± $820

  3. American Indian and Alaska Native tribes specified; or American Indian or Alaska Native, not specified and no other races

    $47,717 ± $31,159

In 2017 the highest paid race/ethnicity of North Carolina workers was Asian. These workers were paid 1.22 times more than White workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in North Carolina by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Buncombe County, NC is from North Carolina.

0.473

2017 Wage GINI

0.474

2016 Wage GINI

In 2017, the income inequality in North Carolina was 0.473 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.293% decline from 2016 to 2017, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat more even.

The 2017 the GINI for North Carolina was lower than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in North Carolina in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in North Carolina across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Highest Median Household Income (Total)

  1. Census Tract 21.01

  2. Census Tract 17

  3. Census Tract 32.01

In 2017, the tract with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Buncombe County, NC was Census Tract 21.01 with a value of $143,000, followed by Census Tract 17 and Census Tract 32.01, with respective values of $74,583 and $73,631.

The following map shows all of the tracts in Buncombe County, NC colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 25 - 34

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

13.2% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Buncombe County, NC (32.6k out of 246k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is lower than the national average of 13.4%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 25 - 34, followed by Males 25 - 34 and then Females 18 - 24.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. White

    27,194 ± 1,289

  2. Hispanic

    4,995 ± 572

  3. Black

    3,471 ± 442

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Buncombe County, NC is White, followed by Hispanic and Black.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

132k

2017 Value

± 6,463

6.46%

1 Year growth

± 6.55%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Buncombe County, NC grew at a rate of 6.46%, from 124k employees to 132k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Buncombe County, NC, are Sales & Related Occupations (14,295 people), Management Occupations (13,409 people), and Office & Administrative Support Occupations (13,294 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Buncombe County, NC.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Buncombe County, NC, by number of employees, are Sales & Related Occupations (14,295 people), Management Occupations (13,409 people), and Office & Administrative Support Occupations (13,294 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Buncombe County, NC has an unusually high number of residents working as Arts, Design, Entertainment, Sports, & Media Occupations (2.04 times higher than expected), Health Diagnosing & Treating Practitioners & Other Technical Occupations (1.57 times), and Community & Social Service Occupations (1.46 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Buncombe County, NC, by median earnings, are Life, Physical, & Social Science Occupations ($66,485), Architecture & Engineering Occupations ($62,198), and Computer, Engineering, & Science Occupations ($61,962).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

132k

2017 Value

± 6,463

6.46%

1 Year growth

± 6.55%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Buncombe County, NC grew at a rate of 6.46%, from 124k employees to 132k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Buncombe County, NC, are Health Care & Social Assistance (22,989 people), Retail Trade (14,853 people), and Accommodation & Food Services (14,110 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Buncombe County, NC, though some of these residents may live in Buncombe County, NC and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Buncombe County, NC, by number of employees, are Health Care & Social Assistance (22,989 people), Retail Trade (14,853 people), and Accommodation & Food Services (14,110 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Buncombe County, NC has an unusually high number of Arts, Entertainment, & Recreation (1.68 times higher than expected), Other Services, Except Public Administration (1.48 times), and Accommodation & Food Services (1.39 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Buncombe County, NC, by median earnings, are Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services ($48,021), Finance & Insurance ($46,533), and Transportation & Warehousing ($44,298).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from North Carolina to other states, or from other states to North Carolina.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $50.4B

  2. $35.3B

  3. $34.5B

In 2015, the top outbound North Carolina product (by dollars) was Mixed freight with $50.4B, followed by Pharmaceuticals ($35.3B) and Machinery ($34.5B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound North Carolina products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for North Carolina state.

