Biology

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Total Degrees​
Awarded in 2017
154,071
growing 2.7%
Median In-State​
Public Tuition
$8,190
growing 1.87%
Median Out-of-State​
Private Tuition
$36,520
growing 3.53%
Average Wage
$108,116
growing 4.76%
People in Workforce
2.73M
growing 3.9%
Average Employee Age
41.5
declining 0.228%

About

The locations with the highest concentration of Biology degree recipients are New York, NY, San Diego, CA, and Los Angeles, CA. The locations with a relatively high number of Biology degree recipients are Duarte, CA, Manhasset, NY, and Collegeville, PA. The most common degree awarded to students studying Biology is a bachelors degree.

Institutions

Information about the types of higher education institutions that grant degrees in Biology and the types of students that study this field. University of California-San Diego awards the most degrees in Biology in the US, but University of Texas Health Science Center at Tyler and Rockefeller University have the highest percentage of degrees awarded in Biology.

Tuition costs for Biology majors are, on average, $8,190 for in-state public colleges, and $36,520 for out of state private colleges.

The most common sector, by number of institutions, that offers Biology programs are Private not-for-profit, 4-year or above institutions (904 total). The most common sector, by number of degrees awarded, is Public, 4-year or above (100,755 completions).

Institutions

The most common sector, by number of degrees awarded in Biology, is Public, 4-year or above (100,755 completions).

The following chart shows the share of universities that offer Biology programs, by the total number of completions, colored and grouped by their sector.

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Tuition Costs for Common Institutions

$8,190
Median In-State Public
$36,520
Median Out of State Private

University of California-San Diego has the most Biology degree recipients, with 1,870 degrees awarded in 2017.

The following bar chart shows the state tuition for the top 5 institutions with the most degrees awarded in Biology.

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Specialized Colleges

Out of all institutions that offer Biology programs and have at least 5 graduates in those programs, University of Texas Health Science Center at Tyler and Rockefeller University have the highest percentage of degrees awarded in Biology, with 100% and 100%, respectively.

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Degrees Awarded by County

Counties with the Most Degrees Awarded in Biology

This map shows the counties in the United States colored by the highest number of degrees awarded in Biology by year.

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Growth in Awarded Degrees

Counties with the Fastest Growing Number of Degrees Awarded

This map shows the counties in the United States colored by the highest growth in degrees awarded for Biology.

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Employment

Information on the businesses and industries that employ Biology graduates and on wages and locations for those in the field.

The average salary for Biology majors is $108,116 and the most common occupations are Physicians, Postsecondary teachers, and Other managers.

Wages

Yearly Income for Common Jobs

$108,116
Average Wage in Workforce
± $1,806
4.76%
1 Year Growth
± 2.26%

The average salary for Biology majors is $108,116 and the most common occupations are Physicians, Postsecondary teachers, and Other managers.

This chart shows the average annual salaries of the most common occupations for Biology majors.

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Highest Paying Locations

This map shows the public use micro areas (PUMAs) in the United States colored by the average salary of Biology majors.

Note that the census collects information tied to where people live, not where they work. It is possible that Biology majors live and work in the same place, but it is also possible that they live and work in two different places.

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Occupations

Most Common

The most common occupations Biology majors, by number of employees, are Physicians, Postsecondary teachers, and Other managers.

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Most Specialized

Compared to other majors, there are an unusually high number of Biology majors working as Optometrists, Biological scientists, and Dentists.

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Highest Paid

The highest paid occupations by median income for Biology majors are Surgeons, Physicians, and Chief executives & legislators.

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Occupations by Share

2.73M
2018 Workforce
± 40,178
3.9%
1 Year Growth
± 2.02%

The number of Biology graduates in the workforce has been growing at a rate of 3.9%, from 2.63M in 2017 to 2.73M in 2018.

The largest single share of Biology graduates go on to work as Physicians (15%). This chart shows the various jobs filled by those with a major in Biology by share of the total number of graduates.

