Essex County, NJ

County

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Population
799,767
1.05% 1-year decline
US Senator
Bob Menendez
Democratic Party
US Senator
Cory Booker
Democratic Party
Median Age
37.8

Median Household Income
$63,368
4.86% 1-year growth
Median Property Value
$393,000
3.58% 1-year growth
Number of Employees
N/A

About

In 2018, Essex County, NJ had a population of 800k people with a median age of 37.8 and a median household income of $63,368. Between 2017 and 2018 the population of Essex County, NJ declined from 808,285 to 799,767, a -1.05% decrease and its median household income grew from $60,430 to $63,368, a 4.86% increase.

The 5 largest ethnic groups in Essex County, NJ are Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) (38.4%), White (Non-Hispanic) (29.7%), White (Hispanic) (11.3%), Other (Hispanic) (9.7%), and Asian (Non-Hispanic) (5.53%). 36.8% of the people in Essex County, NJ speak a non-English language, and 87.7% are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Essex County, NJ are Seton Hall University (2,978 degrees awarded in 2017), New Jersey Institute of Technology (2,951 degrees), and Rutgers University-Newark (2,946 degrees).

The median property value in Essex County, NJ is $393,000, and the homeownership rate is 44.8%. Most people in Essex County, NJ commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 32.9 minutes. The average car ownership in Essex County, NJ is 2 cars per household.

About the photo: Branch Brook Park in Newark, NJ.

COVID-19

Daily New Cases by Date

Showing data at the state level for New Jersey. Hospitalization data for some states may be delayed or not reported.

This chart shows the number of COVID-19 daily new cases by date in New Jersey, as a 7-day rolling average, compared with the four states with the most similar number of confirmed cases.

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Impact on Employment

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for New Jersey.

This chart shows weekly unemployment insurance claims in New Jersey (not-seasonally adjusted) compared with the four states with the most similar impact.

The most recent data point uses Advance State Claims data, which can be revised in subsequent weeks.

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Community Mobility

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for New Jersey.

This chart presents movement trends over time in the state of New Jersey across different categories of places such as retail and recreation, groceries and pharmacies, parks, transit stations, workplaces, and residential.

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Civics

In the 2016 presidential election, the popular vote in New Jersey went to Hillary Rodham Clinton with 77.5% of the vote. The runner-up was Donald J. Trump (20.3%), followed by Other (2.23%). The most partisan county was Essex County, NJ with 77.5% of the vote going to Hillary Rodham Clinton running for the Democratic Party.

Bob Menendez and Cory Booker are the senators currently representing the state of New Jersey. In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

Essex County, NJ is currently represented by 12 members in the U.S. house, and members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms.

Presidential Popular Vote by County

Presidential voting results are only available at the county level. Showing data for the counties inside of New Jersey.
Hillary Rodham Clinton
Popular Vote for New Jersey
77.5% for the Democratic Party
Most Partisan Counties in New Jersey
  1. 77.5% for Hillary Rodham Clinton (Democratic Party)
  2. 74.7% for Hillary Rodham Clinton (Democratic Party)
  3. 66.9% for Hillary Rodham Clinton (Democratic Party)

In the 2016 presidential election, the most partisan county in New Jersey was Essex County, NJ with 77.5% of the vote going to Hillary Rodham Clinton running for the Democratic Party.

The following map shows the counties in New Jersey colored by their party leaning.

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US Senators from New Jersey

Senatorial voting results are only available at the state level. Showing data for New Jersey.
Bob Menendez
Senator from New Jersey1
Assumed office on January 18, 2006
Cory Booker
Senator from New Jersey2
Assumed office on October 31, 2013
Elected to succeed Jeffrey Chiesa, who was appointed to the seat following the death of Frank Lautenberg.

Bob Menendez and Cory Booker are the senators currently representing New Jersey.

In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

The following chart shows elected senators in New Jersey over time, colored by their political party.

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US Representatives from New Jersey

New Jersey is currently represented by 12 members in the U.S. house.

Members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms, and the following chart shows the how the members for Essex County, NJ have changed over time starting in 2008.

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Diversity

Essex County, NJ is home to a population of 800k people, from which 87.7% are citizens. As of N/A, N/A% of Essex County, NJ residents were born outside of the country (N/A people).

