Alachua County, FL

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Population

269,956

1.13% growth

Poverty Rate

23.3%


Median Age

31.7


Median Household Income

$51,241

14.7% growth

Number of Employees

130,938

2.73% growth

Median Property Value

$193,100

11.9% growth

About

In 2018, Alachua County, FL had a population of 270k people with a median age of 31.7 and a median household income of $51,241. Between 2017 and 2018 the population of Alachua County, FL grew from 266,944 to 269,956, a 1.13% increase and its median household income grew from $44,676 to $51,241, a 14.7% increase.

The 5 largest ethnic groups in Alachua County, FL are White (Non-Hispanic) (60.6%), Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) (19.3%), White (Hispanic) (8.57%), Asian (Non-Hispanic) (6.3%), and Two or More Races (Non-Hispanic) (2.86%). N/A% of the people in Alachua County, FL speak a non-English language, and 94.5% are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Alachua County, FL are University of Florida (15,013 degrees awarded in 2017), Santa Fe College (3,875 degrees), and University of Florida-Online (337 degrees).

The median property value in Alachua County, FL is $193,100, and the homeownership rate is 59.8%. Most people in Alachua County, FL commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 20.5 minutes. The average car ownership in Alachua County, FL is 2 cars per household.

About the photo: Sweetwater Wetlands, Gainesville, FL

COVID-19

Total Confirmed Cases by Date

Showing data at the state level for Florida. Hospitalization data for some states may be delayed or not reported.

This chart shows the number of COVID-19 daily new cases by date in Florida, as a 7-day rolling average, compared with the four states with the most similar number of confirmed cases.

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Impact on Employment

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Florida.

This chart shows weekly unemployment insurance claims in Florida (not-seasonally adjusted) compared with the four states with the most similar impact.

The most recent data point uses Advance State Claims data, which can be revised in subsequent weeks.

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Community Mobility

Showing data at the state level for Florida. Hospitalization data for some states may be delayed or not reported.

This chart presents movement trends over time in the state of Florida across different categories of places such as retail and recreation, groceries and pharmacies, parks, transit stations, workplaces, and residential.

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Economy

The economy of Alachua County, FL employs 131k people. The largest industries in Alachua County, FL are Health Care & Social Assistance (26,245 people), Educational Services (24,388 people), and Retail Trade (13,745 people), and the highest paying industries are Transportation & Warehousing ($70,474), Transportation & Warehousing, & Utilities ($70,288), and Finance & Insurance ($61,061).

Median household income in Alachua County, FL is $51,241. Males in Alachua County, FL have an average income that is 1.34 times higher than the average income of females, which is $46,612. The income inequality in Alachua County, FL (measured using the Gini index) is 0.474, which is lower than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$51,241

2018 value

± $1,859

14.7%

1 Year Growth

± 5.97%

Households in Alachua County, FL have a median annual income of $51,241, which is less than the median annual income of $61,937 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $44,676 in 2017, which represents a 14.7% annual growth.

The following chart shows how the median household income in Alachua County, FL compares to that of its neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Florida.

$62,257

Average Male Salary

± $878

$46,612

Average Female Salary

± $604

In 2018, full-time male employees in Florida made 1.34 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Florida by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Florida.

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. Asian

    $56,219 ± $3,256

  2. White

    $51,352 ± $590

  3. American Indian

    $40,596 ± $5,196

In 2018 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Florida workers was Asian. These workers were paid 1.09 times more than White workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Florida by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Alachua County, FL is from Florida.

0.474

2018 Wage GINI

0.473

2017 Wage GINI

In 2018, the income inequality in Florida was 0.474 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.214% growth from 2017 to 2018, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat less even.

The 2018 the GINI for Florida was lower than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Florida in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Florida across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Highest Median Household Income (Total)

  1. Census Tract 22.08

  2. Census Tract 22.07

  3. Census Tract 22.02

In 2017, the tract with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Alachua County, FL was Census Tract 22.08 with a value of $108,438, followed by Census Tract 22.07 and Census Tract 22.02, with respective values of $96,615 and $95,370.

The following map shows all of the tracts in Alachua County, FL colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 18 - 24

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

23.3% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Alachua County, FL (57.1k out of 245k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 13.1%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 18 - 24, followed by Males 18 - 24 and then Males 25 - 34.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. White

    33,757 ± 1,478

  2. Black

    16,566 ± 1,089

  3. Hispanic

    7,053 ± 581

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Alachua County, FL is White, followed by Black and Hispanic.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