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Industries

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Industries by Share

2.73M
2018 Workforce
± 40,178
3.9%
1 Year Growth
± 2.02%

The number of Biology graduates in the workforce has been growing at a rate of 3.9%, from 2.63M in 2017 to 2.73M in 2018.

The industry which employs the most Biology graduates by share is General medical and surgical hospitals, and specialty (except psychiatric and substance abuse) hospitals, followed by Colleges, universities & professional schools, including junior colleges. This visualization shows the industries that hire those who major in Biology.

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Specialty Locations

This map shows the public use micro areas (PUMAs) in the United States where there are a relatively high population of Biology majors.

Note that the census collects information tied to where people live, not where they work. It is possible that Biology majors live and work in the same place, but it is also possible that they live and work in two different places.

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Diversity

Demographic information on those who earn a degree in Biology in the US. The average age of a person in the workforce with a degree in Biology is 41.5, and the most common degree type these workers hold is a Bachelors Degree. Female employees are more likely to hold Biology degrees, and White students earn the majority (81,996) of the degrees.

Workforce Age

41.5
Average Age in 2018
± 0.197 Years
0.228%
1 Year Change
± 0.68%

This chart shows distribution of ages for employees with a degree in Biology. The most common ages of employees with this major are 27 and 29 years old, which represent 3.34% and 3.32% of the population, respectively.

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Degrees Awarded

The most common degree types awarded to students graduating in Biology are Bachelors Degree, Masters Degree, and Research Doctorate.

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Workforce Degrees

The most common degree types held by the working population in Biology are Bachelors Degree, Professional degree, and Masters Degree.

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Gender Imbalance for Common Institutions

Female (60.6%)
Most Common Gender with a Degree in this Field

This chart shows the granted degrees by gender at the 5 institutions that graduate the most students in Biology.

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Race & Ethnicity by Degrees Awarded

Most Common Race or Ethnicity
  1. White
    81,996 degrees awarded
  2. Asian
    21,336 degrees awarded
  3. Hispanic or Latino
    19,757 degrees awarded

This chart shows the number of degrees awarded in Biology for each race & ethnicity. White students earned the largest share of the degrees with this major.

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Race & Ethnicity by Gender

Most Common Race/Ethnicity and Gender Combination
  1. White Female
    40,226 degree-grads_ethnicity_genders awarded
  2. White Male
    26,637 degree-grads_ethnicity_genders awarded
  3. Asian Female
    10,416 degree-grads_ethnicity_genders awarded

This chart illustrates the differences by gender for each race & ethnicity of Bachelors Degree recipients in Biology. White Female students, who earn most of the degree-grads_ethnicity_genders in this field, are the most common combination of race/ethnicity and gender.

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Global Diversity

Most Common Countries of Origin
  1. India
    79,278 degree recipients
  2. China
    52,027 degree recipients
  3. Korea
    24,184 degree recipients
High Relative Number of Students
  1. United Arab Emirates
    5.32 times more than expected
  2. Zambia
    5.17 times more than expected
  3. Saudi Arabia
    3.56 times more than expected

There are a relatively high number of people that were born in United Arab Emirates that hold Biology degrees (5.32 times more than expected), and the most common country of origin by total numbers for non-US students earning a degree in this field is India (79,278 degree recipients).

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Skills

Data on the critical and distinctive skills necessary for those working in the Biology field from the Bureau of Labor Statistics. Biology majors need many skills, but most especially Reading Comprehension. The revealed comparative advantage (RCA) shows that Biology majors need more than the average amount of Repairing, Equipment Maintenance, and Science.

These two visualizations, one a radial chart and one a bar chart, show the same information, a rating of how necessary the following skills are for Biology majors. Toggle between "value" and "RCA" to see the absolute rating of that skill (value) and the revealed comparative advantage (RCA), or how much greater or lesser that skill's rating is than the average. The longer the bar or the closer the line comes to the circumference of the circle, the more important that skill is. The importance of Repairing is very distinctive for majors, but the Reading Comprehension, Speaking, and Writing are the three most important skills for people in the field.

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Bar Chart

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