Yellowstone County, MT

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Population

156,332

0.636% growth

Median Age

38.3


Median Household Income

$57,955

5.31% growth

Poverty Rate

10.1%


Number of Employees

80,238

0.869% growth

Median Property Value

$210,500

4.47% growth

About

In 2017, Yellowstone County, MT had a population of 156k people with a median age of 38.3 and a median household income of $57,955. Between 2016 and 2017 the population of Yellowstone County, MT grew from 155,344 to 156,332, a 0.636% increase and its median household income grew from $55,032 to $57,955, a 5.31% increase.

The population of Yellowstone County, MT is 87% White Alone, 5.35% Hispanic or Latino, and 4% American Indian & Alaska Native Alone. 3.68% of the people in Yellowstone County, MT speak a non-English language, and 99% are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Yellowstone County, MT are Montana State University-Billings (981 degrees awarded in 2016), Rocky Mountain College (235 degrees), and Bold Beauty Academy (86 degrees).

The median property value in Yellowstone County, MT is $210,500, and the homeownership rate is 68%. Most people in Yellowstone County, MT commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 17.6 minutes. The average car ownership in Yellowstone County, MT is 2 cars per household.

Economy

The economy of Yellowstone County, MT employs 80.2k people. The largest industries in Yellowstone County, MT are Health Care & Social Assistance (13,238 people), Retail Trade (10,247 people), and Construction (7,069 people), and the highest paying industries are Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($87,721), Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting, & Mining ($60,731), and Utilities ($58,750).

Median household income in Yellowstone County, MT is $57,955. Males in Yellowstone County, MT have an average income that is 1.42 times higher than the average income of females, which is $39,968. The income inequality in Yellowstone County, MT (measured using the Gini index) is 0.465, which is lower than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$57,955

2017 value

± $1,142

5.31%

1 Year Growth

± 3.27%

Households in Yellowstone County, MT have a median annual income of $57,955, which is less than the median annual income of $60,336 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $55,032 in 2016, which represents a 5.31% annual growth.

Look at the chart to see how the median household income in Yellowstone County, MT compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Montana.

$56,921

Average Male Salary

± $3,007

$39,968

Average Female Salary

± $2,184

In 2017, full-time male employees in Yellowstone County, MT made 1.42 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Yellowstone County, MT by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Montana.

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. White

    $42,515 ± $1,780

  2. Other

    $39,395 ± $16,377

  3. Asian

    $33,231 ± $11,940

In 2017 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Yellowstone County, MT workers was White. These workers were paid 1.08 times more than Other workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Yellowstone County, MT by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Yellowstone County, MT is from Montana.

0.465

2017 Wage GINI

0.462

2016 Wage GINI

In 2017, the income inequality in Montana was 0.465 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.554% growth from 2016 to 2017, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat less even.

The 2017 the GINI for Montana was lower than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Montana in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Montana across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Highest Median Household Income (Total)

  1. Census Tract 18.01

  2. Census Tract 14.02

  3. Census Tract 9400

In 2017, the tract with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Yellowstone County, MT was Census Tract 18.01 with a value of $114,792, followed by Census Tract 14.02 and Census Tract 9400, with respective values of $85,924 and $72,088.

The following map shows all of the tracts in Yellowstone County, MT colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 25 - 34

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

10.1% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Yellowstone County, MT (15.4k out of 152k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is lower than the national average of 13.4%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 25 - 34, followed by Females 18 - 24 and then Females 35 - 44.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. White

    12,697 ± 800

  2. Native American

    1,687 ± 276

  3. Hispanic

    1,107 ± 267

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Yellowstone County, MT is White, followed by Native American and Hispanic.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

80.2k

2017 Value

± 1,838

0.869%

1 Year growth

± 3.21%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Yellowstone County, MT grew at a rate of 0.869%, from 79.5k employees to 80.2k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Yellowstone County, MT, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (10,194 people), Sales & Related Occupations (8,600 people), and Management Occupations (7,697 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Yellowstone County, MT.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Yellowstone County, MT, by number of employees, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (10,194 people), Sales & Related Occupations (8,600 people), and Management Occupations (7,697 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Yellowstone County, MT has an unusually high number of residents working as Construction & Extraction Occupations (1.51 times higher than expected), Health Diagnosing & Treating Practitioners & Other Technical Occupations (1.39 times), and Installation, Maintenance, & Repair Occupations (1.37 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Yellowstone County, MT, by median earnings, are Legal Occupations ($68,750), Architecture & Engineering Occupations ($68,311), and Health Diagnosing & Treating Practitioners & Other Technical Occupations ($61,558).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

80.2k

2017 Value

± 1,838

0.869%

1 Year growth

± 3.21%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Yellowstone County, MT grew at a rate of 0.869%, from 79.5k employees to 80.2k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Yellowstone County, MT, are Health Care & Social Assistance (13,238 people), Retail Trade (10,247 people), and Construction (7,069 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Yellowstone County, MT, though some of these residents may live in Yellowstone County, MT and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Yellowstone County, MT, by number of employees, are Health Care & Social Assistance (13,238 people), Retail Trade (10,247 people), and Construction (7,069 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Yellowstone County, MT has an unusually high number of Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction (3.42 times higher than expected), Wholesale Trade (1.45 times), and Construction (1.41 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Yellowstone County, MT, by median earnings, are Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($87,721), Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting, & Mining ($60,731), and Utilities ($58,750).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Montana to other states, or from other states to Montana.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $6.47B

  2. $6.17B

  3. $5.98B

In 2015, the top outbound Montana product (by dollars) was Gasoline with $6.47B, followed by Coal-n.e.c. with $6.17B and Fuel oils and $5.98B.