$407B

2015 Value

$632B

Projected 2045 Value

55.4% growth

In 2015, total outbound North Carolina trade was $407B. This is expected to increase 55.4% to $632B by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound North Carolina trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from North Carolina to other states, or from other states to North Carolina.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $25.6B

  2. $25.4B

  3. $25.2B

In 2015, the top outbound North Carolina domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was South Carolina with $25.6B, followed by Georgia with $25.4B and Virginia and $25.2B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that North Carolina shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

89.1% of the population of Buncombe County, NC has health coverage, with 43.4% on employee plans, 12.8% on Medicaid, 14.2% on Medicare, 17.2% on non-group plans, and 1.49% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the county of Buncombe County, NC was $7,264 in 2014. This is a 3.37% increase from the previous year ($7,027).

Primary care physicians in Buncombe County, NC see 707 patients per year on average, which represents a 3.15% decrease from the previous year (730 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1369 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 193 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Edgecombe County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (16.2%). Additionally, Hertford County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (40.5%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

707 to 1

Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio

Primary care physicians in Buncombe County, NC see an average of 707 patients per year. This represents a 3.15% decrease from the previous year (730 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Buncombe County, NC in comparison to neighboring states.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for North Carolina.

$7,264

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$3,859

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$7,225

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$10,260

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in North Carolina (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 3.37%, from $7,027 to $7,264.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

10.9%

Uninsured

43.4%

Employer Coverage

12.8%

Medicaid

14.2%

Medicare

17.2%

Non-Group

1.49%

Military or VA

Between 2016 and 2017, the percent of uninsured citizens in Buncombe County, NC grew by 27.1% from 8.58% to 10.9%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Buncombe County, NC changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 16.2% prevalence

  2. 16.1% prevalence

  3. 16% prevalence

Edgecombe County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in North Carolina, at 16.2%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in North Carolina by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

Buncombe County, NC is home to a population of 258k people, from which 96.9% are citizens. As of 2017, 5.75% of Buncombe County, NC residents were born outside of the country (14.8k people).

The ethnic composition of the population of Buncombe County, NC is composed of N/A.

The most common foreign languages spoken in Buncombe County, NC are N/A.

Age

Age by Nativity

42

Median Native-Born Age

± 0.7

47

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 3.5

In 2017, the median age of all people in Buncombe County, NC was 42.8. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 42, were generally younger than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 47. But people in Buncombe County, NC are getting getting older. In 2016, the average age of all Buncombe County, NC residents was 43.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

5.75%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

14.8k people

5.3%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

13.6k people

As of 2017, 5.75% of Buncombe County, NC residents (14.8k people) were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Buncombe County, NC was 5.3%, meaning that the rate has been increasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Buncombe County, NC compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for North Carolina.

Most Common Origin

  1. Mexico

    237,569 ± 11,827 people

  2. India

    71,743 ± 6,553 people

  3. Honduras

    36,265 ± 4,667 people

In 2017, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of North Carolina was Mexico, the natal country of 237,569 North Carolina residents, followed by India with 71,743 and Honduras with 36,265.

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Citizenship

96.9%

2017 Citizenship

97.3%

2016 Citizenship

As of 2017, 96.9% of Buncombe County, NC residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.1%. In 2016, the percentage of US citizens in Buncombe County, NC was 97.3%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been decreasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Buncombe County, NC compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

In N/A, there were N/A times more N/A residents (N/A people) in Buncombe County, NC than any other race or ethnicity. There were N/A N/A and N/A N/A residents, the second and third most common racial or ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the N/A races and ethnicities represented in Buncombe County, NC as a share of the total population.

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Non-English Speakers

Most Common Languages

  1. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

  2. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

  3. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

N/A% of Buncombe County, NC citizens are speakers of a non-English language, which is approximately the same as the national average of 21.8%. In N/A, the most common non-English language spoken in Buncombe County, NC was N/A. N/A% of the overall population of Buncombe County, NC are native N/A speakers. N/A% speak N/A and N/A% speak N/A, the next two most common languages.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Vietnam

    7,030 ± 1,167

  2. Gulf War (1990s)

    2,357 ± 730

  3. Gulf War (2001-)

    2,164 ± 913

Buncombe County, NC has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 2.98 times greater than any other conflict.

