Kalamazoo County, MI

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Population

264,870

0.717% growth

Median Age

34.5


Median Household Income

$55,416

1.09% decline

Poverty Rate

16.7%


Number of Employees

133,644

0.623% growth

Median Property Value

$163,900

3.41% growth

About

In 2018, Kalamazoo County, MI had a population of 265k people with a median age of 34.5 and a median household income of $55,416. Between 2017 and 2018 the population of Kalamazoo County, MI grew from 262,985 to 264,870, a 0.717% increase and its median household income declined from $56,025 to $55,416, a -1.09% decrease.

The population of Kalamazoo County, MI is 77.1% White Alone, 10% Black or African American Alone, and 5.03% Hispanic or Latino. N/A% of the people in Kalamazoo County, MI speak a non-English language, and 96.6% are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Kalamazoo County, MI are Western Michigan University (5,499 degrees awarded in 2017), Kalamazoo Valley Community College (1,010 degrees), and Kalamazoo College (480 degrees).

The median property value in Kalamazoo County, MI is $163,900, and the homeownership rate is 64.5%. Most people in Kalamazoo County, MI commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 19.9 minutes. The average car ownership in Kalamazoo County, MI is 2 cars per household.

About the photo: Asylum Lake, Kalamazoo, MI

Economy

The economy of Kalamazoo County, MI employs 134k people. The largest industries in Kalamazoo County, MI are Manufacturing (22,356 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (21,153 people), and Educational Services (14,551 people), and the highest paying industries are Management of Companies & Enterprises ($57,147), Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services ($52,465), and Manufacturing ($52,255).

Median household income in Kalamazoo County, MI is $55,416. Males in Kalamazoo County, MI have an average income that is 1.38 times higher than the average income of females, which is $48,599. The income inequality in Kalamazoo County, MI (measured using the Gini index) is 0.472, which is lower than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$55,416

2018 value

± $2,455

-1.09%

1 Year Growth

± 7.12%

Households in Kalamazoo County, MI have a median annual income of $55,416, which is less than the median annual income of $61,937 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $56,025 in 2017, which represents a -1.09% annual growth.

Look at the chart to see how the median household income in Kalamazoo County, MI compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Michigan.

$66,961

Average Male Salary

± $1,155

$48,599

Average Female Salary

± $853

In 2018, full-time male employees in Michigan made 1.38 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Michigan by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Michigan.

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander

    $88,578 ± $80,802

  2. Asian

    $69,562 ± $4,799

  3. White

    $51,075 ± $730

In 2018 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Michigan workers was Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander. These workers were paid 1.27 times more than Asian workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Michigan by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Kalamazoo County, MI is from Michigan.

0.472

2018 Wage GINI

0.473

2017 Wage GINI

In 2018, the income inequality in Michigan was 0.472 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.175% decline from 2017 to 2018, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat more even.

The 2018 the GINI for Michigan was lower than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Michigan in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Michigan across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Highest Median Household Income (Total)

  1. Census Tract 30.04

  2. Census Tract 30.03

  3. Census Tract 20.04

In 2017, the tract with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Kalamazoo County, MI was Census Tract 30.04 with a value of $113,895, followed by Census Tract 30.03 and Census Tract 20.04, with respective values of $106,250 and $87,697.

The following map shows all of the tracts in Kalamazoo County, MI colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 18 - 24

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

16.7% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Kalamazoo County, MI (42k out of 251k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 13.1%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 18 - 24, followed by Males 18 - 24 and then Females 25 - 34.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. White

    27,936 ± 1,210

  2. Black

    8,873 ± 677

  3. Two Or More

    3,507 ± 492

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Kalamazoo County, MI is White, followed by Black and Two Or More.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

134k

2018 Value

± 5,925

0.623%

1 Year growth

± 6.17%

From 2017 to 2018, employment in Kalamazoo County, MI grew at a rate of 0.623%, from 133k employees to 134k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Kalamazoo County, MI, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (14,715 people), Management Occupations (12,549 people), and Sales & Related Occupations (12,221 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Kalamazoo County, MI.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Kalamazoo County, MI, by number of employees, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (14,715 people), Management Occupations (12,549 people), and Sales & Related Occupations (12,221 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Kalamazoo County, MI has an unusually high number of residents working as Life, Physical, & Social Science Occupations (2 times higher than expected), Production Occupations (1.37 times), and Health Diagnosing & Treating Practitioners & Other Technical Occupations (1.37 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Kalamazoo County, MI, by median earnings, are Computer & Mathematical Occupations ($80,069), Architecture & Engineering Occupations ($69,286), and Computer, Engineering, & Science Occupations ($68,795).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

