Middlesex County, NJ

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Population

842,798

0.684% growth

Median Age

38.4


Median Household Income

$85,337

3.6% growth

Poverty Rate

8.58%


Number of Employees

418,021

2.76% growth

Median Property Value

$340,700

2.25% growth

About

In 2017, Middlesex County, NJ had a population of 843k people with a median age of 38.4 and a median household income of $85,337. Between 2016 and 2017 the population of Middlesex County, NJ grew from 837,073 to 842,798, a 0.684% increase and its median household income grew from $82,375 to $85,337, a 3.6% increase.

The population of Middlesex County, NJ is 42.5% White Alone, 25% Asian Alone, and 21.2% Hispanic or Latino. 43.3% of the people in Middlesex County, NJ speak a non-English language, and 84.3% are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Middlesex County, NJ are Rutgers University-New Brunswick (12,279 degrees awarded in 2016), Middlesex County College (1,596 degrees), and DeVry University-New Jersey (315 degrees).

The median property value in Middlesex County, NJ is $340,700, and the homeownership rate is 63.7%. Most people in Middlesex County, NJ commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 32.3 minutes. The average car ownership in Middlesex County, NJ is 2 cars per household.

About the photo: New Brunswick, NJ

Economy

The economy of Middlesex County, NJ employs 418k people. The largest industries in Middlesex County, NJ are Health Care & Social Assistance (54,402 people), Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services (50,095 people), and Retail Trade (41,493 people), and the highest paying industries are Finance & Insurance ($102,488), Finance & Insurance, & Real Estate & Rental & Leasing ($100,211), and Utilities ($85,264).

Median household income in Middlesex County, NJ is $85,337. Males in Middlesex County, NJ have an average income that is 1.38 times higher than the average income of females, which is $62,638. The income inequality in Middlesex County, NJ (measured using the Gini index) is 0.493, which is higher than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$85,337

2017 value

± $1,953

3.6%

1 Year Growth

± 3.46%

Households in Middlesex County, NJ have a median annual income of $85,337, which is more than the median annual income of $60,336 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $82,375 in 2016, which represents a 3.6% annual growth.

Look at the chart to see how the median household income in Middlesex County, NJ compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the county level, so we are showing data for the New Jersey.

$86,424

Average Male Salary

± $1,628

$62,638

Average Female Salary

± $1,187

In 2017, full-time male employees in Middlesex County, NJ made 1.38 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Middlesex County, NJ by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the county level, so we are showing data for the New Jersey.

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. Asian

    $82,096 ± $2,933

  2. Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander

    $70,592 ± $66,407

  3. White

    $69,144 ± $1,183

In 2017 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Middlesex County, NJ workers was Asian. These workers were paid 1.16 times more than Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Middlesex County, NJ by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Middlesex County, NJ is from New Jersey.

0.493

2017 Wage GINI

0.49

2016 Wage GINI

In 2017, the income inequality in New Jersey was 0.493 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.562% growth from 2016 to 2017, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat less even.

The 2017 the GINI for New Jersey was higher than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed less evenly in New Jersey in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in New Jersey across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Highest Median Household Income (Total)

  1. Census Tract 14.09

  2. Census Tract 79.11

  3. Census Tract 66.06

In 2017, the tract with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Middlesex County, NJ was Census Tract 14.09 with a value of $154,167, followed by Census Tract 79.11 and Census Tract 66.06, with respective values of $152,222 and $147,386.

