New Mexico

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Population

2.1M

0.352% growth

Median Age

38.1


Median Household Income

$47,169

0.909% growth

Poverty Rate

20.6%


Number of Employees

833,651

0.57% growth

Median Property Value

$174,700

1.98% growth

About

In 2018, New Mexico had a population of 2.1M people with a median age of 38.1 and a median household income of $47,169. Between 2017 and 2018 the population of New Mexico grew from 2.09M to 2.1M, a 0.352% increase and its median household income grew from $46,744 to $47,169, a 0.909% increase.

The population of New Mexico is 49.1% Hispanic or Latino, 36.9% White Alone, and 8.78% American Indian & Alaska Native Alone. 34.1% of the people in New Mexico speak a non-English language, and 94.4% are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in New Mexico are Central New Mexico Community College (12,909 degrees awarded in 2017), University of New Mexico-Main Campus (6,318 degrees), and New Mexico State University-Main Campus (3,513 degrees).

The median property value in New Mexico is $174,700, and the homeownership rate is 66.2%. Most people in New Mexico commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 21.8 minutes. The average car ownership in New Mexico is 2 cars per household.

New Mexico borders Texas, Arizona, Colorado, Oklahoma, and Utah.

Economy

The economy of New Mexico employs 834k people. The largest industries in New Mexico are Restaurants & Food Services (63,067 people), Elementary & secondary schools (56,714 people), and Construction (56,287 people), and the highest paying industries are Petroleum & petroleum products merchant wholesalers ($144,988), Medical equipment & supplies manufacturing ($130,357), and Communications, & audio & video equipment manufacturing ($109,909).

Median household income in New Mexico is $47,169. Males in New Mexico have an average income that is 1.3 times higher than the average income of females, which is $42,679. The income inequality in New Mexico (measured using the Gini index) is 0.465, which is lower than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$47,169

2018 value

± $900

0.909%

1 Year Growth

± 3.16%

Households in New Mexico have a median annual income of $47,169, which is less than the median annual income of $61,937 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $46,744 in 2017, which represents a 0.909% annual growth.

Look at the chart to see how the median household income in New Mexico compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

$55,599

Average Male Salary

± $2,230

$42,679

Average Female Salary

± $1,727

In 2018, full-time male employees in New Mexico made 1.3 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in New Mexico by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander

    $57,712 ± $26,643

  2. Asian

    $45,409 ± $8,975

  3. White

    $45,183 ± $1,505

In 2018 the highest paid race/ethnicity of New Mexico workers was Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander. These workers were paid 1.27 times more than Asian workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in New Mexico by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

0.465

2018 Wage GINI

0.452

2017 Wage GINI

In 2018, the income inequality in New Mexico was 0.465 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 2.92% growth from 2017 to 2018, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat less even.

The 2018 the GINI for New Mexico was lower than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in New Mexico in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in New Mexico across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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In 2018, the county with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in New Mexico was Santa Fe County, NM with a value of $60,193, followed by Sandoval County, NM and Bernalillo County, NM, with respective values of $54,338 and $51,208.

The following map shows all of the counties in New Mexico colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 25 - 34

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

20.6% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in New Mexico (420k out of 2.04M people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 13.1%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 25 - 34, followed by Females 18 - 24 and then Males 6 - 11.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. White

    273,759 ± 4,008

  2. Hispanic

    244,409 ± 3,883

  3. Native American

    65,053 ± 1,394

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in New Mexico is White, followed by Hispanic and Native American.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

834k

2018 Value

0.57%

1 Year growth

± 0.57%

From 2017 to 2018, employment in New Mexico grew at a rate of 0.57%, from 829k employees to 834k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in New Mexico, are Cashiers (22,681 people), Cooks (20,181 people), and Elementary & middle school teachers (20,128 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of New Mexico.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of New Mexico, by number of employees, are Cashiers (22,681 people), Cooks (20,181 people), and Elementary & middle school teachers (20,128 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other states, New Mexico has an unusually high number of residents working as Plasterers & stucco masons (8.19 times higher than expected), Derrick, rotary drill, & service unit operators, & roustabouts, oil, gas, & mining (6.38 times), and Miscellaneous extraction workers, including roof bolters & helpers (6.32 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of New Mexico, by average salary, are Dentists ($246,671), Physicians ($196,706), and Physician assistants ($187,999).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