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Montana products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for Montana state.

$44.7B

2015 Value

$53.9B

Projected 2045 Value

20.7% growth

In 2015, total outbound Montana trade was $44.7B. This is expected to increase 20.7% to $53.9B by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Montana trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Montana to other states, or from other states to Montana.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $4.59B

  2. $2.98B

  3. $2.88B

In 2015, the top outbound Montana domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was North Dakota with $4.59B, followed by Wyoming with $2.98B and Idaho and $2.88B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Montana shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

89.6% of the population of Yellowstone County, MT has health coverage, with 51.6% on employee plans, 12.1% on Medicaid, 11.3% on Medicare, 12.7% on non-group plans, and 1.82% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the county of Yellowstone County, MT was $8,221 in 2014. This is a 2.84% increase from the previous year ($7,994).

Primary care physicians in Yellowstone County, MT see 1130 patients per year on average, which represents a 1.22% decrease from the previous year (1144 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1085 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 337 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Glacier County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (14.8%). Additionally, Big Horn County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (37.9%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

1,130 to 1

Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio

Primary care physicians in Yellowstone County, MT see an average of 1,130 patients per year. This represents a 1.22% decrease from the previous year (1,144 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Yellowstone County, MT in comparison to neighboring states.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Montana.

$8,221

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$3,882

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$9,378

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$8,238

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in Montana (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 2.84%, from $7,994 to $8,221.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

10.4%

Uninsured

51.6%

Employer Coverage

12.1%

Medicaid

11.3%

Medicare

12.7%

Non-Group

1.82%

Military or VA

Between 2016 and 2017, the percent of uninsured citizens in Yellowstone County, MT declined by 12.8% from 11.9% to 10.4%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Yellowstone County, MT changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 14.8% prevalence

  2. 13.4% prevalence

  3. 12.3% prevalence

Glacier County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in Montana, at 14.8%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in Montana by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

Yellowstone County, MT is home to a population of 156k people, from which 99% are citizens. As of 2017, 2.12% of Yellowstone County, MT residents were born outside of the country.

The ethnic composition of the population of Yellowstone County, MT is composed of 136k White Alone residents (87%), 8.36k Hispanic or Latino residents (5.35%), 6.25k American Indian & Alaska Native Alone residents (4%), 3.68k Two or More Races residents (2.35%), 933 Asian Alone residents (0.597%), 901 Black or African American Alone residents (0.576%), 147 Native Hawaiian & Other Pacific Islander Alone residents (0.094%), and 99 Some Other Race Alone residents (0.0633%).

The most common foreign languages spoken in Yellowstone County, MT are Spanish or Spanish Creole (2,221 speakers), Other Native North American Languages (893 speakers), and German (747 speakers).

Age

Age by Nativity

38

Median Native-Born Age

± 0.2

44

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 4.1

In 2017, the median age of all people in Yellowstone County, MT was 38.3. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 38, were generally younger than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 44. But people in Yellowstone County, MT are getting getting older. In 2016, the average age of all Yellowstone County, MT residents was 38.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

2.12%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

1.88%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

As of 2017, 2.12% of Yellowstone County, MT residents were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Yellowstone County, MT was 1.88%, meaning that the rate has been increasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Yellowstone County, MT compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

Most Common Origin

  1. Canada

    4,272 ± 1,601 people

  2. Mexico

    2,817 ± 1,301 people

  3. Philippines

    2,040 ± 1,108 people

In 2017, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Yellowstone County, MT was Canada, the natal country of 4,272 Yellowstone County, MT residents, followed by Mexico with 2,817 and Philippines with 2,040.

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Citizenship

99%

2017 Citizenship

99.2%

2016 Citizenship

As of 2017, 99% of Yellowstone County, MT residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.1%. In 2016, the percentage of US citizens in Yellowstone County, MT was 99.2%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been decreasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Yellowstone County, MT compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

Most Common

  1. White Alone

    136k ± 120

  2. Hispanic or Latino

    8.36k ± 722

  3. American Indian & Alaska Native Alone

    6.25k ± 436

In 2017, there were 16.3 times more White Alone residents (136k people) in Yellowstone County, MT than any other race or ethnicity. There were 8.36k Hispanic or Latino and 6.25k American Indian & Alaska Native Alone residents, the second and third most common racial or ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 8 races and ethnicities represented in Yellowstone County, MT as a share of the total population.