The following map shows all of the tracts in Middlesex County, NJ colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 25 - 34

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

8.58% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Middlesex County, NJ (69.3k out of 807k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is lower than the national average of 13.4%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 25 - 34, followed by Females 18 - 24 and then Males 18 - 24.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. White

    44,253 ± 1,626

  2. Hispanic

    29,213 ± 1,286

  3. Asian

    9,783 ± 743

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Middlesex County, NJ is White, followed by Hispanic and Asian.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

418k

2017 Value

± 10,394

2.76%

1 Year growth

± 3.44%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Middlesex County, NJ grew at a rate of 2.76%, from 407k employees to 418k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Middlesex County, NJ, are Other Management Occupations Except Farmers, Ranchers, & Other Agricultural Managers (24,746 people), Software Developers & Programmers (17,284 people), and Other Business Operations Specialists (12,508 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Middlesex County, NJ.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Middlesex County, NJ, by number of employees, are Other Management Occupations Except Farmers, Ranchers, & Other Agricultural Managers (24,746 people), Software Developers & Programmers (17,284 people), and Other Business Operations Specialists (12,508 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Middlesex County, NJ has an unusually high number of residents working as Software Developers & Programmers (2.92 times higher than expected), Life & Physical Scientists (2.34 times), and Computer & Information Research Scientists & Analysts (2.21 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Middlesex County, NJ, by median earnings, are Law Enforcement Workers Including Supervisors ($106,621), Computer & Mathematical Occupations ($98,984), and Architecture & Engineering Occupations ($98,466).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

418k

2017 Value

± 10,394

2.76%

1 Year growth

± 3.44%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Middlesex County, NJ grew at a rate of 2.76%, from 407k employees to 418k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Middlesex County, NJ, are Health Care & Social Assistance (54,402 people), Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services (50,095 people), and Retail Trade (41,493 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Middlesex County, NJ, though some of these residents may live in Middlesex County, NJ and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Middlesex County, NJ, by number of employees, are Health Care & Social Assistance (54,402 people), Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services (50,095 people), and Retail Trade (41,493 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Middlesex County, NJ has an unusually high number of Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services (1.6 times higher than expected), Transportation & Warehousing (1.53 times), and Information (1.51 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Middlesex County, NJ, by median earnings, are Finance & Insurance ($102,488), Finance & Insurance, & Real Estate & Rental & Leasing ($100,211), and Utilities ($85,264).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from New Jersey to other states, or from other states to New Jersey.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $48.1B

  2. $36.5B

  3. $35.3B

In 2015, the top outbound New Jersey product (by dollars) was Pharmaceuticals with $48.1B, followed by Electronics with $36.5B and Motorized vehicles and $35.3B.

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound New Jersey products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for New Jersey state.

$467B

2015 Value

$734B

Projected 2045 Value

57.1% growth

In 2015, total outbound New Jersey trade was $467B. This is expected to increase 57.1% to $734B by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound New Jersey trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from New Jersey to other states, or from other states to New Jersey.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $70.5B

  2. $48.9B

  3. $16.6B

In 2015, the top outbound New Jersey domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was New York with $70.5B, followed by Pennsylvania with $48.9B and California and $16.6B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that New Jersey shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

92.9% of the population of Middlesex County, NJ has health coverage, with 59% on employee plans, 12.4% on Medicaid, 10.9% on Medicare, 10.2% on non-group plans, and 0.363% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the county of Middlesex County, NJ was $8,859 in 2014. This is a 4.91% increase from the previous year ($8,444).

Primary care physicians in Middlesex County, NJ see 1064 patients per year on average, which represents a 1.14% increase from the previous year (1052 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1167 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 627 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Salem County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (12.1%). Additionally, Cumberland County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (34.7%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

1064 to 1

Primary Care Physicians

Primary care physicians in Middlesex County, NJ see an average of 1064 patients per year. This represents a 1.14% increase from the previous year (1052 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Middlesex County, NJ in comparison to neighboring states.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for New Jersey.