834k

2018 Value

0.57%

1 Year growth

± 0.57%

From 2017 to 2018, employment in New Mexico grew at a rate of 0.57%, from 829k employees to 834k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in New Mexico, are Restaurants & Food Services (63,067 people), Elementary & secondary schools (56,714 people), and Construction (56,287 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of New Mexico, though some of these residents may live in New Mexico and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in New Mexico, by number of employees, are Restaurants & Food Services (63,067 people), Elementary & secondary schools (56,714 people), and Construction (56,287 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other states, New Mexico has an unusually high number of Forestry except logging (10 times higher than expected), Scientific research & development services (7.01 times), and U. S. Air Force (6.31 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in New Mexico, by average salary, are Petroleum & petroleum products merchant wholesalers ($144,988), Medical equipment & supplies manufacturing ($130,357), and Communications, & audio & video equipment manufacturing ($109,909).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from New Mexico to other states, or from other states to New Mexico.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $14.9B

  2. $13.1B

  3. $8.75B

In 2015, the top outbound New Mexico product (by dollars) was Coal-n.e.c. with $14.9B, followed by Crude petroleum ($13.1B) and Electronics ($8.75B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound New Mexico products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

$74.8B

2020 Value

$110B

Projected 2045 Value

47.6% growth

In 2020, total outbound New Mexico trade was $74.8B. This is expected to increase 47.6% to $110B by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound New Mexico trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from New Mexico to other states, or from other states to New Mexico.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $10.6B

  2. $9.8B

  3. $6.35B

In 2015, the top outbound New Mexico domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Texas with $10.6B, followed by Arizona with $9.8B and Oregon and $6.35B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that New Mexico shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

90.9% of the population of New Mexico has health coverage, with 34.8% on employee plans, 29% on Medicaid, 11.7% on Medicare, 12.7% on non-group plans, and 2.61% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the state of New Mexico was $7,214 in 2014. This is a 5.16% increase from the previous year ($6,860).

Primary care physicians in New Mexico see 1325 patients per year on average, which represents a 0.684% increase from the previous year (1316 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1544 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 271 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Cibola County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (13.7%). Additionally, McKinley County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (35.1%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

1,325 to 1

Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio

Primary care physicians in New Mexico see an average of 1,325 patients per year. This represents a 0.684% increase from the previous year (1,316 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in New Mexico in comparison to neighboring states.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

$7,214

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$4,155

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$5,445

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$8,663

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in New Mexico (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 5.16%, from $6,860 to $7,214.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

9.1%

Uninsured

34.8%

Employer Coverage

29%

Medicaid

11.7%

Medicare

12.7%

Non-Group

2.61%

Military or VA

Between 2016 and 2017, the percent of uninsured citizens in New Mexico declined by 0.772% from 9.17% to 9.1%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in New Mexico changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 13.7% prevalence

  2. 13.3% prevalence

  3. 10.9% prevalence

Cibola County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in New Mexico, at 13.7%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in New Mexico by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

New Mexico is home to a population of 2.1M people, from which 94.4% are citizens. As of 2017, 9.64% of New Mexico residents were born outside of the country (201k people).

The ethnic composition of the population of New Mexico is composed of 1.03M Hispanic or Latino residents (49.1%), 773k White Alone residents (36.9%), 184k American Indian & Alaska Native Alone residents (8.78%), 39.9k Black or African American Alone residents (1.91%), 31.8k Asian Alone residents (1.52%), 31.8k Two or More Races residents (1.52%), 3.66k Some Other Race Alone residents (0.175%), and 2.03k Native Hawaiian & Other Pacific Islander Alone residents (0.0969%).

The most common foreign languages spoken in New Mexico are Spanish (521,774 speakers), Navajo (69,340 speakers), and Other Native Languages of North America (35,126 speakers).

Age

Age by Nativity

37

Median Native-Born Age

± 0.3

46

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 0.9

In 2018, the median age of all people in New Mexico was 38.1. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 37, were generally younger than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 46. But people in New Mexico are getting getting older. In 2017, the average age of all New Mexico residents was 38.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

9.64%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

201k people

9.68%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

201k people

As of 2017, 9.64% of New Mexico residents (201k people) were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in New Mexico was 9.68%, meaning that the rate has been decreasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in New Mexico compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

Most Common Origin

  1. Mexico

    141,805 ± 8,927 people

  2. Philippines

    5,038 ± 1,741 people

  3. India

    3,202 ± 1,388 people

In 2018, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of New Mexico was Mexico, the natal country of 141,805 New Mexico residents, followed by Philippines with 5,038 and India with 3,202.

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Citizenship

94.4%

2018 Citizenship

94.5%

2017 Citizenship

As of 2018, 94.4% of New Mexico residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.2%. In 2017, the percentage of US citizens in New Mexico was 94.5%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been decreasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in New Mexico compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

Most Common

  1. Hispanic or Latino

    1.03M ± 17.6k

  2. White Alone

    773k ± 1.55k

  3. American Indian & Alaska Native Alone

    184k ± 2.85k

In 2018, there were 1.33 times more Hispanic or Latino residents (1.03M people) in New Mexico than any other race or ethnicity. There were 773k White Alone and 184k American Indian & Alaska Native Alone residents, the second and third most common racial or ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 8 races and ethnicities represented in New Mexico as a share of the total population.

