Fayette County, KY

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Population

321,959

1.1% growth

Median Age

34.3


Median Household Income

$56,137

5.56% growth

Poverty Rate

18.6%


Number of Employees

169,704

1.73% growth

Median Property Value

$193,100

6.57% growth

About

In 2017, Fayette County, KY had a population of 322k people with a median age of 34.3 and a median household income of $56,137. Between 2016 and 2017 the population of Fayette County, KY grew from 318,449 to 321,959, a 1.1% increase and its median household income grew from $53,178 to $56,137, a 5.56% increase.

The population of Fayette County, KY is 70.8% White Alone, 14.2% Black or African American Alone, and 7.19% Hispanic or Latino. N/A% of the people in Fayette County, KY speak a non-English language, and 94.2% are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Fayette County, KY are University of Kentucky (7,224 degrees awarded in 2016), Bluegrass Community and Technical College (3,315 degrees), and Transylvania University (304 degrees).

The median property value in Fayette County, KY is $193,100, and the homeownership rate is 55.3%. Most people in Fayette County, KY commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 19.8 minutes. The average car ownership in Fayette County, KY is 2 cars per household.

About the photo: Lexington, KY

Economy

The economy of Fayette County, KY employs 170k people. The largest industries in Fayette County, KY are Health Care & Social Assistance (23,261 people), Retail Trade (22,345 people), and Educational Services (22,184 people), and the highest paying industries are Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($88,917), Utilities ($75,688), and Wholesale Trade ($60,300).

Median household income in Fayette County, KY is $56,137. Males in Fayette County, KY have an average income that is 1.35 times higher than the average income of females, which is $42,907. The income inequality in Fayette County, KY (measured using the Gini index) is 0.459, which is lower than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$56,137

2017 value

± $3,391

5.56%

1 Year Growth

± 7.45%

Households in Fayette County, KY have a median annual income of $56,137, which is less than the median annual income of $60,336 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $53,178 in 2016, which represents a 5.56% annual growth.

Look at the chart to see how the median household income in Fayette County, KY compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Kentucky.

$57,962

Average Male Salary

± $1,619

$42,907

Average Female Salary

± $1,151

In 2017, full-time male employees in Fayette County, KY made 1.35 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Fayette County, KY by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Kentucky.

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. Asian

    $49,238 ± $9,607

  2. White

    $45,249 ± $983

  3. Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander

    $35,077 ± $12,316

In 2017 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Fayette County, KY workers was Asian. These workers were paid 1.09 times more than White workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Fayette County, KY by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Fayette County, KY is from Kentucky.

0.459

2017 Wage GINI

0.46

2016 Wage GINI

In 2017, the income inequality in Kentucky was 0.459 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.253% decline from 2016 to 2017, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat more even.

The 2017 the GINI for Kentucky was lower than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Kentucky in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Kentucky across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Highest Median Household Income (Total)

  1. Census Tract 40.06

  2. Census Tract 39.16

  3. Census Tract 23.04

In 2017, the tract with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Fayette County, KY was Census Tract 40.06 with a value of $171,458, followed by Census Tract 39.16 and Census Tract 23.04, with respective values of $145,250 and $137,216.

The following map shows all of the tracts in Fayette County, KY colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 18 - 24

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

18.6% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Fayette County, KY (56k out of 302k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 13.4%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 18 - 24, followed by Males 18 - 24 and then Females 25 - 34.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. White

    34,120 ± 1,268

  2. Black

    13,744 ± 823

  3. Hispanic

    7,081 ± 570

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Fayette County, KY is White, followed by Black and Hispanic.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

170k

2017 Value

± 6,947

1.73%

1 Year growth

± 5.57%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Fayette County, KY grew at a rate of 1.73%, from 167k employees to 170k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Fayette County, KY, are Other Management Occupations Except Farmers, Ranchers, & Other Agricultural Managers (9,541 people), Cashiers (5,099 people), and Postsecondary Teachers (4,977 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Fayette County, KY.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Fayette County, KY, by number of employees, are Other Management Occupations Except Farmers, Ranchers, & Other Agricultural Managers (9,541 people), Cashiers (5,099 people), and Postsecondary Teachers (4,977 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Fayette County, KY has an unusually high number of residents working as Preschool & Kinder (8.07 times higher than expected), Printing Workers (3.02 times), and Postsecondary Teachers (2.85 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Fayette County, KY, by median earnings, are Architecture & Engineering Occupations ($71,909), Health Diagnosing & Treating Practitioners & Other Technical Occupations ($71,618), and Management Occupations ($62,239).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