134k

2018 Value

± 5,925

0.623%

1 Year growth

± 6.17%

From 2017 to 2018, employment in Kalamazoo County, MI grew at a rate of 0.623%, from 133k employees to 134k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Kalamazoo County, MI, are Manufacturing (22,356 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (21,153 people), and Educational Services (14,551 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Kalamazoo County, MI, though some of these residents may live in Kalamazoo County, MI and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Kalamazoo County, MI, by number of employees, are Manufacturing (22,356 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (21,153 people), and Educational Services (14,551 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Kalamazoo County, MI has an unusually high number of Manufacturing (1.72 times higher than expected), Accommodation & Food Services (1.32 times), and Real Estate & Rental & Leasing (1.3 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Kalamazoo County, MI, by median earnings, are Management of Companies & Enterprises ($57,147), Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services ($52,465), and Manufacturing ($52,255).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Michigan to other states, or from other states to Michigan.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $138B

  2. $38.2B

  3. $36.1B

In 2015, the top outbound Michigan product (by dollars) was Motorized vehicles with $138B, followed by Mixed freight ($38.2B) and Machinery ($36.1B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Michigan products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for Michigan state.

$480B

2020 Value

$623B

Projected 2045 Value

29.8% growth

In 2020, total outbound Michigan trade was $480B. This is expected to increase 29.8% to $623B by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Michigan trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Michigan to other states, or from other states to Michigan.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $37.4B

  2. $27.2B

  3. $21.6B

In 2015, the top outbound Michigan domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Ohio with $37.4B, followed by Indiana with $27.2B and Illinois and $21.6B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Michigan shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

95.3% of the population of Kalamazoo County, MI has health coverage, with 54.7% on employee plans, 15.9% on Medicaid, 11.9% on Medicare, 11.6% on non-group plans, and 1.17% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the county of Kalamazoo County, MI was $8,055 in 2014. This is a 4% increase from the previous year ($7,745).

Primary care physicians in Kalamazoo County, MI see 1021 patients per year on average, which represents a 0.196% decrease from the previous year (1023 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1495 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 294 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Gladwin County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (14.5%). Additionally, Saginaw County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (39.8%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

1,021 to 1

Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio

Primary care physicians in Kalamazoo County, MI see an average of 1,021 patients per year. This represents a 0.196% decrease from the previous year (1,023 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Kalamazoo County, MI in comparison to neighboring states.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Michigan.

$8,055

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$3,950

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$5,915

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$11,318

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in Michigan (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 4%, from $7,745 to $8,055.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

4.72%

Uninsured

54.7%

Employer Coverage

15.9%

Medicaid

11.9%

Medicare

11.6%

Non-Group

1.17%

Military or VA

Between 2016 and 2017, the percent of uninsured citizens in Kalamazoo County, MI declined by 25.4% from 6.32% to 4.72%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Kalamazoo County, MI changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 14.5% prevalence

  2. 14.1% prevalence

  3. 14.1% prevalence

Gladwin County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in Michigan, at 14.5%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in Michigan by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

Kalamazoo County, MI is home to a population of 265k people, from which 96.6% are citizens. As of 2017, 4.63% of Kalamazoo County, MI residents were born outside of the country (12.2k people).

The ethnic composition of the population of Kalamazoo County, MI is composed of 204k White Alone residents (77.1%), 26.5k Black or African American Alone residents (10%), 13.3k Hispanic or Latino residents (5.03%), 12.9k Two or More Races residents (4.87%), 6.27k Asian Alone residents (2.37%), 928 American Indian & Alaska Native Alone residents (0.35%), 534 Native Hawaiian & Other Pacific Islander Alone residents (0.202%), and 319 Some Other Race Alone residents (0.12%).

Age

Age by Nativity

34

Median Native-Born Age

± 0.5

36

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 3

In 2018, the median age of all people in Kalamazoo County, MI was 34.5. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 34, were generally younger than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 36. But people in Kalamazoo County, MI are getting getting older. In 2017, the average age of all Kalamazoo County, MI residents was 34.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

4.63%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

12.2k people

4.44%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

11.6k people

As of 2017, 4.63% of Kalamazoo County, MI residents (12.2k people) were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Kalamazoo County, MI was 4.44%, meaning that the rate has been increasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Kalamazoo County, MI compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Michigan.

Most Common Origin

  1. Mexico

    89,142 ± 7,297 people

  2. India

    75,308 ± 6,712 people

  3. Iraq

    66,449 ± 6,308 people

In 2018, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Michigan was Mexico, the natal country of 89,142 Michigan residents, followed by India with 75,308 and Iraq with 66,449.