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Non-English Speakers

Most Common Languages

  1. Spanish

    521,774 speakers (26.4%)

  2. Navajo

    69,340 speakers (3.51%)

  3. Other Native Languages of North America

    35,126 speakers (1.78%)

34.1% of New Mexico citizens are speakers of a non-English language, which is higher than the national average of 21.9%. In 2018, the most common non-English language spoken in New Mexico was Spanish. 26.4% of the overall population of New Mexico are native Spanish speakers. 3.51% speak Navajo and 1.78% speak Spanish, the next two most common languages.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Vietnam

    53,409 ± 3,271

  2. Gulf War (2001-)

    33,962 ± 3,490

  3. Gulf War (1990s)

    20,260 ± 2,464

New Mexico has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 1.57 times greater than any other conflict.

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Education

In 2017, universities in New Mexico awarded 38,293 degrees. The student population of New Mexico is skewed towards women, with 54,532 male students and 76,664 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in New Mexico are Hispanic or Latino (16,918 and 45.3%), followed by White (13,182 and 35.3%), American Indian or Alaska Native (2,887 and 7.73%), and Unknown (1,625 and 4.35%).

The largest universities in New Mexico by number of degrees awarded are Central New Mexico Community College (12,909 and 33.7%), University of New Mexico-Main Campus (6,318 and 16.5%), and New Mexico State University-Main Campus (3,513 and 9.17%).

The most popular majors in New Mexico are General Studies (6,661 and 17.4%), Liberal Arts & Sciences (3,718 and 9.71%), and General Business Administration & Management (2,061 and 5.38%).

The median tuition costs in New Mexico are $33,600 for private four year colleges, and $4,248 and $11,400 respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

Most Common

  1. 3,271 degrees awarded

  2. 1,598 degrees awarded

  3. 676 degrees awarded

In 2015, the most common concentation for Associates Degree recipients in New Mexico was General Studies with 3,271 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Associates Degree from schools in New Mexico according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded

  1. 12,909 degrees awarded

  2. 6,318 degrees awarded

  3. 3,513 degrees awarded

$4,248

Median In-State Public

$33,600

Median Private

In 2017, the New Mexico institution with the largest number of graduating students was Central New Mexico Community College with 12,909 degrees awarded.

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Student Gender for Common Institutions

14,776

Degrees Awarded to Men

23,517

Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2017, 14,776 men were awarded degrees from institutions in New Mexico, which is 0.628 times less than the 23,517 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the top 5 institutions in New Mexico by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity

  1. Hispanic or Latino

    16,918 degrees awarded

  2. White

    13,182 degrees awarded

  3. American Indian or Alaska Native

    2,887 degrees awarded

In 2017 the majority of degrees awarded at institutions in New Mexico were to Hispanic or Latino students. These 16,918 degrees mean that there were 1.28 times more Hispanic or Latino students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, White, with 13,182 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in New Mexico was $174,700 in 2018, which is 0.761 times smaller than the national average of $229,700. Between 2017 and 2018 the median property value increased from $171,300 to $174,700, a 1.98% increase. The homeownership rate in New Mexico is 66.2%, which is higher than the national average of 63.9%. People in New Mexico have an average commute time of 21.8 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in New Mexico is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Housing

Property Value

$174,700

2018 Median

± $2,990

$171,300

2017 Median

± $2,181

In 2018, the median property value in New Mexico grew to to $174,700 from the previous year's value of $171,300.

The following charts display, first, the property values in New Mexico compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In New Mexico the largest share of households have a property value in the $200k - $250k range.

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Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$47,169

Median Household Income

± $900

794k

Number of Households

± 14,720

In 2018, the median household income of the 794k households in New Mexico grew to $47,169 from the previous year's value of $46,744.

The following chart displays the households in New Mexico distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Property Taxes

< $800

Average Range

This chart shows the households in New Mexico distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In New Mexico the largest share of households pay taxes in the < $800 range.

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Rent vs Own

66.2%

2018 Homeownership

67.9%

2017 Homeownership

In 2018, 66.2% of the housing units in New Mexico were occupied by their owner. This percentage declined from the previous year's rate of 67.9%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is higher than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in New Mexico compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Commute Time

21.8 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in New Mexico have a shorter commute time (21.8 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.7 minutes). Additionally, 2.1% of the workforce in New Mexico have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in New Mexico compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    79.3%

  2. Carpooled

    11.2%

  3. Worked At Home

    5.1%

In 2018, the most common method of travel for workers in New Mexico was Drove Alone (79.3%), followed by those who Carpooled (11.2%) and those who Worked At Home (5.1%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in New Mexico distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in New Mexico have 2 cars, followed by 3 cars.

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