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Non-English Speakers

Most Common Languages

  1. Spanish or Spanish Creole

    2,221 speakers (1.54%)

  2. Other Native North American Languages

    893 speakers (0.621%)

  3. German

    747 speakers (0.52%)

3.68% of Yellowstone County, MT citizens are speakers of a non-English language, which is lower than the national average of 21.5%. In 2015, the most common non-English language spoken in Yellowstone County, MT was Spanish or Spanish Creole. 1.54% of the overall population of Yellowstone County, MT are native Spanish or Spanish Creole speakers. 0.621% speak Other Native North American Languages and 0.52% speak Spanish or Spanish Creole, the next two most common languages.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Vietnam

    4,314 ± 338

  2. Gulf War (1990s)

    1,945 ± 287

  3. Gulf War (2001-)

    1,661 ± 258

Yellowstone County, MT has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 2.22 times greater than any other conflict.

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Education

In 2016, universities in Yellowstone County, MT awarded 1,302 degrees. The student population of Yellowstone County, MT is skewed towards women, with 2,140 male students and 3,347 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Yellowstone County, MT are White (1,093 and 87%), followed by Hispanic or Latino (50 and 3.98%), American Indian or Alaska Native (32 and 2.55%), and Unknown (29 and 2.31%).

The largest universities in Yellowstone County, MT by number of degrees awarded are Montana State University-Billings (981 and 75.3%), Rocky Mountain College (235 and 18%), and Bold Beauty Academy (86 and 6.61%).

The most popular majors in Yellowstone County, MT are General Business (163 and 12.5%), Elementary Education & Teaching (79 and 6.07%), and General Cosmetology (45 and 3.46%).

The median tuition costs in Yellowstone County, MT are $26,136 for private four year colleges, and $4,397 and $16,662 respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

Most Common

  1. 163 degrees awarded

  2. 79 degrees awarded

  3. 39 degrees awarded

In 2015, the most common concentation for Bachelors Degree recipients in Yellowstone County, MT was General Business with 163 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Bachelors Degree from schools in Yellowstone County, MT according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded

  1. 981 degrees awarded

  2. 235 degrees awarded

  3. 86 degrees awarded

$4,397

Median In-State Public

$26,136

Median Private

In 2016, the Yellowstone County, MT institution with the largest number of graduating students was Montana State University-Billings with 981 degrees awarded.

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Student Gender for Common Institutions

442

Degrees Awarded to Men

860

Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2016, 442 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Yellowstone County, MT, which is 0.514 times less than the 860 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the institutions in Yellowstone County, MT by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity

  1. White

    1,093 degrees awarded

  2. Hispanic or Latino

    50 degrees awarded

  3. American Indian or Alaska Native

    32 degrees awarded

In 2016 the majority of degrees awarded at institutions in Yellowstone County, MT were to White students. These 1,093 degrees mean that there were 21.9 times more White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Hispanic or Latino, with 50 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Yellowstone County, MT was $210,500 in 2017, which is 0.967 times smaller than the national average of $217,600. Between 2016 and 2017 the median property value increased from $201,500 to $210,500, a 4.47% increase. The homeownership rate in Yellowstone County, MT is 68%, which is higher than the national average of 63.9%. People in Yellowstone County, MT have an average commute time of 17.6 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Yellowstone County, MT is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Income

Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$57,955

Median Household Income

± $1,142

64k

Number of Households

± 1,641

In 2017, the median household income of the 64k households in Yellowstone County, MT grew to $57,955 from the previous year's value of $55,032.

The following chart displays the households in Yellowstone County, MT distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Housing

Property Value

$210,500

2017 Median

± $3,363

$201,500

2016 Median

± $3,348

In 2017, the median property value in Yellowstone County, MT grew to to $210,500 from the previous year's value of $201,500.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Yellowstone County, MT compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Yellowstone County, MT the largest share of households have a property value in the $200k - $250k range.

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Property Taxes

$2k - $3k

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Yellowstone County, MT distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Yellowstone County, MT the largest share of households pay taxes in the $2k - $3k range.

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Rent vs Own

68%

2017 Homeownership

67.8%

2016 Homeownership

In 2017, 68% of the housing units in Yellowstone County, MT were occupied by their owner. This percentage grew from the previous year's rate of 67.8%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is higher than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Yellowstone County, MT compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Yellowstone County, MT distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Yellowstone County, MT have 2 cars, followed by 3 cars.

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Commute Time

17.6 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Yellowstone County, MT have a shorter commute time (17.6 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.1 minutes). Additionally, 1.37% of the workforce in Yellowstone County, MT have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Yellowstone County, MT compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    81.7%

  2. Carpooled

    9.72%

  3. Worked At Home

    4.05%

In 2017, the most common method of travel for workers in Yellowstone County, MT was Drove Alone, followed by those who Carpooled and those who Worked At Home.

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