In 2018, there were 1.29 times more Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) residents (307k people) in Essex County, NJ than any other race or ethnicity. There were 237k White (Non-Hispanic) and 90.4k White (Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

The most common foreign languages spoken in Essex County, NJ are Spanish (150,008 speakers), Haitian (19,866 speakers), and Portuguese (17,412 speakers).

Race and Ethnicity

Race and Ethnicity

The 3 largest ethnic groups in Essex County, NJ
  1. Black or African American (Non-Hispanic)
    307k ± 3.24k
  2. White (Non-Hispanic)
    237k ± 2.25k
  3. White (Hispanic)
    90.4k ± 7.72k
23.5%
Hispanic Population
188k people

In 2018, there were 1.29 times more Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) residents (307k people) in Essex County, NJ than any other race or ethnicity. There were 237k White (Non-Hispanic) and 90.4k White (Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

23.5% of the people in Essex County, NJ are hispanic (188k people).

The following chart shows the 7 races represented in Essex County, NJ as a share of the total population.

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Non-English Speakers

Most Common Languages
  1. Spanish
    150,008 speakers (20.1%)
  2. Haitian
    19,866 speakers (2.66%)
  3. Portuguese
    17,412 speakers (2.33%)

36.8% of Essex County, NJ citizens are speakers of a non-English language, which is higher than the national average of 21.9%. In 2018, the most common non-English language spoken in Essex County, NJ was Spanish. 20.1% of the overall population of Essex County, NJ are native Spanish speakers. 2.66% speak Haitian and 2.33% speak Spanish, the next two most common languages.

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Age by Nativity

32
Median Native-Born Age
± 0.5
45
Median Foreign-Born Age
± 0.8

In 2018, the median age of all people in Essex County, NJ was 37.8. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 32, were generally younger than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 45. But people in Essex County, NJ are getting getting older. In 2017, the average age of all Essex County, NJ residents was 38.

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Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for New Jersey.
Most Common Origin
  1. India
    260,034 ± 12,336 people
  2. Dominican Republic
    194,328 ± 10,704 people
  3. Mexico
    107,599 ± 8,005 people

In 2018, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of New Jersey was India, the natal country of 260,034 New Jersey residents, followed by Dominican Republic with 194,328 and Mexico with 107,599.

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Citizenship

87.7%
2018 Citizenship
87.2%
2017 Citizenship

As of 2018, 87.7% of Essex County, NJ residents were US citizens, which is lower than the national average of 93.2%. In 2017, the percentage of US citizens in Essex County, NJ was 87.2%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been increasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Essex County, NJ compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period
  1. Vietnam
    4,814 ± 997
  2. Gulf War (2001-)
    2,929 ± 1,014
  3. Korea
    2,160 ± 698

Essex County, NJ has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 1.64 times greater than any other conflict.

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Economy

Median household income in Essex County, NJ is $63,368. In N/A, the tract with the highest Median Household Income in Essex County, NJ was N/A with a value of N/A, followed by N/A and N/A, with respective values of N/A and N/A.

Males in New Jersey have an average income that is 1.36 times higher than the average income of females, which is $65,578. The income inequality in New Jersey (measured using the Gini index) is 0.493, which is higher than than the national average.

The economy of Essex County, NJ employs N/A people. The largest industries in Essex County, NJ are Health Care & Social Assistance (60,873 people), Educational Services (36,558 people), and Retail Trade (35,499 people), and the highest paying industries are Management of Companies & Enterprises ($140,212), Finance & Insurance ($91,967), and Information ($79,570).

Wages

Median Household Income

$63,368
2018 value
± $3,408
4.86%
1 Year Growth
± 6.15%

Households in Essex County, NJ have a median annual income of $63,368, which is more than the median annual income of $61,937 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $60,430 in 2017, which represents a 4.86% annual growth.

The following chart shows how the median household income in Essex County, NJ compares to that of its neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for New Jersey.
$89,489
Average Male Salary in New Jersey
± $1,731
$65,578
Average Female Salary in New Jersey
± $1,240

In 2018, full-time male employees in New Jersey made 1.36 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in New Jersey by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for New Jersey.
Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity in New Jersey
  1. Asian
    $86,392 ± $3,381
  2. White
    $72,755 ± $1,266
  3. Two or More Races
    $54,823 ± $4,874

In 2018 the highest paid race/ethnicity of New Jersey workers was Asian. These workers were paid 1.19 times more than White workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity in New Jersey.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in New Jersey by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Essex County, NJ is from New Jersey.
0.493
2018 Wage GINI in New Jersey
0.493
2017 Wage GINI in New Jersey

In 2018, the income inequality in New Jersey was 0.493 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.0656% decline from 2017 to 2018, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat more even. The GINI for New Jersey was higher than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed less evenly in New Jersey in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in New Jersey across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Highest Median Household Income (Total)
  1. N/A
  2. N/A
  3. N/A

In N/A, the tract with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Essex County, NJ was N/A with a value of N/A, followed by N/A and N/A, with respective values of N/A and N/A.