131k

2018 Value

± 7,191

2.73%

1 Year growth

± 7.53%

From 2017 to 2018, employment in Alachua County, FL grew at a rate of 2.73%, from 127k employees to 131k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Alachua County, FL, are Education Instruction, & Library Occupations (13,348 people), Management Occupations (12,131 people), and Sales & Related Occupations (11,646 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Alachua County, FL.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Alachua County, FL, by number of employees, are Education Instruction, & Library Occupations (13,348 people), Management Occupations (12,131 people), and Sales & Related Occupations (11,646 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Alachua County, FL has an unusually high number of residents working as Farming, Fishing, & Forestry Occupations (2.21 times higher than expected), Life, Physical, & Social Science Occupations (1.8 times), and Health Technologists & Technicians (1.72 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Alachua County, FL, by median earnings, are Health Diagnosing & Treating Practitioners & Other Technical Occupations ($66,710), Computer & Mathematical Occupations ($65,490), and Architecture & Engineering Occupations ($61,392).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

131k

2018 Value

± 7,191

2.73%

1 Year growth

± 7.53%

From 2017 to 2018, employment in Alachua County, FL grew at a rate of 2.73%, from 127k employees to 131k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Alachua County, FL, are Health Care & Social Assistance (26,245 people), Educational Services (24,388 people), and Retail Trade (13,745 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Alachua County, FL, though some of these residents may live in Alachua County, FL and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Alachua County, FL, by number of employees, are Health Care & Social Assistance (26,245 people), Educational Services (24,388 people), and Retail Trade (13,745 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Alachua County, FL has an unusually high number of Educational Services (2.02 times higher than expected), Health Care & Social Assistance (1.45 times), and Real Estate & Rental & Leasing (1.29 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Alachua County, FL, by median earnings, are Transportation & Warehousing ($70,474), Transportation & Warehousing, & Utilities ($70,288), and Finance & Insurance ($61,061).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Florida to other states, or from other states to Florida.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $63.5B

  2. $51.6B

  3. $41.8B

In 2015, the top outbound Florida product (by dollars) was Mixed freight with $63.5B, followed by Pharmaceuticals ($51.6B) and Electronics ($41.8B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Florida products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for Florida state.

$497B

2020 Value

$714B

Projected 2045 Value

43.6% growth

In 2020, total outbound Florida trade was $497B. This is expected to increase 43.6% to $714B by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Florida trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Florida to other states, or from other states to Florida.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $19.5B

  2. $16.6B

  3. $11.5B

In 2015, the top outbound Florida domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Georgia with $19.5B, followed by Texas with $16.6B and California and $11.5B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Florida shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

91% of the population of Alachua County, FL has health coverage, with 50.6% on employee plans, 12.6% on Medicaid, 8.48% on Medicare, 16.8% on non-group plans, and 2.59% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the county of Alachua County, FL was $8,076 in 2014. This is a 5.05% increase from the previous year ($7,688).

Primary care physicians in Alachua County, FL see 665 patients per year on average, which represents a 1.63% decrease from the previous year (676 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 591 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 181 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Gadsden County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (16.9%). Additionally, Liberty County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (39.6%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

665 to 1

Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio

Primary care physicians in Alachua County, FL see an average of 665 patients per year. This represents a 1.63% decrease from the previous year (676 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Alachua County, FL in comparison to its neighboring geographies.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Florida.

$8,076

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$4,606

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$5,175

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$12,229

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in Florida (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 5.05%, from $7,688 to $8,076.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

8.96%

Uninsured

50.6%

Employer Coverage

12.6%

Medicaid

8.48%

Medicare

16.8%

Non-Group

2.59%

Military or VA

Between 2016 and 2017, the percent of uninsured citizens in Alachua County, FL declined by 2.39% from 9.18% to 8.96%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Alachua County, FL changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 16.9% prevalence

  2. 15.8% prevalence

  3. 15.5% prevalence

Gadsden County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in Florida, at 16.9%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in Florida by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

Alachua County, FL is home to a population of 270k people, from which 94.5% are citizens. As of 2017, 9.71% of Alachua County, FL residents were born outside of the country (25.9k people).

In 2018, there were 3.14 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (164k people) in Alachua County, FL than any other race or ethnicity. There were 52.2k Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) and 23.1k White (Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

Age

Age by Nativity

31

Median Native-Born Age

± 0.6

37

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 1.4

In 2018, the median age of all people in Alachua County, FL was 31.7. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 31, were generally younger than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 37. But people in Alachua County, FL are getting getting older. In 2017, the average age of all Alachua County, FL residents was 31.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

9.71%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

25.9k people

9.88%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

26k people

As of 2017, 9.71% of Alachua County, FL residents (25.9k people) were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Alachua County, FL was 9.88%, meaning that the rate has been decreasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Alachua County, FL compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Florida.

Most Common Origin

  1. Cuba

    1,028,508 ± 24,290 people

  2. Haiti

    339,246 ± 14,186 people

  3. Colombia

    285,400 ± 13,028 people

In 2018, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Florida was Cuba, the natal country of 1,028,508 Florida residents, followed by Haiti with 339,246 and Colombia with 285,400.