$8,859

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$5,081

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$8,049

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$12,614

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in New Jersey (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 4.91%, from $8,444 to $8,859.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

7.11%

Uninsured

59%

Employer Coverage

12.4%

Medicaid

10.9%

Medicare

10.2%

Non-Group

0.363%

Military or VA

Between 2016 and 2017, the percent of uninsured citizens in Middlesex County, NJ declined by 0.805% from 7.17% to 7.11%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Middlesex County, NJ changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 12.1% prevalence

  2. 11.7% prevalence

  3. 11.7% prevalence

Salem County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in New Jersey, at 12.1%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in New Jersey by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

Middlesex County, NJ is home to a population of 843k people, from which 84.3% are citizens. As of 2017, 32.3% of Middlesex County, NJ residents were born outside of the country.

The ethnic composition of the population of Middlesex County, NJ is composed of 358k White Alone residents (42.5%), 211k Asian Alone residents (25%), 179k Hispanic or Latino residents (21.2%), 77.8k Black or African American Alone residents (9.23%), 14.2k Two or More Races residents (1.69%), 2.3k Some Other Race Alone residents (0.273%), 1.3k American Indian & Alaska Native Alone residents (0.154%), and 78 Native Hawaiian & Other Pacific Islander Alone residents (0.00925%).

The most common foreign languages spoken in Middlesex County, NJ are Spanish or Spanish Creole (129,010 speakers), Hindi (33,265 speakers), and Other Asian Languages (28,280 speakers).

Age

Age by Nativity

32

Median Native-Born Age

± 0.6

44

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 0.7

In 2017, the median age of all people in Middlesex County, NJ was 38.4. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 32, were generally younger than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 44. But people in Middlesex County, NJ are getting getting older. In 2016, the average age of all Middlesex County, NJ residents was 38.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

32.3%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

31.9%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

As of 2017, 32.3% of Middlesex County, NJ residents were born outside of the United States, which is higher than the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Middlesex County, NJ was 31.9%, meaning that the rate has been increasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Middlesex County, NJ compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

Most Common Origin

  1. India

    283,401 ± 12,863 people

  2. Dominican Republic

    186,056 ± 10,480 people

  3. Mexico

    122,971 ± 8,550 people

In 2017, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Middlesex County, NJ was India, the natal country of 283,401 Middlesex County, NJ residents, followed by Dominican Republic with 186,056 and Mexico with 122,971.

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Citizenship

84.3%

2017 Citizenship

84.9%

2016 Citizenship

As of 2017, 84.3% of Middlesex County, NJ residents were US citizens, which is lower than the national average of 93.1%. In 2016, the percentage of US citizens in Middlesex County, NJ was 84.9%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been decreasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Middlesex County, NJ compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

Most Common

  1. White Alone

    358k ± 939

  2. Asian Alone

    211k ± 1.69k

  3. Hispanic or Latino

    179k ± 9.3k

In 2017, there were 1.7 times more White Alone residents (358k people) in Middlesex County, NJ than any other race or ethnicity. There were 211k Asian Alone and 179k Hispanic or Latino residents, the second and third most common racial or ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 8 races and ethnicities represented in Middlesex County, NJ as a share of the total population.

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Non-English Speakers

Most Common Languages

  1. Spanish or Spanish Creole

    129,010 speakers (16.3%)

  2. Hindi

    33,265 speakers (4.21%)

  3. Other Asian Languages

    28,280 speakers (3.58%)

43.3% of Middlesex County, NJ citizens are speakers of a non-English language, which is higher than the national average of 21.5%. In 2015, the most common non-English language spoken in Middlesex County, NJ was Spanish or Spanish Creole. 16.3% of the overall population of Middlesex County, NJ are native Spanish or Spanish Creole speakers. 4.21% speak Hindi and 3.58% speak Spanish or Spanish Creole, the next two most common languages.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Vietnam

    9,082 ± 1,062

  2. Korea

    2,758 ± 668

  3. Gulf War (2001-)

    2,484 ± 714

Middlesex County, NJ has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 3.29 times greater than any other conflict.