The following map shows all of the tracts in Essex County, NJ colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

N/A N/A
Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

N/A% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Essex County, NJ (N/A out of N/A people) live below the poverty line, a number that is approximately the same as the national average of 13.1%. The largest demographic living in poverty are N/A N/A, followed by N/A N/A and then N/A N/A.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Essex County, NJ is N/A, followed by N/A and N/A.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

N/A
N/A Value
± N/A

From N/A to N/A, employment in Essex County, NJ stayed at a rate of NaNk%, from N/A employees to N/A employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Essex County, NJ, are N/A. This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Essex County, NJ.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Essex County, NJ, by number of employees, are N/A.

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Essex County, NJ has an unusually high number of residents working as N/A.

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Essex County, NJ, by median earnings, are Legal Occupations ($105,802), Computer & Mathematical Occupations ($100,164), and Management Occupations ($82,440).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

N/A
N/A Value
± N/A

From N/A to N/A, employment in Essex County, NJ stayed at a rate of NaNk%, from N/A employees to N/A employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Essex County, NJ, are Health Care & Social Assistance (60,873 people), Educational Services (36,558 people), and Retail Trade (35,499 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Essex County, NJ, though some of these residents may live in Essex County, NJ and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Essex County, NJ, by number of employees, are Health Care & Social Assistance (60,873 people), Educational Services (36,558 people), and Retail Trade (35,499 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Essex County, NJ has an unusually high number of Transportation & Warehousing (1.61 times higher than expected), Information (1.37 times), and Administrative & Support & Waste Management Services (1.28 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Essex County, NJ, by median earnings, are Management of Companies & Enterprises ($140,212), Finance & Insurance ($91,967), and Information ($79,570).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from New Jersey to other states, or from other states to New Jersey.
Top Domestic Production in Dollars
  1. $48.1B
  2. $36.5B
  3. $35.3B

In 2015, the top outbound New Jersey product (by dollars) was Pharmaceuticals with $48.1B, followed by Electronics ($36.5B) and Motorized vehicles ($35.3B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound New Jersey products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for New Jersey.
$467B
2015 Value in New Jersey
$734B
Projected 2045 Value in New Jersey
57.1% growth

In 2015, total outbound New Jersey trade was $467B. This is expected to increase 57.1% to $734B by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound New Jersey trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from New Jersey to other states, or from other states to New Jersey.
Most Common Trade Partners
  1. $70.5B
  2. $48.9B
  3. $16.6B

In 2015, the top outbound New Jersey domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was New York with $70.5B, followed by Pennsylvania with $48.9B and California and $16.6B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that New Jersey shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Education

In 2017, universities in Essex County, NJ awarded 11,961 degrees. The student population of Essex County, NJ is skewed towards women, with 24,409 male students and 24,434 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Essex County, NJ are White (3,552 and 34.6%), followed by Black or African American (2,292 and 22.4%), Hispanic or Latino (2,170 and 21.2%), and Asian (1,275 and 12.4%).

The largest universities in Essex County, NJ by number of degrees awarded are Seton Hall University (2,978 and 24.9%), New Jersey Institute of Technology (2,951 and 24.7%), and Rutgers University-Newark (2,946 and 24.6%).

The most popular majors in Essex County, NJ are General Business Administration & Management (1,010 and 8.44%), Accounting (591 and 4.94%), and General Biological Sciences (467 and 3.9%).

The median tuition costs in Essex County, NJ are $30,775 for private four year colleges, and $12,763 and $28,243 respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

Most Common
  1. 402 degree-majorss awarded
  2. 366 degree-majorss awarded
  3. 334 degree-majorss awarded

In 2015, the most common concentation for Bachelors Degree recipients in Essex County, NJ was General Biological Sciences with 402 degree-majorss awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Bachelors Degree from schools in Essex County, NJ according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded
  1. 2,978 degrees awarded
  2. 2,951 degrees awarded
  3. 2,946 degrees awarded
$12,763
Median In-State Public
$30,775
Median Private

In 2017, the Essex County, NJ institution with the largest number of graduating students was Seton Hall University with 2,978 degrees awarded.

