Cass County, MI

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Population

51,397

0.768% decline

Median Age

44.7


Median Household Income

$50,699

5.64% growth

Poverty Rate

13.6%


Number of Employees

23,277

2.33% growth

Median Property Value

$127,600

0.468% decline

About

In 2017, Cass County, MI had a population of 51.4k people with a median age of 44.7 and a median household income of $50,699. Between 2016 and 2017 the population of Cass County, MI declined from 51,795 to 51,397, a -0.768% decrease and its median household income grew from $47,991 to $50,699, a 5.64% increase.

The population of Cass County, MI is 86.4% White Alone, 4.82% Black or African American Alone, and 3.65% Hispanic or Latino. N/A% of the people in Cass County, MI speak a non-English language, and 99.2% are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Cass County, MI are Southwestern Michigan College (693 degrees awarded in 2016).

The median property value in Cass County, MI is $127,600, and the homeownership rate is 80.5%. Most people in Cass County, MI commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 23.9 minutes. The average car ownership in Cass County, MI is 2 cars per household.

Economy

The economy of Cass County, MI employs 23.3k people. The largest industries in Cass County, MI are Manufacturing (6,473 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (2,849 people), and Retail Trade (2,289 people), and the highest paying industries are Utilities ($54,167), Wholesale Trade ($49,250), and Transportation & Warehousing, & Utilities ($49,135).

Median household income in Cass County, MI is $50,699. Males in Cass County, MI have an average income that is 1.37 times higher than the average income of females, which is $46,762. The income inequality in Cass County, MI (measured using the Gini index) is 0.476, which is lower than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$50,699

2017 value

± $1,402

5.64%

1 Year Growth

± 4.26%

Households in Cass County, MI have a median annual income of $50,699, which is less than the median annual income of $60,336 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $47,991 in 2016, which represents a 5.64% annual growth.

Look at the chart to see how the median household income in Cass County, MI compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Michigan.

$63,869

Average Male Salary

± $1,109

$46,762

Average Female Salary

± $850

In 2017, full-time male employees in Michigan made 1.37 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Michigan by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Michigan.

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. Asian

    $62,263 ± $4,415

  2. Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander

    $48,644 ± $58,127

  3. White

    $48,289 ± $702

In 2017 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Michigan workers was Asian. These workers were paid 1.28 times more than Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Michigan by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Cass County, MI is from Michigan.

0.476

2017 Wage GINI

0.477

2016 Wage GINI

In 2017, the income inequality in Michigan was 0.476 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.107% decline from 2016 to 2017, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat more even.

The 2017 the GINI for Michigan was lower than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Michigan in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Michigan across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Highest Median Household Income (Total)

  1. Census Tract 10

  2. Census Tract 12

  3. Census Tract 18

In 2017, the tract with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Cass County, MI was Census Tract 10 with a value of $65,665, followed by Census Tract 12 and Census Tract 18, with respective values of $65,434 and $62,473.

The following map shows all of the tracts in Cass County, MI colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 25 - 34

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

13.6% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Cass County, MI (6.91k out of 50.9k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 13.4%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 25 - 34, followed by Females 18 - 24 and then Females 45 - 54.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. White

    5,216 ± 431

  2. Black

    725 ± 166

  3. Two Or More

    509 ± 153

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Cass County, MI is White, followed by Black and Two Or More.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

23.3k

2017 Value

± 848

2.33%

1 Year growth

± 4.94%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Cass County, MI grew at a rate of 2.33%, from 22.7k employees to 23.3k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Cass County, MI, are Production Occupations (3,603 people), Office & Administrative Support Occupations (2,956 people), and Management Occupations (2,138 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Cass County, MI.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Cass County, MI, by number of employees, are Production Occupations (3,603 people), Office & Administrative Support Occupations (2,956 people), and Management Occupations (2,138 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Cass County, MI has an unusually high number of residents working as Production Occupations (2.67 times higher than expected), Installation, Maintenance, & Repair Occupations (1.88 times), and Farming, Fishing, & Forestry Occupations (1.59 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Cass County, MI, by median earnings, are Law Enforcement Workers Including Supervisors ($72,566), Computer & Mathematical Occupations ($61,985), and Health Diagnosing & Treating Practitioners & Other Technical Occupations ($60,883).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