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Education

In 2016, universities in Middlesex County, NJ awarded 15,848 degrees. The student population of Middlesex County, NJ is skewed towards women, with 30,504 male students and 34,950 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Middlesex County, NJ are White (6,813 and 46.6%), followed by Asian (2,946 and 20.1%), Hispanic or Latino (2,264 and 15.5%), and Black or African American (1,630 and 11.1%).

The largest universities in Middlesex County, NJ by number of degrees awarded are Rutgers University-New Brunswick (12,279 and 77.5%), Middlesex County College (1,596 and 10.1%), and DeVry University-New Jersey (315 and 1.99%).

The most popular majors in Middlesex County, NJ are Social Work (756 and 4.77%), Liberal Arts & Sciences (639 and 4.03%), and General Psychology (634 and 4%).

The median tuition costs in Middlesex County, NJ are $11,700 for private four year colleges, and $11,408 and $27,059 respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

Most Common

  1. 545 degrees awarded

  2. 401 degrees awarded

  3. 391 degrees awarded

In 2015, the most common concentation for Bachelors Degree recipients in Middlesex County, NJ was General Psychology with 545 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Bachelors Degree from schools in Middlesex County, NJ according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded

  1. 12,279 degrees awarded

  2. 1,596 degrees awarded

  3. 315 degrees awarded

$11,408

Median In-State Public

$11,700

Median Private

In 2016, the Middlesex County, NJ institution with the largest number of graduating students was Rutgers University-New Brunswick with 12,279 degrees awarded.

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Student Gender for Common Institutions

6,801

Degrees Awarded to Men

9,047

Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2016, 6,801 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Middlesex County, NJ, which is 0.752 times less than the 9,047 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the top 5 institutions in Middlesex County, NJ by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity

  1. White

    6,813 degrees awarded

  2. Asian

    2,946 degrees awarded

  3. Hispanic or Latino

    2,264 degrees awarded

In 2016 the majority of degrees awarded at institutions in Middlesex County, NJ were to White students. These 6,813 degrees mean that there were 2.31 times more White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Asian, with 2,946 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Middlesex County, NJ was $340,700 in 2017, which is 1.57 times larger than the national average of $217,600. Between 2016 and 2017 the median property value increased from $333,200 to $340,700, a 2.25% increase. The homeownership rate in Middlesex County, NJ is 63.7%, which is lower than the national average of 63.9%. People in Middlesex County, NJ have an average commute time of 32.3 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Middlesex County, NJ is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Income

Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$85,337

Median Household Income

± $1,953

285k

Number of Households

± 8,076

In 2017, the median household income of the 285k households in Middlesex County, NJ grew to $85,337 from the previous year's value of $82,375.

The following chart displays the households in Middlesex County, NJ distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Housing

Property Value

$340,700

2017 Median

± $4,898

$333,200

2016 Median

± $5,500

In 2017, the median property value in Middlesex County, NJ grew to to $340,700 from the previous year's value of $333,200.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Middlesex County, NJ compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Middlesex County, NJ the largest share of households have a property value in the $300k - $400k range.

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Property Taxes

$3k+

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Middlesex County, NJ distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Middlesex County, NJ the largest share of households pay taxes in the $3k+ range.

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Rent vs Own

63.7%

2017 Homeownership

63.2%

2016 Homeownership

In 2017, 63.7% of the housing units in Middlesex County, NJ were occupied by their owner. This percentage grew from the previous year's rate of 63.2%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is lower than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Middlesex County, NJ compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Middlesex County, NJ distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Middlesex County, NJ have 2 cars, followed by 3 cars.

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Commute Time

32.3 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Middlesex County, NJ have a longer commute time (32.3 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.5 minutes). Additionally, 7.62% of the workforce in Middlesex County, NJ have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Middlesex County, NJ compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    73%

  2. Public Transit

    9.42%

  3. Carpooled

    8.89%

In 2017, the most common method of travel for workers in Middlesex County, NJ was Drove Alone, followed by those who Public Transit and those who Carpooled.

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