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Citizenship

94.5%

2018 Citizenship

94.9%

2017 Citizenship

As of 2018, 94.5% of Alachua County, FL residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.2%. In 2017, the percentage of US citizens in Alachua County, FL was 94.9%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been decreasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Alachua County, FL compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

The 3 largest ethnic groups in Alachua County, FL

  1. White (Non-Hispanic)

    164k ± 385

  2. Black or African American (Non-Hispanic)

    52.2k ± 1.78k

  3. White (Hispanic)

    23.1k ± 1.73k

In 2018, there were 3.14 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (164k people) in Alachua County, FL than any other race or ethnicity. There were 52.2k Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) and 23.1k White (Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 7 races represented in Alachua County, FL as a share of the total population.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Vietnam

    3,935 ± 897

  2. Gulf War (2001-)

    3,180 ± 1,083

  3. Gulf War (1990s)

    2,752 ± 1,002

Alachua County, FL has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 1.24 times greater than any other conflict.

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Education

In 2017, universities in Alachua County, FL awarded 19,532 degrees. The student population of Alachua County, FL is skewed towards women, with 31,560 male students and 39,126 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Alachua County, FL are White (10,925 and 61.6%), followed by Hispanic or Latino (3,218 and 18.1%), Black or African American (1,377 and 7.76%), and Asian (1,097 and 6.19%).

The largest universities in Alachua County, FL by number of degrees awarded are University of Florida (15,013 and 76.9%), Santa Fe College (3,875 and 19.8%), and University of Florida-Online (337 and 1.73%).

The most popular majors in Alachua County, FL are Liberal Arts & Sciences (2,741 and 14%), General Business Administration & Management (1,131 and 5.79%), and General Psychology (501 and 2.57%).

The median tuition costs in Alachua County, FL are $11,880 for private four year colleges, and $3,358 and $15,000 respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

Most Common

  1. 370 degrees awarded

  2. 477 degrees awarded

  3. 458 degrees awarded

In 2015, the most common concentation for Bachelors Degree recipients in Alachua County, FL was General Finance with 370 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Bachelors Degree from schools in Alachua County, FL according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded

  1. 15,013 degrees awarded

  2. 3,875 degrees awarded

  3. 337 degrees awarded

$3,358

Median In-State Public

$11,880

Median Private

In 2017, the Alachua County, FL institution with the largest number of graduating students was University of Florida with 15,013 degrees awarded.

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Student Gender for Common Institutions

8,746

Degrees Awarded to Men

10,786

Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2017, 8,746 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Alachua County, FL, which is 0.811 times less than the 10,786 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the top 5 institutions in Alachua County, FL by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity

  1. White

    10,925 degrees awarded

  2. Hispanic or Latino

    3,218 degrees awarded

  3. Black or African American

    1,377 degrees awarded

In 2017 the majority of degrees awarded at institutions in Alachua County, FL were to White students. These 10,925 degrees mean that there were 3.39 times more White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Hispanic or Latino, with 3,218 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Alachua County, FL was $193,100 in 2018, which is 0.841 times smaller than the national average of $229,700. Between 2017 and 2018 the median property value increased from $172,500 to $193,100, a 11.9% increase. The homeownership rate in Alachua County, FL is 59.8%, which is lower than the national average of 63.9%. People in Alachua County, FL have an average commute time of 20.5 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Alachua County, FL is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Housing

Property Value

$193,100

2018 Median

± $15,186

$172,500

2017 Median

± $7,439

In 2018, the median property value in Alachua County, FL grew to to $193,100 from the previous year's value of $172,500.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Alachua County, FL compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Alachua County, FL the largest share of households have a property value in the $200k - $250k range.

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Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$51,241

Median Household Income

± $1,859

97.8k

Number of Households

± 5,240

In 2018, the median household income of the 97.8k households in Alachua County, FL grew to $51,241 from the previous year's value of $44,676.

The following chart displays the households in Alachua County, FL distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the < $10k range.

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Property Taxes

$3k+

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Alachua County, FL distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Alachua County, FL the largest share of households pay taxes in the $3k+ range.

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Rent vs Own

59.8%

2018 Homeownership

56.1%

2017 Homeownership

In 2018, 59.8% of the housing units in Alachua County, FL were occupied by their owner. This percentage grew from the previous year's rate of 56.1%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is lower than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Alachua County, FL compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Commute Time

20.5 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Alachua County, FL have a shorter commute time (20.5 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.7 minutes). Additionally, 1.54% of the workforce in Alachua County, FL have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Alachua County, FL compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    75.3%

  2. Carpooled

    10.9%

  3. Worked At Home

    5.85%

In 2018, the most common method of travel for workers in Alachua County, FL was Drove Alone (75.3%), followed by those who Carpooled (10.9%) and those who Worked At Home (5.85%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Alachua County, FL distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Alachua County, FL have 2 cars, followed by 1 car.

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