23.3k

2017 Value

± 848

2.33%

1 Year growth

± 4.94%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Cass County, MI grew at a rate of 2.33%, from 22.7k employees to 23.3k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Cass County, MI, are Manufacturing (6,473 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (2,849 people), and Retail Trade (2,289 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Cass County, MI, though some of these residents may live in Cass County, MI and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Cass County, MI, by number of employees, are Manufacturing (6,473 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (2,849 people), and Retail Trade (2,289 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Cass County, MI has an unusually high number of Manufacturing (2.75 times higher than expected), Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting (1.98 times), and Wholesale Trade (1.1 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Cass County, MI, by median earnings, are Utilities ($54,167), Wholesale Trade ($49,250), and Transportation & Warehousing, & Utilities ($49,135).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Michigan to other states, or from other states to Michigan.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $135B

  2. $35.4B

  3. $31.3B

In 2015, the top outbound Michigan product (by dollars) was Motorized vehicles with $135B, followed by Mixed freight ($35.4B) and Machinery ($31.3B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Michigan products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for Michigan state.

$448B

2015 Value

$623B

Projected 2045 Value

39.1% growth

In 2015, total outbound Michigan trade was $448B. This is expected to increase 39.1% to $623B by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Michigan trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Michigan to other states, or from other states to Michigan.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $35.1B

  2. $25.1B

  3. $20.4B

In 2015, the top outbound Michigan domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Ohio with $35.1B, followed by Indiana with $25.1B and Illinois and $20.4B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Michigan shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

91.3% of the population of Cass County, MI has health coverage, with 45.7% on employee plans, 15.1% on Medicaid, 15.4% on Medicare, 13.1% on non-group plans, and 1.94% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the county of Cass County, MI was $8,055 in 2014. This is a 4% increase from the previous year ($7,745).

Primary care physicians in Cass County, MI see 5166 patients per year on average, which represents a 0.0969% increase from the previous year (5161 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 3686 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 992 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Gladwin County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (14.5%). Additionally, Saginaw County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (39.8%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

5,166 to 1

Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio

Primary care physicians in Cass County, MI see an average of 5,166 patients per year. This represents a 0.0969% increase from the previous year (5,161 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Cass County, MI in comparison to neighboring states.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Michigan.

$8,055

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$3,950

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$5,915

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$11,318

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in Michigan (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 4%, from $7,745 to $8,055.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

8.73%

Uninsured

45.7%

Employer Coverage

15.1%

Medicaid

15.4%

Medicare

13.1%

Non-Group

1.94%

Military or VA

Between 2016 and 2017, the percent of uninsured citizens in Cass County, MI declined by 13% from 10% to 8.73%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Cass County, MI changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 14.5% prevalence

  2. 14.1% prevalence

  3. 14.1% prevalence

Gladwin County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in Michigan, at 14.5%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in Michigan by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

Cass County, MI is home to a population of 51.4k people, from which 99.2% are citizens. As of 2017, 1.46% of Cass County, MI residents were born outside of the country (749 people).

The ethnic composition of the population of Cass County, MI is composed of 44.4k White Alone residents (86.4%), 2.48k Black or African American Alone residents (4.82%), 1.88k Hispanic or Latino residents (3.65%), 1.58k Two or More Races residents (3.07%), 588 American Indian & Alaska Native Alone residents (1.14%), 414 Asian Alone residents (0.805%), 32 Some Other Race Alone residents (0.0623%), and 19 Native Hawaiian & Other Pacific Islander Alone residents (0.037%).

The most common foreign languages spoken in Cass County, MI are N/A.

Age

Age by Nativity

45

Median Native-Born Age

± 0.2

48

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 3.8

In 2017, the median age of all people in Cass County, MI was 44.7. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 45, were generally younger than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 48. But people in Cass County, MI are getting getting older. In 2016, the average age of all Cass County, MI residents was 45.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

1.46%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

749 people

1.43%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

743 people

As of 2017, 1.46% of Cass County, MI residents (749 people) were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Cass County, MI was 1.43%, meaning that the rate has been increasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Cass County, MI compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Michigan.

Most Common Origin

  1. Mexico

    76,763 ± 6,776 people

  2. India

    66,881 ± 6,328 people

  3. Iraq

    54,355 ± 5,708 people

In 2017, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Michigan was Mexico, the natal country of 76,763 Michigan residents, followed by India with 66,881 and Iraq with 54,355.

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Citizenship

99.2%

2017 Citizenship

99.2%

2016 Citizenship

As of 2017, 99.2% of Cass County, MI residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.1%. In 2016, the percentage of US citizens in Cass County, MI was 99.2%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been decreasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Cass County, MI compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

Most Common

  1. White Alone

    44.4k ± 66

  2. Black or African American Alone

    2.48k ± 189

  3. Hispanic or Latino

    1.88k ± 407

In 2017, there were 17.9 times more White Alone residents (44.4k people) in Cass County, MI than any other race or ethnicity. There were 2.48k Black or African American Alone and 1.88k Hispanic or Latino residents, the second and third most common racial or ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 8 races and ethnicities represented in Cass County, MI as a share of the total population.