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Education

In 2016, universities in Buncombe County, NC awarded 2,846 degrees. The student population of Buncombe County, NC is skewed towards women, with 5,459 male students and 7,445 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Buncombe County, NC are White (2,319 and 81.9%), followed by Black or African American (152 and 5.37%), Hispanic or Latino (137 and 4.84%), and Unknown (115 and 4.06%).

The largest universities in Buncombe County, NC by number of degrees awarded are Asheville-Buncombe Technical Community College (1,481 and 52%), University of North Carolina at Asheville (817 and 28.7%), and Warren Wilson College (237 and 8.33%).

The most popular majors in Buncombe County, NC are Liberal Arts & Sciences (472 and 16.6%), General Business Administration & Management (134 and 4.71%), and General Psychology (113 and 3.97%).

The median tuition costs in Buncombe County, NC are $29,000 for private four year colleges, and $4,041 and $20,436 respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

Most Common

  1. 98 degrees awarded

  2. 113 degrees awarded

  3. 103 degrees awarded

In 2015, the most common concentation for Bachelors Degree recipients in Buncombe County, NC was Environmental Studies with 98 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Bachelors Degree from schools in Buncombe County, NC according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded

  1. 1,481 degrees awarded

  2. 817 degrees awarded

  3. 237 degrees awarded

$4,041

Median In-State Public

$29,000

Median Private

In 2016, the Buncombe County, NC institution with the largest number of graduating students was Asheville-Buncombe Technical Community College with 1,481 degrees awarded.

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Student Gender for Common Institutions

1,219

Degrees Awarded to Men

1,627

Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2016, 1,219 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Buncombe County, NC, which is 0.749 times less than the 1,627 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the top 5 institutions in Buncombe County, NC by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity

  1. White

    2,319 degrees awarded

  2. Black or African American

    152 degrees awarded

  3. Hispanic or Latino

    137 degrees awarded

In 2016 the majority of degrees awarded at institutions in Buncombe County, NC were to White students. These 2,319 degrees mean that there were 15.3 times more White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Black or African American, with 152 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Buncombe County, NC was $240,100 in 2017, which is 1.1 times larger than the national average of $217,600. Between 2016 and 2017 the median property value increased from $221,000 to $240,100, a 8.64% increase. The homeownership rate in Buncombe County, NC is 63.4%, which is lower than the national average of 63.9%. People in Buncombe County, NC have an average commute time of 17.8 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Buncombe County, NC is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Income

Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$50,040

Median Household Income

± $2,324

108k

Number of Households

± 5,467

In 2017, the median household income of the 108k households in Buncombe County, NC declined from $50,040 from the previous year's value of $50,685.

The following chart displays the households in Buncombe County, NC distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Housing

Property Value

$240,100

2017 Median

± $9,825

$221,000

2016 Median

± $7,239

In 2017, the median property value in Buncombe County, NC grew to to $240,100 from the previous year's value of $221,000.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Buncombe County, NC compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Buncombe County, NC the largest share of households have a property value in the $300k - $400k range.

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Property Taxes

$800 - $1,499

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Buncombe County, NC distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Buncombe County, NC the largest share of households pay taxes in the $800 - $1,499 range.

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Rent vs Own

63.4%

2017 Homeownership

64.1%

2016 Homeownership

In 2017, 63.4% of the housing units in Buncombe County, NC were occupied by their owner. This percentage declined from the previous year's rate of 64.1%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is lower than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Buncombe County, NC compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Buncombe County, NC distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Buncombe County, NC have 2 cars, followed by 1 car.

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Commute Time

17.8 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Buncombe County, NC have a shorter commute time (17.8 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.5 minutes). Additionally, 1.06% of the workforce in Buncombe County, NC have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Buncombe County, NC compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    75.1%

  2. Worked At Home

    13%

  3. Carpooled

    9.16%

In 2017, the most common method of travel for workers in Buncombe County, NC was Drove Alone (75.1%), followed by those who Worked At Home (13%) and those who Carpooled (9.16%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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