170k

2017 Value

± 6,947

1.73%

1 Year growth

± 5.57%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Fayette County, KY grew at a rate of 1.73%, from 167k employees to 170k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Fayette County, KY, are Health Care & Social Assistance (23,261 people), Retail Trade (22,345 people), and Educational Services (22,184 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Fayette County, KY, though some of these residents may live in Fayette County, KY and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Fayette County, KY, by number of employees, are Health Care & Social Assistance (23,261 people), Retail Trade (22,345 people), and Educational Services (22,184 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Fayette County, KY has an unusually high number of Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting (1.48 times higher than expected), Educational Services (1.43 times), and Other Services, Except Public Administration (1.29 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Fayette County, KY, by median earnings, are Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($88,917), Utilities ($75,688), and Wholesale Trade ($60,300).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Kentucky to other states, or from other states to Kentucky.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $71.4B

  2. $17.1B

  3. $17.1B

In 2015, the top outbound Kentucky product (by dollars) was Motorized vehicles with $71.4B, followed by Base metals with $17.1B and Gasoline and $17.1B.

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Kentucky products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for Kentucky state.

$282B

2015 Value

$398B

Projected 2045 Value

41.4% growth

In 2015, total outbound Kentucky trade was $282B. This is expected to increase 41.4% to $398B by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Kentucky trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Kentucky to other states, or from other states to Kentucky.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $22.9B

  2. $19.1B

  3. $16.7B

In 2015, the top outbound Kentucky domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Ohio with $22.9B, followed by Indiana with $19.1B and Tennessee and $16.7B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Kentucky shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

93.8% of the population of Fayette County, KY has health coverage, with 52.4% on employee plans, 16.6% on Medicaid, 10.2% on Medicare, 12.9% on non-group plans, and 1.61% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the county of Fayette County, KY was $8,004 in 2014. This is a 6.11% increase from the previous year ($7,543).

Primary care physicians in Fayette County, KY see 802 patients per year on average, which represents a 0.373% decrease from the previous year (805 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 714 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 316 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Harlan County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (18%). Additionally, Leslie County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (43.3%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

802 to 1

Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio

Primary care physicians in Fayette County, KY see an average of 802 patients per year. This represents a 0.373% decrease from the previous year (805 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Fayette County, KY in comparison to neighboring states.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Kentucky.

$8,004

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$4,551

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$7,016

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$10,368

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in Kentucky (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 6.11%, from $7,543 to $8,004.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

6.24%

Uninsured

52.4%

Employer Coverage

16.6%

Medicaid

10.2%

Medicare

12.9%

Non-Group

1.61%

Military or VA

Between 2016 and 2017, the percent of uninsured citizens in Fayette County, KY declined by 7.68% from 6.76% to 6.24%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Fayette County, KY changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 18% prevalence

  2. 17.9% prevalence

  3. 17.8% prevalence

Harlan County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in Kentucky, at 18%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in Kentucky by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

Fayette County, KY is home to a population of 322k people, from which 94.2% are citizens. As of 2017, 8.91% of Fayette County, KY residents were born outside of the country.

The ethnic composition of the population of Fayette County, KY is composed of 228k White Alone residents (70.8%), 45.6k Black or African American Alone residents (14.2%), 23.1k Hispanic or Latino residents (7.19%), 11.7k Asian Alone residents (3.64%), 10.5k Two or More Races residents (3.26%), 2.02k Some Other Race Alone residents (0.629%), 814 American Indian & Alaska Native Alone residents (0.253%), and 145 Native Hawaiian & Other Pacific Islander Alone residents (0.045%).

The most common foreign languages spoken in Fayette County, KY are N/A.

Age

Age by Nativity

34

Median Native-Born Age

± 0.4

37

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 1.4

In 2017, the median age of all people in Fayette County, KY was 34.3. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 34, were generally younger than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 37. But people in Fayette County, KY are getting getting younger. In 2016, the average age of all Fayette County, KY residents was 34.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

8.91%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

8.72%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

As of 2017, 8.91% of Fayette County, KY residents were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Fayette County, KY was 8.72%, meaning that the rate has been increasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Fayette County, KY compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

Most Common Origin

  1. Mexico

    32,077 ± 4,381 people

  2. India

    11,453 ± 2,624 people

  3. Cuba

    10,669 ± 2,533 people

In 2017, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Fayette County, KY was Mexico, the natal country of 32,077 Fayette County, KY residents, followed by India with 11,453 and Cuba with 10,669.

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Citizenship

94.2%

2017 Citizenship

93.1%

2016 Citizenship

As of 2017, 94.2% of Fayette County, KY residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.1%. In 2016, the percentage of US citizens in Fayette County, KY was 93.1%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been increasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Fayette County, KY compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

Most Common

  1. White Alone

    228k ± 1.56k

  2. Black or African American Alone

    45.6k ± 2.2k

  3. Hispanic or Latino

    23.1k ± 3.95k

In 2017, there were 5 times more White Alone residents (228k people) in Fayette County, KY than any other race or ethnicity. There were 45.6k Black or African American Alone and 23.1k Hispanic or Latino residents, the second and third most common racial or ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 8 races and ethnicities represented in Fayette County, KY as a share of the total population.

