Biology

Stem Major

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Total Degrees​
Awarded in 2016

150,020

growing 3.83%

Median In-State​
Public Tuition

$8,040

growing 3.96%

Median Out-of-State​
Private Tuition

$35,300

growing 2.83%

Average Wage

$103,208

growing 1.32%

People in Workforce

2.63M

growing 5.39%

Average Employee Age

41.6

declining 0.0814%

About

The locations with the highest concentration of Biology degree recipients are New York, NY, Los Angeles, CA, and San Diego, CA. The locations with a relatively high number of Biology degree recipients are Manhasset, NY, Holly Springs, MS, and Collegeville, PA. The most common degree awarded to students studying Biology is a bachelors degree.

Institutions

Information about the types of higher education institutions that grant degrees in Biology and the types of students that study this field. University of California-Davis awards the most degrees in Biology in the US, but Rockefeller University and University of Texas Health Science Center at Tyler have the highest percentage of degrees awarded in Biology.

Tuition costs for Biology majors are, on average, $8,040 for in-state public colleges, and $35,300 for out of state private colleges.

The most common sector, by number of institutions, that offers Biology programs are Private not-for-profit, 4-year or above institutions (896 total). The most common sector, by number of degrees awarded, is Public, 4-year or above (97,250 completions).

Institutions

The most common sector, by number of degrees awarded in Biology, is Public, 4-year or above (97,250 completions).

The following chart shows the share of universities that offer Biology programs, by the total number of completions, colored and grouped by their sector.

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Tuition Costs for Common Institutions

$8,040

Median In-State Public

$35,300

Median Out of State Private

University of California-Davis has the most Biology degree recipients, with 1,708 degrees awarded in 2016.

The following bar chart shows the state tuition for the top 5 institutions with the most degrees awarded in Biology.

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Specialized Colleges

Out of all institutions that offer Biology programs and have at least 5 graduates in those programs, Rockefeller University and University of Texas Health Science Center at Tyler have the highest percentage of degrees awarded in Biology, with 100% and 100%, respectively.

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Degrees Awarded by County

Counties with the Most Degrees Awarded in Biology

This map shows the counties in the United States colored by the highest number of degrees awarded in Biology by year.

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Growth in Awarded Degrees

Counties with the Fastest Growing Number of Degrees Awarded

This map shows the counties in the United States colored by the highest growth in degrees awarded for Biology.

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Employment

Information on the businesses and industries that employ Biology graduates and on wages and locations for those in the field.

The average salary for Biology majors is $103,208 and the most common occupations are Physicians & surgeons, Postsecondary teachers, and Miscellaneous managers.

The industry that employs the most Biology majors is Hospitals, though the highest paying industry, by average wage, is Offices of physicians.

Wages

Yearly Income for Common Jobs

$103,208

Average Wage in Workforce

± $1,735

1.32%

1 Year Growth

± 2.37%

The average salary for Biology majors is $103,208 and the most common occupations are Physicians & surgeons, Postsecondary teachers, and Miscellaneous managers.

This chart shows the average annual salaries of the most common occupations for Biology majors.

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Highest Paying Locations

This map shows the public use micro areas (PUMAs) in the United States colored by the average salary of Biology majors.

Note that the census collects information tied to where people live, not where they work. It is possible that Biology majors live and work in the same place, but it is also possible that they live and work in two different places.

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Occupations

Most Common

The most common occupations Biology majors, by number of employees, are Physicians & surgeons, Postsecondary teachers, and Miscellaneous managers.

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Most Specialized

Compared to other majors, there are an unusually high number of Biology majors working as Biological scientists, Optometrists, and Dentists.

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Occupations by Share

2.63M

2017 Workforce

± 39,427

5.39%

1 Year Growth

± 2.04%

The number of Biology graduates in the workforce has been growing at a rate of 5.39%, from 2.49M in 2016 to 2.63M in 2017.

The largest single share of Biology graduates go on to work as Physicians & surgeons (15.9%). This chart shows the various jobs filled by those with a major in Biology by share of the total number of graduates.