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Citizenship

96.6%

2018 Citizenship

96.8%

2017 Citizenship

As of 2018, 96.6% of Kalamazoo County, MI residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.2%. In 2017, the percentage of US citizens in Kalamazoo County, MI was 96.8%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been decreasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Kalamazoo County, MI compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

Most Common

  1. White Alone

    204k ± 440

  2. Black or African American Alone

    26.5k ± 1.8k

  3. Hispanic or Latino

    13.3k ± 2.61k

In 2018, there were 7.7 times more White Alone residents (204k people) in Kalamazoo County, MI than any other race or ethnicity. There were 26.5k Black or African American Alone and 13.3k Hispanic or Latino residents, the second and third most common racial or ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 8 races and ethnicities represented in Kalamazoo County, MI as a share of the total population.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Vietnam

    4,405 ± 773

  2. Gulf War (2001-)

    2,251 ± 695

  3. Gulf War (1990s)

    2,091 ± 802

Kalamazoo County, MI has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 1.96 times greater than any other conflict.

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Education

In 2017, universities in Kalamazoo County, MI awarded 7,204 degrees. The student population of Kalamazoo County, MI is skewed towards women, with 15,849 male students and 17,296 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Kalamazoo County, MI are White (5,326 and 78.9%), followed by Black or African American (575 and 8.52%), Hispanic or Latino (281 and 4.16%), and Two or More Races (206 and 3.05%).

The largest universities in Kalamazoo County, MI by number of degrees awarded are Western Michigan University (5,499 and 76.3%), Kalamazoo Valley Community College (1,010 and 14%), and Kalamazoo College (480 and 6.66%).

The most popular majors in Kalamazoo County, MI are Other Multidisciplinary Studies (310 and 4.3%), Liberal Arts & Sciences (270 and 3.75%), and General Business Administration & Management (243 and 3.37%).

The median tuition costs in Kalamazoo County, MI are $46,350 for private four year colleges, and $11,020 and $13,776 respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

Most Common

  1. 308 degrees awarded

  2. 205 degrees awarded

  3. 177 degrees awarded

In 2015, the most common concentation for Bachelors Degree recipients in Kalamazoo County, MI was Other Multidisciplinary Studies with 308 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Bachelors Degree from schools in Kalamazoo County, MI according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded

  1. 5,499 degrees awarded

  2. 1,010 degrees awarded

  3. 480 degrees awarded

$11,020

Median In-State Public

$46,350

Median Private

In 2017, the Kalamazoo County, MI institution with the largest number of graduating students was Western Michigan University with 5,499 degrees awarded.

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Student Gender for Common Institutions

3,195

Degrees Awarded to Men

4,009

Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2017, 3,195 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Kalamazoo County, MI, which is 0.797 times less than the 4,009 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the top 5 institutions in Kalamazoo County, MI by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity

  1. White

    5,326 degrees awarded

  2. Black or African American

    575 degrees awarded

  3. Hispanic or Latino

    281 degrees awarded

In 2017 the majority of degrees awarded at institutions in Kalamazoo County, MI were to White students. These 5,326 degrees mean that there were 9.26 times more White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Black or African American, with 575 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Kalamazoo County, MI was $163,900 in 2018, which is 0.714 times smaller than the national average of $229,700. Between 2017 and 2018 the median property value increased from $158,500 to $163,900, a 3.41% increase. The homeownership rate in Kalamazoo County, MI is 64.5%, which is higher than the national average of 63.9%. People in Kalamazoo County, MI have an average commute time of 19.9 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Kalamazoo County, MI is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Housing

Property Value

$163,900

2018 Median

± $5,730

$158,500

2017 Median

± $4,913

In 2018, the median property value in Kalamazoo County, MI grew to to $163,900 from the previous year's value of $158,500.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Kalamazoo County, MI compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Kalamazoo County, MI the largest share of households have a property value in the $200k - $250k range.

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Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$55,416

Median Household Income

± $2,455

104k

Number of Households

± 4,973

In 2018, the median household income of the 104k households in Kalamazoo County, MI declined from $55,416 from the previous year's value of $56,025.

The following chart displays the households in Kalamazoo County, MI distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Property Taxes

$3k+

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Kalamazoo County, MI distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Kalamazoo County, MI the largest share of households pay taxes in the $3k+ range.

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Rent vs Own

64.5%

2018 Homeownership

64.8%

2017 Homeownership

In 2018, 64.5% of the housing units in Kalamazoo County, MI were occupied by their owner. This percentage declined from the previous year's rate of 64.8%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is higher than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Kalamazoo County, MI compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Commute Time

19.9 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Kalamazoo County, MI have a shorter commute time (19.9 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.7 minutes). Additionally, 1.8% of the workforce in Kalamazoo County, MI have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Kalamazoo County, MI compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    82%

  2. Carpooled

    7.14%

  3. Worked At Home

    4.42%

In 2018, the most common method of travel for workers in Kalamazoo County, MI was Drove Alone (82%), followed by those who Carpooled (7.14%) and those who Worked At Home (4.42%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Kalamazoo County, MI distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Kalamazoo County, MI have 2 cars, followed by 1 car.

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