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Non-English Speakers

Most Common Languages

  1. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

  2. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

  3. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

N/A% of Fayette County, KY citizens are speakers of a non-English language, which is approximately the same as the national average of 21.5%. In N/A, the most common non-English language spoken in Fayette County, KY was N/A. N/A% of the overall population of Fayette County, KY are native N/A speakers. N/A% speak N/A and N/A% speak N/A, the next two most common languages.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Vietnam

    4,862 ± 865

  2. Gulf War (2001-)

    3,093 ± 951

  3. Gulf War (1990s)

    2,016 ± 677

Fayette County, KY has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 1.57 times greater than any other conflict.

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Education

In 2016, universities in Fayette County, KY awarded 11,507 degrees. The student population of Fayette County, KY is skewed towards women, with 18,391 male students and 23,723 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Fayette County, KY are White (8,940 and 80.9%), followed by Black or African American (796 and 7.2%), Hispanic or Latino (392 and 3.55%), and Unknown (389 and 3.52%).

The largest universities in Fayette County, KY by number of degrees awarded are University of Kentucky (7,224 and 62.8%), Bluegrass Community and Technical College (3,315 and 28.8%), and Transylvania University (304 and 2.64%).

The most popular majors in Fayette County, KY are Liberal Arts & Sciences (709 and 6.16%), Licensed Practical & Vocational Nurse Training (378 and 3.28%), and General Business (363 and 3.15%).

The median tuition costs in Fayette County, KY are $34,370 for private four year colleges, and $10,173 and $25,023 respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

Most Common

  1. 248 degrees awarded

  2. 243 degrees awarded

  3. 239 degrees awarded

In 2015, the most common concentation for Bachelors Degree recipients in Fayette County, KY was General Psychology with 248 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Bachelors Degree from schools in Fayette County, KY according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded

  1. 7,224 degrees awarded

  2. 3,315 degrees awarded

  3. 304 degrees awarded

$10,173

Median In-State Public

$34,370

Median Private

In 2016, the Fayette County, KY institution with the largest number of graduating students was University of Kentucky with 7,224 degrees awarded.

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Student Gender for Common Institutions

5,331

Degrees Awarded to Men

6,176

Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2016, 5,331 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Fayette County, KY, which is 0.863 times less than the 6,176 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the top 5 institutions in Fayette County, KY by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity

  1. White

    8,940 degrees awarded

  2. Black or African American

    796 degrees awarded

  3. Hispanic or Latino

    392 degrees awarded

In 2016 the majority of degrees awarded at institutions in Fayette County, KY were to White students. These 8,940 degrees mean that there were 11.2 times more White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Black or African American, with 796 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Fayette County, KY was $193,100 in 2017, which is 0.887 times smaller than the national average of $217,600. Between 2016 and 2017 the median property value increased from $181,200 to $193,100, a 6.57% increase. The homeownership rate in Fayette County, KY is 55.3%, which is lower than the national average of 63.9%. People in Fayette County, KY have an average commute time of 19.8 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Fayette County, KY is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Income

Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$56,137

Median Household Income

± $3,391

129k

Number of Households

± 5,675

In 2017, the median household income of the 129k households in Fayette County, KY grew to $56,137 from the previous year's value of $53,178.

The following chart displays the households in Fayette County, KY distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Housing

Property Value

$193,100

2017 Median

± $7,060

$181,200

2016 Median

± $4,598

In 2017, the median property value in Fayette County, KY grew to to $193,100 from the previous year's value of $181,200.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Fayette County, KY compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Fayette County, KY the largest share of households have a property value in the $200k - $250k range.

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Property Taxes

$800 - $1,499

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Fayette County, KY distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Fayette County, KY the largest share of households pay taxes in the $800 - $1,499 range.

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Rent vs Own

55.3%

2017 Homeownership

55.6%

2016 Homeownership

In 2017, 55.3% of the housing units in Fayette County, KY were occupied by their owner. This percentage declined from the previous year's rate of 55.6%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is lower than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Fayette County, KY compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Fayette County, KY distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Fayette County, KY have 2 cars, followed by 1 car.

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Commute Time

19.8 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Fayette County, KY have a shorter commute time (19.8 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.5 minutes). Additionally, 1.14% of the workforce in Fayette County, KY have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Fayette County, KY compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    78.6%

  2. Carpooled

    9.27%

  3. Worked At Home

    4.5%

In 2017, the most common method of travel for workers in Fayette County, KY was Drove Alone, followed by those who Carpooled and those who Worked At Home.

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