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Industries

Most Common

The most common industries that employ Biology majors, by number of employees, are Hospitals, Colleges, universities & professional schools, including junior colleges, and Offices of physicians.

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Industries by Share

2.63M

2017 Workforce

± 39,427

5.39%

1 Year Growth

± 2.04%

The number of Biology graduates in the workforce has been growing at a rate of 5.39%, from 2.49M in 2016 to 2.63M in 2017.

The industry which employs the most Biology graduates by share is Hospitals, followed by Colleges, universities & professional schools, including junior colleges. This visualization shows the industries that hire those who major in Biology.

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Specialty Locations

This map shows the public use micro areas (PUMAs) in the United States where there are a relatively high population of Biology majors.

Note that the census collects information tied to where people live, not where they work. It is possible that Biology majors live and work in the same place, but it is also possible that they live and work in two different places.

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Diversity

Demographic information on those who earn a degree in Biology in the US. The average age of a person in the workforce with a degree in Biology is 41.6, and the most common degree type these workers hold is a Bachelors Degree. Female employees are more likely to hold Biology degrees, and White students earn the majority (81,542) of the degrees.

Workforce Age

41.6

Average Age in 2017

± 0.201 Years

0.0814%

1 Year Change

± 0.69%

This chart shows distribution of ages for employees with a degree in Biology. The most common ages of employees with this major are 28 and 29 years old, which represent 3.14% and 3.14% of the population, respectively.

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Degrees Awarded

The most common degree types awarded to students graduating in Biology are Bachelors Degree, Masters Degree, and Research Doctorate.

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Workforce Degrees

The most common degree types held by the working population in Biology are Bachelors Degree, Professional degree, and Masters Degree.

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Gender Imbalance for Common Institutions

Female (59.6%)

Most Common Gender with a Degree in this Field

This chart shows the granted degrees by gender at the 5 institutions that graduate the most students in Biology.

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Race & Ethnicity by Degrees Awarded

Most Common Race or Ethnicity

  1. White

    81,542 degrees awarded

  2. Asian

    20,726 degrees awarded

  3. Hispanic or Latino

    18,072 degrees awarded

This chart shows the number of degrees awarded in Biology for each race & ethnicity. White students earned the largest share of the degrees with this major.

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Race & Ethnicity by Gender

Most Common Race/Ethnicity and Gender Combination

  1. White Female

    39,290 degrees awarded

  2. White Male

    27,292 degrees awarded

  3. Asian Female

    10,010 degrees awarded

This chart illustrates the differences by gender for each race & ethnicity of Bachelors Degree recipients in Biology. White Female students, who earn most of the degrees in this field, are the most common combination of race/ethnicity and gender.

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Global Diversity

Most Common Countries of Origin

  1. India

    76,466 degree recipients

  2. China

    48,679 degree recipients

  3. Korea

    23,327 degree recipients

High Relative Number of Students

  1. United Arab Emirates

    5.26 times more than expected

  2. Czechoslovakia

    5.05 times more than expected

  3. Azerbaijan

    4.64 times more than expected

There are a relatively high number of people that were born in United Arab Emirates that hold Biology degrees (5.26 times more than expected), and the most common country of origin by total numbers for non-US students earning a degree in this field is India (76,466 degree recipients).

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Skills

Data on the critical and distinctive skills necessary for those working in the Biology field from the Bureau of Labor Statistics. Biology majors need many skills, but most especially Science. The revealed comparative advantage (RCA) shows that Biology majors need more than the average amount of Science, Operation and Control, and Programming.

These two visualizations, one a radial chart and one a bar chart, show the same information, a rating of how necessary the following skills are for Biology majors. Toggle between "value" and "RCA" to see the absolute rating of that skill (value) and the revealed comparative advantage (RCA), or how much greater or lesser that skill's rating is than the average. The longer the bar or the closer the line comes to the circumference of the circle, the more important that skill is. The importance of Science is very distinctive for majors, but the Science, Reading Comprehension, and Writing are the three most important skills for people in the field.

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Bar Chart

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