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Student Gender for Common Institutions

5,902
Degrees Awarded to Men
6,059
Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2017, 5,902 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Essex County, NJ, which is 0.974 times less than the 6,059 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the top 5 institutions in Essex County, NJ by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity
  1. White
    3,552 degrees awarded
  2. Black or African American
    2,292 degrees awarded
  3. Hispanic or Latino
    2,170 degrees awarded

In 2017 the majority of degrees awarded at institutions in Essex County, NJ were to White students. These 3,552 degrees mean that there were 1.55 times more White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Black or African American, with 2,292 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Essex County, NJ was $393,000 in 2018, which is 1.71 times larger than the national average of $229,700. Between 2017 and 2018 the median property value increased from $379,400 to $393,000, a 3.58% increase. The homeownership rate in Essex County, NJ is 44.8%, which is lower than the national average of 63.9%. People in Essex County, NJ have an average commute time of 32.9 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Essex County, NJ is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Housing

Property Value

$393,000
2018 Median
± $7,200
$379,400
2017 Median
± $7,369

In 2018, the median property value in Essex County, NJ grew to to $393,000 from the previous year's value of $379,400.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Essex County, NJ compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Essex County, NJ the largest share of households have a property value in the $300k - $400k range.

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Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.
$63,368
Median Household Income
± $3,408
290k
Number of Households
± 8,743

In 2018, the median household income of the 290k households in Essex County, NJ grew to $63,368 from the previous year's value of $60,430.

The following chart displays the households in Essex County, NJ distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $200k+ range.

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Property Taxes

$3k+
Average Range

This chart shows the households in Essex County, NJ distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Essex County, NJ the largest share of households pay taxes in the $3k+ range.

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Rent vs Own

44.8%
2018 Homeownership
45.2%
2017 Homeownership

In 2018, 44.8% of the housing units in Essex County, NJ were occupied by their owner. This percentage declined from the previous year's rate of 45.2%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is lower than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Essex County, NJ compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Commute Time

32.9 minutes
Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Essex County, NJ have a longer commute time (32.9 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.7 minutes). Additionally, 6.2% of the workforce in Essex County, NJ have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Essex County, NJ compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel
  1. Drove Alone
    60.8%
  2. Public Transit
    21%
  3. Carpooled
    7.62%

In 2018, the most common method of travel for workers in Essex County, NJ was Drove Alone (60.8%), followed by those who Public Transit (21%) and those who Carpooled (7.62%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars
Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Essex County, NJ distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Essex County, NJ have 2 cars, followed by 1 car.

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Health

N/A% of the population of Essex County, NJ has health coverage, with N/A% on employee plans, N/A% on Medicaid, N/A% on Medicare, N/A% on non-group plans, and N/A% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in New Jersey was $8,859 in 2014. This is a 4.91% increase from the previous year ($8,444).

Primary care physicians in Essex County, NJ see 1217 patients per year on average, which represents a 0.662% increase from the previous year (1209 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1084 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 545 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Salem County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (12.1%). Additionally, Cumberland County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (34.7%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

1,217 to 1
Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio in Essex County, NJ

Primary care physicians in Essex County, NJ see an average of 1,217 patients per year. This represents a 0.662% increase from the previous year (1,209 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Essex County, NJ in comparison to its neighboring geographies.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.
State with the Highest Prevalence
  1. 8.26% of the population affected
  2. 8.13% of the population affected
  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.
Most prevalent states
  1. 19.2% of adults
  2. 17.9% of adults
  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for New Jersey.
$8,859
Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care in New Jersey
$5,081
Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care
$8,049
Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care
$12,614
Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in New Jersey (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 4.91%, from $8,444 to $8,859.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

N/A%
Uninsured
N/A%
Employer Coverage
N/A%
Medicaid
N/A%
Medicare
N/A%
Non-Group
N/A%
Military or VA

Between N/A and N/A, the percent of uninsured citizens in Essex County, NJ N/A by N/A from N/A% to N/A%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Essex County, NJ changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.
Most at risk counties
  1. 12.1% prevalence
  2. 11.7% prevalence
  3. 11.7% prevalence

Salem County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in New Jersey, at 12.1%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in New Jersey by county over multiple years.

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