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Non-English Speakers

Most Common Languages

  1. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

  2. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

  3. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

N/A% of Cass County, MI citizens are speakers of a non-English language, which is approximately the same as the national average of 21.8%. In N/A, the most common non-English language spoken in Cass County, MI was N/A. N/A% of the overall population of Cass County, MI are native N/A speakers. N/A% speak N/A and N/A% speak N/A, the next two most common languages.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Vietnam

    1,873 ± 176

  2. Gulf War (2001-)

    379 ± 136

  3. Gulf War (1990s)

    346 ± 100

Cass County, MI has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 4.94 times greater than any other conflict.

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Education

In 2016, universities in Cass County, MI awarded 693 degrees. The student population of Cass County, MI is skewed towards women, with 952 male students and 1,300 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Cass County, MI are White (569 and 82.3%), followed by Black or African American (36 and 5.21%), Two or More Races (32 and 4.63%), and Hispanic or Latino (23 and 3.33%).

The largest universities in Cass County, MI by number of degrees awarded are Southwestern Michigan College (693 and 100%).

The most popular majors in Cass County, MI are Liberal Arts & Sciences (412 and 59.5%), Registered Nursing (53 and 7.65%), and Medical Assistant (32 and 4.62%).

The median tuition costs in Cass County, MI are $N/A for private four year colleges, and $N/A and $N/A respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

Most Common

  1. 204 degrees awarded

  2. 53 degrees awarded

  3. 16 degrees awarded

In 2015, the most common concentation for Associates Degree recipients in Cass County, MI was Liberal Arts & Sciences with 204 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Associates Degree from schools in Cass County, MI according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded

693 degrees awarded

$N/A

Median In-State Public

$N/A

Median Private

In 2016, the Cass County, MI institution with the largest number of graduating students was Southwestern Michigan College with 693 degrees awarded.

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Student Gender for Common Institutions

251

Degrees Awarded to Men

442

Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2016, 251 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Cass County, MI, which is 0.568 times less than the 442 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the institutions in Cass County, MI by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity

  1. White

    569 degrees awarded

  2. Black or African American

    36 degrees awarded

  3. Two or More Races

    32 degrees awarded

In 2016 the majority of degrees awarded at institutions in Cass County, MI were to White students. These 569 degrees mean that there were 15.8 times more White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Black or African American, with 36 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Cass County, MI was $127,600 in 2017, which is 0.586 times smaller than the national average of $217,600. Between 2016 and 2017 the median property value increased from $128,200 to $127,600, a 0.468% decrease. The homeownership rate in Cass County, MI is 80.5%, which is higher than the national average of 63.9%. People in Cass County, MI have an average commute time of 23.9 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Cass County, MI is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Income

Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$50,699

Median Household Income

± $1,402

20.7k

Number of Households

± 762

In 2017, the median household income of the 20.7k households in Cass County, MI grew to $50,699 from the previous year's value of $47,991.

The following chart displays the households in Cass County, MI distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Housing

Property Value

$127,600

2017 Median

± $5,028

$128,200

2016 Median

± $5,299

In 2017, the median property value in Cass County, MI declined from to $127,600 from the previous year's value of $128,200.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Cass County, MI compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Cass County, MI the largest share of households have a property value in the $100k - $125k range.

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Property Taxes

$800 - $1,499

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Cass County, MI distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Cass County, MI the largest share of households pay taxes in the $800 - $1,499 range.

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Rent vs Own

80.5%

2017 Homeownership

81.1%

2016 Homeownership

In 2017, 80.5% of the housing units in Cass County, MI were occupied by their owner. This percentage declined from the previous year's rate of 81.1%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is higher than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Cass County, MI compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Cass County, MI distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Cass County, MI have 2 cars, followed by 3 cars.

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Commute Time

23.9 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Cass County, MI have a shorter commute time (23.9 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.1 minutes). Additionally, 1.71% of the workforce in Cass County, MI have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Cass County, MI compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    83.2%

  2. Carpooled

    9.58%

  3. Worked At Home

    4.6%

In 2017, the most common method of travel for workers in Cass County, MI was Drove Alone (83.2%), followed by those who Carpooled (9.58%) and those who Worked At Home (4.6%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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